CASE CLOSED … what really happened in the 2001 anthrax attacks?

* Map Showing Where Army Mistakenly Shipped Live Anthrax In Recent Years

Posted by Lew Weinstein on September 29, 2016

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26 Responses to “* Map Showing Where Army Mistakenly Shipped Live Anthrax In Recent Years”

  1. DXer said

    R. Scott Decker says:

    “Due to this mandate, the FBI was able to access the database that
    held every transfer of Anthrax across the country to determine which
    laboratories had access to the Anthrax strain in question. From this
    database, a list of institutions with Anthrax in their possession was
    generated. This reduced the potential laboratory sources to 16 located
    in the United States and 4 located internationally that possessed the
    Ames strain of Anthrax. Obtaining the samples from laboratories
    located within the United States was relatively easy since we were
    able to use the court system to subpoena the laboratories. However
    obtaining the samples from laboratories overseas was a more arduous
    task. ”

    Ha!

  2. DXer said

    Lab Notebook 4010 indicates where irradiated Ames anthrax was sent – but the FBI did not consider Ivins’ distribution of irradiated Ames in its analysis of potential access
    Posted on October 9, 2015
    https://caseclosedbylewweinstein.wordpress.com/2015/10/09/lab-notebook-4010-indicates-where-irradiated-ames-anthrax-was-sent-but-the-fbi-did-not-consider-ivins-distribution-of-irradiated-ames-in-its-analysis-of-potential-access/

    Given that it turns out that irradiation was ineffective, the FBI’s entire analysis in Amerithrax was unsound from the start — because the FBI’s Laboratory had never validated the irradiation methods used to conclude that the distribution could be excluded. Dr. Ezzell, who worked with the FBI’s hazardous materials team, told me years ago that the FBI had always known that irradiation science had not been validated (or, more specifically, that he knew that).

  3. DXer said

    3 July 2017
    Ignore Bill Gates: Where bioweapons focus really belongs

    Filippa Lentzos
    http://thebulletin.org/ignore-bill-gates-where-bioweapons-focus-really-belongs10876

    “Gates does a disservice to the global health security community when he draws media and policy attention to amateurs such as terrorists. Where biological weapons are concerned, the focus should remain on national militaries and state-sponsored groups. These are the entities that might have the capability, now or in the near future, to develop dangerous biological weapons. The real threat is that sophisticated biological weapons will be used by state actors—or by financially, scientifically, and militarily well-resourced groups sponsored by states.”

    Comment:

    Does Filippa Lentzos’ comment need to be appreciated in the context of the behavior and comments of the North Korean leader?

    I find his comments about small and big gifts a little unsettling.

    But how much money does ISIS have? How much more money does it need? How many laboratories does it have available? How many laboratories would it need? Is it not extremely well-resourced?

    Is the suggestion that governments keep tight control of their pathogens to keep them from falling into rogue hands? That would not be accurate, would it?

    It was not true post-2001. And it was not true pre-2001.

    Anthrax, Al Qaeda and Ayman Zawahiri: The Infiltration of US Biodefense
    http://www.amerithrax.wordpress.com

  4. DXer said

    Osterholm plays detective, general in ‘Deadliest Enemy’ book
    Stephanie Soucheray | News Reporter | CIDRAP News

    Mar 14, 2017

    “I’ve grown increasingly frustrated by the lack of situational awareness, even from public health experts.”

    For decades, infectious disease expert Michael Osterholm, PhD, MPH, has been in the business of telling people what they don’t necessarily want to hear: Pandemics are inevitable; outbreaks can be devastating; bioterrorism is a threat. Several real infectious disease threats exist that could stop the world in its tracks, and by and large government officials, industry professionals, and researchers are not acting together to stop them, he warns.

    ***

    For Osterholm, Deadliest Enemy is a blueprint and a battle cry, a book that he hopes will alert people to how and why a focus on public health should be one of the nation’s top priorities.

