CASE CLOSED … what really happened in the 2001 anthrax attacks?

* DXer: With Bin Laden’s death, it is important to understand Dr. Ayman Zawahiri

Posted by Lew Weinstein on May 2, 2011

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DXer … With Bin Laden’s death, it remains important to walk in the shoes of Dr. Ayman Zawahiri and come to know the man.

Al-Zawahiri’s family has its roots in a small town in Saudi Arabia “where the first battle between Prophet Muhammad and the infidels was fought and won by the Prophet.”  With 9/11 and the anthrax mailings, he essentially is seeking to recreate the taking of Mecca by a small band.  Al-Zawahiri’s great grandfather came to the Nile Delta in the 1860s to a city where there is a mosque that still bears his name. His grandfather on his mother’s side was  president of Cairo University and the Egyptian ambassador to Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, and Yemen.  His grandfather was known for being pious and nicknamed “the devout ambassador.”  Two of Ayman’s sisters are on the faculty at Cairo University Medical School.  His sister Heba is a professor of pharmacology who researches antimicrobials.  His uncle was the Dean of Cairo’s medical school at one point.  His father, who passed away in 1995, was Professor of Pharmacy.  Including in-laws, he has 40 doctors of various sorts in his family.

Born June 1, 1951, he grew up in Cairo’s Al-Ma’adi neighborhood.  He graduated cum laude from Cairo University’s medical school in 1974 with an MD degree.   He received a master’s degree in surgery in 1978 and was married the next year to Izzat Ahmad Nuwair who had graduated with a degree in philosophy from Cairo University.  His wife and children were killed in a bombing raid in Afghanistan and an obituary mourning their loss appeared in Cairo.  He has a younger brother Hassan, an engineer, and had an older  brother Muhammad.   Upon the toppling of Mubarak, Dr. Ayman’s brother Muhammad was released only to be re-arrested a few days later.  Without his family, Zawahiri is a fanatic guided only by his faith and his literal interpretation of a book written many years ago that he memorized as a child.

Al Qaeda’s spymaster al-Hakaymah  wrote “The History of the Jihadist Movements in Egypt.”  When asked why Al-Zawahiri started his group,  he explained that Al Zawahiri thought of Sayyid Qutb as a coroner who dissects a body with a high degree of professionalism and talent that suits someone who knows it inside out. In his youth, Zawahiri was influenced by Sayyid Qutb, one of the spiritual leaders of Islamic religious groups.   After a two year stay in the United States where Qutb gained a contempt for American culture, the secular writer Qutb returned to his religious roots and wrote extensively supporting violence against Christians and Jews, and even muslim leaders deemed infidel.  The introduction of Milestones linked at IANA’s Islamway website states: “I have written Milestones for  this vanguard, which I consider to be a waiting reality about to be materialized.” Zawahiri traces the origin of the modern islamist movement to the hanging of Qutb in 1966.   It was Sayyid Qutb’s brother, Muhammad, who supervised the research of the masters thesis of Saudi dissident sheik Safar Al-Hawali.

Ayman and his young colleagues would go to the Al-Kikhya mosque in Abidin area in Cairo and read books from the Salafist library at the mosque, such as books by Ibn Taymiyah, whose religious rulings greatly influenced him.  The group felt ashamed by Egypt’s defeat in the 1967 war with Israel and attributed the defeat to Egypt’s failure to follow Shariah rule.

In 1968, Zawahiri’s group in high school brought together Nabil al-Bura’i, Ismail Tantawi, Sayyid Imam and others.  They were all in the last year of high school in the Cairo suburb of Maadi.  Sayyid Imam, who issued revisions in November 2007, was thought to be more charismatic  than Ayman, who tended to be shy.

Zawahiri later would form a military wing under the guidance of Al-Qamari, an Egyptian army officer.  Zawahiri formed his first cell from students at Maadi High school and other schools.  By 1974, the year he graduated from medical school, it had 40 members.  Ayman deemed infiltrating the military the most effective and least costly means of seizing power.  Known for their extreme secrecy, the group avoided growing beards like most Islamists and were thus known as “the shaven beards.”  Ayman’s friend Kamal Habib, who later would contribute to the  quarterly journal of the Ann Arbor-based Islamic Assembly of North America, explained to CNN through a translator:   “We thought at the time that the goal to apply the laws of Islam can’t be achieved with ways other than violence.” It would remain Zawahiri’s tactic to recruit members of the Egyptian army because of their training and expertise.  After graduating medical school in 1974, he served three years as a surgeon in the Egyptian Army, at a base outside Cairo, before establishing a clinic at the same duplex he shared with his parents. He got his masters in surgery in 1978 based on book learning, according to his mentor Sayyid Imam.  At a Saudi clinic, Sayyid Imam reports that he needed to cover for Ayman’s lack of clinical experience.

During the 1975-1979 period, radical but not revolutionary study groups spread quickly through the Cairo, Ayn Shams and al-Azhar universities and elsewhere.  Al-Jihad began as such a student organization.  The student groups were one of the main targets of Sadat’s crackdown in 1979.  Hundreds were arrested and their campus groups dissolved.  The revolutionary ideas of Qutb influenced these student groups, which were known as jam’iyat.  Courses of study in Egyptian universities  are narrow, preventing many from acquiring a liberal education as they acquired technical skills.  Thus, many fundamentalists are highly educated in technical fields but do not have a broader educational background.  Life as a student in Egypt is hard and job prospects are poor.  In the late 1970s, an estimated 85% of al-Jihad’s members were students.

One co-defendant who said of him:  “While in prison, I used to meet him in court during the trial sessions.  He is a very calm person and polite and has more of a strategic thought than being an intellectual or the owner of jurisprudence interpretations or even a student in search of knowledge.”  Attorney al-Zayyat, who was in prison for three years along with Ayman, had a similar view.  Even back then, Zawahiri placed great weight on the religious authority of the blind sheikh, Abdel-Rahman.

A powerful 5 minute excerpt from the PBS/Frontline, “Looking for Answers”  shows Zawahiri delivering an impassioned speech (in English) from jail.  His statement sheds light on the motive underlying the anthrax mailings (and the reason the two dates of mailing were chosen).  The choice of targets related to US appropriations to Egypt and Israel,  the extradition or “rendering” of Egyptian Islamic Jihad members pursuant to the “Leahy Law,” retaliation for the detention and alleged mistreatment of the Blind Sheikh and others,  and what Ayman views as “lies”  about these issues in the media. The two mailing dates were (1) the signing of the agreement between Egypt and Israel and (2) the assassination of Sadat for signing the agreement.  The choice of mailing dates was not surprising when one realizes that the subject of the December 4, 1998 Presidential Daily Brief to President Clinton was Islambouli, the brother of Sadat’s assassin.  The PDB described the plan to attack the US using aircraft and other means. Islambouli was part of a cell with Khalid Mohammed who not only led the “planes operation,” but would come to lead the effort to attack the US with weaponized anthrax upon Atef’s death in November 2001.

Montasser Al-Zayyat, who in Spring 1999 announced Dr. Ayman’s plan to use anthrax against US targets to retaliate for the rendering of senior Egyptian Islamic Jihad leaders,  writes:

“Despite all that he had suffered physically, what was really painful to Zawahiri was that, under the pain of torture, he was forced to testify against his fellow members in the case against ‘Esam al-Qamari and other officers. Zawahiri was taken from the Tora prison to the Higher Military Court to give testimony against other jihadi members from the army.  Under these conditions, he admitted that they formed a movement inside the army to topple the regime and institute an Islamic government.”

After he was arrested on October 15, 1981, Zawahiri informed the authorities of Qamari’s whereabouts. He had taken a refuge in a small mosque where he used to pray and meet Zawahiri and other members of the group. It was this painful memory which was at the root of Zawahiri’s suffering, and which prompted him to leave Egypt for Saudi Arabia. He stayed there until he left for Afghanistan in 1987. During the three years following his arrival in Afghanistan, his leadership among jihadi Islamists became more prominent, as he worked to regroup the disoriented group members.

Zawahiri left Egypt in late 1985 after he filed a lawsuit and obtained a stay of a decision of the minister of interior banning his travel.  He spent a year working at a medical clinic in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.   Al-Zawahiri started the Islamic Jihad Bureau in 1987. He published a monthly magazine called “al-Fath” [conquest].   When Bin Laden’s spiritual leader Azzam was assassinated, al-Zawahiri assumed the role.  In Afghanistan and later Sudan, Zawahiri would control Bin Laden by surrounding him with members of the Egyptian Islamic Jihad group.  As a result, Bin Laden’s financial support flowed to Egyptian Islamic Jihad but not the Egyptian Islamic Group.

Zawahiri opposes democracy because then people could choose their own religion rather than adhere to the religious beliefs he was taught as a young boy before he reached the Age of Reason.  He thinks democracy must be overcome through violence.   He knows best based on words written many years before — words he learned by rote memory.  Although soft-spoken and outwardly calm, he is a fanatic.  The humiliation he felt upon betraying his former mentor al-Qamari still rages within him.  He is not constrained by what most would view as ethical limits.  Beware the quiet, deep thinker who thinks he knows best, particularly after you’ve killed his wife and child.  In Bitter Harvest, he was very critical of the Muslim Brotherhood for its growing accommodation of secular rulers, though he softened his views somewhat in Prophets under the Banner.    Zawahiri’s friend, IANA magazine writer Kamal Habib, says that, in contrast to Zawahiri,  he has renounced violence and embraced democracy as a pragmatic means of establishing sharia law.

In the mid-1990s, Al-Zawahiri sought to coordinate the activities of the various Islamic terrorist movements to carry out sabotage activities against the United States.  A series of meetings included representatives of Hamas and Hezbollah.  In a meeting held in Khartoum in April 1995, one direction Al-Zawahiri charted was to develop the effectiveness of the Islamic networks in London and New York, especially Brooklyn, where he visited the Blind Sheik’s Services Organization.

Zawahiri visited the US  in 1995 and visited mosques with Ali Mohammed and San Jose physician Ali Zaki. Apparently, however, it was the planned visit by a representative from Saudi Arabia sent by Mohammed Islambouli several years later that more recently that may had lay groundwork for the planned attacks using aircraft and other means.  The planned visit was the subject of the CIA’s December 4, 1998 Presidential Daily Brief to President Clinton.

Islambouli, brother of Sadat’s assassin, was in a cell with KSM, who upon Atef’s death assumed leadership of the cell planning to attack the US with weaponized anthrax.  Islambouli was head of the blind sheik’s Services Organization in Peshawar.  In addition to his numerous videotaped messages and his October 2001 book “Knights Under the Banner of the Prophet,” Zawahiri announced in 2007 that Islambouli was head of the Islamic Group members who had joined Al Qaeda.  Islambouli may know the identity of the anthrax mailer even though KSM does not.

George Mason University microbiology grad student Al-Timimi years later would invoke both Sayyid Qutb and Ibn Taymiyah in an eloquent speech upon his indictment for sedition.  Muhammad Qutb spoke alongside GMU microbiology graduate Al-Timimi at the 1993 conference along with the blind sheik’s son Mohammad Abdel-Rahman (from Afghanistan).  Former EIJ member and current Cairo activist Gamal Sultan was also a speaker.  Al-Hawali was Al-Timimi’s religious mentor at university.

A  Dr. “Tawfik” Hamid advises me that while at Cairo Medical School he was recruited by Dr. Ayman.  The first name “Tawfik” is an alias used for security reasons —  but this man has the courage to state the truth and urge nonviolence.

Dr. Hamid met Zawahiri, “Dr. Ayman” as he was known, at an afternoon prayer session.   He was one of the fiercest speakers he had ever heard.  Ayman fervently condemned the West for the freedom of its women.   Dr. Ayman, Dr. Hamid explains, was exceptionally bright, one of the top postgraduate students in the medical school.   When they met him, Zawahiri greeted him warmly through his coke bottle glasses.

Dr. Hamid explains that one of Ayman’s achievements was to personalize jihad—that is, to have transformed it from a responsibility of the Umma, the Islamic collective, to an individual duty of Muslims.   Within several months of meeting Dr. Ayman, he was invited to travel to Afghanistan to join other young Muslims in training for jihad.   It was fairly common, he said, to be recruited after the end of Friday prayers.  Dr. Hamid explains:  “We viewed both the Soviets and the Americans as enemies.”    “The Soviets were considered infidels because they did not believe in the existence of God, while the Americans did not follow Islam. Although we planned to fight the Soviets first, our ultimate objective was to destroy the United States—the greatest symbol of the infidel’s freedom. ”   Dr. Hamid told me that his  brother, CAIR-St. Louis — who had lived in Ann Arbor in 2001 — will not talk to him given his consultation with US  government intelligence agencies.

A childhood friend of the Hamid brothers, Dr. Tarek Hamouda, had been supplied virulent Ames by Bruce Ivins.   I had called Dr. Hamid because I was curious if Dr. Hamouda knew Dr. Ayman or had been taught by his sister, microbiology professor Heba Zawahiri.

Dr. “Tawfik” Hamid told me that when he called Dr. Hamouda once from abroad to ask him about patents (before 911), Dr. Hamouda said it was all in the marketing.

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144 Responses to “* DXer: With Bin Laden’s death, it is important to understand Dr. Ayman Zawahiri”

  1. DXer said

    Dr. Ayman’s mom and sister, Heba the microbiologist at Cairo Medical, always felt that he had wasted his life — encouraging violence for no reason. They would cry themselves to sleep at night — sick with grief that he had gone so astray, violated the hadiths, and lost his moral compass.

    Now Dr. Ayman is encouraging another son to pursue a wasted life. Zawahiri’s suggestion that a person is entitled to respect just because of his family pedigree is nonsense. He himself was born with that advantage but then brought his family nothing but shame and tears.

    Al Qaeda leader calls for attacks on the United States

    Ayman al-Zawahiri said the wave of Jihad was expanding in a 30-minute video
    https://www.thenational.ae/world/asia/al-qaeda-leader-calls-for-attacks-on-the-united-states-1.664260

    The National
    October 5, 2017
    Updated: October 5, 2017

    “His family pedigree, not to mention his dynastic marriage to the daughter of an al Qaeda charter member, automatically entitles him to respect from every jihadi who follows bin Laden’s ideology.”

  2. DXer said

    http://english.alarabiya.net/en/features/2017/03/28/Former-Egyptian-Islamic-Jihad-leader-Nabil-Naeem-Zawahiri-himself-is-ignorant.html

    Former Egyptian Islamic Jihad leader Nabil Naeem: Zawahiri himself is ignorant

    Naeem: Ayman’s problem is that he was raised on the books of Sayed Qutb and does not know anything else.

    ***

    Yes, Osama bin Laden is intellectually deviant and he is a follower of Sayed Qutb, but those who built al Qaida are Egyptians, whether they are Sayed Qutb followers or Muslim Brotherhood members.

  3. DXer said

    Blind sheikh’ convicted in 1993 World Trade bombing dies in prison, son says

  4. DXer said

    Focused Mitigation Strategies to Protect Food Against Intentional Adulteration

    Docket Folder Summary View all documents and comments in this Docket

    Docket ID: FDA-2013-N-1425
    Agency: Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
    Parent Agency: Department of Health and Human Services (HHS)
    Summary:
    https://www.regulations.gov/#!docketDetail;D=FDA-2013-N-1425

    Comment:
    It would violate the Quran to intentionally adulterate food stuffs. There is quite specific guidance on the subject. A salifist-jihadist would lose their soul under their belief system.

  5. DXer said

    May 17 2016, 5:10 am ET
    Why Hasn’t the U.S. Killed Bin Laden’s Wingman Ayman al-Zawahiri?

    by Robert Windrem and William M. Arkin

    http://www.nbcnews.com/news/us-news/why-hasn-t-u-s-kill-bin-laden-s-wingman-n574986

    Comment:

    Why haven’t the 911 plotters been brought to justice? Brought to trial? Is our legal system truly that broken that nothing can get done without the passage of months and years?

    Little cost-benefit analysis is done when it comes to our justice system.

  6. DXer said

    Ayman al Zawahiri discusses al Qaeda’s goal of building an Islamic emirate in Syria

    BY THOMAS JOSCELYN | May 8, 2016 | tjoscelyn@gmail.com
    http://www.longwarjournal.org/archives/2016/05/ayman-al-zawahiri-discusses-al-qaedas-goal-of-building-an-islamic-emirate-in-syria.php

  7. DXer said

    Egypt: Al-Qaida Chief’s Brother Acquitted of Terror Charges
    • By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS

    CAIRO — Oct 15, 201
    http://abcnews.go.com/International/wireStory/egypt-al-qaida-chiefs-brother-acquitted-terror-charges-34489627

    An Egyptian court on Thursday acquitted the younger brother of al-Qaida leader Ayman al-Zawahri of terror charges, but referred him to prosecutors in connection with similar charges.

    In his ruling, judge Mohammed Shireen sentenced 10 of al-Zawahri’s 67 co-defendants to death and handed life sentences to 32 others. Eighteen more defendants received 15-year jail terms and one defendant was sentenced to one year in prison. Sixteen others were acquitted.

    The younger al-Zawahari’s referral to the prosecutors is over allegations that he had set up a “terrorist cell.”

  8. DXer said

    Al Qaeda Leader Al-Zawahiri Declares War on ISIS ‘Caliph’ Al-Baghdadi
    • By JAMES GORDON MEEK
    http://abcnews.go.com/International/al-qaeda-leader-al-zawahiri-declares-war-isis/story?id=33656684

  9. DXer said

    Al Qaida’s Ayman al Zawahiri: Dead, duplicitous or oblivious?
    By J.J. Green | @JJGreenWTOP
    August 10, 2015 4:56 am
    http://wtop.com/national-security/2015/08/holdneeds-edit-jj-story-zawahiri-dead-duplicitous-oblivious/

  10. DXer said

    Here is a newly declassified letter from Ayman Zawahiri, dated August 2003. It mainly illustrates how seriously he takes his interpretation of what is written in an old book. So if you want to profile how he would use anthrax as a weapon, analysts in late 2001 should have been studying the hadiths. See also Bernard Lewis’s thoughtful article in September 2001 on the subject.

    http://www.dni.gov/files/documents/ubl/english/Letter%20from%20Al-Zawahiri%20dtd%20August%202003.pdf

  11. DXer said

    The Foreign Policy Essay: Where is Al Qaeda Leader Ayman al-Zawahiri?
    By Bruce Riedel
    Sunday, May 17, 2015 at 10:00 AM

    Editor’s Note: After 9/11 Ayman al-Zawahiri became the face of Al Qaeda, giving speeches and sending out videos to guide the now-scattered jihadist flock. And of course after Bin Ladin’s death Zawahiri’s stature rose even further. Yet as my Brookings colleague Bruce Riedel points out, Zawahiri has gone silent in recent months despite the turbulence all around him.

    http://www.lawfareblog.com/2015/05/the-foreign-policy-essay-where-is-al-qaeda-leader-ayman-al-zawahiri/

    “Ayman al-Zawahiri, the emir of Al Qaeda since 2011, has not spoken publicly since last September. This eight-month gap is his longest absence from the public stage since the fall of Kabul in 2001. It is likely he is biding his time for a special purpose but his motive is elusive.”

    ***

    Of course only he and his inner circle know. We can only surmise Zawahiri is biding his time for reasons unknown. He may have plots in the works even more audacious than the Zulfiqar. He may be waiting to strike the match for some spectacular operation.

    Bruce Riedel is senior fellow and director of the Brookings Intelligence Project in the Center for 21st Century Security and Intelligence and senior fellow in the Center for Middle East Policy at Brookings. He retired in 2006 after 30 years of service at the Central Intelligence Agency, including postings overseas. He was a senior advisor on South Asia and the Middle East to the last four presidents of the United States in the staff of the National Security Council at the White House. …

    Comment:

    Wherever Dr. Ayman is, if he is alive and has his health, then I expect he is focused on his brother Mohammed’s imprisonment and upcoming trial.

    In April 2014, Mohammed Zawahiri, with 67 others was charged with forming a terrorist group and seeking to undermine security across Egypt. This reminds me of the large trial (“the Albanian returnees” trial) in which Dr. Ayman’s plan to use anthrax against US targets to retaliate against the imprisonment of senior EIJ leaders.

    Years ago, Mohammed joined his older brother in Khartoum, Sudan, where the Egyptian Islamic Jihad had begun to congregate. That was when Bin Laden was there and Egyptian security was infiltrating EIJ’s ranks in Khartoum and Yemen.

    The Egyptian scientist supplied virulent matching Ames by Bruce Ivins was from Khartoum, where his mother taught at the University there. Did he also know Mohammed?

    http://www.amerithrax.wordpress.com

    I emailed once years ago to ask him who he knew but he did not respond.

    OTOH, maybe Dr. Ayman just has shingles and is holed up in pain.

    Or maybe he has dysentery.

    • DXer said

      errata – Above this sentence is missing the phrase in caps:

      “This reminds me of the large trial (“the Albanian returnees” trial) in which THE BLIND SHEIK’S LAWYER, MONTASSER AL-ZAYAT ANNOUNCED Dr. Ayman’s plan to use anthrax against US targets to retaliate against the imprisonment of senior EIJ leaders.”

  12. DXer said

    “But Zawahri has been uncharacteristically silent. He did not comment when al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) took credit for attacking Paris in January 2015, an attack AQAP said Zawahri had ordered. Zawahri had been calling for an attack in France for a decade, so his silence is all the more notable. It was a triumph, yet the emir said nothing.

    Nor has the emir commented on developments like the wars in Iraq, Syria and Yemen, the succession in Saudi Arabia or jihadist attacks in Australia, Canada and elsewhere. In the past, such events routinely got detailed commentary from Zawahri.

    Nor has he eulogized al-Qaeda’s recent martyrs. The drone mission that inadvertently killed an American and Italian hostage in Pakistan in January also killed Ahmed Farouq, who was the second-in-command of AQIS. Farouq was in charge of operations in Pakistan and presumably behind the Zulfiqar plot. Zawahri would usually have issued his own eulogy for a martyr of this stature. Nor has he praised the years of jihadist service of AQAP leader Nasser bin Ali al-Ansi, who issued the claim for the “Blessed Battle of Paris” when a drone strike killed him in Yemen this month.

    Zawahri is almost certainly not a martyr himself. Al-Qaeda has never failed to announce the death of its leaders, since it takes great pride in its martyrdom. Al-Qaeda has already named Zawahri’s heir, AQAP leader Nasir al-Wuhayshi, so there is no succession issue.

    Zawahri is biding his time for reasons unknown. He may have plots in the works even more audacious than the Zulfiqar one. He may be waiting to strike the match for some spectacular operation. Perhaps he is waiting for the demise of his nemesis, Caliph Ibrahim of the Islamic State. It is safe to conclude Zawahri has his reasons for his silence.”

    Read more: http://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2015/05/al-qaeda-zawahri.html#ixzz3ZsymwHpI

    Comment: Instead, did Dr. Ayman Zawahiri pass from a heart attack?

    • DXer said

      This article now has also appeared in the US News & World Report. But isn’t it just as likely that Dr. Ayman has had a debilitating stroke? He was always so prickly and disputatious that he likely was a candidate to stroke.

      In his new book, Michael Morell says that you worry when you hear chatter — and you worry when you don’t. That leaves you always worrying, he says — once Morell missed his turn to Langley and drove 10 miles past, into DC.

      I think it is more likely that Dr. Ayman has an enlarged prostate and is getting up a lot at night to pee. Or maybe he has dementia. His sister, microbiologist Heba, who served for years on the facutly at Cairo Medical, would know which ailments run in the family if she is still alive.

      And nowadays with the DNA they have from his brother they could run a DNA health profile to look for diseases to which he might be predisposed.

      But I think the commentator in the article below is not making the more probable assessment. I mean what did they expect: a press release announcing that Dr. Ayman is suffering dementia?

      Didn’t his father die young?

      Al-Qaeda Emir’s Silence Prompts Suspicion
      U.S. News & World Report‎ – 3 hours ago
      Al-Qaeda’s usually outspoken emir, Ayman al-Zawahri, has remained uncharacteristically silent through the course of recent al-Qaeda …

      http://www.usnews.com/news/articles/2015/05/12/al-qaeda-emirs-silence-prompts-suspicion

  13. DXer said

    Muslim Brotherhood sent Osama to Pakistan: Al-Zawahiri

    http://www.thenewstribe.com/2015/02/01/muslim-brotherhood-sent-osama-to-pakistan-al-zawahiri/

    SANAA: Banned terrorists organisation Al Qaeda’s chief Ayman al-Zawahiri claimed that founder of the organisation Osama Bin Laden was the member of Muslim Brotherhood.

    According to Al Zawahiri, Muslim Brotherhood send Osama to Pakistan for ‘Jihad’ against Soviet Union.

    “Muslim Brotherhood suggested Osama not to go to Afghanistan, but Osama ignored the suggestion and participated in the war form Afghanistan.

    This interview of Al Zawahiri was on aired in main stream program ‘Snaaa Alamut’ which was taken by Al Qaeda’s media cell ‘As-Sahab Foundation’.