    “The threat of pandemic disease is not going away if we ignore it,” he said.

    Comment:

    There are others, like Richard Ebright, who forcefully argue that the proliferation of labs in the face of such warnings has actually served merely to increase the threat.

    I am, in contrast, only focused on the whodunnit of a crime in 2001. I don’t have an opinion on the policy question except to always want to understand whether a monied interest lies behind advocacy of a threat.

    Anthrax, Al Qaeda and Ayman Zawahiri: The Infiltration of US Biodefense
    http://www.amerithraxwordpress.com

  5. DXer said

    U.S. shuts high-security labs over concerns about air hose safety
    http://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-labs-safety-idUSKBN15W2AN

  6. DXer said

    Feds charge Army official for theft of gear, including sniper scopes

    Tom Vanden Brook and Kevin Johnson , USA TODAY Published 1:02 p.m. ET Feb. 8, 2017 | Updated 7:19 p.m. ET Feb. 8, 2017

    (Photo: Alexander Zemlianichenko, AP)

    11120 CONNECTTWEETLINKEDIN 10 COMMENTEMAILMORE
    WASHINGTON — An Army official at Dugway Proving Ground in Utah has been charged with stealing military equipment, including scopes for sniper rifles, worth potentially millions of dollars to sell on the black market, according to court documents and government officials.

    ***

    Dugway was embroiled in controversy beginning in 2015 when officials discovered that its high-security labs had been the origin for the inadvertent shipment of samples of live anthrax toxin to labs around the world.

    In 2016, the Army reprimanded the commander of Dugway during its worst lapses, effectively ending his career; transferred oversight of its labs to the Edgewood Biological Center at Aberdeen, Md.; and had technicians from Edgewood destroy Dugway’s stockpile of toxins.

    Comment: In Amerithrax, the FBI’s entire reasoning was based on the premise that (1) virulent anthrax was not ever accidentally sent due to ineffective decontamination; and (2) it would never be surreptitiously taken. There was never any basis for the FBI’s reasoning. The premise should have been known to be invalid all along — since October 2001.

  7. DXer said

    Emergency trainees mistakenly exposed to deadly ricin

    Alison Young , USA TODAY Published 3:14 p.m. ET Dec. 15, 2016 | Updated 7:37 p.m. ET Dec. 15, 2016
    http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/2016/12/15/emergency-responders-mistakenly-exposed-deadly-ricin/95481004/

    Because of yet another mix-up with bioterror pathogens, a federal terrorism response training center in Alabama says it mistakenly exposed more than 9,600 firefighters, paramedics and other students to a deadly toxin over the past five years.

    The Federal Emergency Management Agency’s Center for Domestic Preparedness blames an outside laboratory for a series of shipping errors since 2011 that resulted in the first-responder training center using in its classes a potentially lethal form of ricin powder. The poison, made from castor beans, is capable of killing at small doses.

    The training center says it submitted order forms asking for a type of ricin extract that is unlikely to cause serious harm. But officials from Toxin Technology, the Florida company that sent nine shipments to the center since 2011, told USA TODAY that its ricin products were all accurately labeled as “RCA60” – a scientific name for the whole ricin toxin, which can be deadly.

    It’s unclear why training center staff didn’t recognize for years that they were working with a far more dangerous substance. There is no antidote to treat ricin poisoning.

    After issuing repeated statements to USA TODAY since Monday solely blaming the vendor, on Thursday FEMA administrator W. Craig Fugate called for the Department of Homeland Security Office of Inspector General to investigate. The training center had already suspended all training with biological agents, which include training with a less-dangerous strain of anthrax.

  8. DXer said

    CDC confirms Dr. Anne Schuchat as acting director
    Becker’s Hospital Review-19 hours ago
    In her time at the CDC, Dr. Schuchat also served on the agency’s anthrax emergency response team during the 2001 anthrax attacks in the U.S. …

  9. DXer said

    Bioterrorism Agents, Deadly Viruses, Bacteria On The Loose? CDC Kept Mishaps With Dangerous Germs Secret, USA Today Finds

    By Himanshu Goenka @HimGoJourno On 01/05/17 AT 4:29 AM

    The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, among other things, also carries out research work on deadly bacteria, viruses and pathogens which have been or can be responsible for epidemics and pandemics, or can also be used for bioterrorism. But it turns out that the CDC has not been exactly safe in its handling of some of these pathogens, and worse still, it has been hiding its mishandling.

    Based on heavily redacted documents released by the CDC in response to a Jan. 6, 2015, request by USA Today under the Freedom of Information Act, the publication reported Wednesday on what it called a biolab operator which has among “the worst regulatory histories in the country,” which includes everything from boxes containing potentially deadly pathogens gone missing to “possible biological exposure.”

    http://www.ibtimes.com/bioterrorism-agents-deadly-viruses-bacteria-loose-cdc-kept-mishaps-dangerous-germs-2470046

  10. DXer said

    Army lashes general over anthrax debacle

    Tom Vanden Brook , USA TODAY 9:07 a.m. EST November 24, 2016
    http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/politics/2016/11/24/army-lashes-general-over-anthrax-debacle/94358512/

    (Photo: Centers for Disease Control and)

    WASHINGTON — The highest-ranking officer implicated in last year’s scandal involving the Pentagon’s botched handling of anthrax has received career-killing discipline from the Army, USA TODAY has learned.

    ***

    “Brig. Gen. King was reprimanded for failing to take appropriate action to respond to and mitigate lapses in safety and protocol while serving as commander of Dugway Proving Ground,” Lt. Col. Jennifer Johnson, an Army spokeswoman, said in a statement.

    ***

    The moves are likely the final steps in the Army’s attempt to sweep clean the anthrax mess and hold accountable the officials responsible for it. Nine civilians were demoted, suspended or lost supervisory responsibilities following an investigation and stinging report. Another soldier, whose name was not disclosed by the Army, was also disciplined.

    The Army’s actions stem from problems with what Pentagon refers to as the “high-risk, zero-defects world of biological select agents program.” Last year, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Army found that the military had mistakenly sent live anthrax spores over a 12-year period to 194 laboratories in 50 states, the District of Columbia, three U.S. territories and nine foreign countries. Concentrations of live anthrax in the samples were low, public health was not at risk, and nobody was sickened, an Army investigation found.

    The samples were sent to labs to help them calibrate detection equipment and to help devise countermeasures to the toxin. If inhaled, live anthrax spores can be lethal.
    The Army blasted the poor lab practices and a “culture of complacency” at Dugway. It recommended that the soldiers and civilians involved be held “accountable for their failures.”

    Some of the problems investigators found at Dugway: officials appointed a biosafety officer who lacked training and education for the job; failure to conduct routine tests on surfaces to ensure pathogens hadn’t been spread outside secure cabinets; and staff who “regularly manipulated data” certifying pathogens being shipped were safe for use without special protective equipment.

    After the news of the bungled handling of dangerous pathogens broke, the CDC suspended Dugway from producing anthrax for export to other labs.

    The report singled out King for criticism, saying in the report that he had “repeatedly deflected blame and minimized the severity of the incidents.” Moreover, it found King lacked introspection and that he failed to recognize the scope and severity of the incidents that occurred during his command at Dugway.

    Despite the problems at Dugway, King was promoted to general and currently commands the 20th Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear, Explosive Command at the Army’s Aberdeen Proving Ground in Maryland.
    King, who commanded Dugway as a colonel from July 2009 to July 2010, was not available for comment.

    A 2015 USA TODAY NETWORK investigation discovered hundreds of additional accidents with dangerous pathogens at corporate, university, government and military labs nationwide. It also showed that the system of self-policing and diffuse oversight obscured failings by facilities and regulators.