  14. DXer said

    • Tucker Reals
    • CBS News
    • January 14, 2015

    Al Qaeda officially lays claim to Paris carnage
    http://www.cbsnews.com/news/aqap-al-qaeda-in-yemen-claims-responsibility-for-charlie-hebdo-attack-in-paris/

    A senior leader of the group known as al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP), Sheikh Nasr Ben Ali al-Aanesi, claims in the video released Wednesday that AQAP ordered, planned, and funded the attack in Paris with the guidance of al Qaeda chief Ayman al-Zawahri, and in line with recommendations of his predecessor Osama bin Laden. …

    Aanesi cited a warning from bin Laden against publishing images of the Prophet, quoting the slain al Qaeda chief directly: “If there is no check on the freedom of your words, then let your hearts be open to the freedom of our actions. The answer is what you see, not what you hear.”

    Comment:

    While we wait to see who gets murdered — and I would expect some more firebombing of media offices that reprint and distribute the cartoon — on a more uplifting note, I saw SELMA last night. I liked it very much. The 1965 Selma march represents an example of successful political advocacy by a man who was religiously motivated.

    It was interesting to google some historic photos and see how closely so many of the images from the movie squared with the historical images from the 1965 march. My beloved elderly aunt was a nun who heeded Martin Luther King’s call that day and so I was particularly moved by the power of nonviolence.

    Zawahiri’s killing — dating back to Sadat and before — has been hugely counterproductive compared to Martin Luther King’s strategic and tactical approach. Dr. Ayman has had great impact — but all of it bad and counterproductive.

    His anger seems to stem from when he was treated brutally in prison after Sadat’s assassination and gave up his mentor from the army.

    To correctly profile Amerithrax, it was necessary to walk 50 miles in his shoes.

    http://www.amerithrax.wordpress.com

  15. DXer said

    34-year-old Paris suspect directly linked to Al Qaeda training camp in Yemen

    By Catherine HerridgePublished January 09, 2015FoxNews.com

    While there has been no credible claim of responsibility for the attack, Fox News was told that the evidence increasingly points to the likely involvement of a foreign terrorist organization — either inspiring or directing the attack. Less than an hour after the attack, a series of tweets accompanied by images of three Al Qaeda members – Ayman al Zawahiri, the leader of Al Qaeda in Pakistan, and two American members of AQAP who were both killed in U.S. drone strikes, Samir Khan and Anwar al-Awlaki – went out, raising more suspicions the attack was a possible Al Qaeda plot.

    The Twitter account is well known in counter-terrorism circles and linked to AQAP.

    http://www.foxnews.com/world/2015/01/09/ideal-target-brothers-suspected-in-paris-massacre-radicalized-in-france-known/

  16. DXer said

    Zawahiri seeks his justifications in the hadiths — which is why he would have used the extremely virulent Ames strain of anthrax. The hadiths commanded that one use the weapon of one’s enemy. Dr. Ivins’ email that I uploaded shows that he thought a 1996 study pointed to the extreme virulence of Ames, which is why it was chosen for the DARPA project. I have uploaded and linked (in two parts) a 2001 Battelle proprietary study of Ames comparing it to two weaponized strains. See also the 2013 study of its virulence in guinea pigs that noted its extreme virulence in humans. Ames extreme virulence in humans was noted by speakers at the Porton Down-sponsored conferences attended by the infiltrator sent by Dr. Zawahiri.

    Now it is true that the Al Qaeda scientist was already killing mice in 2000 by injecting 100 spores using a strain that had been isolated in the wild. World renown anthrax expert Hugh-Jones last month explained to me this question of the virulence of wild strains generally:

    “There is a natural variance in the virulence, depending essentially on the genomic repeats for pX02 and capsule thickness; see:
    Coker, Pamala R., Kimothy L. Smith, Patricia F. Fellows, Galena Rybachuck, Konstantin G. Kousoulas, & Martin E. Hugh-Jones, 2003
    Bacillus anthracis virulence in guinea pigs vaccinated with anthrax vaccine adsorbed is linked to plasmid quantities and clonality. Journal of Clinical Microbiology, 41: 1212-1218

    IBy definition any strain recovered from a case is pathogenic. But if you recover spores from the soil you will find some 35-5% are apathogenic having lost the pX02 plasmid. This happens progressively after 4-5 years. The same can apply to archival collections if you aren’t careful.”

    Dr. Ayman Zawahiri thinks half the battle is in the PR department. His book on October 7, 2001 helps understand him and motives. On decapitations being bad PR, Dr. Ayman learned the hard way — in the 1990s he ordered a young boy who had engaged in sodomy, allegedly involved in a trap set by Egyptian security in Khartoum. The boy was a father of an EIJ member in Khartoum and many members were horrified at Dr. Ayman’s brutality. The incident exacerbated the usual bickering that dominated the group at the time over finances and tactics. Zawahiri justified it on the ground of treason. The boys’ acts had helped Egyptian security gain intelligence about Egyptian Islamic Jihad’s operation in Khartoum, Sudan — where Al Qaeda had moved.

    Qaeda Commander Denounces Decapitations as Used by Islamic State

    By RUKMINI CALLIMACHIDEC. 8, 2014

    ISTANBUL — Nearly a decade ago, Ayman al-Zawahiri — the man who would go on to become the head of Al Qaeda — wrote a letter to his deputy in Iraq, scolding him for beheading hostages and posting videos of their execution online. He explained that although he was in favor of killing the enemy and agreed with the principle of sowing terror, the scenes of slaughter risked turning public opinion against their organization.

    His advice was to be more discreet: “Kill the captives by bullet.”

    The letter — written in 2005 and recovered by American forces in Iraq — was addressed to Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, the founder of the group that would become the Islamic State, which split off from the Qaeda network earlier this year.
    On Monday, Al Qaeda came out publicly against the practice of beheading in a strongly worded interview with one of its field commanders, making clear that the organization founded by Osama bin Laden was more pragmatic and as a result less extreme than its jihadist rival in Syria — which has turned the act of decapitation into a signature of its brutality.

  17. DXer said

    Shaikh Ayman al-Zawahiri’s The Terrorists’ Handbook
    Category: ColumnsPublished on Monday, 21 July 2014
    http://www.oyetimes.com/views/columns/67491-shaikh-ayman-al-zawahiri-s-the-terrorists-handbook

    “Refrain from killing and fighting against non-combatant women and children, and even if they are families of those who are fighting against us, refrain from targeting them as much as possible.”

    “Refrain from harming Muslims by explosions, killing, kidnapping or destroying their wealth or property.”

    “Refrain from targeting enemies in mosques, markets and gatherings where they mix with Muslims or with those who do not fight us.”

    Most critically, Zawahiri goes on to note that any confrontation should not be a Muslim – Muslim battle over religious disagreements (i.e. inter-sect violence), rather, it should be against those who are the enemies of Islam.

    It is most interesting to see that now, terrorists have a handbook of do’s and don’ts. Apparently, certain acts of terrorism now fall outside of what is acceptable behaviour.”

  18. DXer said

    1. Full Translation Added: Zawahiri Lectures on Recent Egyptian History, Revolutionary Success
    A al-Zawahiri – 2014 – triceratops.brynmawr.edu
    Along with his reflections on Chechnya and Egypt, Zawahiri issued specific messages to the
    Coptic leadership in Egypt, jihadi fighters in the Sinai, former Egyptian president Mohamed
    Morsi, and revolutionaries in Syria and Libya. The 69-minute 29-second audio message, …

    2. An operational code of terrorism: the political psychology of Ayman al-Zawahiri

    Behavioral Sciences of Terrorism and Political Aggression

    Volume 6, Issue 1, 2014

    View full text
    Download full text
    Free access
    James D. Jacquiera*
    pages 19-40

    Abstract
    The study of terrorism requires not only the study of specific acts of terrorism but also the study of the context in which such acts are made. Researchers must consequently be familiar with the general psychological principles of terrorism (of its causes and effects) as well as the psychological background of individual terrorists, especially terrorist leaders such as Ayman al-Zawahiri. This study creates a broad, context-rich profile of Ayman al-Zawahiri’s political psychology using the analytical framework known as operational code. Content analysis of al-Zawahiri’s written and spoken statements allows the researcher to analyze the important belief systems that motivate al-Zawahiri’s actions. These belief systems are crucial in understanding al-Zawahiri’s political and terrorist actions, as al-Zawahiri experiences very few institutional barriers altering the otherwise robust relationship between belief and action. This study finds not only that al-Zawahiri perceives the political world through a purely religious view, but also that his implementation of political action depends only on the will, capabilities, and nature of the jihadist movement itself. As a result, al-Zawahiri shows little to no cognitive complexity and interacts with the political world solely based on his judgment of the capabilities of the jihadist movement.

    3. Journal of Policing, Intelligence and Counter Terrorism

    Volume 9, Issue 1, 2014

    Decoding al-Qaeda’s strategy: the deep battle against America

    View full text
    Download full text
    Access options
    DOI:10.1080/18335330.2013.877372
    Isaac Kfira*
    pages 73-74

    4.
    Zawahiri Reflects on Experiences in Tora Bora in Series on Bin Laden
    Title: Zawahiri Reflects on Experiences in Tora Bora in Series on Bin Laden
    Author: Zawahiri, Ayman
    Issue Date: 2014-05-05
    http://triceratops.brynmawr.edu:8080/dspace/handle/10066/13952

    5.
    As-Sahab Officially Releases Seventh Interview with Zawahiri
    Title: As-Sahab Officially Releases Seventh Interview with Zawahiri
    Author: al-Zawahiri, Ayman
    Issue Date: 2014-05-02

    http://thesis.haverford.edu/dspace/handle/10066/14285

  19. DXer said

    The correctness of an informant’s report relating to his report about a Lodi mosque in 1999 is the subject of an ongoing appeall. And so I am seeking corroboration of Dr. Ayman Zawahiir’s whereabouts in late 1998 and early 1999 through documentary evidence.
    But first some background:

    ‘Highly unlikely’ Osama bin Laden’s top man visited Lodi, agent says
    By Layla Bohm/News-Sentinel Staff Writer | Posted Mar 28, 2006
    http://www.lodinews.com/news/article_b2f02d8a-ef39-5301-9d4c-5d326d5bddfb.html?mode=jqm

    It is “highly unlikely” that Osama bin Laden’s right-hand man was in Lodi in 1998 and 1999, an FBI agent testified Wednesday afternoon.

    The acknowledgment, elicited by the defense attorney for a Lodi man charged with attending a terror training camp, calls into question the credibility of informant Naseem Khan, who became a key government witness in the case.

    Khan told a federal jury earlier this month that Ayman al-Zawahiri had spent at least a month in Lodi, making countless trips to the Muslim mosque. Khan originally made the claim to FBI agents who visited him in October 2001 to ask him about a multi-million-dollar money laundering scheme.

    “I thought that the probability that he saw al-Zawahiri at that time was probably slim,” special agent Rachel Pizer said Wednesday.

    She communicated with officials higher up in the FBI, who said it was “highly unlikely.” Pizer didn’t recall who gave her the information, but believed it came from New York, which was also involved in post-9/11 investigations.

    “So at some point you came to the conclusion that it was likely not true, correct?” asked defense attorney Wazhma Mojaddidi, who represents Lodi resident Hamid Hayat.

    Pizer replied: “That’s correct.”

    The agent did not confront Khan with the information “because I believed that’s what he thought he saw,” she testified.

    However, though that first meeting was mere weeks after 9/11, Barnhart said has no memory of Khan giving him the tip that al-Zawahiri had been in Lodi.

    Barnhart repeatedly said he has almost no recollection of his first contacts with Khan, even after Griffin showed the agent copies of his own reports.

    Forgetting details is sometimes a way of halting the defense in trial, even though part of an agent’s job is to remember details and later testify in court, a former FBI agent later said.

    “He’s being paid to remember stuff, and his notes are written so that he can remember that stuff,” said James Wedick, who received multiple honors during his 34-year career with the FBI before retiring.

    Wedick, who has been hired by the defense in the Hayat case, said outside court that some agents find they can simply say they don’t recall things.

    “There is a subset of folks who use that tactic in court to throw off the defense,” he said of agents in general, clarifying that Barnhart was not necessarily using that tactic.

    Barnhart testified that he remembers mention of Taliban members possibly being in Lodi in 1998 and 1999, but that he doesn’t recall mention of al-Zawahiri, who is the FBI’s second most wanted terrorist and has a $25 million bounty on his head.

    Al-Zawahiri’s photo appeared next to Osama bin Laden on the bureau’s list of most wanted terrorists, which was released Oct. 10, 2001, exactly one week before Barnhart met with Khan.

    Despite Khan’s claims that he had seen Taliban members in Lodi when he lived in the city for a time, the FBI quickly made him a source and sent him to work in Lodi.

    Before long, the FBI was paying him $3,000 a month plus bonuses, and he got a raise the following year, according to previous trial testimony and documents. Pizer, however, testified Wednesday that Khan was not paid a salary and was only given cash payments.

    • DXer said

      Before turning to some documentary evidence relating to Dr. Ayman Zawahiri in 1999, let’s note the broad point made by some experts: they reason that Dr. Zawahiri would not have had the balls to come to the US given that he was hotly sought after the 1998 embassy bombings.

      “On August 5, 1998, a letter by Ayman al-Zawahiri will be published that threatens retaliation for the Albanian abductions (see August 5, 1998). Two US embassies in Africa will be bombed two days later (see 10:35-10:39 a.m., August 7, 1998).[WASHINGTON POST, 3/11/2002, PP. A01; NEW YORKER, 2/8/2005; GREY, 2007, PP. 128] The US State Department will later speculate that the timing of the embassy bombings was in fact in retaliation for these arrests. [OTTAWA CITIZEN, 12/15/2001]”

      http://www.historycommons.org/entity.jsp?entity=mohammed_al-zawahiri_1

      It seems that the 116-page brief of the legal team led by Dennis Riordan is the place to look for more dispositive documentary evidence relating to Dr. Ayman Zawahiri’s whereabouts. But certainly this documentary evidence, as reported, provides no coorroboration for the informant’s claim that Dr. Zawahiri visited the US in late 1998 and early 1999.

      Turning to Mr. Cullison’s important article in the New Yorker (which relate to earlier related articles in the WSJ)….

      Inside Al-Qaeda’s Hard Drive
      Budget squabbles, baby pictures, office rivalries—and the path to 9/11

      http://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2004/09/inside-al-qaeda-s-hard-drive/303428/

      “So did the U.S. military when it heard what I had bought. The offices of The Wall Street Journal, just across from the World Trade Center, had been destroyed on 9/11. Our New York staff, which was working out of a former warehouse in Lower Manhattan, was acutely aware of potential threats; it was carefully screening mail for anthrax. Thinking that the computers might hold information about future attacks, my editors called the U.S. Central Command, which sent three CIA agents to my hotel room in Kabul. They said they needed the computers immediately; I had time to copy only the desktop computer before handing them both over. Atef’s laptop was returned to me two months later, by an agent named Bert, at a curbside in Washington, D.C. The CIA said that the drive had been almost empty, but I’ve always wondered if this was true.

      The desktop computer, it turned out, had been used mostly by Ayman al-Zawahiri, Osama bin Laden’s top deputy. It contained nearly a thousand text documents, dating back to 1997. Many were locked with passwords or encrypted. Most were in Arabic, but some were in French, Farsi, English, or Malay, written in an elliptical and evolving system of code words. I worked intensively for more than a year with several translators and with a colleague atThe Wall Street Journal, Andrew Higgins, interviewing dozens of formerjihadis to decipher the context, codes, and intentions of the messages for a series of articles that Higgins and I wrote for the Journal in 2002.”

      “What emerged was an astonishing inside look at the day-to-day world of al-Qaeda, as managed by its top strategic planners—among them bin Laden, al-Zawahiri, Atef, Ramzi bin al-Shibh, and Khalid Sheikh Muhammad, all of whom were intimately involved in the planning of 9/11, and some of whom (bin Laden and al-Zawahiri) are still at large. The documents included budgets, training manuals for recruits, and scouting reports for international attacks, and they shed light on everything from personnel matters and petty bureaucratic sniping to theological discussions and debates about the merits of suicide operations. There were also video files, photographs, scanned documents, and Web pages, many of which, it became clear, were part of the group’s increasingly sophisticated efforts to conduct a global Internet-based publicity and recruitment effort.”

      “The jihadis’ Kabul office employed a zealous manager—Ayman al-Zawahiri’s brother Muhammad, who maintained the computer’s files in a meticulous network of folders and subfolders that neatly laid out the group’s organizational structure and strategic concerns. (Muhammad’s system fell apart after he was arrested in 2000 in Dubai and extradited to Egypt.) The files not only provided critical active intelligence about the group’s plans and methods at the time (including the first leads about the shoe bomber Richard Reid, who had yet to attempt his attack) but also, in a fragmentary way, revealed a road map of al-Qaeda’s progress toward 9/11. Considered as a whole, the trove of material on the computer represents what is surely the fullest sociological profile of al-Qaeda ever to be made public.”

      Here is a February 1, 1999 email included:

      TO: Yemen Cell Members
      FROM: Ayman al-Zawahiri
      FOLDER: Outgoing Mail—To Yemen
      DATE: February 1, 1999

      … I would like to clarify the following with relation to the birthday [probably an unspecified attack]:

      a) Don’t think of showering as it may harm your health.

      b) We can’t make a hotel reservation for you, but they usually don’t mind making reservations for guests. Those who wish to make a reservation should go to Quwedar [a famous pastry shop in Cairo].

      c) I suggest that each of you takes a recipient to Quwedar to buy sweets, then make the hotel reservation. It is easy. After you check in, walk to Nur. After you attend the birthday go from Quwedar to Bushra St., where you should buy movie tickets to the Za’bolla movie theater.

      d) The birthday will be in the third month. How do you want to celebrate it in the seventh? Do you want us to change the boy’s birth date? There are guests awaiting the real date to get back to their work.

      e) I don’t have any gravel [probably ammunition or bomb-making material].

      TO: Ayman al-Zawahiri
      FROM: Unknown
      FOLDER: Incoming Mail—From Yemen
      DATE: May 13, 1999
      Dear brother Salah al-Din:

      … Forty of the contractor’s [bin Laden’s] friends here were taken by surprise by malaria [arrested] a few days ago, following the telegram they sent, which was similar to Salah al-Din’s telegrams [that is, it used the same code]. The majority of them are from here [Yemen], and two are from the contractor’s country [Saudi Arabia] …

      We heard that al-Asmar had a sudden illness and went to the hospital [prison]. He will have a session with the doctors [lawyers] early next month to see if he can be treated there, or if he should be sent for treatment in his country [probably Egypt, where jihadis were routinely tortured and hanged] …

      Osman called some days ago. He is fine but in intensive care [being monitored by the police]. When his situation improves he will call. He is considering looking for work with Salah al-Din [in Afghanistan], as opportunities are scarce where he is, but his health condition is the obstacle.

      Though troubled by arrests abroad, the jihadis had time and safety for contemplation in Afghanistan. In 1999 al-Zawahiri undertook a top-secret program to develop chemical and biological weapons, a program he and others referred to on the computer as the “Yogurt” project. Though fearsome in its intent, the program had a proposed start-up budget of only $2,000 to $4,000. Fluent in English and French, al-Zawahiri began by studying foreign medical journals and provided summaries in Arabic for Muhammad Atef, including the one that follows.

      TO: Muhammad Atef
      FROM: Ayman al-Zawahiri
      FOLDER: Outgoing Mail— To Muhammad Atef
      DATE: April 15, 1999
      I have read the majority of the book [an unnamed volume, probably on biological and chemical weapons] … [It] is undoubtedly useful. It emphasizes a number of important facts, such as:

      a) The enemy started thinking about these weapons before WWI. Despite their extreme danger, we only became aware of them when the enemy drew our attention to them by repeatedly expressing concerns that they can be produced simply with easily available materials …

      b) The destructive power of these weapons is no less than that of nuclear weapons.

      c) A germ attack is often detected days after it occurs, which raises the number of victims.

      d) Defense against such weapons is very difficult, particularly if large quantities are used …

      I would like to emphasize what we previously discussed—that looking for a specialist is the fastest, safest, and cheapest way [to embark on a biological- and chemical-weapons program]. Simultaneously, we should conduct a search on our own … Along these lines, the book guided me to a number of references that I am attaching. Perhaps you can find someone to obtain them …

      The letter goes on to cite mid-twentieth-century articles from, among other sources, Science, The Journal of Immunology, and The New England Journal of Medicine, and lists the names of such books as Tomorrow’s Weapons (1964),Peace or Pestilence (1949), and Chemical Warfare (1921).

      Al-Zawahiri and Atef appear to have settled on the development of a chemical weapon as the most feasible option available to them. Their exchanges on the computer show that they hired Medhat Mursi al-Sayed, an expert to whom they refer as Abu Khabab, to assist them. They also drew up rudimentary architectural plans for their laboratory and devised a scheme to create a charitable foundation to serve as a front for the operation.

      Mr. Cullison notes two February 1999 emails reflecting the banality of office life:

      “TO: Ezzat (real name unknown)
      FROM: Ayman al-Zawahiri
      FOLDER: Outgoing Mail—To Yemen
      DATE: February 11, 1999
      Noble brother Ezzat …

      Following are my comments on the summary accounting I received:

      … With all due respect, this is not an accounting. It’s a summary accounting. For example, you didn’t write any dates, and many of the items are vague.

      The analysis of the summary shows the following:

      1- You received a total of $22,301. Of course, you didn’t mention the period over which this sum was received. Our activities only benefited from a negligible portion of the money. This means that you received and distributed the money as you please …

      2- Salaries amounted to $10,085—45 percent of the money. I had told you in my fax … that we’ve been receiving only half salaries for five months. What is your reaction or response to this?

      3- Loans amounted to $2,190. Why did you give out loans? Didn’t I give clear orders to Muhammad Saleh to … refer any loan requests to me? We have already had long discussions on this topic …

      4- Why have guesthouse expenses amounted to $1,573 when only Yunis is there, and he can be accommodated without the need for a guesthouse?

      5- Why did you buy a new fax for $470? Where are the two old faxes? Did you get permission before buying a new fax under such circumstances?

      6- Please explain the cell-phone invoice amounting to $756 (2,800 riyals) when you have mentioned communication expenses of $300.

      7- Why are you renovating the computer? Have I been informed of this?

      8- General expenses you mentioned amounted to $235. Can you explain what you mean? …
      TO: Ayman al-Zawahiri
      FROM: Ezzat
      FOLDER: Incoming Mail—From Yemen
      DATE: February 17, 1999
      Kind brother Nur al-Din [al-Zawahiri]:

      … We don’t have any guesthouses. We have bachelor houses, and the offices are there too. We called it a guesthouse hypothetically, and we don’t have any bachelors except Basil and Youssef. And Abd al-Kareem lives at his work place.

      If I buy a fax and we have two old ones, that would be wanton or mad.

      Communication expenses were $300 before we started using the mobile phone—and all these calls were to discuss the crises of Ashraf and Dawoud and Kareem and Ali and Ali Misarra and Abu Basel and others, in compliance with the orders.

      Renovating our computer doesn’t mean buying a new one but making sure that adjustments are made to suit Abdullah’s [bin Laden’s] work. There were many technical problems with the computer. These matters do not need approval.

      There are articles for purchase that are difficult to keep track of, so we have put them under the title of general expenses …

      The first step for me to implement in taking your advice is to resign from … any relationship whatsoever between me and your Emirate. Consider me a political refugee …”

    • DXer said

      I am not familiar with the Lodi case and have not yet read the defendant’s brief on appeal, but there is a fascinating account of the trial in “The Ethics and Efficacy of the Global War on Terrorism: Fighting Terror with Terror.” On the subject of the 1998 bombings, the informant also claimed that he had seen them.

      “Among the men on the hands and knees were praying were the main suspects of the 1998 bombings of the U.S. embassies in Kenya and Tanzania and the 1996 bombing of the Khobar Towers military housing complex in Saudi Arabia.”

      Eye witness testimony is unreliable to begin with. Here, the fellow in 2001 was claiming to remember a stranger, with whom he had never spoken, several years earlier. Absent any corroboration, and there doesn’t seem to be any, that’s not credible.

      The 1995 tour of the US, on the other hand, is corroborated.

    • DXer said

      United States Attorney Scott agreed in his July 24th Frontline interview that it was the naming of Al Zawahiri and other Al Qaeda leaders by Khan that “obviously perked the interest 28f the FBI and is what really led directly to his recruitment as an operative for the FBI.” FBI had confirmed by late 2001, however, that Khan’s claim was not true (RT 3370) and at trial the government stipulated that it had no evidence that al Zawahiri was in Lodi in 1998 and 1999 (RT 3434) In closing, the government admitted that “those people were not in Lodi.” (RT 4339)

      http://mojaddidilaw.com/files/FINAL_NEW_TRIAL__10_27_.pdf

  20. DXer said

    Egypt sentences 683 to death in latest mass trial of dissidents
    http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/middle_east/egypt-sentences-683-to-death-in-latest-mass-trial-of-dissidents/2014/04/28/34e0ca2c-e8eb-4a85-8fa8-a7300ab11687_story.html

    Comment: Remind me. Why are we involved in Egypt? Why didn’t the “Leahy Law” result in the termination of appropriations?