  11. DXer said

    Did TV station in Upstate NY broadcast ‘train’ warning night

    http://www.newyorkupstate.com/utica/2016/10/did_tv_station_in_upstate_ny_b.html

    FEMA replied that they did not send this out. They will launch a full investigation into how their codes were hacked. WKTV seems to be the only target of this hack. For now, we have disabled the codes in our decoder that trigger this alert. If there is a real National Alert, we will still receive it from the local radio stations we are assigned to monitor. WKTV will cooperate fully with FEMA, providing information about our hardware, software and internet access, and will provide log files from our devices. This information will be helpful to FEMA to track down the source of this hack … We’re in contact with the NYS Broadcasters Association and FEMA.”

  12. DXer said

    Post Time: National anthrax scare starts in, and rattles, Boca Raton
    By Eliot Kleinberg – Palm Beach Post Staff Writer
    Posted: 12:00 a.m. Wednesday, Oct. 5, 2016
    http://www.mypalmbeachpost.com/news/news/local/post-time-national-anthrax-scare-starts-in-and-rat/nsgm8/

  13. DXer said

    How The Army Accidentally Shipped Live Anthrax To Military Bases
    By
    Brock Vergakis, The Virginian-Pilot, Norfolk, Va.
    on September 29, 2016

    The strain that was shipped from the Army’s Dugway Proving Ground in Utah’s western desert was an “extremely harmful” variety that was the same as those sent in letters to two U.S. senators and multiple media outlets in a 2001 attack, according to t

    http://taskandpurpose.com/army-accidentally-shipped-live-anthrax-military-bases/

  14. DXer said

    Hits & Misses: Saying farewell to a legend

    http://pilotonline.com/opinion/editorial/hits-misses-saying-farewell-to-a-legend/article_6e118df8-b784-5481-93f4-dbe1edda44a7.html

    MISS

    Track those packages

    Fifteen years ago, in the aftermath of the Sept. 11 catastrophe, the nation’s mail service was paralyzed by a series of letters containing anthrax mailed to news organizations and politicians. The attacks killed five people and prompted an intense, far-reaching investigation that failed to identify the perpetrator.

    One might expect, given that experience, that the government would take great care in the handling of its anthrax samples. However, it was revealed this week that a U.S. Army facility in Utah mistakenly sent live anthrax, instead of inactive samples, to 575 labs between 2004 and 2015, including at least one facility in Hampton Roads.

    While a report by the Government Accountability Office found no cases of illness as a result, that’s hardly cause for comfort. If the United States cannot keep tabs on its deadly biological agents, one has to wonder if it should have them at all.

    • DXer said

      No deathbed confession in Gardner heist
      By Shelley Murphy and Stephen Kurkjian Globe Staff and Globe Correspondent October 01, 2016

      http://www.bostonglobe.com/metro/2016/09/30/death-bed-confession-gardner-museum-heist/LvxckD19M3wa0GlEFbd7VL/story.html?s_campaign=bdc:article:stub

      Comment:

      In the Isabella Gardner matter, t would have been interesting to be a recording at the side of Carmello Merlino and Robert Guarente’s hospital bed. They were two key members of the crew the FBI knows to be responsible for the Isabella Gardner theft. Things get especially interesting upon the administration of drugs. The more people don’t talk the more it seems that the paintings may be in the basement of some kingpin mafiosa in Italy like those Van Goghs. Former FBI Agent Wittman (author of PRICELESS) may want to weigh in with his thoughts.

      F.J. Lang was the stenographer at the hospital with Dutch Schultz, fatally wounded in a Newark bar on October 23, 1935. I’m told that his morphine-addled statement scans at some points as iambic pentameter. His deathbed statement is quite beautiful — with his phrases referring to associates, enemies, his missing millions, etc.