    In 2007, I wrote an essay explaining why I thought Dr. Zawahiri opted for Senator Leahy as a symbolic recipient of anthrax.

    http://www.globalpolitician.com/default.asp?22850-anthrax

    Why Senator Leahy Was Targeted With Anthrax

    Senator Leahy recently emphasized to Attorney General Gonzales that he wanted to know why he was targeted with letters containing anthrax. He wanted justice for the postal workers who died handling the letter addressed to him. Attorney General Gonzales told the Senate Judiciary Committee: “Senator, Director Mueller, I believe, has offered to get the chairman a briefing. And we’re waiting to try to accommodate the chairman’s schedule to make that happen. We understand the frustration and the concern that exists with respect to the length of time. This is a very complicated investigation. I know that the director is very committed to seeing it to some kind of conclusion in the relatively near future.”

    For a half decade now, the media has inexplicably overlooked the fact that Senator Leahy is author of the “Leahy Law,” a provision that prohibits appropriations to military and security units if there is credible evidence of human rights violations — evidence of torture.

    The amendment has been interpreted to permit continued appropriations to security units under “extraordinary circumstances” — such as, say, the Global War on Terror. Senator Leahy separately was head of the Senate Appropriations Subcommittee on Foreign Operations, the panel in charge of aid to Egypt and Israel. The other Senator targeted was Senator Daschle, who as Senate majority leader had a key role in all appropriations. The media and public has superficially understood Leahy and Daschle as “liberals” without seeing things through the eyes of the head of Al Qaeda’s anthrax weaponizationprogram, Ayman Zawahiri. That has led to a situation where the public has been less strident than they might have been in insisting that the United States do the one thing that might avoid additional anthrax — treat all detainees according to the Geneva Convention and cut off appropriations to the military and security units of any ally that continues to torture detainees.

    “Leahy Law” and Darkened Runways

    It was 1 a.m. in the morning on October 23, 2001. Parts of the airport runway were pitch black. Masked Pakistan Inter Services Intelligence (“ISI”) agents in a rented white Toyota sedan sped up with a shackled and blindfolded man. In the empty corner of the Karachi airport, a soldier with his face covered filmed thetransfer of Jamil Qasim Saeed Mohammed, age 27. Two weeks earlier a postal worker had died in the US from exposure to mailed anthrax. Authorities were rounding up the usual suspects — using a Gulfstream V jet registered to people in the suburbs of Washington, D.C. who existed only on paper.

    Mohammed had first come to Karachi in 1993 from Yemen’s capital city, Sana’a, and had recently been studying microbiology at the University of Karachi.

    After the September 11 attacks, Pakistani intelligence agents started checking on Arab university students in the area. Mohammed’s teachers told investigators that they had not seen him on campus since late August. Agents staked out his apartment in Karachi and nabbed him upon his return. Mohammed was wanted in connection with the bombing of the USS Cole. In 1996, Pakistani authorities officials had arrested Mohammed in connection with the November 1995 bombing of the Egyptian Embassy in Islamabad. That attack was financed by the Canadian islamist and charity worker, Khadr and his charity Mercy International, a charity funded by Osama Bin Laden’s late brother-in-law Khalifa and founded by Saudi dissident Sheik Al-Hawali. Ayman Zawahiri, speaking for the military wing of the Egyptian Islamic Jihad, known as the Vanguards of Conquest, claimed responsibility for the bombing.

    Mohammed was released without being charged. Mohammed re-enrolled at university in 1999. He was one of at least two microbiologist lab technicians who were rendered by the CIA. Saeed Mohammed was not particularly expert — and spent most of his time in Karachi procuring equipment. Washingtonannounced Saeed had been rendered, but senior Pakistani officials continued to deny that the transferhad taken place.

    The scene would repeat itself at a different airport two months later with the rendition of Ahmed Agiza, former head of the Egyptian Islamic Jihad before Zawahiri. Swedish officials prepared an expulsion order at 4 p.m. on December 18, 2001. Agiza, a 39-year old physician, was picked up on the street by 6 p.m. and he was in the air by 10 p.m. In a small room at the airport, six-hooded figures took Agiza and another prisoner and changed them into dark red overalls. The men cut off his clothes, without having to remove his handcuffs and leg irons. They inserted a suppository containing a sedative while putting on diapers. Then they hung him, blindfolded and hooded, in a harness in the plane. Dr. Agiza had been convicted in his absence in 1999, together with 106 others, by a military court in Cairo for membership in the Vanguards of Conquest (“Talal al-Fateh”), the military wing of the EIJ. The crew of the plane did not use the term “extraordinary rendition” — they just referred to the process as “snatches.” The Egyptian government had promised not to torture the suspects, but Agiza claims that they applied electric shocks through electrodes fastened to sensitive parts of his body — to his genitals, nipples, tongue, ear lobes, and underarms.

    These renditions were just two of the opening volleys in what would prove to be a 5 year effort to find the parties responsible for the letters containing anthrax sent to US Senators and media outlets. The anthrax was mailed shortly after the planes attack on the World Trade Center and Pentagon. In 1999, captured leaders of Zawahiri’s Vanguards of Conquest had said that Ayman was going to use weaponized anthrax against US targets in retaliation for the rendering of EIJ leaders and supporters to places like Cairo and Amman. The letter to the Senator Leahy, author of the “Leahy Law” that permitted continued appropriations to security units under “extraordinary circumstances”, read: “We have this anthrax. You die now. Are you afraid?”

    Tortured Logic

    The founder of Egyptian Islamic Jihad Kamal Habib and a writer for the quarterly magazine of the Islamic Assembly of North America (“(ANA”) told scholar Fawaz Gerges:

    “The prison years also radicalized al-shabab [young men] and set them on another violent journey. The torture left deep physical and psychological scars on jihadists and fueled their thirst for vengeance. Look at my hands — still spotted with the scars from cigarette burns nineteen years later. For days on end we were brutalized — our faces bloodied, our bodies broken with electrical shocks and other devices. The torturers aimed at breaking our souls and brainwashing us. They wanted to humiliate us and force us to betray the closest members of our cells.

    I spent sleepless nights listening to the screams of young men echoing from torture chambers. A degrading, dehumanizing experience. I cannot convey to you the rage felt by al-shabab who were tortured after Sadat’s assassination.”

    An August 29, 2001 opinion column on Islamway, the second most read site for english speaking muslims, illustrates that the role of “Leahy Law” was known by well-read islamists: “There is an intolerable contradiction between America’s between America’s professed policy of opposition to state-sponsored terrorism, exemplified by the Leahy Law, and the U.S. Congress’ continuing sponsorship of Israeli violence against Palestinians.” The article cited “References: CIFP 2001. “Limitations on Assistance to Security Forces: ‘The Leahy Law'” 4/9/01 (Washington, DC: Center for International Foreign Policy) Center for International Foreign Policy Accessed 8/28/01.Hocksteader, Lee 2001. ”

    In a videotape that circulated in the summer of 2001, Zawahiri said “In Egypt they put a lot of people in jails — some sentenced to be hanged. And in the Egyptian jails, there is a lot of killing and torture. All this happens under the supervision of America. America has a CIA station as well as an FBI office and a huge embassy in Egypt, and it closely follows what happens in that country. Therefore, America is responsible for everything that happens.”

    But to more fully appreciate why Leahy — a human rights advocate and liberal democrat — might have been targeted as a symbol, it is important to know that Senator Leahy has been the head of the Senate Appropriations Subcommittee on Foreign Operations, the panel in charge of aid to Egypt and Israel. In addition to the Senate majority leader, anthrax was mailed to the position symbolic of the 50 billion in appropriations that has been given to Israel since 1947 (and the equally substantial $2 billion annually in aid that has been keeping Mubarak in power in Egypt and the militant islamists out of power). In an audiotape received by al-Jazeera and published in October 2002, Zawahiri again pointed to the weapons bought by US appropriations: “As for America, it must expect to be treated the same way that it has committed crimes, like the destruction of the Palestinians’ homes by the Jews using US weapons and like the murder of Muhammad Al-Durra and other Palestinian children by the Jews with US weapons. Then the American people will curse Bush and his administration dead or alive due to the extremely high price they are repaid with.”

    That aid goes to the core of Al Qaeda’s complaint against the United States. (The portion going to Egypt and Israel constitutes, by far, the largest portion of US foreign aid, and most of that is for military and security purposes.) Pakistan is a grudging ally in the “war against terrorism” largely due to the US Aid it now receives in exchange for that cooperation. The press in Pakistan newspapers regularly reported on protests arguing that FBI’s reported 12 agents in Pakistan in 2002 were an affront to its sovereignty. There was a tall man, an Urdu-speaking man, and a woman — all chain-smokers — who along with their colleagues were doing very important work in an unsupportive, even hostile, environment. The US agents — whether CIA or FBI or US Army — caused quite a stir in Pakistan along with the Pakistani security and intelligence officials who accompanied them.

    Blanket Disregard Of “Leahy Law” Prohibition Of Torture After 9/11

    Within a couple weeks after September 11, a report in the Washington Post and then throughout the muslim world explained that the President sought a waiver that would allow military assistance to once-shunned nations. The militant islamists who had already been reeling from the extradition of 70 “brothers”, would now be facing much more of the same. President Bush asked Congress for authority to waive all existing restrictions on U.S. military assistance and exports for the next five years to any country where the aid would help the fight against international terrorism. The waiver would include those nations who were currently unable to receive U.S. military aid because of their sponsorship of terrorism (such as Syria and Iran) or because of their nuclear weapons programs (such as Pakistan). In mid-March 2003, Washington waived sanctions imposed in 1999 paving the way for release in economic aid to Pakistan. Billions more would be sent to Egypt, Israel and other countries involved in the “war against terrorism.”

    In late September 2001, the Washington Post quoted Leahy: “We all want to be helpful, and I will listen to what they have in mind.” The article noted that he was chairman of both the Senate Judiciary Committee and the Appropriations foreign operations subcommittee, which were considering the legislation. “But we also want to be convinced that what is being proposed is sound, measured and necessary and not merely impulsive.”

    The options being considered in response to the September 11 attacks in New York and Washington included potential cooperation with virtually every Middle Eastern and South and Central Asian nation near Afghanistan. “Either you are with us or you are with the terrorists” would be the only test for foreign aid. The “Leahy Law” plays a key role in the secret “rendering” of Egyptian Islamic Jihad (Al Qaeda) operatives to countries like Egypt, Jordan, Syria and Algeria where they are allegedly tortured. Richard Clarke, counterterrorism czar during the Clinton Administration, has quoted Vice-President Gore saying: “Of course it’s a violation of international law, that’s why it’s a covert action. The guy is a terrorist. Go grab his ass.”

    Although humanitarian in its intent, the Leahy Law permits continued appropriations to military and security units who conduct torture in the event of “extraordinary circumstances.”

    In an interview broadcast on al-Jazeera television on October 7, 2001 (October 6 in the US) — about when the second letter saying “Death to America'” and “Death to Israel” was mailed — Ayman Zawahiri echoed a familiar refrain sounded by Bin Laden: “O people of the U.S., can you ask yourselves a question: Why all this enmity for the United States and Israel? *** Your government supports the corrupt governments in our countries.”

    A month after 9/11, late at night , a charter flight from Cairo touched down at the Baku airport. An Egyptian, arrested by the Azerbaijani authorities on suspicions of having played a part in the September 11 attack was brought on board. His name was kept secret. That same night the plane set off in the opposite direction. Much of the Amerithrax story has happened at night with no witnesses, with the rendering of Saeed Mohammed merely one example. Zawahiri claims that there is a US intelligence bureau inside the headquarters of the Egyptian State Security Investigation Department that receives daily reports on the number of detainees and those detainees that are released. At the time Ayman Zawahiri was getting his biological weapons program in full swing, his own brother Mohammed was picked up in the United Arab Emirates. He was secretly rendered to Egyptian security forces and sentenced to death rendered in the Albanian returnees case.

    Throughout 2001, the Egyptian islamists were wracked by extraditions and renditions. CIA Director Tenet once publicly testified that there had been 70 renditions prior to 9/11. At the same time a Canadian judge was finding on October 5, 2001 that EIJ shura member Mahmoud Mahjoub was a member of the Vanguards of Conquest and would be denied bail, Bosnian authorities announced on October 6, 2001 they had handed over three Egyptians to Cairo who had been arrested in July. In Uruguay, a court authorized the extradition to Egypt of a man wanted in Egypt for his alleged role in the 1997 Luxor attack. Ahmed Agiza, the leader of the Vanguards of Conquest (which can be viewed as an offshoot of Jihad), was handed over by Sweden in December 2001. Al Qaeda’s military commander, Atef, and Dr. Ayman Zawahiri, both took these renditions personally. They were ultimately in charge of who would be targeted with anthrax.

    When Doing the Right Thing Might Avoid More Anthrax

    The commentators who suggest that Al Qaeda would have had no motivation to send weaponized anthrax to Senators Daschle and Leahy as symbolic targets — because they are liberal — are mistaken. The main goal of Dr. Zawahiri was to topple President Mubarak. He views the US Aid as the chief obstacle and is indifferent to this country’s labels of conservative and liberal. Having a humane foreign policy — and being firm with our allies on the issue of torture — might just help avoid the next 9/11. Or as Senator Leahy has said: “Moral leadership in defense of democracy and human rights is vital to what we stand for in the world. Acts of terrorism are violations of human rights. Now is the time to show what sets us apart from those who attack us.”

  21. DXer said

    My friend who knew Dr. Ayman growing up in Maadi told me that compared to Dr. Ayman, Qutb was always the more important and deeper thinker. I believe he said that Zawahiri’s uncle was Qutb’s lawyer and received his Quran from Qutb on his deathbed — then giving it to Ayman Zawahiri.

    Given the importance of Qutb to Zawahiri, this question of Dr. Zawahiri’s failure to adhere to the limits on warfare imposed by the Quran and hadiths is all the more important.

    In Al-Qaeda’s Odyssey to the Global Jihad, by Yoram Schweitzer and Aviv Oreg (March 2014), the authors explain the importance of Qutb to Zawahiri:

    “According to al-Zawahiri, the new movement was greatly influenced by Qutb’s writings when it launched its violent anti-government campaign during the second half of the 1960s. Al-Zawahiri claims that although the Muslim Brotherhood already existed and had been active against “the enemies of Islam” for some thirty years, its violence was not directed against the local regime but rather against external enemies. According to al-Zawahiri, Qutb and his followers saw in the local Muslim regime, which had strayed from the true Salafi version of Islam, a much bigger and more dangerous enemy than any external element. This view is driven by the belief that the regime is hostile to Islam, perverts God’s path, and refuses to subordinate itself to sharia. Therefore, during the second half of the 1960s, Qutb’s followers11 started engaging in periodic attacks against the Egyptian government, which peaked with the assassination of President Anwar Sadat in October 1981. This deviation from the Muslim Brotherhood’s traditional ideology was the first expression of the operational emphasis on warfare against the domestic rather than the external enemy.12”

  22. DXer said

    Abu Hamza has written to Judge Katherine Forrest requesting to testify, against the advice of his lawyers, reports the New York Post. The defence had previously asked for any mention of the 9/11 attacks or Osama bin Laden, the former al-Qaeda leader, to be banned from proceedings, claiming it would deny their client a fair trial. However, Hamza wrote to the judge in February saying: “I was very surprised to notice during the last two hearings that you had not been informed that I am testifying and that I DO NOT want to exclude, or avoid mentioning, any of [the] people or organisations, places or terms that have been mentioned in my indictment.” Forrest has rejected the ban and also rejected the prosecution’s plea for an anonymous jury, calling it a “drastic measure” that “runs counter to the cloak of innocence that surrounds any defendant”.

    Read more: http://www.theweek.co.uk/people/abu-hamza/58062/abu-hamza-hate-preacher-finally-faces-us-terror-charges#ixzz2yNrnpeTt

    Comment:

    Abu Hamza wants to testify. If his lieutenant, shoebomb plotter Badat doesn’t testify, the prosecutors will face a challenging case given so many years have passed. The kidnapping in Yemen in 1999 may seem far removed from the concerns of the jurors — and the details of a planned training camp in Oregon have always seemed vague and non-threatening.

    Hopefully, Abu Hamza won’t continue his complaint about not having been provided a bidet (though I appreciate the difficulties associated with his prosthetics).

    Men like KSM and Zawahiri should start focusing on blowing kisses to innocents instead of killing them. It would be more effective in accomplishing their aims.

    US gangster Dutch Schultz, despite his blatant bribery of an entire Upstate New York town, knew how to pour on the charm.

    He knew the real battle is in the hearts and minds of the public.

    A new book explains that what we know about Elliot Ness was PR and mostly fiction. I guess a lot depends on who writes the history.

    Published on Feb 25, 2014
    The Untouchables The Dutch Schultz Story ( Season 1, Episode 10 Dec. 17 1959 )

    Eliot Ness and the Untouchables decide to try and convict New York mobster Dutch Schultz the same way they got Al Capone, through income tax evasion. Agent Marty Flaherty goes undercover working his way into the gang and learns that Lucky Luciano is moving in on Schultz’s territory. When Schultz is charged, he successfully petitions the courts to move his trial to upstate New York where he charms the community eventually leading to his acquittal. While away from the big city however, Luciano has been even more aggressive and Schultz has to deal with him on his return. Written by garykmcd

  23. DXer said

    An Egyptian from Grand Rapids has come forward claiming the $25 million reward in connection with telling the FBI Bin Laden’s location — in 2003!

    But I’m confused. How could this Grand Rapids man known where Bin Laden was in 2003 when the compound was not completed until 2005? (I appreciate that construction takes a long time and would be open to hearing more about the timeline).

    But where is the contemporaneous written evidence of the lead? Extraordinary claims require extraordinary proof. There is video testimonial evidence but it seems that such evidence is most useful in then pointing to contemporaneous documentary evidence from 2003.

    https://linmedia-cms.endplay.com/documents/234755/0/Letter+Tom+Lee+knew+Osama+bin+Laden%27s+whereabouts/16edf321-d014-476d-959f-139fe9bbac61

    If he had valuable information to provide the FBI, he should have taken care to preserve evidence.

    For example, he should have put the information in a writing, given it to the FB or CIA, and kept a copy.

    Alternatively, he could have created a website announcing where Bin Laden was. ; )

    I do, btw, agree with the counsel that it is vital that people receive the advertised awards when they come forward to provide the FBI with accurate information about high-placed terrorists.

    But why does counsel think it is clear that “Mr. Lee plainly did.”

    Evidence that he plainly did would require the contemporaneous writing so that its particulars can be examined.

    Did counsel submit a FOIA for the 302 from the interview, exhaust his remedy, and sue to obtain it?

    GR man: Knew where bin Laden was in 2003
    Gem trader said Pakistani ISI agent tipped him off

    • Updated: Friday, November 1, 2013, 9:58 PM EDT

    http://www.woodtv.com/news/local/grand-rapids/tom-lee-claims-he-knew-where-osama-bin-laden-was-in-2003

    A West Michigan gem trader is requesting a multi-million dollar reward from the federal government, saying he provided the FBI with the whereabouts of Osama bin Laden eight years before the al-Qaida leader was killed in a carefully-orchestrated U.S. military strike.

    Loevy & Loevy Attorneys at Law, which is representing Tom Lee of Grand Rapids, wrote a letter to the director of the FBI saying Lee was entitled to the $25 million U.S. State Department reward for information leading to bin Laden.

    The letter, dated Aug. 6 and provided Friday to 24 Hour News 8 by the law firm, says that Lee told an FBI agent in West Michigan in 2003 that foreign contacts told him bin Laden was hiding in the compound in Abbottabad, Pakistan where the mastermind behind the attacks of Sept. 11, 2001 was killed in 2011.

    That agent also said he went with Lee in 2003 to meet with an agent at the FBI’s Grand Rapid field office, during which Lee told the agent that bin Laden was in Pakistan rather than Afghanistan, as was “widely believed at the time,” according to the letter.

    Lee said the got the information a Pakistani Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) agent with whom he had been familiar for decades. That ISI agent’s family opposed bin Laden’s actions and believed he was a “corrupter of the Koran,” the letter says.

    The ISI agent told Lee he had been on a mission to relocate bin Laden and his family from Peshawar, Pakistan to a compound in Abbottabad, the letter says.

    The letter says the FBI agent prepared a report of the meeting with Lee.

    Lee says it was the same compound he tipped off the authorities to in 2003, according to the letter.

    After bin Laden’s death, the letter says, Lee tried to contact the FBI to claim the $25 million reward for information regarding bin Laden’s location. But his attempts were ignored, the letter claims.

    His attorneys say Lee is entitled to the $25 million because he told the FBI where bin Laden could be found.

    “It is vital that people like Mr. Lee receive the advertised awards when they come forward to provide the FBI with accurate information about high-placed terrorists, at Mr. Lee plainly did,” the letter concludes.

    • DXer said

      Gem merchant says he should get $25M reward for bin Laden’s death
      By Jason Meisner
      Tribune reporter
      3:59 p.m. CDT, November 1, 2013
      http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/local/breaking/chi-gem-merchant-says-he-should-get-25m-reward-for-bin-ladens-death-20131101,0,4024552.story

      A Michigan gem merchant who claims he tipped the FBI on the location of Osama bin Laden’s secret compound in Pakistan eight years before his killing has hired a high-powered Chicago law firm to help him go after the $25 million reward offered for the terrorist’s capture.

      Tom Lee, 63, of Grand Rapids, “accurately reported” to an FBI special agent in 2003 that bin Laden was hiding in a compound in Abbottabad, Pakistan, according to a letter sent in August to FBI Director James Comey by an attorney for the Loevy & Loevy firm.

      Lee, a U.S. citizen of Egyptian descent, said he learned of the complex’s location from a Pakistani intelligence agent who told him he had personally escorted bin Laden and his family from Peshawar to Abbottabad. The agent was a member of an anti-Al Qaeda family who had done business with Lee for decades, according to the letter.

      Lee claimed he relayed the information to a U.S. customs agent who had previously worked with Lee on investigations into corruption in the international gem trade. Lee and the customs agent later met with an FBI agent who wrote a report of the interview, the letter stated.

      ***

      After the 2011 raid, several U.S. officials were quoted in news articles that the reward would not be paid because the compound was located through electronic intelligence pieced together by field operatives, not an informant. Lee’s account also differs from numerous published reports that the bin Laden compound may not have even been constructed until 2005. Some news reports quoted U.S. officials as saying it was believed bin Laden didn’t move to the complex until early 2006.

      Additional background:

      From August 2013 letter to James Comey:
      https://linmedia-cms.endplay.com/documents/234755/0/Letter+Tom+Lee+knew+Osama+bin+Laden%27s+whereabouts/16edf321-d014-476d-959f-139fe9bbac61

      An American citizen of Egyptian heritage, Mr. Lee has a long history of working with U.S. government investigators and providing high-quality information about international criminals, information he acquired over the course of his more than 40-year career as an accomplished international gem merchant. The company Mr. Lee founded, the Gem River Corporation, is a publicly-traded company* that has counted among its board members the former acting FBI Director and U.S. Deputy Attorney General William D. Ruckelshaus. Pursuant to his work in the gem business, Mr. Lee traveled extensively throughout the Middle East, making business contacts and friends in, amongst other places, Pakistan.

      [ http://www.thefreelibrary.com/William+D.+Ruckelshaus+Joins+Gem+River+Corporation+Advisory+Board-a019047245 ]

      Mr. Lee’s record of providing assistance to the government is available to you by contacting investigators in the Grand Rapids ICE office and is also summarized in the June 2013 video recording of U.S. Customs Special Agent Jack Steowell, a copy of which we have included with this letter on an accompanying CD.”

      “Special Agent Stowell’s videotaped account also documents how Mr. Lee contacted him in 2003 to relay information about Osama bin Laden’s whereabouts in Pakistan, and how Special Agent Stowell accompanied Mr. Lee to a meeting with FBI Special Agent Roberta Gilligan in which Mr. Lee conveyed this information formally to the FBI. The meeting with Special Agent Gilligan is further described in the July 2013 video testimonial of Mr. Lee, a copy of which we have also included with this letter.”

      *A 1997 article explained:

      Gem River Corporation is listed on the Alberta Stock Exchange (Trading Symbol: GR) and is traded in the United Kingdom under Rule 2.1 of the London Stock Exchange.
      http://www.thefreelibrary.com/William+D.+Ruckelshaus+Joins+Gem+River+Corporation+Advisory+Board-a019047245

      I don’t understand Gem River Corporation to be an active corporation.
      http://www.worldcompanieslist.com/michigan-us/gem-river-corporation-617248

    • DXer said

      Gem merchant says he should get $25M reward for bin Laden’s death
      By Jason Meisner
      Tribune reporter
      3:59 p.m. CDT, November 1, 2013
      http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/local/breaking/chi-gem-merchant-says-he-should-get-25m-reward-for-bin-ladens-death-20131101,0,4024552.story

      A Michigan gem merchant who claims he tipped the FBI on the location of Osama bin Laden’s secret compound in Pakistan eight years before his killing has hired a high-powered Chicago law firm to help him go after the $25 million reward offered for the terrorist’s capture.

      Tom Lee, 63, of Grand Rapids, “accurately reported” to an FBI special agent in 2003 that bin Laden was hiding in a compound in Abbottabad, Pakistan, according to a letter sent in August to FBI Director James Comey by an attorney for the Loevy & Loevy firm.

      Lee, a U.S. citizen of Egyptian descent, said he learned of the complex’s location from a Pakistani intelligence agent who told him he had personally escorted bin Laden and his family from Peshawar to Abbottabad. The agent was a member of an anti-Al Qaeda family who had done business with Lee for decades, according to the letter.