      Years of looking for his $50 million treasure chest hidden by him and Lulu Rosenkrantz (IMO) was derailed and misdirected by a crock claim (dating back decades) that in his deathbed statement he said it was buried in Phoenicia (in the Catskills). The claim was then carried forward in numerous books and broadcasts. The reference to Phoenicia simply does not appear in F.J. Lang’s transcript. They were added many years ago by an author named Schurmacher upon writing a book of treasure stories.

      A major broadcast company has offered up development money for filming this past month that today, through additional research at the wonderful fultonhistory.com, has revealed the location I now propose:

      Today I venture that Dutch and Lulu hid it on April 12, 1935 at 111 North St., Newburgh, NY. Dominick “The Gap” Petrilli was a Dutch associate associated with the construction in 1932 and 1933 that fortified the place to serve as a frequent Dutch secret hideout. I propose that Dutch and Lulu stopped overnight after loading up his iron chest of gold, diamonds, Liberty Bonds, and $1,000 bills in Norwalk, CT -on April 11. On April 11, earlier in the day, Dutch had handed the keys to the realtor Bracken in Norwalk, CT and set off toward Syracuse, NY. My daughter and tracked his iron chest to 3 Marion Ave, Norwalk from April 1 -April 11, where it was hidden in the garden. Then Dutch and Lulu set out for Hotel Syracuse in Syracuse, New York. But they didn’t arrive here right away. They stayed overnight at another hideout on the way. Troy? Saratoga? Yonkers? Fairfield? The Bronx? On any other day, I might have said yes.

      After my friend Steve Kurkjian finds the Isabella Gardner paintings, I would ask that he buy the property in Newburgh (last sold in 2013 for $83,000) so I can bring my shovel.

      I tried to figure out the owner’s telephone number or email today to ask permission. But I couldn’t figure it out. I’m great at guessing the solution to interesting whodunnits or fun buried treasure stories. But it turns out I really stink at finding someone’s email or telephone number — or finding my car keys.

      Open the soap ducats!

      Dutch Schultz in Fairfield County, Connecticut in 1935 : his horses, his hiding places, and his missing millions | Ross Getman and Grace Getman
      July 16, 2010
      http://www.blurb.com/b/1475537-dutch-schultz-in-fairfield-county-connecticut-in-1

    • DXer said

      So if KSM, or al Barq (a secretly detained and tortured Sufaat assistant), or Yazid Sufaat himself were to suddenly spill all they knew about the anthrax mailings — and my nomination of Shukrijumah as the anthrax mailer were to prove right — would I ever be paid for my time? Would FBI Director Comey ever think to offer the earlier multi-million reward? (I have long urged that FBI Director Mueller resembled Gary Cooper with precisely that goal in mind). I’ve always been known to be a big fan of FBI — and just in disagreement with the “Ivins Theory” promoted by some of the well-meaning investigators and prosecutors. Heck, someone working undercover for the FBI did the blogs graphics for years.

      Anthrax, Al Qaeda and Ayman Zawahiri: The Infiltration of US Biodefense
      http://www.amerithrax.wordpress.com

      (There are different theories precisely because it is a difficult mystery and more evidence is needed). Well-intended compartmentalization and then the rush of events in 2008 upon Ivins’ suicide undermined double-checking of the analysis.

      I’ve always tried to sweeten the pot for the FBI, with this idea of a win-win happy ending.

      For example, FBI has jurisdiction, I guess, over Dutch Schultz’s missing millions if they are hid at 111 North St., Newburgh (though I would leave that to the legal beagles). Dutch was reported to the FBI to be in the Newburgh area. In late 1934, FBI’s Fred Fay was working on it — and was hot on Dutch’s trail. From a newspaper account: “Ten days ago, the Commissioner added, he had information that Schultz was hunting “on his own private estate outside of Newburgh N.Y. He turned that information over to Assistant Chief Inspector John J. Sullivan and to Frank Fay, New York head of the Federal intelligence men.” (do a boolean search at the wonderful fulthonhistory.com to pull up the article).