      Lee claimed he relayed the information to a U.S. customs agent who had previously worked with Lee on investigations into corruption in the international gem trade. Lee and the customs agent later met with an FBI agent who wrote a report of the interview, the letter stated.

      ***

      After the 2011 raid, several U.S. officials were quoted in news articles that the reward would not be paid because the compound was located through electronic intelligence pieced together by field operatives, not an informant. Lee’s account also differs from numerous published reports that the bin Laden compound may not have even been constructed until 2005. Some news reports quoted U.S. officials as saying it was believed bin Laden didn’t move to the complex until early 2006.

      Additional background:

      From August 2013 letter to James Comey:

      An American citizen of Egyptian heritage, Mr. Lee has a long history of working with U.S. government investigators and providing high-quality information about international criminals, information he acquired over the course of his more than 40-year career as an accomplished international gem merchant. The company Mr. Lee founded, the Gem River Corporation, is a publicly-traded company* that has counted among its board members the former acting FBI Director and U.S. Deputy Attorney General William D. Ruckelshaus. Pursuant to his work in the gem business, Mr. Lee traveled extensively throughout the Middle East, making business contacts and friends in, amongst other places, Pakistan.

      [ http://www.thefreelibrary.com/William+D.+Ruckelshaus+Joins+Gem+River+Corporation+Advisory+Board-a019047245 ]

      Mr. Lee’s record of providing assistance to the government is available to you by contacting investigators in the Grand Rapids ICE office and is also summarized in the June 2013 video recording of U.S. Customs Special Agent Jack Steowell, a copy of which we have included with this letter on an accompanying CD.”

      “Special Agent Stowell’s videotaped account also documents how Mr. Lee contacted him in 2003 to relay information about Osama bin Laden’s whereabouts in Pakistan, and how Special Agent Stowell accompanied Mr. Lee to a meeting with FBI Special Agent Roberta Gilligan in which Mr. Lee conveyed this information formally to the FBI. The meeting with Special Agent Gilligan is further described in the July 2013 video testimonial of Mr. Lee, a copy of which we have also included with this letter.”

      *A 1997 article explained:

      Gem River Corporation is listed on the Alberta Stock Exchange (Trading Symbol: GR) and is traded in the United Kingdom under Rule 2.1 of the London Stock Exchange.
      http://www.thefreelibrary.com/William+D.+Ruckelshaus+Joins+Gem+River+Corporation+Advisory+Board-a019047245

      I don’t understand Gem River Corporation to be an active corporation.

    • DXer said

      Mich. Man Claims He Told US Where Bin Laden Was
      DETROIT November 2, 2013 (AP)
      By JEFF KAROUB Associated Press

      A Michigan man claims he tipped federal investigators to the location of Osama bin Laden’s compound in Pakistan eight years before his killing and has hired attorneys to help him collect the $25 million reward.

      The al-Qaida leader was killed in May 2011 during a Navy SEAL raid on the three-story compound. U.S. officials have said the house wasn’t built until 2005, and Pakistani officials have said they believe he moved there in the summer of that year.

      A letter obtained Friday by The Associated Press from a Chicago-based law firm representing Grand Rapids resident Tom Lee says the 63-year-old gem merchant reported the location of bin Laden’s compound in Abbottabad in 2003. The letter sent by the Loevy & Loevy law firm to FBI Director James Comey in August says a Pakistani intelligence agent told Lee that he escorted bin Laden and his family from Peshawar to Abbottabad.

      The AP made a request to speak with Lee and Michael Kanovitz, the attorney who signed the letter, through the Loevy & Loevy law firm. The FBI didn’t immediately comment.

      Comment: It seems that the person one especially wants to interview is the Pakistan intelligence officer.

    • DXer said

      There isn’t any FOIA exemption that would justify the FBI withholding the 302 interview statement pursuant to which the information from Egyptian Tom Lee of Grand Rapids, MI was received. Is there?

      Lesson leaned: always videotape any interview or record telephone calls with FBI agents so that DOJ/FBI doesn’t later play hide-the-ball for political or CYA reasons — or mischaracterize the particulars.

      The DC Field Office doesn’t even consider 302 statements to be statements of the witnesses — given that they involve the agents’ characterizations.

      That’s why two DC AUSAs, according to one report, don’t produce the statements in criminal discovery.

      GAO: The Special Prosecutor In The Stevens Case Recently Found That Two Unidentified AUSAs From The DC US Attorneys Office Advised That It Was The Practice Of That Office Not To Produce FBI 302s As Jencks Material.
      Posted on March 18, 2012
      https://caseclosedbylewweinstein.wordpress.com/2012/03/18/gao-the-special-prosecutor-in-the-stevens-case-recently-found-that-two-unidentified-ausas-from-the-dc-us-attorneys-office-advised-that-it-was-the-practice-of-that-office-not-to-produce-fbi-302s-as/

      In Amerithrax, a two-hour animal check under the governing animal protocol that specifies the Standard Operating Procedure becomes a “count the dead animals.”

      Indeed, the work with the 52 rabbits is turned into a non-existent experiment according to an agent’s and prosecutor’s characterization. Then the relevant lab notebook and Animal Protocol, B-01-11 were withheld for years.

      In an age of spin and bureaucratic CYA, contemporaneous documents should rule as king. Otherwise, the Department of Justice is operating within what Mrs. Clinton calls an “evidence free zone.”

      “Show Me The Money”

    • DXer said

      This article from mlive has a file photo from 2001. His broad assertions, however, are still lacking in the important particularity — although I haven’t seen the videos submitted to FBI Director Comey.

      For example, when he says “exactly where bin Laden was in 2003” does he mean the street address or precise location of the house within the city?

      Or does he merely mean the city. There’s a big difference in the FBI’s ability (with an assist from the CIA and NSA) to verify the claim in 2003.

      “It disturbs me, and it should disturb every American, that I told them exactly where bin Laden was in 2003, and they let him live another eight years,” Lee said in an email interview with The Grand Rapids Press/MLive.com on Friday, Nov. 1. …

      “I have no idea why they let him live for eight years,” Lee said. “At the time I told them where he was in Pakistan, they were still feverishly hunting for him in Afghanistan, which he left two years before.”

      “For 20 years I was used to the government acting immediately on my intelligence,” he said.

      Amerithrax: In February 2002, the FBI Failed To Take Custody of Al Qaeda Anthrax Scientists Rauf Ahmad and Yazid Sufaat
      https://caseclosedbylewweinstein.wordpress.com/2013/09/14/amerithrax-in-february-2002-the-fbi-failed-to-take-custody-of-al-qaeda-anthrax-scientists-rauf-ahmad-and-yazid-sufaat/

      GAO Should Obtain A Copy Of Rauf Ahmad’s Signed Written Statement Voluntarily Provided FBI Agent Borelli
      Posted by Lew Weinstein on September 14, 2013

      http://www.mlive.com/business/west-michigan/index.ssf/2013/11/grand_rapids_man_claims_he_tol.html

    • DXer said

      A poster named “Plain Jane” wrote on mlive in response to the story:

      “This guy is either spot-on or not. Doesn’t seem like a lot of gray area. Emails and correspondence with prove the case one way or the other. If he is right he deserves the money. If he is wrong, he’s embarassing himself.”

      I think Jane is spot on. Absent contemporaneous evidence he gave very particularized information — to include the location of the house — then I’m inclined to think this is self-promotion marketing his book and not something that counsel will prove.

      Another poster writes:

      This is the same Tom Lee who, in the 1980s, “discovered” a pirate’s loot of gold coins off the coast of Florida, and made a film about it – trying to drum up $$ for his cause. Same stuff, different day.

      The reporter responded:

      Jim Harger | jharger@mlive.com12 hours ago
      Calder,

      I’m not familiar with those events. I am familiar with his gem company and have verified his purchase of a English title. I will ask Tom about them.

      Jim

      Tom Lee responded:

      Jim Harger | jharger@mlive.com11 hours ago
      Calder:

      Here’s what Tom wrote when I asked him about it:

      “No that was one of my companies. I wrote produced and directed a made for television movie, The Missing Years of John Paul Jones, a search for treasure that may have been hidden by John Paul Jones when he was on the run from a murder charge. Just to make the movie more interesting, I bought 500,000 in gold and gem jewelry from the New York Metropolitan Museum. I buried this treasure somewhere, and I put clues to where it was buried into the movie.”

      Jim

      Comment:

      The reporter should press Tom Lee for contemporaneous documents from 2003 for the reporting of the story to be on a sound footing — or at least to meaningfully advance the story. Why haven’t the videotapes be made available? Why aren’t their sworn affidavits uploaded? Why are a lawyer’s summary characterizations being relied upon as a substitute?

      p.s. I have a strong bias. I am a sucker for any promoter who purports to have hidden pirate gold and to have hidden useless clues. Bootlegging gangsters, cowboys, pirates, and children book authors, I’m alway game for a treasure hunt.

      The only thing more fun than treasure hunting is bounty hunting.

    • DXer said

      Tom Lee — who claims he told the FBI that Bin Laden in 2003 — is associated with this movie involving a real-life treasure hunt. He says it was done by one of his companies. At the same time at the time it was reported that he bought the $50,000 coins for the real-life treasure hunt.

      It seems that it is the video that is missing — but the hunt continues.

      This story points to the importance of contemporaneous documents — contemporaneous documents trump present-day recounting of events or DOJ/FBI spin almost every time.

      Reporters have to work quickly to press for the contemporaneous documents that support the off-the-shelf news hook provided by a letter from some law firm to the FBI Director.

      The Missing Years of John Paul Jones (VHS)

      (VHS)

      Movie Description
      A real life treasure mystery containing clues to the location of fifty-thousand dollars in gold, silver, and other jewels and artifacts. The story is based on the life of John Paul Jones. James Earl Jones narrates.

    • DXer said

      FBI Agent Gilligan, of course, cannot directly follow-up on such lead personally — and would have handed it off.

      But what does her report say? It is is not subject to an exemption under FOIA, is it?

      Was Tom Lee’s information highly specific — did it identify the house?

      Did he identify the ISI officer — so that the CIA might follow up?

      Did he provide corroborating information?

      It’s time for the lawyer to put up or shut up — and upload the video of the witnesses.

      Or additional information that is more concrete and less conclusory.

      Chicago Lawyer: Michigan Man Is Owed $25 Million for Finding Bin …
      Chicago Tonight | WTTW-16 hours ago
      In a letter sent to FBI Director James Comey, Kanovitz claims that “In 2003, Mr. Lee accurately reported to Special Agent Roberta Gilliganthe …

      The letter says that Mr. Lee shared the information with Special Agent Roberta Gilligan in the Grand Rapids FBI Field Office. Gilligan, currently in the Lansing, Michigan field office, did not return calls for comment.

    • DXer said

      Special Agent Robert Gilligan, who took the report, is said by a poster who knows her to be “very FBIish” (i.e., professional).

      From news reports, she also seems to have a lot of experience in the Grand Rapids area.

      We know from Tom Lee’s account she was dealing with a hearsay report.

      An initial issue though — that Mr. Lee hasn’t addressed clarified yet — is the specificity of his information.

      For example, a street address in the 302 report elevates this account dramatically.

      Hello The Western Michigan …
      wcrmichigan.realtownblogs.com, 17 Dec 2006 [cached]
      Hello The Western Michigan Chapter had an FBI Agent, Roberta Gilligan.Her office is in Grand Rapids, but you can call her, she would be happy to refer you an FBI Agent in your area.Her number is 616-456-5489.She is very FBIish!Good Luck Betty Barbour 2006/2007 WCR State Governor

      Hi Angie, that was Roberta Gilligan from the Grand Rapids office of the FBI.
      Welcome to MITECHNEWS – Your Independent Voice of Technololgy & Entrepreneurship
      http://www.mitechnews.com, 7 Dec 2004 [cached]
      The charges were contained in an affidavit filed last week by FBI agent Roberta Gilligan, who is trying to persuade a federal judge to order the seizure of a $1 million CyberNet bank account in Hong Kong and a $25,000 account in Chicago.Gilligan said the government earlier received permission to seize $5 million from the accounts controlled by the Watsons, Barton Watson’s mother, CyberNet President James Horton, defense lawyers and others.Parents crack holdup case
      kz.mlive.com, 1 Sept 2001 [cached]
      Mrs. Shaw learned of the bank robbery in Rockford and became suspicious of her son’s possible involvement , due to his unusual disappearance and the description of the thieves , FBI agent Roberta Gilligan said in the affidavit.
      The parents confronted their sons , who eventually admitted they had robbed the bank , Gilligan said.The weapons , a BB gunand a pellet gun , were dumped somewhere in Illinois.
      WCR Michigan Western Michigan
      http://www.wcrwesternmichigan.com, 15 Mar 2005 [cached]
      Roberta GilliganSpecial Agent, FBIMortgage Fraud – Mortgage Fraud News – FBI investigates Hollman Escrow over distribution of more than $1.4 million
      http://www.mortgagefraud.squarespace.com, 18 Oct 2004 [cached]
      The result: Some borrowers have been forced to make payments on the old mortgage and the new one as they try to prevent possible foreclosure, FBI agent Roberta Gilligan said. …
      But Gilligan described the investigation in an affidavit filed to support a search of Roberts’ safe-deposit box.
      “I believe Roberts and her business … engaged in a scheme to defraud various lending institutions,” Gilligan said.

      Gilligan said their 2002 and 2003 tax returns listed $4 million in gambling losses.

      The company “provided a convenient service” because employees were willing to travel to see the borrower and close the deal, Gilligan said.

    • DXer said

      Judging from an article in the A&E section of the Chicago Tribune, dated May 10, 1985, Tom Lee’s “The Missing Years of John Paul Jones” sounds like well done fun.

      “The Missing Years of John Paul Jones (VHS, Beta, $29.95 plus shipping and sales tax.) Like Treasure, this video plays on two levels. On one, it`s a well-produced docu-drama about 20 months in the life of the famous naval hero. Hidden within the tape, however, are clues to finding $50,000 in buried treasure. Missing comes from Continental Films Ltd., a Grand Rapids-based company, and is the debut work of filmmaker Michael Brunette. Much of the movie was shot in Michigan, and it is narrated by James Earl Jones. Although it`s clearly a clone of Treasure, Missing is a worthy competitor. The tape is available by writing the company at 404 Loraine Bldg., 124 E. Fulton, Grand Rapids, Mich. 49503.”

    • DXer said

      The Grand Rapids Egyptian didn’t identify the ISI officer when he spoke to the FBI Agent! (As a result it is not established who his source actually was). He says his wife is descendant from the Prophet Mohammed.

      http://www.mlive.com/business/west-michigan/index.ssf/2013/11/man_seeking_25_million_bounty.html#incart_river_default

      You may not do it in writing but you pass on the necessary information at least orally through a trusted intermediary. It is not possible for the FBI and CIA to verify his story otherwise. Thus on a key issue, the reliability and equities of the report drops precipitously. He otherwise might just be currying favor and a free pass from Customs (and likely was). EIJ intelligence head Ali Mohammed would do the same thing, playing agencies (Army, CIA, FBI) off between the other.

      Absent such detail that would permit the lead to be pursued meaningful, it is not surprising that the lead did not result in Bin Laden being found. (Instead, the intel relating to the courier reportedly did). Thus, it very likely was his failure to provide detail relating to his lead that led it to being a dead-end. The deaths in the intervening years should weigh heavily on him as he decides on whether to provide more detail. (I urge him to do so as I am still rooting for him although his story took a huge step backwards today on the merits).

      By analogy, the mlive reporter might follow-up with him by email on his company’s 1985 treasure hunt and ask what happened to the $50,000 in hidden coins. What responsibility do such promoters have to hunters seeking the bounty? His distinguished counsel is quick to urge the FBI’s responsibility to hunters — but isn’t it true he did not leave the $50,000 out to be found? What were the contract terms or rules that governed?

      As for the $25 million reward, his counsel may find that the FBI Director has total discretion. He likely would have had to identify either the ISI officer or the house rather than the city to be actionable. (It is not clear that by pulling his phone records the ISI officer could not have identified; but Tom Lee acts as if the FBI can act on the information without the officer’s name.)

      “Lee said he never heard from the FBI again after that meeting. He said he began pursuing the reward shortly after bin Laden was killed in a raid at the location he had described to the FBI eight years earlier.”

      The FBI very likely put a wiretap on Mr. Lee. Query whether they were able to identify the Pakistan ISI officer. (If they could, AND Mr. Lee gave the precise location of the house, then he may be entitled to the reward IMO; but all the evidence so far is that they were not put in a position of successfully following the vague lead). His counsel knows full well that there is a central issue of proximate cause and he has not come close to meeting the burden of proof based on the evidence made public to date.

      What do we know as a FACT? We know that Tom Lee is withholding the videos given FBI Director Comey and the additional corroboratory evidence that should exist. He is expecting the public to form an opinion without the best evidence.

      Extraordinary claims require extraordinary proof. The same transparency and disclosure of evidence applies to whistleblowers seeking rewards as does to the Federal Bureau of Investigation.

      I believe in total transparency which is why I told you these wonderful graphics were done by a federal undercover. IMO, the FBI totally botched Amerithrax but they were faced with the underlying difficulty that Adnan El-Shukrijumah was in the wind.

      http://www.amerithrax.wordpress.com

    • DXer said

      All this talk about gems brings to mind the uncorroborated, unresolved talk of Bin Laden’s trading in gem stones — to include Aafia Siddiqui and even Atef (to whom Dr. Ayman reported on his anthrax planning) in the mix.

      I believe Deborah Scroggins book seems the authoritative guide on the subject.

      http://www.jckonline.com/article/281419-UpFront.php

      (Sapphires from Montana’s famed Yogo deposit generally are much smaller, are uniformly blue and are not heat-treated – one of their main selling points. But Emmett says sapphires extracted in Montana today, from mostly alluvial sources, tend to be larger and come in a wider array of colors than those from Yogo.)

      Meanwhile, Gem River Corp. has hired Behre Dolbear & Co., a mineral industry consultant, to estimate the reserves on its property on Cottonwood Creek. The company has projected a recovery rate of 1.4 million carats for 1995; President Tom Lee says that figure should climb in subsequent years.

      “A high incidence of the stones produced in our 1994 testing program are flawless or virtually flawless, with many occurring in very desirable colors and sizes,” he says. Among the colors: blue, pink, orange yellow, green and colorless.

      Gem River will grade, sort, heat and cut at its headquarters in Grand Rapids, Mich. Lee says the company “plans to market polished goods in order to maximize value-added margins and revenue.”

      It’s important, Lee adds, that salespeople “be knowledgeable about the history, mystery and lore of the Montana sapphires. Then this excitement will be transmitted to the consumer.” To help, Gem River plans to produce point-of-purchase materials, videocassettes and other informational material.

      …Gem River Corp., 3954 44 St. S.E., Grand Rapids, Mich.; (616) 698-0444.

      • DXer said

        Mr. Lee’s registered trademark (filing March 1994) was dead/abandoned in 1997.

        Word Mark MONTANA SAPPHIRE
        Goods and Services (ABANDONED) IC 014. US 002 027 028 050. G & S: rough and faceted gemstone(s), as loose stones and for use in the manufacture of jewelry. FIRST USE: 19881213. FIRST USE IN COMMERCE: 19881213
        Mark Drawing Code (1) TYPED DRAWING
        Serial Number 74504114
        Filing Date March 23, 1994
        Current Basis 1A
        Original Filing Basis 1A
        Owner (APPLICANT) Lee, Tom L. INDIVIDUAL UNITED STATES 3954 44th Street S.E. Grand Rapids MICHIGAN 49512
        Attorney of Record Christopher D. Harrington
        Live/Dead Indicator DEAD
        Abandonment Date December 5, 1997

    • DXer said

      Jim Harger, who is in email correspondence with Tom Lee, is doing a good job in advancing the story in a series of articles.

      Tom Lee casts himself as a spy after claiming $25 million reward for locating Osama bin Laden
      PrintBy Jim Harger | jharger@mlive.com

      on November 03, 2013 at 9:00 AM, updated November 03, 2013 at 9:10 AM
      http://www.mlive.com/business/west-michigan/index.ssf/2013/11/tom_lee_casts_himself_as_a_spy.html#incart_river_default

      “His public declarations of being involved as a spy may put him in danger, but Lee says his late mother’s Egyptian ancestry has given him an ace in the hole.

      Lee claims to be a direct descendent of Fatima, the daughter of Islam’s founder, the prophet Mohammed.

      “The Koran warns all Moslems to protect the children of Mohammed on pain of death,” he said.”

      Mr. Harger notes Mr. Lee has “written books on public relations and advertising for the legal profession.” While his 1985 John Paul Jones film remains hard-to-find, maybe his books on PR can be found at a law library. Through a lawyer’s letter, is he generating press for a claim for which there is no “there there.”

      He may say it is standard counterintelligence to not ask sources. But it is not standard or acceptable practice in conveying important information to the FBI in connection with a serious crime. Someone giving information to the FBI is expected to be truthful and not to withhold material information.

      Although I have no opinion on the merits, I think presently there is critical detail missing from Mr. Lee’s account of the particulars. For example, did he note the location of the residence specifically or not? When used by litigants or potential litigates, the vague language he and his counsel have used (as to their claim he “accurately described” the location) does not cut it. Did he just name the city or did he name the street and intersection (even the address) of the home? I hope Jim Harger asks him and reports back. If he just described the city and at the same time failed to name his source in ISI, then it is not surprising Bin Laden continued to kill people. What rock did Tom Lee imagine the FBI to be able to overturn absent concrete detail and corroboration?

      • DXer said

        In connection with Tom L. Lee’s Egyptian roots, a Tom L. Lee once posted on ancestry.com:

        “Replies: 0 Hanaya, or, Al Hanaya (sp.)
        Tom L. Lee (View posts) Posted: 13 Dec 2005 12:26PM
        Classification: Query
        Edited: 1 Jan 2006 4:11AM
        Surnames: Hanaya, Al Hanaya I descend from a late 18th century/early 19th century Egyptian family, Hanaya (sp.) or, Al Hanaya (sp), but know absolutely nothing about the family. Would appreciate any information.”

    • DXer said

      Mr. Harger’s article at mlive.com suggests that this Canadian law book is by Tom L. Lee, who is seeking to claim the $25 million relating to Bin Laden’s whereabouts.

      Given that the story involves the marketing of the law firm’s letter, I think reporters should be twice as firm in demanding particulars and corroborating information.

      Marketing sapphires involved creating the market by educating retailers on the lore and allure of the multi-colored “fancies” from Montana.

      http://www.abebooks.com/book-search/author/tom-l-lee/page-1/

      How to Market and Advertise Your Law Practice
      Tom L Lee
      Bookseller: Better World Books
      Quantity Available: 1
      ISBN: 9780888040626
      Price: US$ 6.46
      Convert Currency
      Shipping: FREE

      http://www.worldcat.org/title/how-to-market-and-advertise-your-law-practice/oclc/16714426&referer=brief_results

      • DXer said

        I’m guessing that the same Tom L. Lee wrote:

        Lawyer advertising: Consumer attitudes, response patterns, and motivation factors by Tom L Lee (1985)
        Formats

    • DXer said

      http://www.google.com/#q=%22Stanbury+Resources%22+

      Tom L. Lee reports he has a PhD in communications. He was long associated with Stanbury Resources and the proposal for floating windmills.

      http://www.google.com/#q=%22Stanbury+Resources%22+

      http://pesn.com/2005/10/31/9600198_Offshore_Wind_Hydrogen/

      is a research and development company under the ownership of the Howard Lee Trust, of which Lee is trustee. The late Howard Lee was Tom’s father. In addition to Lee, whose doctoral degree was in Communications, the other three individuals in the company are engineers, one of which is a maritime professional. This off-shore wind/hydrogen project has been their exclusive focus as a company.

      Stanbury abandoned its trademark application for “Mined In America” in 2003.

      Its application for Ceylon Cut Sapphire was similarly abandoned.
      http://trademarks.breanlaw.com/76480405-ceylon-cut-sapphire.html

      Rather than a gems marketer in 2003, wasn’t he working with Stanbury Resources to promote floating windmills in 2003?

    • DXer said

      Based on Mr. Harger’s comment, it seems that the Grand Rapids Press clippings have useful background.

      Having seen some recent real estate purchases and related construction move glacially, I am open to learning that Bin Laden made forays from Peshawar as the compound was built.

      But Mr. Lee faces widespread skepticism based on the timeline alone.

      Jim Harger | jharger@mlive.com 4 hours ago
      All Hands on Deck:

      All I have are his representations made in his Aug. 6 letter to the FBI and his subsequent interviews with me. The remainder of the background in this story are derived from my previous interviews and stories about him over the past 22 years and Grand Rapids Press clippings.

      Time will tell if he can produce the proof necessary to complete his claim.

      Jim

    • DXer said

      Tom Lee needs federal agency to nominate him for $25 million bounty on Osama bin Laden
      PrintBy Jim Harger

      on November 05, 2013 at 1:55 PM, updated November 05, 2013

      GRAND RAPIDS, MI – Tom Lee, the Grand Rapids resident who claims he told the FBI where to find Osama bin Laden eight years before the terrorist leader was found and killed, needs a federal agency to nominate him for the $25 million reward he is seeking from the federal government.

      That’s the assessment of U.S. State Department officials who manage the 29-year-old “Rewards For Justice” program.

      “There’s no such thing as self-nomination,” said a spokesman for the program in a telephone interview with MLive/The Grand Rapids Press.

      The program only considers persons who are nominated by a federal agency, said the spokesman, speaking on background. “They are the ones who will know who provided what useful information,” he said.

      Lee created a media stir last week when he disclosed he has hired a Chicago law firm to press his claim for the $25 million reward with the FBI, the agency he claims to have tipped off about bin Laden’s whereabouts in 2003.

      The Grand Rapids gem dealer said he was told by a Pakistani acquaintance in 2003 that bin Laden was being moved to a neighborhood in Abbottabad – the same neighborhood where bin Laden was discovered and killed by a Navy SEAL team eight years later.

      Lee, 63, said his personal appeals to the FBI’s Grand Rapids office have been ignored since bin Laden was killed. He hired a lawyer to formally request the award from FBI Director James B. Comey, Jr. in an Aug. 6 letter.

      While acknowledging receipt of Lee’s letter, the FBI referred inquiries by MLive to the U.S. State Department, which manages the Rewards for Justice program.

      Speaking on background, the Rewards for Justice spokesman said the program could not comment on Lee’s request to Comey.

      The spokesman also said the program does not pay a lump sum of $25 million for every claim. “It’s not the lottery,” he said.

      Whether the reward is granted and the amount granted is determined by an independent panel that meets in secret, he said.

      According to the program’s website, more than $100 million has been paid to more than 70 people since the program was begun in 1984.

      “The program played a significant role in the arrest of international terrorist Ramzi Yousef, who was convicted in the 1993 bombing of the World Trade Center,” according to the website.

  24. DXer said

    It seems that the medical doctors from Cairo Medical have had a far greater leadership role in the Egyptian Islamic Jihad than the engineers from Cairo University. (In Egypt, medical school is undergraduate.)

    Most recently, “Ramzi Mawafi, 61, an Egyptian doctor once close to Osama Bin Laden who escaped during a massive jailbreak in Egypt in 2011, is bringing together multiple Al Qaeda-inspired militant groups in the Sinai to fight the country’s military, according to Egyptian intelligence and security officials.” What school did Ramzi attend?

    “Long in turmoil, the peninsula bordering Israel and Gaza has become increasingly unstable since the Egyptian military’s July 3 ouster of Islamist President Mohamed Morsi, the officials say, and threatens to turn into an outright insurgency.”

    “Sinai has seen an influx of foreign fighters the past two months, and Al Qaeda’s top leader, Ayman al-Zawahiri, urged Egyptians to fight the military-run regime. And several militant groups that long operated in the area to establish an Islamic caliphate and attack their traditional enemy Israel have joined others in declaring that their objective is to topple Egypt’s military.”

    Read more: http://www.nydailynews.com/news/world/ramzi-mawafi-unites-militants-fight-egyptian-military-article-1.1445232#ixzz2hPmUnQe2

  25. DXer said

    Al-Qaida leader issues jihad guidelines
    Ayman al-Zawahri urges restraint in attacking other Muslim sects and starting wars in countries where jihadis might find a safe base

    “The biggest theme in Zawahri’s document is restraint,” Daveed Gartenstein-Ross, a expert at the Foundation for Defence of Democracies, said on Twitter. “This seems to acknowledge the excesses that have tarnished AQ’s brand.”

    http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/sep/16/al-qaida-jihad-guidelines

  26. DXer said

    My friend who grew up down the street from Dr. Zawahiri In Maadi says that understanding Qutb is even more important than understanding Zawahiri. There is a new book titled Qutb. But a review in the WSJ of that book would be the best introduction. My friend was the brother of the lead prosecutor in Egypt. In the US, you’ll get straighter answers from a Salafist than you will get from a FOiA officer. Dr. Ayman would go to Cairo Medical School to recruit. See Inside Jihad.

  27. DXer said

    The FBI and other agencies deserve many kudos for their successful group solve using photo images in the case involving the brothers in Boston.

    Now with the help of the Russians the older brother’s time can be probed and understood.

    By way of some history, Ayman al Zawahiri tried to enter Chechnya illegally in 1996 to see if bin Laden could set up a new base there, upon being kicked out of Sudan and moved by Army sergeant and infiltrator Ali Mohammed, who was EIJ’s chief of intelligence.

    Zawahiri was caught and imprisoned for six months for entering Russia without a visa. His cellmate was EIJ military commander Mabruk. When Mabruk was captured in 1998, he said Dr. Ayman planned on using anthrax in an attack on US targets to retaliate for the rendering of senior EIJ leaders.

    Indeed, Mohammed Atta trained in Afghanistan in hopes of fighting in Chechnya, but were told by the Al Qaeda leadership to focus, instead, on plans for an attack in the USA.

    http://www.amerithrax.wordpress.com

    • DXer said

      The apparently authorities located the hijacked car by pinging the guy’s cell phone which had been left in the car.

      My niece last year lived 5 hours away on Franklin Street where the fellow was hiding in the boat. She is finishing up her Phd at Harvard Graduate School of Education.

      It seems that authorities could take the newly developed Lytro technology and DARPA could develop and improve upon it for law enforcement and security purposes.

      My Lytro acts likes a computer and you can focus afterwards. If the proprietary technology is improved upon, that combined with compression might lead to pictures that truly are clear.

      Bank photos in particular are regularly disappointing in their clarity. This week we had a fellow who had long dreadlocks (a wig I presume?) and an ugly orange, red and black sweater.

    • DXer said

      http://www.nypost.com/p/news/international/bomb_cleric_fanned_flames_xSSk2xljKzS4oq55z4wsvK

      ‘Bomb’ cleric fanned flames
      New York Post-14 hours ago
      … filth” and said, “Anyone who mocks our learning, laughs at the Islam and degrades it must enter death — decapitate him, cut off his head.” …

      Comment: What do you think Timmy would have been done if some stoners mocked his religion in September 2011?

    • DXer said

      The Sheikh Feiz who advises smiting with a blade in the neck those who mock the religion is here. The sheik is also a former boxer.. He is on videos apparently uploaded by the older brother.

      I need to refind the video I’ve seen (likely on this page) of (I believe the older brother) speaking in a maniacal (or at least diabolical) tone handling a knife similar to a swiss army knife.

      It is important that knife be tested for traces of the blood of Mr. Mess and his colleagues, brutally stabbed in the neck in September.

      If I can refind the video, I likely can have a good translation by a fluent Russian speaker by later this morning.

      Given marijuana was thrown over the bodies and $5,000 was left at the scene — and it was in their apartment rather than on some street corner — the profile is consistent with someone training to be an Olympic boxer, who would frequent the apartment, who strongly objected to marijuana smoking, who carried a knife such as the one used, who then left the country within a few months.

      http://www.youtube.com/user/muazseyfullah

      • DXer said

        http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Feiz_Mohammad

        “It became known in September 2010 that in an Internet conference, Mohammad incited Muslim followers in the Netherlands to behead the Dutch politician Geert Wilders, the reason being that those who insult the teachings of Islam must be killed.[7][8] The Dutch newspaper De Telegraaf released an excerpt of the talk.[9]”

        The Wiki entry above hyperlinks the following sources at 8 and 9. See also fn. 7.

        • ^ Hassprediger fordert die Enthauptung von Wilders. Die Welt, 3 September 2010
        • ^ Haatprediker roept op tot doden Wilders. De Telegraaf, 3 September 2010

    • DXer said

      Or apparently it was the acquaintance that, the uncle reports, was of Armenian descent.

      “’He said there is someone who brainwashed him, some new convert to Islam,’ Tsarni said. ‘I would like to stress (the acquaintance was) of Armenian descent.’”

    • DXer said

      Prof says Boston bombing suspect sought help ‘rediscovering’ Chechen roots
      By Judson Berger
      Published April 19, 2013
      FoxNews.com

      Read more: http://www.foxnews.com/us/2013/04/19/prof-says-boston-bombing-suspect-sought-help-rediscovering-chechen-roots/#ixzz2R6UV7Air

    • DXer said

      Did Timmy the mass bomber train with homicide victim Brandon Mess?

      http://waltham.patch.com/articles/after-murders-neighborhood-will-never-be-the-same#comment_3725891

      “andie
      3:13 am on Sunday, June 24, 2012
      Lily is jaded. Brandon Mess was a friend of mine in Burlington for a couple of years. He was the straightest shooter I had ever met. He cleaned dishes & was way too smart to hold such a position. Honestly I don’t know what happened but he didn’t deserve such a fate & it sickens me he is disregarded as common street trash. He never had any involvement in drugs & treated his body as his temple. He was a fighter & was constantly in training. I regret writing so emotionally but in death his life deserves to be defended!”

    • DXer said

      I’m advised that there are many Armenian-American families in the Boston area. Most of them live either in Watertown (where the older brother died) or in next door Belmont (where Mitt Romney has a house). I suspect most families are now 3rd or 4th generation. Armenians are also active in Cambridge real estate.

      Armenians in general are Orthodox Christian even though their country is surrounded by Muslim countries such as Turkey.

    • DXer said

      Owners of ‘Terrorista #1’ BMW taken into custody over Boston bombings AGAIN: Feds arrest two men ‘who were friends with suspect for immigration violation’
      By DANIEL BATES IN BOSTON, MASSACHUSETTS and DAILY MAIL REPORTER
      PUBLISHED: 10:51 EST, 20 April 2013 | UPDATED: 02:33 EST, 21 April 2013

      Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2312123/Two-owners-Terrorista-1-BMW-believed-friends-surviving-Boston-bombing-suspect-taken-custody-second-time.html#ixzz2R72rc7cZ

      The two men who own a BMW with the license plate ‘Terrorista #1’ and who are said to be friends with the younger Boston bombing suspect were taken into custody again on Saturday.

      This time the two foreign nationals were arrested over alleged immigration violations in the Massachusetts town, New Bedford, where police say the surviving suspect, Dzhokhar Tsarnaev, may have once lived.

      The students, named by neighbours by their first names Azmat and Diaz, drive a black BMW 330XI with the personalised plate and a sticker on the back which reads: ‘F*** you, you f****** f****’.

    • DXer said

      The U.S. government last year offered a $5 million reward for information leading to the location of Doku Umarov, described as Chechnya’s Osama bin Laden.

      The State Department accused Umarov’s group of launching terrorist attacks in the region and issuing statements encouraging violence against its stated enemies, which includes the United States, Russia, the United Kingdom and Israel.

      He was listed as a specially designated terrorist by the State Department in 2010.

      Read more: http://www.upi.com/Business_News/Energy-Resources/2013/04/22/Al-Qaida-may-laud-Boston-bombings/UPI-47461366639040/#ixzz2RCwNKBAI

    • DXer said

      Graham backs off FBI criticism over bombing suspect
      http://politicalticker.blogs.cnn.com/2013/04/22/graham-backs-off-fbi-criticism-over-bombing-suspect/

      The Republican senator from South Carolina said he talked to the assistant director of the FBI after he made his assertions Sunday and had some of his questions answered, including why the case was cleared and how Tsarnaev may have been able to travel to Russia in 2012, a ‘misspelling’ keeping his name from getting flagged. …

      Graham was also fuming Sunday that a red flag wasn’t placed on Tsarnaev when he left the country the following a year. But on Monday, he said that was apparently because of a misspelling reported by the Russian airline, Aeroflot.

      Stupid question: Isn’t the information reported based on passport number in addition to the name? I thought that when you book the flight you provide a copy of your passport.

      In Amerithrax, the FBI did not documents relating to Bruce Ivins supply of a former Zawahiri associate with virulent Ames (with whom he then worked alongside him in the B3) until March 2005.

      His name had been spelled wrong in Spring 1998 (which was advance of the use of the electronic card entry).

      http://www.amerithrax.wordpress.com

    • DXer said

      This article discusses Mr. Mess’ girlfriend who found the bodies and provides important detail.

      Official says 3 slain men had throats cut
      Drugs may be key in Waltham case

      By Travis Andersen
      Globe Staff / September 16, 2011

      http://www.boston.com/news/local/massachusetts/articles/2011/09/16/autopsy_finds_waltham_murder_victims_had_throats_cuts/

  28. DXer said

    Life as the spouse of a suspected al-Qaida terrorist
    http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2013/feb/20/wife-of-alqaida-terrorist-suspect

  29. DXer said

    http://observer.com/2013/01/cant-handle-the-truth-how-a-new-yorker-reporter-and-a-team-of-fact-checkers-took-on-the-church-of-scientology/

    Can’t Handle The Truth? How a ‘New Yorker’ Reporter and a Team of Fact-Checkers Took on the Church of Scientology
    By Dan Duray 1/29 5:33pm

    Lawrence Wright’s new book on Scientology, Going Clear (Knopf, 448 pp., $28.95), was spun out of his 2011 story forThe New Yorker about director Paul Haggis’s break with the church. Two magazine fact-checkers worked on the story full-time for four to six months of its yearlong inception, and close to publication they were joined by three more. Their first message to the church, verifying facts about its practices, the life of L. Ron Hubbard and the church’s current leader, David Miscavige, contained 971 questions. Peter Canby, head of the magazine’s fact-checking department, said it was the most “difficult and complicated” story he’s ever worked on in his 19 years at The New Yorker. Second place, he said, went to another piece by Mr. Wright, a profile of Ayman al-Zawahiri that came out in 2002, “when we probably knew more about al-Zawahiri than the CIA did.”

    “Scientology represents a unique test of the fact-checking system, if investigative fact-checking can be seen as a mixture of research and, in Mr. Canby’s words, “controlled explosions” that allow the subject to respond, or freak out, before publication. The questions that arose over the course of writing this book, like those concerning physical abuse, often did merit some kind of a response, and the publishers’ incentive to keep the church’s “explosions” controlled was strong, given Scientology’s penchant for lawsuits. These high stakes, though, invariably run up against a lack of access—given Scientology’s secrecy and strict PR policy, you might have a better chance of getting quotes from the Taliban. Fact-checking becomes the battlefield upon which the piece is hashed out.”

    Comment:

    Now I better understand why Mr. Wright’s article on Zawahiri (“The Man Behind Bin Laden”) was such an important landmark and watershed of insight. I once effused to the FBI about it. I read the article when it came out — which was the week or more before the 9/16 date. I read it while walking around the Ryder Park savoring every word. And must have read it before speaking to the FBI by telephone on September 11, 2002. At some point (whether that call or a later call I don’t remember) I effused about that article and urged that one cannot understand Amerithrax without understanding Zawahiri.

    http://www.amerithrax.wordpress.com

  30. DXer said

    Calls for Islamist revolution

    Liliana Mihaila / December 11, 2012

    Hard-line calls continue for increased Shari’a influence despite the fact most Salafi parties are backing constitution

    Al-Qaeda leader Ayman Al-Zawahiri. (AFP Photo / IntelCenter)

    Al-Qaeda leader Ayman Al-Zawahiri has asked former presidential candidate Hazem Salah Abu Ismail to finish the country’s revolution. In a Monday speech the Egyptian-born Al-Qaeda head said that it was up to Abu Ismail to give the Egyptian people what they really want, Shari’a law.

    The message was given by way of the militant group’s favourite medium, a YouTube video, and hit on familiar tropes such as “independence from American liars and Israeli domination of the region.”

    http://www.amerithrax.wordpress.com

  31. DXer said

    Ayman Zawahiri and Egypt: A Trip Through Time

    December 2, 2012
    http://www.algemeiner.com/2012/12/02/ayman-zawahiri-and-egypt-a-trip-through-time/

    “The initial influence on Zawahiri’s radicalization appears to have come from his uncle Mahfouz….”

    ***

    Zawahiri’s brother, Muhammad, is also an influential Islamist in Egypt, affiliated with the Salafis and Al Gamaa Al Islamiyya. He led a mass Islamist demonstration last spring with typical jihadi slogans. He also was among those threatening the U.S. embassy in Cairo to release the Blind Sheikh—the true reason behind the September attack, not a movie—or else be “burned down to the ground.” When asked in a recent interview with CNN if he is in touch with his al-Qaeda leader brother, Muhammad only smiled and said “of course not.”

    Comment:

    I think my friend said that Mahfouz was Qutb’s attorney and gave Ayman Qutb’s bible. I think there was a hospital bedside scene. My friend says it is even more important to understand Qutb than to understand Zawahiri.

  32. DXer said

    Exclusive: Al Qaeda leader’s brother offers peace plan

    By Nic Robertson, CNN
    updated 6:46 PM EDT, Mon September 10, 2012
    http://www.cnn.com/2012/09/10/world/meast/zawahiri-peace-plan/

  33. DXer said

    Brother of Al-Qaeda leader justifies 9/11 attacks, says group would strike at Israel if it could

    ‘We consider anyone hostile towards the Muslims to be an enemy, but all in good time,’ says Muhammad Al-Zawahiri, brother of bin Laden’s successor

    http://www.timesofisrael.com/al-qaeda-leader-justifies-911-attack-says-it-would-strike-at-israel-if-it-could/

  34. DXer said

    By 2001, Al-Timimi was allowed access to the American Type Culture Collection (“ATCC”), the most diverse microbiological repository in the world and allowed to work alongside staff at the DARPA-funded Center for Biodefense. The Center for Biodefense personnel were working under the largest biodefense award in history. Delta (avirulent) Ames was supplied by NIH and work with virulent Ames was done at Southern Research Institute in Frederick, Maryland under a subcontract.

    The lead FBI scientist, Jason Bannan, was the collection scientist for the bacteriology division at ATCC to which Ali Al-TImimi had unfettered access. No vetting was done in allowing access to the largest microbiological collection in the world.

    Al-Timimi had supervised Cairo-based militants writing for the Pittsburgh-based Assirat and then for IANA. One of them, Kamal Habib, was the founder of the Egyptian Islamic Jihad and a friend of Ayman Zawahiri. The Cairo-based writers Kamal Habib and Gamal Sultan approached the blind sheik Abdel Rahman about starting a political party in early 1999. On March 1 and 2, 1999, Lynne Stewart and translator Yousry visited Abdel Rahman in prison in Rochester, Minnesota and relayed the proposal. On March 6, 1999, the first press reports about anthrax appeared quoting the blind sheik’s Cairo lawyer, Montasser al-Zayat, and two key detainees in a massive trial al-Zayat was defending. Attorney Zayat and the two defendants explained that Ayman likely was going to use anthrax against US targets to retaliate against the rendering and detention of the Egyptian militants.

    On March 9, 1999 following the visit in prison at which the political idea had been proposed, Abdel Rahman issued a statement rejecting a proposal that the Islamic Group form a political party in Egypt. That day, the Islamic Group military commander Mustafa Hamza spoke with the blind sheik’s liaison, US Post Office employee Abdel Sattar. The next month, the Blind Sheik’s publicist Sattar spoke with Taha, the IG head close to the Taliban and Bin Laden, in a three-way call with Cairo attorney Al-Zayat. Sattar also spoke on the telephone with Vanguards of Conquest spokesman Al Sirri (based in London). From the beginning, the weaponization of anthrax for use against US targets was inextricably linked to the detention of senior militant Egyptian leaders, including the blind sheik.

    Ayman Zawahiri’s brother Muhammad was rendered to Cairo in April 1999. Mamdouh Ismail, Al-Zayat’s co-founder of a key reform party, represented the Al-Zawahiri family in connection with Muhammad’s rendition and detention. Ayman Zawahiri and Muhammad’s sister, Heba, a Pharmacology Professor at Cairo Medical, were concerned that he might be mistreated by Egyptian security services. A recent graduate from the same department, Tarek Hamouda, soon was working alongside Bruce Ivins with virulent Ames at Ft. Detrick.

    Bruce Ivins had supplied the virulent Ames strain of anthrax to Ann Arbor researchers. One of the researchers, Dr. Hamouda, obtained his PhD in microbiology from Cairo Medical in 1994. He and his wife came to the United States to settle that year. By 1998, he was working on a DARPA-funded project involving nanoemulsions and a biocidal cream. In December 1999, he and two colleagues travelled to a remote military installation in Utah, Dugway, to test its effectiveness in killing aerosolized anthrax surrogates. An April 2001 report describing testing at Dugway concluded that the best performing decontamination agents were from University of Michigan, Sandia National Laboratories, and Lawrence Livermore Laboratory (LLNL). The FBI first was faxed the 16 pages describing the research on March 2005.

  35. DXer said

    Morsi’s pardon of 26 Islamists suggests where his sympathies still lie
    Bradley Hope

    Aug 2, 2012
    http://www.thenational.ae/news/world/africa/morsis-pardon-of-26-islamists-suggests-where-his-sympathies-still-lie#page2

    Only a few dozen Islamists still remain in prison and they are attempting to win the same release that Mr Al Zawahiri won through a separate court appeal. They were, however, marked as security risks by the security forces and not granted release, despite Mr Morsi’s request for their pardons, according to Mr El Zomor.

    These include Rifai Taha, a former emir of Gam’a Islamiyya, and Mostafa Hamza, the alleged mastermind of the assassination attempt on Hosni Mubarak in Ethiopia in 1995 and a Gama’a Islamiyya member.

    Ali Soufan, a former special agent for the US Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), said he believed it was reasonable to release Islamists from prison as part of a new era of religious and political freedoms.

    But he questioned the president’s focus on high-profile Egyptians who have been convicted of acts of terrorism, such as Omar Abdel-Rahman, better known as the Blind Sheikh who was given a life sentence by a US court for his role in the 1993 bombing of the World Trade Centre in New York. Mr Morsi had said in a speech in Tahrir Square before his official inauguration that he would press the US to release Abdel-Rahman.

    “I’m not one of those guys who is against an Islamist coming to power in Egypt,” he said. “But some of these decisions and announcements make me wonder who is he trying to cater to? 99 per cent of Egyptians don’t care about Abdel-Rahman. Why is he focusing on him?”

    Mr Soufan played a lead role in investigations into some of the most prominent cases involving Islamist extremists in the 1990s and early 2000s.

    • DXer said

      The Blind Sheik’s paralegal was a New York Post Office employee in regular contact with the folks going on trial — who can be expected to be pardoned by Morsy.

      Staten Island Phone Let U.S. Eavesdrop On Global Militants
      Published: October 2, 2004
      http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9907E4DC1038F931A35753C1A9629C8B63&pagewanted=3

      ***

      A turning point for Mr. Sattar came in late September 2000, during an upsurge of violence between Israelis and Palestinians. Coming home from the post office each day, the transcripts show, he immediately goes to monitor Arab news Web sites and television. The images all look to him like Israeli attacks on innocent Palestinian civilians, according to the transcripts.

      ”Animals, animals, I swear by God the Almighty,” Mr. Sattar said, referring to the Israelis, his slight stutter accentuated by his agitation. When Mr. Taha called, Mr. Sattar urged him to compose a religious decree that they could attribute to the sheik. Later he edited Mr. Taha’s draft.

      ”Kill the Jews wherever they are found,” it says.

      Their taped conversations suggest that Mr. Sattar removed words that explicitly threatened the United States. Instead, he said he believed it was up to the Arab nations surrounding Israel ”to wage the jihad.”

      Several days later, when Mr. Abdel Rahman was informed of the religious decree during a prison phone call, he approved its message.

      Mr. Sattar’s nights became sleepless as he started receiving calls at all hours. He was contacted by an Islamic Group militant, Alaa Atia, who was in hiding in southern Egypt. While Mr. Taha tried to persuade Mr. Atia to organize an armed attack, Mr. Sattar worked to arrange to send him money to escape from Egypt.

      Then he received news that Mr. Atia had been killed by the Egyptian police. In agonized calls, Mr. Sattar was heard worrying that he may have inadvertently helped the police locate him.

      ”The Lord Almighty knows how I feel,” Mr. Sattar said. ”I feel guilty, guilty. I am telling you I suspect it is 90 percent my phone.” At the same time he more plainly promoted Mr. Taha within the group. ”The man has a worthwhile viewpoint; the least to do is to hear it,” he said. Mr. Sattar was arrested in April 2002. No evidence has been presented that he was involved in a specific act of violence. None of the charges in the case involve plans for attacks in the United States. The government expects to rest its case next week.

      Ms. Stewart’s lawyers have repeatedly asked to have her trial separated from Mr. Sattar’s. She has said she was not aware of his extensive phone communications with the Islamic Group.

      ”This is really a case about words,” said the defense lawyer, Mr. Paul, a case in which Mr. Sattar is accused of causing terrorism by speaking about it. Mr. Sattar ”is no enemy of the United States,” Mr. Paul said. ”He is certainly not a terrorist.”

  36. DXer said

    Zawahiri’s brother acquitted in new trial
    20 March, 2012

    CAIRO: An Egyptian military court on Monday acquitted the brother of al Qaeda’s leader Ayman al-Zawahiri, Mohammed al-Zawahiri, overturning a death sentence in a new trial, his lawyer and his son told AFP.

    The court also acquitted Mohammed Islambouli, whose brother Khaled assassinated former Egyptian president Anwar Sadat in 1981, they said. They had been convicted of planning terrorist attacks. “Thank God, he was found innocent,” Zawahiri’s son Abdelrahman told AFP by telephone after the verdict. “We expect him to be released in the next few days,” his lawyer Kamel Mandur said.

    In 1998, Zawahiri and Islambouli were sentenced on charges of undergoing military training in Albania and planning military operations in Egypt.