      My correspondent emailed this morning to report that photographs of the interior are now in hand. A report this morning from the well-regarded and widely known writer and researcher:

      “As for the house and property, at first glance it reminded me of the final scene of the Billy Crystal/Robert DeNiro movie “Analyze This” what with the Italian fountain out front and a tennis court and built in swimming pool in the back (on an otherwise typical neighborhood block). Also, the wall that overlooks the backyard from the sidewalk is built much higher to possibly avert passersby from peering into that space.”

      see also
      http://newburghrestoration.com/blog/2011/07/22/real-estate-111-north-street-the-gat-house-2/

      So, how about it, FBI? Even if I can’t get you to bring ground penetrating radar to the locations I’ve proposed for the Isabella Gardner paintings, how about we give Dutch’s $50 million stash a go?

  15. DXer said

    FBI Agent Scott Stanley’s assumption that live anthrax (after being unsuccessfully irradiated) was not mistakenly sent has no basis. He premised his entire analysis on only a few known labs having the strain — on it not being where it was not supposed to be.

    GAO’s earlier report relating to Amerithrax — which it took years to do — did not even address the point and was an utter waste of time.

    Even the Army’s review and this latest GAO report truncates analysis to the period AFTER the period when live anthrax was used to murder 5 people.

    I once contacted James Baker, the co-founder of NanoBio, a company of the former Zawahiri associate — the noncitizen from Cairo who worked alongside Bruce Ivins with the Ames strain in the B3 lab. (He also worked alongside Patricia Fellows and Mara Linscott — DOJ shredded their civil depositions).

    I asked Baker about the patents that explained that Bruce Ivins had provided the Michigan researchers virulent Ames.

    Dr. Baker said they never had it at Michigan. His reasoning? Because Michigan had only BL-2, not BL-3 labs, at the time. It therefore would have been illegal, he claimed. It therefore, he reasons, is clear that they did not have it.

    But Dr. Baker was seriously confused — apparently not knowing that prior to 9/11, anthrax was a BL-2 pathogen in its liquid form. So it would not have been illegal.

    And in any event, the issue of legality did not bear on whether the Ames was in fact supplied as claimed in numerous patents.

    Indeed, absent proper advance authorization, it was not lawful to have a non-citizen working with virulent Ames in the first place, was it? Ivins did not know he was not a citizen when he arrived but then [redacted] approved the research on the spot.

    Dr. Baker went on to be head of international vaccines at Merck.

    If and when the US is attacked with sarin by ISIS, maybe FBI Director Comey will agree that there should be greater transparency:

    For example,

    (1) what was the second lab that infiltrator Rauf Ahmad visited on his quest to obtain virulent Ames? Rauf Ahmad would not cooperate with me unless I paid him money.

    (2) what does Yazid Sufaat say? He pled the Fifth Amendment when I interviewed him.

    (3) Was Les Baillie — the fellow who hosted Rauf Ahmad at the Porton Down conference where he presented on isolating anthrax — the one who discarded the CIA’s finding that Ames was at the Al Qaeda lab in Afghanistan? (He went from Porton Down in the UK to work for the FBI on the genetics). Wouldn’t that constitute an egregious conflict of interest? See Garvey’s thesis — he was the former CIA scientist, later head of Philly’s forensics, who reported that the CIA detected Ames but the FBI discarded the finding.

    (4) what do the contemporaneous notes in Notebook 4282 show on September 14, 15 and 18 show?

    (5) who has been responsible at the FBI for its withholding of Notebook 4282? Shouldn’t they all be fired tomorrow?

    (6) when the non-citizen who worked with Ivins in the BL-3 lived in Sudan, did he know Dr. Ayman and other Egyptian Islamic Jihad members?

    (7) did he know Dr. Ayman when Dr. Ayman came and successfully recruited his friends into jihad?

    Anthrax, Al Qaeda and Ayman Zawahiri: The Infiltration of US Biodefense
    http://www.amerithrax.wordpress.com

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