    Mandur said the trial also acquitted several other former terrorists, including the leader of the Egyptian Islamic Jihad and mentor of Ayman al-Zawahiri, Sayyed Imam Fadl.

    But Fadl, like the others acquitted, had shunned violence in the late 1990s and engaged in a war of letters with Ayman al-Zawahiri, denouncing al Qaeda’s attacks.

    Mohammed al-Zawahiri was released by the military along with other prisoners after Hosni Mubarak’s fall before the rulers appeared to have a change of heart and had him rearrested within 48 hours.

    His son said that Zawahiri had disappeared in the United Arab Emirates and was then secretly renditioned back to Egypt after his sentencing.

    He said that in 2001, the US asked Egypt for help in identifying a charred skull found in caves in Afghanistan’s Tora Bora mountains after a battle with al Qaeda terrorists, suspecting it to be the remains of Ayman al-Zawahiri.

    The US asked Egypt for a DNA sample from Mohammed al-Zawahiri, said his son Abdel Rahman.

  37. DXer said

    http://dailycaller.com/2011/05/14/could-we-use-wikileaks-to-spook-zawahiri/

    Making WikiLemonade from WikiLemons: Donald Rumsfeld notes that Osama bin Laden may have paid a high price for not having a fast Internet connection:

    The classified files from Guantanamo Bay, particularly those on senior operative Abu Faraj al-Libi, contain clues about al-Qaeda’s courier network and even mention Abbottabad. Had bin Laden closely followed WikiLeaks’ release of these documents April 25, it is unlikely he would have been there when U.S. Navy SEALs descended into his compound days later.

    Not only would bin Laden have known that we might know where he was, he would have known that we would know that he would know that we might know–and that we would therefore be moved to strike immediately (before he could act on the WikiLeaks leak). If he’d thought about it, he would have cleared out within minutes, no? … P.S.: Or would he think that the WikiLeaks report was a false item planted by the CIA in an attempt to spook him into moving around in public where he could be spotted? And if the CIA doesn’t plant false stories with WikiLeaks for this purpose, why the heck not? Leak a bunch of reports suggesting that we might know where al-Zawahiri is, using a variety of Pakistani towns or regions in the hope that one of them will be too close for his comfort, prompting him to make a hurried move. …

    Comment: KSM says he opened up to interrogators after his capture in 2003 about Yazid Sufaat and anthrax not because of enhanced interrogation, but because he thought we already knew given all the posts on the internet explaining it. (He admitted so much as he thought we already knew). Even though the FBI took 11 months before interviewing Sufaat, it was reasonably inferred that he was serving as Al Qaeda’s lab tech in Afghanistan at the behest of Dr. Ayman and that pretty much is the extent of what he admitted (although he speculated that Moussaoui’s interest in cropdusters related to the work on anthrax).

    Dr. Ayman, have you spun out what is going to happen after the next mass attack given all that is known about your supporters? If you thought about it, violence does not in fact accomplish anyone’s goals. Democracy, the rule of law and peaceful co-existence is the true path to follow.

  38. DXer said

    Egyptian-born Saif al-Adel has become the acting leader of al Qaeda after the death of Osama bin Laden, Pakistani News daily said on Tuesday, quoting an anonymous source.

    The paper said al-Adel was a close ally of al Qaeda’s ideologist, Ayman al-Zawahiri, and was responsible for the network’s international contacts.

    According to the daily, al-Adel was appointed at an urgent meeting of al Qaeda’s commanders.

  39. DXer said

    Column: Al Qaeda Bent on Revenge: Watch Out for Assassinations
    James Cavanaugh was an ATF agent and supervisor for 33 years before retiring in 2010.

    By James Cavanaugh
    For ticklethwire.com

    Dingdong the witch is dead.

    Yet the Al Qeada organization remains active and no doubt bent on revenge to show the world it is viable and deadly.

    Law-enforcement leaders now have a special challenge: To learn the lessons of history that can help formulate a forward-looking strategy. Don’t count al Qaeda out. Like a wounded cobra, it still may be able to strike out and kill, with the wound only fueling its determination.

    Yes, we all remember the attacks on 9/11, and the attacks on the trains of London, Madrid and Moscow. Yes, these were deadly and theatrical attacks we will never forget.

    But Al Qaeda has another long-standing tactic of death rarely talked about in law-enforcement command circles: A long history of assassinating leaders. We must be conscious of this and respond if we want to stay ahead of the curve.

    One of the seminal events of the modern terrorist era was the assassination of Egyptian President Anwar Sadat at the hands of the Muslim brotherhood.

    One radical member of the Muslim brotherhood rounded up in the aftermath of Sadat’s assassination was the Egyptian doctor, now the top Al Qaeda official, Ayman Al Zawahiri.

    Zawahiri headed the Egyptian Islamic jihad, which later merged with bin Laden’s Al Qaeda to form, “The International Islamic Front for Jihad against the Jews and Crusaders”.

    While in the Sudan in 1995, Bin Laden’s gang of thugs attempted to kill the Egypt President Hosni Mubarak. Bin Laden was expelled from the Sudan. He went to Afghanistan.

    We should all remember that on September 9, 2001 two days before 9/11, Bin Laden carried out a diabolical political assassination on the General of the Northern Alliance, Ahmad Shah Massoud.

    Massoud was fighting against the Taliban. Suicide bombers, disguised as a news camera crew, had placed a bomb in a video camera and infiltrated Massouds camp on the premise of an interview. They finally got it. It was the general’s last.

    There were at least six attempts to assassinate the Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf.

    No doubt Al Qaeda and the Taliban had key roles in most if not all of those attempts. In December 2007, The Pakistani Taliban, a close affiliate and ally of Al Qaeda, assassinated Prime Minister Banazir Bhutto in a brazen gun and bomb attack during a political rally.

    The diabolical plot to murder our six CIA heroes in an outpost on the Pakistan- Afghanistan border was a long-standing and planned assassination. Much forgotten is the assassination attempt led by Al Qaeda members in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP), who spawned both the Detroit underwear bomber and the bombs in the printers on Cargo planes.

    AQAP used a suicide bomber to attempt to assassinate the Chief Of Saudi Arabia’s Intelligence Agency. It was the prototype for the Detroit bomb, in the bombers underwear.

    The Intelligence Chief survived, but was wounded.

    Bin Laden leaves this legacy, Dr. Zawahiri lived this legacy and Al Qaeda and its affiliates have practiced this legacy of targeted assassination against the enemies of Al Qaeda.

    Law enforcement worldwide and law-enforcement leaders in particular have to understand this deep history and how Al Qaeda reacts when it’s back is against the wall.

    This is not only a concern for the Secret Service or for the security services of allied states, who protect heads of government. It is a concern for law-enforcement agencies that have the duty to protect leaders across the spectrum that could be targeted by Al Qaeda.

    The Capitol Police who protect lawmakers, the Diplomatic Security Service who protect our diplomats, the police forces of the Department of Defense and special operations units who protect generals and admirals around the world. They all must be aware of this history.

    The same could be said for state troopers who protect their governors and police departments of all sizes and shapes that protect mayors and city leaders all must learn or remember the history.

    A new vigilance is required, a new look needs to be taken, strategies and plans need to be refined and updated.

    We can’t be blinded by the sands that Al Qaeda wants to throw in our eyes, that we may only be attacked in one obvious fashion or another.

    Let’s make sure that we understand Al Qaeda’s history and let’s make sure that we make plans to defeat it.

  40. DXer said

    Zawahiri is nicknamed “The Teacher”.

    http://www.nydailynews.com/news/world/2011/05/04/2011-05-04_osama_bin_laden_dead_ayman_alzawahiri_could_replace_him_as_alqaeda_chief_fbis_mo.html?r=news

    In May 2001 correspondence to his follows around the world explaining why he merged their group, Egyptian Islamic Jihad, with Al Qaeda, he used “School” as code for Egyptian Islamic Jihad.

    “Greendale School” refers to the Egyptian Islamic Jihad.

    Saif Adel, was made head of Green Team, by anthrax program head Atef.

  41. DXer said

    Adnan El Shukrijumah and the return address “Franklin Park” on the anthrax mailings

    On the return address, Greendale School purported to be in Franklin Park. Padilla, the former Broward man suspected of plotting to explode a ‘’dirty bomb’’ to spread radiation in the United States, worshipped at a Broward County mosque,in Fort Lauderdale that was across the street from Franklin Park. Padilla was a former gang member who converted to islam while in South Florida and became an extremist while in Egypt beginning in 1998. He attended al Azhar University in Egypt and started a family there after leaving his American wife. In 1999, Padilla left for Pakistan. Authorities detained him May 8, 2002 when he got off a plane at Chicago’s O’Hare International Airport. The FBI has found no ties between Padilla and the September 11 hijackers, even though several of them had lived in Broward County.

    While in Pakistan, Padilla had reported to KSM, the al Qaeda’s No. 3 leader. Al-Hawsawi, who assisted Ayman Zawahiri and KSM in the media organization “The Clouds” had anthrax spraydrying documents on his laptop when he was arrested. It appears that in April 2002, Khalid Mohammed dispatched Padilla to the United States, with several thousand dollars for a mission to disperse a radiological device that was still in the thinking stage. He was placed in a military brig in North Carolina and was held incommunicado for years, forbidden from contacting his family or attorney.

    A Padilla acquaintance, Adham Hassoun, was detained in June 2002 in Sunrise by federal agents. His home had been searched in November 2001 but authorities laid back, not arresting him and hoping surveillance would lead to insights. Hassoun once served as distributor of a magazine published in Australia advocating Muslim holy war and was associated with one or more charities accused by the Bush administration of funding terrorists. Habib from Australia came to Afghanistan and had dinner with anthrax program head Atef shortly before 9/11.

    Padilla reportedly had contacted Hassoun from overseas and was apparently en route to meet Hassoun when he was arrested. Investigators monitored the communication between Padilla and Hassoun and arrested Hassoun after he was called by a reporter from Miami about his acquaintanceship with Padilla. State records indicate that he was the Florida registered agent of the Chicago-based Benevolence International Foundation.

    Hassoun had established Benevolence International Foundation in Plantation, Florida in 1992. In 1993, the headquarters was moved to Chicago area. A man named Mohammed Loay Bayazid was its president in 1993 and 1994. He was arrested while visiting Northern California in December 1994 along with Osama Bin Laden’s brother-in-law. Bayazid, according to authorities, had been looking to purchase enriched uranium for Bin Laden. On his driver’s license, his listed address was BIF headquarters. Thus, things had quickly come full circle for BIF to once again be involved in an investigation relating to Al Qaeda’s attempt to obtain weapons of mass destruction.

    In late 2002, it was announced that authorities were urgently seeking a Florida pilot El Shukrijumah, who worshipped at this same Fort Lauderdale mosque across from Franklin Park and had possible ties to Adham Hassoun. The pilot El Shukrijumah is said to be at the level of Mohammed Atta and is thought to have been associated with Aafia Siddiqui, an MIT-trained biologist. Aafia Siddiqui reportedly also has a yet-undisclosed connection to Adham Hassoun. Mohammed Atta lived 11 miles away from this mosque across from Franklin Park, where these members of the Egyptian Islamic Group worshipped. Holy Cross hospital –where Dr. Tsonas treated Flight 93 hijacker Ahmad al-Haznawi for a suspicious leg lesion that he and other experts think was due to cutaneous anthrax — is only 7 miles from the mosque. Is it all a coincidence? Possibly.

    Remember: Given that using the same address helps the second recipient receiving the letter to identify it and avoid opening it, the mailer would have no reason to use the same address unless he was communicating something and wanted to draw attention to it.

    There was a detailed description at a June 1, 2004 press conference of Padilla’s plot and his relationship with Jafar the Pilot by a senior DOJ official. The official also described Padilla’s relationship with Atef, Zubaydah, KSM, and Ramzi Binalshibh. He emphasized that there is an urgent need to find Adnan (Jafar). Ali Al-Timimi’s mentor, Bilal Philips, was a good friend of Jafar the Pilot’s father. Now, years later, the Armed Forces have killed Bin Laden, Al Qaeda has sworn that it will retaliate, the FBI concluded that the fellow who wore panties committed the anthrax crimes although they have no proof as to the when, how or why, and they are still telling us that Adnan (Jafar the Pilot) is very, very, very dangerous.

    Jafar the Pilot would be a lot less dangerous if the FBI had in fact solved Amerithrax.

  42. Old Atlantic said

    http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/al-qaeda/8489866/WikiLeaks-Bin-Ladens-courier-trained-911-hijack-team.html

    Abu Ahmed al-Kuwaiti. He was the courier for bin Laden at the compound and killed there. There is a good chance he was also an ISI agent at the same time since they let him play this courier role up to the time of the attack on the bin Laden compound when he was killed.

    He may have been the link between bin Laden and Pakistan ISI for 9/11 and possibly the anthrax attacks.

  43. DXer said

    I guess I’m surprised to hear that Lawrence Wright was telling Spitzer that Dr. Ayman has no charisma. As I recall, Mr. Wright wrote the wonderful, seminal article in Fall 2002 in the New Yorker about Ayman after interviewing his associates in Cairo. (And so LW strikes me as an early expert among experts).

    But Montasser Al-Zayat, who announced Dr. Ayman planned on using anthrax against US targets in Spring 1999, has a different view. And he knows Dr. Ayman personally.

    I think Dr. Ayman is a master strategist and you cannot argue with his successes. 1998 embassy bombings. Cole.

    You can fairly point out that he is a fanatic. (My friend grew up with Ayman, down the street from Maadi, and says he’s a fanatic. That also is confirmed by “Tawfiq” Hamid, the author of INSIDE JIHAD — the lifelong friend of Tarek Hamouda, supplied by Bruce Ivins — who was recruited by Dr. Ayman.

    And you can note that he seems to be acting counterproductively to the good of the Ummah — and that he has violated hadiths.

    But I don’t think it is accurate to say, as LW, I think, did, that he is anti-charismatic.

    Bin Laden was just a financial backer who served as Zawahiri’s front.

    With bin Laden dead, Egyptian becomes world’s most wanted

    By HANNAH ALLAM

    McClatchy Newspapers

    Read more: http://www.miamiherald.com/2011/05/03/2199136_p2/with-bin-laden-dead-egyptian-becomes.html#ixzz1LKDyUmjl

    “The real leader of al-Qaida is Ayman Zawahri. He’s the executive leader, the one that runs the communications and planning for all the attacks. He mobilized al-Qaida while Osama bin Laden was just the shimmering figure,” said Montasser al-Zayat, an Islamist attorney and onetime jailmate of Zawahri’s who wrote a scathing biography of the militant called “Ayman al-Zawahri As I Knew Him.”

    Read more: http://www.miamiherald.com/2011/05/03/2199136_p2/with-bin-laden-dead-egyptian-becomes.html#ixzz1LKDvjL8s

  44. DXer said

    “There is a great deal of documents, computers, removable media and writings which have been removed from the compound and a team of analysts and intelligence officers are crawling through it meticulously for leads on potential threat information,” he said last night.

    Video taken after the raid inside the house appeared to show broken computers in one room which had been stripped of their hard drives. The discovery of the cache of largely electronic data is being treated as a coup in intelligence circles which could prove to be a vital reference document on al-Qaida for years to come.

    It is understood that British computer forensics experts at GCHQ are on standby to help sift through what one US official described as “the mother lode of intelligence” to the Politico website.

    The seized computer hardware is highly likely to have been used by Bin Laden during his stay at the house, and messages from other parts of al-Qaida would have been ferried in by disk or hard drive and uploaded for him to read, US officials believe. They are hopeful of finding evidence of targeting plans, names and addresses of al-Qaida members, Bin Laden’s correspondence and his directives.

    British sources compared the job of handling the data to skimming through thousands of pages of printed material – an exercise in which experts from GCHQ could provide valuable help. Forensic analysts would later examine material in the computers in detail, a task that could take a long time.

    “We may find out from this data how far Bin Laden has actually been at the centre of everything – how much he was a figurehead and how much he had a hands-on role,” said Gareth Price, senior research fellow at Chatham House thinktank. “But the key thing will be what it reveals about al-Qaida’s relationship with Pakistan.”

    Joint US National Security Agency and British GCHQ teams have been set up in the past to join forces in tackling complex decoding tasks, the official said.

    It is not the first time western governments have obtained al-Qaida data. US and British special forces seized computer material from the terror group’s compounds in 2001 and 2002 after Bin Laden and the Taliban fled the country to escape heavy US bombardment after the attacks on America on 11 September 2001.

    Experts with experience of US and UK code-breaking activities said that even discoveries relating to relatively distant events could still be useful now.

    “Computer forensic specialists can dig through layers of encryption and retrieve data on hard drives,” one source said. Even if Bin Laden had hoped to cover his tracks by deleting files, forensic investigators may still glean valuable evidence, he said.

  45. DXer said

    The recently released Aboud al-Zumur, a dear friend of Dr. Ayman urges Ayman, who he says is a good-hearted man, not to harm innocents in retaliation for Bin Laden’s death.

    Bin Laden death will not affect Qaeda: Jihad leader
    By Samer al-Atrush (AFP) – 4 hours ago

    CAIRO — A founding member of Egypt’s Islamic Jihad and friend of Al-Qaeda’s new chief Ayman Al-Zawahiri told AFP Tuesday that Osama bin Laden’s death will not affect the organisation and pleaded against revenge attacks.

    Aboud al-Zumur, who was in jail with Zawahiri after the assassination of Egyptian president Anwar Sadat in 1981, said bin Laden was a “martyr” whose death at the hands of US special forces in Pakistan “will solve nothing.”

    “Al-Qaeda is not a person, it is an institution,” said Zumur, who was freed from prison after a popular revolt ousted president Hosni Mubarak in February.

    “Solving the problem entails withdrawing from occupied territories and a balance in US policy towards Palestine.”

    Zumur said the mass protests that toppled the regimes in both Tunisia and Egypt had sapped support for militant groups because they showed there was another way to confront tyrants.

    “They have created a new mechanism to hold regimes accountable,” he said. “This has lessened the support and importance of armed struggle.”

    Speaking in Cairo, Zumur pleaded with bin Laden’s sympathisers not to take revenge for the jihadist leader’s assassination.

    “I say to them, be patient. Don’t seek revenge. If you attack tourists or embassies, you will be attacking innocents.”

    The US State Department issued a warning to its citizens abroad after bin Laden’s death.

    Zumur said that Zawahiri, the 59-year-old surgeon and former Islamic Jihad member who has long been considered the real mastermind in Al-Qaeda’s war against the United States and Arab regimes, was a “good-hearted” man.

    “He is a dear friend of mine. We were imprisoned together for three years. He is a good man — good-hearted — who has been placed in difficult circumstances,” he said.

    Zumur was one of the last Islamic Jihad members released from prison after the military took power following Mubarak’s resignation.

    Zawahiri’s brother Mohammed, who has been sentenced to death, was released in March, only to be re-arrested just days later. The military gave no explanation as to why he was set free and then jailed again.

    Ayman al-Zawahiri, now the United State’s most wanted man, was jailed for three years in Egypt for militancy and was implicated in Sadat’s assassination and a 1997 massacre of tourists in Luxor.

    Facing a death sentence, he left Egypt in the mid-1980s initially for Saudi Arabia, but soon headed for Pakistan’s northwestern city of Peshawar where the resistance to the Soviet occupation of Afghanistan was based, and then to Afghanistan, where he joined forces with bin Laden.

  46. DXer said

    Zawahiri’s Planned Use of Charities And Universities As Cover

    On August 20, 2001, Saleh Hussayen, who would soon be appointed minister of the Saudi government and put in charge of its two holy mosques, arrived in the United States to meet with some of this country’s most influential fundamentalist Sunni Muslim leaders. In Ann Arbor, he met with officials of the Global Relief Foundation and Islamic Assembly of North America. IANA promoted the views of Bin Laden’s sheiks. On the night before September 11, Hussayen stayed at a Herndon, Virginia hotel where three of the Saudi hijackers stayed.

    As a Detroit Free Press headline explained in 2004, “Unproven weapons claim led to Islamic charity raid in [mid-December] ‘01.” Global Relief Founder (”GRF”) co-founder Rabih Haddad was associated with Bin Laden’s Makhtab al-Khidamat, which was headed by Mohammed Islambouli in Peshawar. The government froze the assets of the Global Relief Foundation (“GRF”) on December 14, 2001, saying it was a financial conduit to terrorists. The 911’s Terrorist Financing Monograph notes that GRF’s newsletter, “Al-Thilal” (“The Shadow”) openly advocated a militant interpretation of Islam and armed jihad. The 911 Commission reports that the FBI suspected the Executive Director of being affiliated with the blind sheik’s Egyptian Islamic Group. The 911 Commission explains: . “In early 2000, Chicago informed Detroit that GRF’s executive director, Chehade, had been calling two Michigan residents. One of these subjects was considered GRF’s spiritual leader and the other, Rabih Haddad, was a major GRF fund-raiser.”

    Its Chairman, Ann Arbor, Michigan community leader Rabih Haddad, was arrested in mid-December 2001 for overstaying his visa. Haddad taught twice a week at an Ann Arbor school and was an assistant to the leader at Ann Arbor’s mosque. He was an imam there. Rabih Haddad was a fundraiser for the mosques in Ann Arbor and Ypsilanti and for the Ann Arbor chapter of the Council on American-Islamic Relations (CAIR).

    Congressman John Conyers, Jr, of Michigan joined several newspapers in suing to force the government to open the hearings. After a visit by Congressman Conyers in March 2002, Mr. Haddad was removed from solitary confinement and placed with the general prison population.” Mr. Haddad’s lawyer, Ashraf Nubani, of Northern Virginia, said at the time that his client travelled mostly to Pakistan as part of his relief efforts. Haddad refused to testify before a grand jury unless granted full immunity.

    The New York Times reported that “Prosecutors said they were keeping some evidence secret to protect terrorism investigations.” Haddad’s lawyer arranged the pro bono representation for the Virginia Paintball defendants, including Al-Timimi, who came to be represented pro bono by the daughter of the lead Amerithrax prosecutor Daniel Seikaly.

    It was KSM’s assistant, al-Hawsawi, who had the anthrax spraydrying documents on his laptop. Al-Hawsawi was working with Al-Baluchi to get the 911 hijackers into the country. Al-Baluchi would marry MIT-graduate Aafia Siddiqui who told her defense psychiatrist that she had been tasked to study germ weapons at the Karachi Institute of Technology under a fatwa. In an earlier prosecution, an Assistant United States Attorney asserted in passing in open court, without naming her, that Aafia was willing to participate in an anthrax attack if asked. The defense psychiatrist reports that Aafia told him that she had been tasked by “Abu Lubaba” (associated with JI) to study germ warfare. Aafia Siddiqui is associated with Ann Arbor addresses near the mosque where her brother and sister-in-law, an MD, lived.

    Global Relief Foundation (“GRF”) and Benevolence International Foundation (”BIF”) attorneys in unison explained that the US had supported Makthab al-Khidamat in Afghanistan in the 1980s and Bosnia in the 1990s. (BIF head Arnaout, a Syrian, was at the meeting at which Al Qaeda was founded.) Investigation of the two charities was well underway prior to 9/11, although plagued by lengthy unnecessary delays emanating from headquarters. The 9/11 Commission Report notes that on April 21, 1999, upon weekly dumpster diving, FBI “agents had recovered from BIF’s trash a newspaper article on bioterrorism, in which someone had highlighted sections relating to the United States’ lack of preparedness for a biological attack.” (Many articles that year quoted famed Russian bioweaponeer Ken Alibek who was at George Mason University in Falls Church, Virginia.)

    It was KSM’s assistant, al-Hawsawi, who had the anthrax spraydrying documents on his laptop. Al-Hawsawi was working with Al-Baluchi to get the 911 hijackers into the country. Al-Baluchi would marry MIT-graduate Aafia Siddiqui who told her defense psychiatrist that she had been tasked to study germ weapons under a fatwa. In an earlier prosecution, an Assistant United States Attorney asserted in passing in open court, without naming her, that Aafia was willing to participate in an anthrax attack if asked. The defense psychiatrist reports that Aafia told him that she had been tasked by “Abu Lubaba” to study germ warfare. Aafia Siddiqui is associated with Ann Arbor addresses near the mosque where her brother and sister-in-law, an MD, lived.

    Global Relief Foundation (“GRF”) and Benevolence International Foundation (”BIF”) attorneys in unison explained that the US had supported Makthab al-Khidamat in Afghanistan in the 1980s and Bosnia in the 1990s. (BIF head Arnaout, a Syrian, was at the meeting at which Al Qaeda was founded.) Investigation of the two charities was well underway prior to 9/11, although plagued by lengthy unnecessary delays emanating from headquarters. The 9/11 Commission Report notes that on April 21, 1999, upon weekly dumpster diving, FBI “agents had recovered from BIF’s trash a newspaper article on bioterrorism, in which someone had highlighted sections relating to the United States’ lack of preparedness for a biological attack.” (Many articles that year quoted famed Russian bioweaponeer Ken Alibek who was at George Mason University in Falls Church, Virginia.)

    The FBI had a better relationship with the CIA in the investigation of BIF than with GRF. The 9/11 Commission noted that “[t]he Chicago agents believed the CIA wanted to shield certain information from the FBI because of fears of revealing sources and methods in any potential criminal litigation in the United States.” Chicago agents benefited from the New York Office files on the two charities but the New York FBI office personnel were overwhelmed and working their own leads. The Illinois-based investigations remained an intelligence gathering exercise with no thought given to a criminal prosecution to disrupt the financing of Al Qaeda until after 9/11.

    In mid-October 2001, Dr. Martin Hugh-Jones of Louisiana State University told an NPR reporter that an insider could have taken some anthrax from a lab. ” ‘If I were to guess,’ he says, ‘it was probably some summer intern talking to a friend in a local bar. The friend said, “Could you get me some?”‘ Hugh-Jones noted that various groups had been scouting for anthrax for years.

    In January 2003, the Chairman of Ann Arbor-based Islamic Assembly of North America, which promoted the views of Bin Laden’s sheiks, was arrested for bouncing a $6,000 check. Dr. Bassem Khafagi operated International Media Group out of his home. Before 911, according to the counsel for Falls Church scientist Ali Al-Timimi, Ann Arbor resident Khafagi was asked about Al-Timimi “purportedly at the behest of American intelligence. [redacted ] He was specifically asked about Dr. Al-Timimi’s connection to Bin Laden prior to Dr. Al-Timimi’s arrest. Clearly, such early investigations go directly to the allegations of Dr. Al-Timimi’s connections to terrorists and Bin Laden — [redacted]” Khafagi was a good friend of microbiologist Ali Al-Timimi and his personal papers were later found in Al-Timimi’s residence.

    Dr. Tarek Hamouda at NanoBio in Ann Arbor thanked Louisiana State University researchers for making space available for the research. The LSU researchers had provided four characterized strains while Bruce Ivins had provided virulent Ames. After the anthrax mailings, “We’ve had subpoenas left, right and center. We were inspected twice by the CDC
    [U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention]. Hugh-Jones told a reporter. “The FBI is frequently calling in. We’re cooperating closely.”

    The Ann Arbor researchers in December 1999 went to Dugway, a military installation in the remote Utah desert to demonstrate the effectiveness of their biocidal cream on an aerosolized anthrax surrogate.

    In late August 2001, NanoBio moved in to its new offices from less impressive digs in the basement of a bank. Bruce Ivins had supplied its University of Michigan researchers Ames strain three years earlier for DARPA-funded biodefense research.

    A NYC pharmacist was said by detainees at Guantanamo to be associated with Al Qaeda’s anthrax program. In 1993, it was the dormitory room of a subtilis expert reportedly living in Trenton in 2001 associated with numerous telephone calls with one of the WTC 1993 plotters for whom there is an outstanding multimillion dollar reward. Did either Najmut Tariq or Walied Sammarai know Ali Al-Timimi? (Ali Al-Timimi had been questioned in connection with WTC 1993 and his mentor was Bilal Philips (who reports he recruits people from the Army into jihad).

    The Amerithrax Task Force was never faced with a shortage of leads that needed to be pursued. How they eliminated these persons of interest is confidential. The individuals themselves may be explain how they were ruled out. Meanwhile the public awaits evidence — any evidence — that Dr. Ivins is the perpetrator. So far only a theory has been advanced — and that theory is even weaker than a Hatfill Theory was.

  47. DXer said

    Lawyer to challenge imprisonment of Al-Zawahri’s brother
    By Tamim Elyan / Daily News Egypt May 2, 2011, 6:18 pm

    CAIRO: Lawyer Mamdouh Ismail said he is challenging the imprisonment of Mohamed Al-Zawahri, brother of prominent Al-Qaeda leader Ayman Al-Zawahri, before the Supreme Military Court.

    “He was sentenced to death; however, state security never implemented this ruling for 10 years and when he was released the Ministry of Interior said that there had been a mistake and detained him again,” Ismail said.

    “There has been American pressure on the Egyptian government to put Al-Zawahri in prison again,” he claimed.
    Mohamed Al-Zawahri was arrested from his house two days after his release in March.

    Ismail said that being Ayman Al-Zawahri’s brother had its repercussions on Mohamed’s case.

    The Supreme Council of the Armed Forces denied last week in a statement that it approved a death penalty sentence on Mohamed and two other Islamists Refa’ay Taha and Osman Al-Saman.

    Ayman Al-Zawahri is tipped to take over Osama bin Laden’s position at the leadership of Al-Qaeda.

    However, Ismail said that he had no information on Al-Zawahri’s family after the death of bin Laden.

  48. DXer said

    Ayman Zawahiri’s brother Muhammad was rendered to Cairo in April 1999. Mamdouh Ismail, Al-Zayat’s co-founder of a key reform party, represented the Al-Zawahiri family in connection with Muhammad’s rendition and detention. Ayman Zawahiri and Muhammad’s sister, Heba, a Pharmacology Professor at Cairo Medical, were concerned that he might be mistreated by Egyptian security services. A recent graduate from the same department, Tarek Hamouda, soon was working alongside Bruce Ivins with virulent Ames at Ft. Detrick.

    This week Mamdouh Ismail announced that he was contesting the re-arrest of Ayman Zawahiri’s brother Muhammad Zawahiri, who was re-arrested a couple days after being released with the thousands of other islamists released.

    But let’s review some additional background relating to other DARPA research involving virulent Ames supplied by Bruce Ivins. In a filing unsealed in United States v. Al-Timimi, Dr. Ali Al-Timimi’s lawyer, Professor and MSNBC commentator Jonathan Turley, explained that his client “was considered an anthrax weapons suspect.” Al-Timimi was a computational biologist who came to have an office 15 feet from the leading anthrax scientist and the former deputy commander of USAMRIID. A motion filed in early August 2008 seeking to unseal additional information in federal district court was denied. The ongoing proceedings were highly classified.

    Dr. Al-Timimi’s counsel summarizes

    “we know Dr. Al-Timimi:* was interviewed in 1994 by the FBI and Secret Service regarding his ties to the perpetrators of the first World Trade Center bombing;
    * was referenced in the August 6, 2001 Presidential Daily Briefing (“Bin Laden Determined to Strike in US”) as one of seventy individuals regarding whom the FBI is conducting full field investigations on a national basis;
    * was described to his brother by the FBI within days of the 9-11 attacks as an immediate suspect in the Al Qaeda conspiracy;
    * was contacted by the FBI only nine days after 9-11 and asked about the attacks and its perpetrators;
    *was considered an anthrax weapons suspect;
    [redacted]
    * was described during his trial by FBI agent John Wyman as having “extensive ties” with the “broader al-Qaeda network”;
    * was described in the indictment and superseding indictment as being associated with terrorists seeking harm to the United States;
    * was a participant in dozens of international overseas calls to individuals known to have been under suspicion of Al-Qaeda ties like Al-Hawali; and
    * was associated with the long investigation of the Virginia Jihad Group.
    ***
    The conversation with [Bin Laden’s sheik] Al-Hawali on September 19, 2001 was central to the indictment and raised at trial. ***
    [911 imam] Anwar Al-Aulaqi goes directly to Dr. Al-Timimi’s state of mind and his role in the alleged conspiracy. The 9-11 Report indicates that Special Agent Ammerman interviewed Al-Aulaqi just before or shortly after his October 2002 visit to Dr. Al-Timimi’s home to discuss the attacks and his efforts to reach out to the U.S. government.

    [IANA head] Bassem Khafagi was questioned about Dr. Al-Timimi before 9-11 in Jordan, purportedly at the behest of American intelligence. [redacted ] He was specifically asked about Dr. Al-Timimi’s connection to Bin Laden prior to Dr. Al-Timimi’s arrest. He was later interviewed by the FBI about Dr. Al-Timimi. Clearly, such early investigations go directly to the allegations of Dr. Al-Timimi’s connections to terrorists and Bin Laden [redacted]”

    A letter attached as an exhibit notes that in March 2002 Al-Timimi spoke with Al-Hawali about assisting Moussaoui in his defense. Al-Hawali was Bin Laden’s sheik who was the subject of OBL’s “Declaration of War.” Moussaoui was the operative sent by Bin Laden reportedly to be part of a “second wave” who had been inquiring about crop dusters. The filing and the letter exhibit each copy defense co-counsel, the daughter of the lead prosecutor in Amerithrax. That prosecutor pled the Fifth Amendment concerning all the leaks hyping a “POI” of the other Amerithrax squad, Dr. Steve Hatfill. His daughter withdrew as Al-Timimi’s pro bono counsel on February 27, 2009.

    ‘Dr. Ali Al-Timimi’s Support Committee’ in an email to supporters dated April 5, 2005 explained: “This is a summary of the court proceedings that took place yesterday April 4th 2005. We will send a summary everyday inshallah. *** “In his opening statement, Defense attorney Edward B. MacMahon Jr. said that Al-Timimi was born and raised in Washington DC. He has a degree in Biology and he is also a computer scientist, and a mathematician. He worked for Andrew Card, who’s now the White House chief of staff, at the Transportation Department in the early 1990s.”

    Bruce Ivins had supplied the virulent Ames strain of anthrax to Ann Arbor researchers. One of the researchers, Dr. Hamouda, obtained his PhD in microbiology from Cairo Medical in 1994. He and his wife came to the United States to settle that year. By 1998, he was working on a DARPA-funded project involving nanoemulsions and a biocidal cream. In December 1999, he and two colleagues travelled to a remote military installation in Utah, Dugway, to test its effectiveness in killing aerosolized anthrax surrogates. An April 2001 report describing testing at Dugway concluded that the best performing decontamination agents were from University of Michigan, Sandia National Laboratories, and Lawrence Livermore Laboratory (LLNL).

    The FBI and CIA may have been concerned “POI” of the other Amerithrax squad, Dr. Steve Hatfill. His daughter withdrew as Al-Timimi’s pro bono counsel on February 27, 2009.

    ‘Dr. Ali Al-Timimi’s Support Committee’ in an email to supporters dated April 5, 2005 explained: “This is a summary of the court proceedings that took place yesterday April 4th 2005. We will send a summary everyday inshallah. *** “In his opening statement, Defense attorney Edward B. MacMahon Jr. said that Al-Timimi was born and raised in Washington DC. He has a degree in Biology and he is also a computer scientist, and a mathematician. He worked for Andrew Card, who’s now the White House chief of staff, at the Transportation Department in the early 1990s.”

    Bruce Ivins had supplied the virulent Ames strain of anthrax to Ann Arbor researchers. One of the researchers, Dr. Hamouda, obtained his PhD in microbiology from Cairo Medical in 1994. He and his wife came to the United States to settle that year. By 1998, he was working on a DARPA-funded project involving nanoemulsions and a biocidal cream. In December 1999, he and two colleagues travelled to a remote military installation in Utah, Dugway, to test its effectiveness in killing aerosolized anthrax surrogates. An April 2001 report describing testing at Dugway concluded that the best performing decontamination agents were from University of Michigan, Sandia National Laboratories, and Lawrence Livermore Laboratory (LLNL).

    The FBI and CIA may have been concerned security clearance for work for the Navy in the late 1990s. The defense webpage reported he had once served as the assistant for the White House Chief of Staff Andrew Card. (Mr. Card had been Secretary of Transportation in 1992-1993; from 1993 to 1998, Mr. Card later was President and Chief Executive Officer of the American Automobile Manufacturers Association.) As time off from his university studies permitted, Ali was an active speaker with the Ann Arbor-based charity Islamic Assembly of North America.

    A laptop evidencing Al Qaeda’s intent on weaponizing anthrax was seized in Baku in July 1998. Two months later, Dr. Ken Alibek, then Program Manager, Battelle Memorial Institute, testified before the Joint Economic Committee on the subject of “Terrorist and Intelligence Operations: Potential Impact on the U.S. Economy” about the proliferation of know-how. Dr. Alibek noted that “[t]here are numerous ways in which Russia’s biological weapons expertise can be proliferated to other countries.” Indeed. Sometimes such proliferation is funded by DARPA and any student who wanted to apply to work in the building could submit an application. One applicant accepted was this Salafist preacher seeing signs of the coming day of judgment and the inevitable clash of civilizations. He had been mentored by the sheik named in Bin Laden’s declaration of war in 1996. In 1999, Al-Timimi had a high security clearance for work for the Navy. His father worked at the Iraqi embassy.

    Dr. Alibek testified before the House Armed security clearance for work for the Navy in the late 1990s. The defense webpage reported he had once served as the assistant for the White House Chief of Staff Andrew Card. (Mr. Card had been Secretary of Transportation in 1992-1993; from 1993 to 1998, Mr. Card later was President and Chief Executive Officer of the American Automobile Manufacturers Association.) As time off from his university studies permitted, Ali was an active speaker with the Ann Arbor-based charity Islamic Assembly of North America.

    A laptop evidencing Al Qaeda’s intent on weaponizing anthrax was seized in Baku in July 1998. Two months later, Dr. Ken Alibek, then Program Manager, Battelle Memorial Institute, testified before the Joint Economic Committee on the subject of “Terrorist and Intelligence Operations: Potential Impact on the U.S. Economy” about the proliferation of know-how. Dr. Alibek noted that “[t]here are numerous ways in which Russia’s biological weapons expertise can be proliferated to other countries.” Indeed. Sometimes such proliferation is funded by DARPA and any student who wanted to apply to work in the building could submit an application. One applicant accepted was this Salafist preacher seeing signs of the coming day of judgment and the inevitable clash of civilizations. He had been mentored by the sheik named in Bin Laden’s declaration of war in 1996. In 1999, Al-Timimi had a high security clearance for work for the Navy. His father worked at the Iraqi embassy.

    Dr. Alibek testified before the House Armed the most diverse microbiological repository in the world and allowed to work alongside staff at the DARPA-funded Center for Biodefense. The Center for Biodefense personnel were working under the largest biodefense award in history. Delta (avirulent) Ames was supplied by NIH. Raymond H. Cypess, president of the germ bank, said of the Ames strain, “We never had it,’ and we can say that on several levels of analysis.” ATCC refuses to confirm to me whether its patent repository, as distinguished from its online category, had Ames, but we can assume government scientists would have ensured that the patent repository was considered at the same time as the online catalog and, to the best of their ability, excluded as a source of the Ames.

    Al-Timimi had supervised Cairo-based militants writing for the Pittsburgh-based Assirat and then for IANA. One of them, Kamal Habib, was the founder of the Egyptian Islamic Jihad and a friend of Ayman Zawahiri. The Cairo-based writers Kamal Habib and Gamal Sultan approached the blind sheik Abdel Rahman about starting a political party in early 1999. On March 1 and 2, 1999, Lynne Stewart and translator Yousry visited Abdel Rahman in prison in Rochester, Minnesota and relayed the proposal. On March 6, 1999, the first press reports about anthrax appeared quoting the blind sheik’s Cairo lawyer, Montasser al-Zayat, and detainees in a massive trial al-Zayat was defending. He explained that Ayman likely was going to use anthrax against US targets to retaliate against the rendering and detention of the Egyptian militants. Montasser Al-Zayat, along with fellow attorney Mamdouh Ismail, had also sought the blind sheik’s approval to start a political party.

    On March 9, 1999 following the visit in prison at which the political idea had been proposed, Abdel Rahman issued a statement rejecting the proposal that the Islamic Group form a political party in Egypt. That day, the Islamic Group military commander Mustafa Hamza spoke with the blind sheik’s liaison, US Post Office employee Abdel Sattar. The next month, the Blind Sheik’s publicist Sattar spoke with Taha, the IG head close to the Taliban and Bin Laden, in a three-way call with Cairo attorney Al-Zayat. Sattar also spoke on the telephone with Vanguards of Conquest spokesman Al Sirri (based in London). From the beginning, the weaponization of anthrax for use against US targets was inextricably linked to the detention of senior militant Egyptian leaders, including the blind sheik.

    • DXer said

      It was negligent for Bruce Ivins to be tasked (with no notice until the researchers arrived at USAMRIID) with providing a non-citizen virulent Ames.

      The person who tasked Bruce Ivins with supplying the Ames was a managerial agent of the government and thus the government was negligent.

  49. anonymous said

    Interesting. Raid may have been a result of Wikileaks. in other words, if it wasn’t for Wikileaks bin Laden may be alive today. How long would they have waited for more “proof”?

    http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2011/may/03/osama-bin-laden-abbottabad-hideout
    The US may have obtained a clue three years ago that Osama bin Laden was hiding in Abbottabad, according to information gathered by interrogators at Guantánamo.

    Buried in a document from 2008 released by WikiLeaks last week are notes from the interrogation of a Libyan, Abu al-Libi, who had apparently been with Bin Laden in Afghanistan.

    According to the document, Libi fled to Peshawar in Pakistan and was living there in 2003 when he was asked to become one of Bin Laden’s messengers. The document says: “In July 2003, detainee received a letter from [Bin Laden’s] designated courier, Maulawi Abd al-Khaliq Jan, requesting detainee take on the responsibility of collecting donations, organising travel and distributing funds for families in Pakistan. [Bin Laden] stated detainee would be the official messenger between [Bin Laden] and others in Pakistan. In mid-2003, detainee moved his family to Abbottabad (Pakistan) and worked between Abbottabad and Peshawar.”

    Libi was captured in Pakistan in 2005. The CIA says it tracked Bin Laden by tracing the network of couriers, in particular one especially trusted by the al-Qaida leader and who died with himin the US raid on Sunday. The US has not yet named the courier.

    Senior members of the Bush administration claim evidence gained in Guantánamo has provided important information, in this case supposedly leading to Bin Laden.

    WikiLeaks released the report last week, prompting speculation that the US, afraid that its planned raid might be pre-empted, brought forward its attack.

    • anonymous said

      Osama Bin Laden’s Courier Named in Leaked Gitmo File?

      1:09 PM, MAY 2, 2011 • BY THOMAS JOSCELYN
      A recently leaked Guantanamo file names Osama bin Laden’s “designated courier.” The file, which summarizes the available intelligence on top al Qaeda operative Abu Faraj al Libbi, reads:

      In July 2003, detainee received a letter from UBL’s designated courier, Maulawi Abd al-Khaliq Jan, requesting detainee take on the responsibility of collecting donations, organizing travel, and distributing funds to families in Pakistan. UBL stated detainee would be the official messenger between UBL and others in Pakistan. In mid-2003, detainee moved his family to Abbottabad, PK and worked between Abbottabad and Peshawar.

      Here are several thoughts on this:

      First, U.S. intelligence officials got to bin Laden by following his most trusted courier. It is certainly possible, although we need to get confirmation, that this courier was Maulawi Abd al-Khaliq Jan – the “designated courier” named in the paragraph above.

      Second, the courier’s ties to Abu Faraj al Libbi fits with what one Obama administration official had to say in a press briefing last night:

      One courier in particular had our constant attention. Detainees gave us his nom de guerre or his nickname and identified him as both a protégé of Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, the mastermind of September 11th, and a trusted assistant of Abu Faraj al-Libbi, the former number three of al Qaeda who was captured in 2005.

      • DXer said

        I think anyone advancing toward a guarded compound in a helicopter is very brave. Hopefully, by having known the location for a long time now, they have gained other valuable intelligence that will lead to further results.

        To take an example, in the mid-1990s they started wiretapping someone who visited the blind sheikh and they collected 300,000 phone calls before arresting him in Florida.

        • DXer said

          With respect to anyone named as part of the Al Qaeda anthrax program living in New York City, perhaps authrorities have collected a comparable number of wiretaps dating back to the 1990s.

        • DXer said

          The assault force of Navy SEALs snatched a trove of computer drives and disks during their weekend raid on Osama bin Laden’s compound, yielding what a U.S. official called “the mother lode of intelligence.”

          The special operations forces grabbed personal computers, thumb drives and electronic equipment during the lightning raid that killed bin Laden, officials told POLITICO.

          “They cleaned it out,” one official said. “Can you imagine what’s on Osama bin Laden’s hard drive?”

          U.S. officials are about to find out. The material is being examined at a secret location in Afghanistan.

          “Hundreds of people are going through it now,” an official said, adding that intelligence operatives back in Washington are very excited to find out what they have.

          “It’s going to be great even if only 10 percent of it is actionable,” the official said.

          Savoring the military and intelligence triumph, officials late Monday described new details about how the mission unfolded:

          The SEALs took fire on their way to the compound’s third floor, where bin Laden had been sleeping, officials said. The encounter with bin Laden lasted only seconds, and ended with a kill shot to his face.

          The team’s photos of bin Laden are gruesome, complicating officials’ deliberations about whether to release them.

          Officials also have images of bin Laden in a white shroud before his burial at sea.

          The raid was not supposed to last more than 30 minutes. The forces finished in 38 minutes, even though they lost one of their choppers and had to go to a back-up plan.

          Four helicopters were used in the raid. Two went in, and two were in reserve.

          Comment: If I were someone who had been an AQ or EIJ operative, I would take some vacation time and then not come back.

        • DXer said

          US official: New tape may be last from bin Laden

          (AP) – 4 hours ago

          WASHINGTON (AP) — U.S. intelligence officials believe Osama bin Laden made a propaganda recording shortly before his death and expect that tape to surface soon.

          It is unclear whether the tape is audio or video, but a U.S. official says that intelligence indicates it is already working its way through al-Qaida’s media pipeline. The official said the timing was coincidental and there is no indication he knew U.S. forces were bearing down on him.

          A new recording from bin Laden would provide a final word from the beyond grave for a terrorist who taunted the U.S. with recorded propaganda for years. It could also provide fodder to those who insist he is still alive.

          Comment: Let’s hope the tape doesn’t begin with the words, “If you are listening to this message, it means I’ve been killed…”

        • DXer said

          Osama bin Laden dead: US retrieves hard drive with information on deputy’s [ Ayman Zawahiri’s ] location

          Footage aired by the US network ABC inside the house showed blood on the floor in one room and broken computers in another, stripped of their hard drives.

          “Zawahiri was al-Qaeda’s operations chief, but the whole point of the group was to devolve power into cells that act more like franchises,” said Gareth Price, an analyst at Chatham House in London. ..

          Zawahiri was wanted in the US even before the September 11 attacks. He was indicted in absentia in 1999 for the August 1998 bombings of US embassies in Tanzania and Kenya that killed 224 people, and was also considered the mastermind of the October 2000 bombing of the USS Cole in Yemen, in which 17 sailors died.

        • Get your FOIA in now, but don’t expect action on it.

    • “WikiLeaks released the report last week, prompting speculation that the US, afraid that its planned raid might be pre-empted, brought forward its attack.”

      Brought forward from the end of time?

  50. Old Atlantic said

    If Pakistan was harboring bin Laden after 9/11, and al Qaeda did the anthrax attacks, then Pakistan was harboring al Qaeda after the anthrax attacks as well. At some point, this all merges. 9/11 and anthrax attacks merge. Al Qaeda and Pakistan’s culpability and joint conspiracy merges. They are as one.

    • DXer said

      The Administration has explained that senior military leaders did not know. Of course, identifying who knew and seeking that they be punished is fully appropriate.

      Moreover, note that the bio was compartmentalized even from the chem — and certainly from the 911 hijackers. (See videotaped presentation from 11/29 conference by DIA fellow who interviewed Batarfi at Guantanamo.) And so it is best to consider the question of support in Pakistan for the anthrax program separately.

      For example, a son of bacteriologist Abdul Qadus Khan, in whose home KSM and al-Hawsawi (and the laptop with anthrax spraydrying documents) reportedly was found was a colonel in the Army. But before bothering to focus on the son in the military, reporters might have first sought to ask the microbiologist, who headed a highly regarded heart institute, the details of his consultations with KSM and others connected to the Al Qaeda anthrax program. There is way too much conjecture and interviewing of talking heads — and way too little of consulting with the actual people involved in the story (helping Al Qaeda). For example, it is ridiculous that neither Rauf Ahmad nor bacteriologist Abdul Qadus Khan has been interviewed.

      • DXer said

        And in addressing the question — as it relates to anthrax planning — one can consider the August 2001 campfire at which the matter was discussed with the father of Pakistan’s atomic bomb and his colleagues.

        The NYC pharmacist from Manhattan and Brooklyn, named in the Guantanamo documents, reportedly was close to the head of JI. He has been in business for 25 years and so would have been there for the Nosair trial, blind sheik Abdel-Rahman’s preaching etc. A pharmacist named Zaki (from People’s Pharmacy in Harlem, I think) accompanied Ayman Zawahiri (with chief of intelligence Ali Mohammed and a brother, Zaki, MD from San Jose, when Dr. Ayman came to the US in the 1990s.

  51. DXer said

    Bin Laden Death Focuses Terror Hunt on Elusive Deputy Zawahiri

    By Peter S. Green and Jonathan Tirone – May 2, 2011 4:42 PM ET

    Zawahiri was wanted in the U.S. even before the Sept. 11 attacks. He was indicted in absentia in 1999 for the August 1998 bombings of U.S. embassies in Tanzania and Kenya that killed 224 people, and was also considered the mastermind of the October 2000 bombing of the USS Cole in Yemen, in which 17 sailors died.

    http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2011-05-02/bin-laden-death-focuses-terror-hunt-on-elusive-deputy-zawahiri.html

  52. DXer said

    “Release Him”: Retaliation for Detention of the Blind Sheikh And Other Detainees

    The extradition of Egyptian islamists has been one motive for Zawahiri’s crimes over the past quarter-century. In 1993, Abdel Sattar was 33. The US Post Office employee was a member of the board at Abu Bakr mosque in Brooklyn. He was already a close associate of Abdel-Rahman. In talking to a Washington Post reporter, he took a zigzag ride to a place chosen at random at the last minute. He explained that bad things likely would happen if the blind sheik was not released. In December 1994, Algerian Islamic militants seized control of an Air France jetliner in Algiers in an unsuccessful bid to crash it into Eiffel Tower on Christmas Day. The hijackers demanded the release of the blind sheik.

    The United States State Department, on its webpage, explains that the Egyptian Islamic Jihad “[h]as threatened to retaliate against the United States for its incarceration of Shaykh Umar Abd al-Rahman and, more recently, for the arrests of its members in Albania, Azerbaijan, and the United Kingdom.” As one informant would later testify, Al Qaeda leadership, then in Khartoum, Sudan, found the blind sheikh’s arrest “very sad and.. very bad.” They concluded they had “to do something.. They talk about what we have to do against America.”

    Blind sheik Abdel-Rahman spoke to Mary Anne Weaver, author of the seminal A Portrait of Egypt: A Journey Through the World of Militant Islam in the mid-1990s. Abdel-Rahman first went to Peshawar in 1985. He left from Peshawar for a trip into Afghanistan after being released after three years in an Egyptian prison after Sadat’s assassination. He settled into the back seat of the U.S.-supplied camouflaged truck shortly after prayers, helped into a flak jacket by his friend, Afghan resistance leader Gulbuddin Hekmatyar. Hekmatyar was receiving half of the CIA’s financial support even though he was one of the most anti-US leaders in the resistance against Soviet occupation. Mary Anne Weaver wrote in The Atlantic Monthly in 1996: “They had much in common: both were exceedingly charismatic religious populists; both had committed their lives to jihad, or Islamic holy war; both were fiery orators. They were both given to elliptical, colorful turns of phrase, and their shared message was clear: the imperative to overthrow a secular government — whether in Afghanistan or Egypt — and establish an Islamic state.” Weaver recounts that joining them in the truck was Mohammed Islambouli, the brother of Sadat’s assassin. The 60 CIA and special forces officers in Peshawar considered Abdel-Rahman an asset. In preaching jihad, Abdel-Rahman travelled to Islamic centers in Germany, England, Turkey, and the United States.

    Weaver explained that Sheikh Omar’s closest friend in Peshawar was Sheikh Abdullah Azzam, a highly respected Palestinian. He was killed by a car bomb in 1989. Azzam established the Service Office, which he led until November of 1989, which like its sister office at the Alkifah Refugee Center, on Brooklyn’s Atlantic Avenue, recruited Arab volunteers. Islambouli headed the office after Azzam’s death. Mohammed Islambouli had been a student of Sheikh Omar’s at the Upper Egyptian University of Asyut. WTC 1993 prosecutor McCarthy explained in a 2008 book: “In Peshawar, both in 1985 and several times thereafter, Abdel Rahman would enjoy the august company of his former student Mohammed Shawky al-Islambouli, a fixture there. A rising jihadist star in his own right, Shawky’s prominence owed much to his mythogenic brother…”

    By the time Weaver wrote her article for the Atlantic Monthly, Mohammed Islambouli had joined a cell with KSM in planning the aircraft and other attacks on the US and was with him in Doha, Qatar.

    In December 1995, the Egyptian embassy in Islamabad was attacked by a devastating car bomb following threats from militant Egyptian Islamist groups who demanded that the government of Pakistan stop extraditing their members who had stayed in Peshawar when the war came to an end. The groups also demanded that the United States release Sheikh Abdel-Rahman who had been imprisoned in connection with a plot to blow up New York City landmarks.

    In a booklet written by al Zawahiri, distributed among his colleagues in Pakistan and Afghanistan, al Zawahiri discussed the reasons that led to Egyptian Islamic Jihad to blow up the Egyptian Embassy in Islamabad. He criticized all branches of the Egyptian government from the Minister of Information, to the army and police forces, the justice system, the public prosecutor’s office, and the religious scholars. But his harshest criticism was directed to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs which was responsible for pursuing jihad members abroad and kidnapping and extraditing them. In September 2000, in an interview with an Arabic-language television station, Usama Bin Laden called for a “jihad” to release the “brothers” in jail “everywhere.” In the book he wrote at the time of the Fall 2001 anthrax mailings, he explained that the reason for the attack on the Egyptian embassy in Pakistan in 1995 was because Egypt had been extraditing fundamentalists from Pakistan. When surveillance of the US embassy showed that it was perhaps too difficult a target, the Egyptian embassy was targeted as a symbol. Zawahiri wrote in the Fall 2001 that : “It left the embassy ruined as an eloquent and clear message.”

    An FBI 302 memo dated December 30, 1996 relating to intelligence gathered from the jailed WTC 1993 plotter Ramzi Yousef reflected the same warning of a hijack-of-an-aircraft-to-free-the-blind sheik plot.

    Bin Laden’s 1996 declaration of war on the United States complained of the arrests of Sheik al-Hawali and another colleague. In an interview, Bin Laden conducted with CNN’s Peter Arnett in 1997, Bin Laden told Arnett: “When the Saudi government transgressed in oppressing all voices of the scholars and the voices of those who call for Islam. I found myself forced, especially after the government prevented Sheikh Safar Al-Hawali [Ali Al-Timimi’s mentor at University] and some other scholars, to carry out a small part of my duty of enjoining what is right and forbidding what is wrong.” The views of these two sheiks were promoted by the US-based charity, Islamic Assembly of North America (“IANA”).

    In a public relations debacle for the islamists, on or about November 17, 1997, six terrorists shot and stabbed a group of tourists visiting an archaeological site in Luxor, Egypt. Fifty-eight tourists were killed along with four Egyptians. The terrorists left leaflets explaining their support for the Islamic Group and calling for the blind sheik’s release. The torso of one was slit and a leaflet inserted: “No to tourists in Egypt.” It was signed “Omar Abdul Rahman’s Squadron of Havoc and Destruction — the Gama’a al-Islamiya, the Islamic Group.” Intelligence concluded that Bin Laden had financed the operation and that Luxor was ordered by Egyptian Islamic Group military commander Mustafa Hamza.

    Dale Watts, Chief of the FBI’s International Terrorism Section, explained in a 1998 Statement Before the Senate Judiciary Committee Subcommittee: “There is an indication that the November 1997 attack on foreign tourists in Luxor, Egypt, was apparently an example of this type of interwoven violence. The ambush appears to have been carried out in an attempt to pressure the United States into releasing Sheik Rahman, who is serving a life sentence in federal prison for his part in planning attacks against the president of Egypt and several sites in New York City. ”

    In 1998, the blind sheik issued a fatwa directing that Americans be killed to avenge his imprisonment. During the trial relating to bombing the U.S. embassies in Africa, one witness testified that Abdel Rahman smuggled a flier from prison calling on Muslims to avenge indignities he sustained as a prisoner. “Oh people, oh men of Allah, rise up from your deep slumber. .. Rise up and see justice done,” the sheik wrote in a letter smuggled out of prison.

    Zawahiri gave the same motivation for the 1998 embassy bombings in Africa. In 1998, the “Information Office of the Jihad Group in Egypt” issued a statement — a copy of which was received by Al-Hayat — entitled “About the extradition of three of our brothers.” It said that “the US government, in coordination with the Egyptian government, arrested three of our brothers in some East European states.” The statement said: “The accusation leveled at our three brothers was participation in a group declaring jihad against the United States and Israel and their trade, and cooperation with the mujahidin in Kosovo outside US influence.” It continued: “We are interested in briefly telling the Americans that their message has been received and that the response, which we hope they will read carefully, is being [prepared], because we — with God’s help — will write it in the language that they understand.”

    Three days later, 220 people at the embassies, mostly Africans, were killed. Zawahiri deemed many were working on intelligence matters against islamists in the region. In response to a retaliatory cruise missile strike after the embassy bombings, Zawahiri told a Pakistan journalist by satellite phone that “The war has only just begun.” The phone had been bought by a charity worker in Columbia, Missouri who later lived with the father of the leader of the Virginia Paintball defendants Royer.

    In the Spring and Fall of 1999, the Blind Sheik’s assistant, Sattar, was in telephone communication with Deputy Military Commander Mustafa Hamza, the blind sheik’s successor Taha, Yassir al-Sirri, and al-Zayat. They spoke on conference calls about the blind sheikh’s withdrawal of his support for the cease fire. Although suspecting his phone was wiretapped, Sattar continued to talk vaguely in code about these issues with these people, all of whom were closely connected to al-Zawahiri. This was the period Zawahiri moved forward his anthrax planning and there was a public dialogue between Bin Laden and a London cleric’s call for a holy biowar.

    On September 21, 2000, an Arabic television station, Al Jazeera, televised an interview with Osama Bin Laden, Ayman Zawahiri, and Islamic leader Abu Yasser (of the Islamic Group and Al Qaeda), and Mohammed Abdel Rahman (the blind sheik’s son), during which they pledged jihad to free Abdel Rahman. They urged that his followers avenge the “insult” paid him by his imprisonment for conspiracy to commit murder. Bin Laden vowed “to work with all our power to free our brother, Sheik Omar Abdel Rahman, and all our prisoners in America, Egypt, and Riyadh. Bin Laden told his followers to remember Nosair, the man who assassinated Rabbi Kahane. In an audio overlay, Mohammed was heard saying “avenge your sheik” and “go to the spilling of blood.”

    When Abdel-Rahman visited Peshawar in the late 1980s and early 1990s Abdel-Rahman stayed in a large house outside of Peshawar with Mohammed Islambouli and Zawahiri. Al-Timimi would speak alongside Abdel-Rahman’s son at IANA conferences in 1993 and 1996. Alarm bells should have gone off when Al-Timimi in the late 1990s first started walking down the hallways with famed Russian bioweaponeer and former USAMRIID head Charles Bailey — two leading DARPA-funded Ames researchers. There is no indication that they did.

    Zawahiri wrote in Knights Under the Banner of the Prophet published at the time of the second anthrax mailing that he agreed with the supporter of the “blind sheik” who said: “the Egyptian Government is guilty of a major shortcoming by not intervening to safeguard the shaykh, guarantee his humanitarian rights inside the US jail, and find a solution to his case because, in the final count, he is an Egyptian national, a Muslim scholar, and a professor at Al-Azhar university. Finally he is a blind and sick old man. His continued detention and the inhuman way in which he is treated will continue to be a source of tension on all levels.

    The ruling shura (council) of Egyptian Islamic Jihad in the mid-1990s had 14 members, including three in London. Two of those three, Adel Abdel Bari and Ibrahim Eidarous, at the time of the anthrax mailings, were the ones who had announced that the 1998 embassy bombings were in retaliation for the detention of the blind sheik and Sheik al-Hawali. They were in Belmarsh prison fighting extradition to the United States for alleged involvement in the 1998 bombings of American embassies in Tanzania and Kenya. Ahmed and Mohammed Abdel-Rahman, two of the Egyptian sheikh’s 13 children, were named as co-conspirators in the September 11 attacks.

    In late May 2000, Post Office employee Sattar had telephone conversations with Islamic Group leaders in which he explained that Abdel Rahman (1) did not object to a return to “work” (terrorist operations); (2) agreed that the IG should escalate the issues in the media; (3) advised the IG to avoid division within the IG’s leadership; and (4) instructed the IG to hint at military operation even if the group was not ready for military action.

    On October 4, 2000, US Postal employee Sattar called the Vanguards of Conquest publicist in London, Al-Sirri, and read to him a fatwa to be issued under Abdel Rahman’s name entitled, “Fatwah the Killing of Israelis Everywhere,” which Al-Sirri agreed to distribute. The next day, the fatwa appeared on a web-site operated by Al-Sirri.

    On or about November 21, 2000, Al Jazeera featured a meeting of Bin Laden, Zawahiri and Taha under a banner that read “Convention to Support Honorable Omar Abdel Rahman. The three pleaded “jihad to free Abdel Rahman from incarceration in the United States. Mohammed Abdel Rahman, the blind sheik’s son, was heard urging others to “avenge your Sheikh” and “go to the spilling of blood.” But the blind sheik’s plight was also of concern to alleged Al Qaeda operatives in the US.

    Members of an alleged Detroit, Michigan terror cell had an angry conversation in June 2001 about Abdel Rahman’s imprisonment.
    Similarly, the Government’s Indictment of the Buffalo defendants explained that one of the reasons motivating the terrorists actions was that “al Qaeda opposed the United States Government because of the arrest, conviction and imprisonment of persons belonging to Al Qaeda or its affiliated terrorist groups or those with whom it worked.”

    IANA writer Kamal Habib, the founder of the Egyptian Islamic Jihad, was in charge of the “National Campaign to Release Detainees.” It perhaps was inevitable that IANA would be caught in the crossfire just as was Abdel-Rahman’s attorney Lynne Stewart.

    As a source, the August 6, 2001 Presidential Daily Brief titled “Bin Laden Determined to Attack in the U.S.” mentions “a senior EIJ member” living in California. The reference is to former US sergeant Ali Mohammed, Ayman Zawahiri’s head of intelligence. The references in the PDB to the threat of aircraft hijacking in an attempt to free blind sheik Abdel-Rahman were perhaps underscored a month later when, the week before 9/11, the Taliban government offered to exchange eight Christian missionaries in exchange for Sheik Abdel-Rahman. Whether viewed as blackmail or retaliation, the detention of the blind sheikh and numerous other detainees in custody prior to 9/11 figured as an important part of the motive for all the terrorist attacks by the Salafist-Jihadis for years leading up to the anthrax mailings.

    In April 2005, Moussaoui confessed to a plot to fly a 747 into the White House if the United States government refused to free the blind sheikh. Bin Laden had considered hijacking a plane in an attempt to flee the blind sheikh but determined it was impractical.

    In the Amerithrax Third Squad’s testing of the theory that a supporter of the Salafist-Jihadis mailed the anthrax, concern for detention of blind sheik Abdel-Rahman should have been a major factor.

    Amerithrax, in my opinion, represents the greatest failure in intelligence analysis in United States history and the United States faces an existential threat associated with Dr. Ayman’s plan to use weaponized anthrax against the United States.

  53. DXer said

    FBI Director Mueller: Remember the anthrax mailings. Remember Oklahoma City.

    An FBI Special Agent in the Minneapolis, MN Field Office, Harry Samit unsuccessfully appealed to his superiors for a FISA warrant that would permit him to view the contents of Moussaoui’s computer in the weeks leading up to 9/11. He wrote an August 18, 2001 email: “What does everyone think of calling in the NSDA Behavioral Assessment quacks? They probably have a psyche profile for an Islamic Martyr and could tell us if our 747 guys fit.”

    Samit’s memo had explained that Moussaoui was connected to a radical fundamentalist group in Chechnya, whose leader Ibn Khattab had ties to Bin Laden. “For this reason, it is imperative that his effects be searched in order to gather intelligence relating to these connections and to any plans for terrorist attacks against the United States or United States Persons to which he may be a party.” He wrote: “I am so desperate to get into his computer, I’ll take anything.” A colleague emailed Samit: “ thanks for the update. Very sorry that this matter was handled the way it was, but you fought the good fight. God Help us all if the next terrorist incident involves the same type of plane. take care Cathy.”

    The emails were dated September 10, 2001.

    FBI Special Agent Rowley was highly critical of the FBI in “chalking this all up to the ’20-20 hindsight is perfect’ problem.” The Minneapolis agents who arrested Zacarias Moussaoui before September 11 had quickly identified him as a terrorist threat and identified the legal grounds on which he has since been indicted. Agents in Phoenix had sounded an alarm about suspicious Arabs taking flight training. So she argues that “this is not a case of everyone in the FBI failing to appreciate the potential consequences.”

    Authors John Schwartz and Minnesota University Professor Michael Osterholm in a book Living Terror published in December 2000 explain that bioweaponeer Ken Alibek and William Patrick each believed “he was working to match a threat from a resourceful and brilliant enemy. I keep that in mind when people ask me how anyone could do such a terrible thing: how anyone could contemplating creating chances that you could kill so many. The answer makes me terribly uncomfortable — it could be anyone, even the nicest guy you ever met.”

    The FBI’s stock profile concerning a biological agent was a lone, unstable individual. In October 2001, the profilers pretty much just reached into the filing cabinet. One Special Agent involved in profiling such incidents explained in a conference, at which Dr. Steve Hatfill was also a presenter: “The closest I’ve ever come to biological-chemical issues is when the toilet on the 37th floor gets backed up *** It isn’t the Middle Eastern people. It isn’t white supremacists. It is the lone individual, lone unstable individual. That statistically, from the cases that we have, is the biggest threat right now.”

    FBI Special Agent Fitzgerald, who had some early involvement in Amerithrax in issuing the “profile,” years earlier had special responsibility for scrutinizing the language of the manifesto in UNABOM. In late September 2001, his colleague from UNABOM, Kathleen Puckett turned in her study of “lone wolves” to include Kaczynski and others. Dr. Puckett sees “howling loneliness” as the key characteristic of a “lone wolf.” Before turning to work on domestic terror cases of the 1990s, her counterintelligence work typically involved Soviet spies. She would go and kibbitz the local agents on what she perceived as the personality of the subject. She retired on September 30, 2001 and handed in her study on lone wolves on her way out the door. By October, her colleague Fitzgerald was turning in a “lone wolf” profile for his assignment in Amerithrax. Judging from his comments to the media, he was one of those who was swayed based on the fact that Daschle and Leahy were Democrats.

    Hunting the American Terrorist (2007), by History Publishing is dedicated in part to the victims of the anthrax mailings. Dr. Terry Turchie and Dr. Kathleen Purkett appear to agree with the Special Agent Fitzgerald’s profile from October 2001. (Fitzgerald was their former team member)Dr. Saathof, the longtime FBI Quantico partner who initiated the recent report, does also.

    Turchie and Purkett write:

    “Notes accompanying the mailings were supposedly from Islamic fundamentalists, and almost everyone in the government and the media quickly cast blame in that direction.
    For those of us who were involved in the domestic terror campaigns of the 1990s, however, the anthrax mailings had all the earmarks of a lone wolf.”

    One person’s lonely lone wolf is another man’s US-based dedicated islamist operating under strict principles of cell security. It seems that the FBI was making the same mistake it made in the case of the assassination of Rabbi Kahane 10 years earlier by the blind sheik’s bodyguard Nosair.

    Inexplicably, the profilers did not seem to have been persuaded after 9/11 by the open source intelligence that Zawahiri had obtained anthrax for the purpose of using it as a weapon against US targets. If intelligence analysis is an art, criminal profiling is drawing with crayons. A “profile” in connection to a person’s facial features might refer to what they look like in the dark. But, here, war had been declared. A weapon had been used by the enemy it had previously said it would use that specific weapon. Intelligence analysis, not profiling, was what was needed. The profilers apparently did not take to heart or learn the lesson of the al Hayat letter bombs in December 1996. It is not clear whether they had access to the classified information from Guantanamo.

    The official published profile was very vague and spoke of a nonconfrontational loner carrying a grudge. Malcolm Gladwell, author of the acclaimed Blink, in his New Yorker article concludes that criminal profiling is no different than a parlor trick known by astrologers for years. (He was television this past week about inequality of wealth).

    The emphasis in the press reports has always, however, been on the suggestion that the mailer likely is “domestic” rather than foreign — a lone, male scientist who works in a lab. The profile was issued shortly after the White House meeting where it was agreed that Al Qaeda was the likely culprit, but that the theory and the possibility of a state sponsor would not be discussed. Vice President Cheney was not at all impressed by the FBI’s profile and went on television to express his skepticism. Although the FBI profile was widely criticized by experts and in editorials in the New York Times, Wall Street Journal, The Weekly Standard, and other newspapers and magazines, it was more flexible than its critics imagined. The Amerithrax profile of a loner with a grudge permits a variety of motivations. The FBI uses the word “domestic” to include Americans sympathetic with an extremist islamic cause.

    An interesting article in MIT Technology Review in March/April 2006 is based on interviews with Sergei Popov (an expert at GMU who had worked as a Russian bioweaponeer), University of Maryland researcher Milton Leitenberg, Harvard’s Matthew Meselson, Rutger’s Richard Ebright and others:

    “There are now more than 300 U.S. institutions with access to live bioweapons agents and 16,500 individuals approved to handle them,” Ebright told me. While all of those people have undergone some form of background check — to verify, for instance, that they aren’t named on a terrorist watch list and aren’t illegal aliens — it’s also true, Ebright noted, that ‘Mohammed Atta would have passed those tests without difficulty.“
    ***

    ‘That’s the most significant concern,’ Ebright agreed. ‘If al-Qaeda wished to carry out a bioweapons attack in the U.S., their simplest means of acquiring access to the materials and the knowledge would be to send individuals to train within programs involved in biodefense research.’ Ebright paused. ‘And today, every university and corporate press office is trumpeting its success in securing research funding as part of this biodefense expansion, describing exactly what’s available and where.’”

    The analytical problem is that researchers tend only to focus on their narrow field. So an analyst focused on Al Qaeda may not know anything about US biodefense programs. An analyst knowledgeable about US biodefense programs may not know anything about Egyptian Islamic Jihad. To knowledgeably address the issue of infiltration and the use of universities and charities as cover — which the documentary evidence shows Zawahiri planned to do and did in his anthrax weaponization program — requires a willingness to become knowledgeable and investigate the different substantive areas.

    The Report of the Joint Inquiry Into the Terrorist Attacks of September 11, 2001— by the House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence and the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence, addresses strategic analysis, training and staffing.

    Did the agents and analysts in the basement of Quantico who came up with the FBI profile have relevant training or input from analysts expert in Al Qaeda? Assuming they did, did an investigative bias creep into their approach to the anthrax mailings that should instead have been informed by a strategic understanding of Zawahiri’s Vanguards of Conquest and its modus operandi? Did the profilers know of the al Hayat letter bombs (related to the imprisonment of the blind sheik) and KSM’s threat to use biochemical weapons in retaliation for the detention of the blind sheik and other militant islamists? Did the profilers know of the role of Islambouli, the brother of Sadat’s assassin, in working with KSM in planning the attacks on the United States? Just as with 9/11, the correct understanding of the anthrax mailings begins with a trail that leads back to Malaysia, Khalid Mohammed, Hambali, Yazid Sufaat, Rauf Ahmad, Zacarias Moussaoui, Najmut Tariq, various charities, the Albanian returnees trial, Bojinka, and even the assassination of Anwar Sadat. As George Santayana said, “Those who do not learn from history are doomed to repeat it.”

    In its March 31, 2005 Report to the President, the Commission on Intelligence Capabilities said: “competing analysis is of no use, even counterproductive, if there is no attempt at constructive dialogue and collaboration.” Reasoned analysis becomes difficult when any pornographer obsessed with some imaginary child he insists wrote the letters can become a prolific part of the debate — and FBI agents regularly rotate on and off the case. When conflict of interest principles are flouted and egregious conflicts become the norm, it require General Accountability Office to even state the principles that apply — let alone apply them.

    In September 2005, Debbie Weierman, a spokeswoman for the FBI’s Washington field office said that this “globe-spanning investigation remains intensely active and broadly focused.” According to one recent letter to a Congressman rejecting the request for a briefing, the investigation has spanned six out of seven continents. The FBI had conducted 9,100 witness interviews, 67 searches and issued 6,000 grand jury subpoenas.

    In a press conference in October 2005, Director Mueller said that the FBI was pursuing all domestic and international leads. He told the public to remember Oklahoma City. Remember 9/11. Both crimes involved a hatred of US policy. He declined to say if they had a suspect. That year, FBI agents visited Asia, Africa and Afghanistan in the course of the Amerithrax investigation.

    The FBI’s profile included a US-based supporter of the militant islamists. Attorney General Ashcroft once explained that an “either-or” approach is not useful. The media has tended to overlook the fact that when the FBI uses the word “domestic” the word includes a US-based, highly-educated supporter of the militant islamists. As Ali Al-Timimi’s counsel notes in a late 2007 court filing partially unsealed in April 2008, Al-Timimi “was considered an anthrax weapons suspect.”

    • DXer said

      Deterrence Against Invasion of Afghanistan

      A senior militant who met with Atef, Zawahiri and Bin Laden to discuss these issues in the summer of 2000 in Kandahar confirms that deterring the invasion against Afghanistan was a key purpose of the threatened use of WMD.

      In November 2007, a former leader of an armed Islamic group in Libya, Numan Bin Uthman, wrote an open letter to al-Qaeda second in command Ayman al-Zawahiri telling him that Jihadi groups in Arab countries have failed and that the strategy of using nonconventional WMD to deter an invasion of Afghanistan was a misguided and failed strategy.

      In his letter to Zawahiri, the Libyan jihadist Uthman also said that he had taken part in an important al-Qaeda summit in Kandahar, Afghanistan in 2000, in which al-Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden had defined search for and use of weapons of mass destruction as a “Sharia obligation”.

      Numan Bin Uthman began the letter:

      “Dear Doctor Ayman, as I told you during a meeting in Kandahar [in Afghanistan] in 2000…”

      “During this occasion, I had a strong dispute with the martyr Abu Hafs al-Kumandan [Commander Abu Hafs aka Mohammed Atef, Al Qaeda’s military commander], because he was heavily involved in acquiring weapons of mass destruction.”

      Ayman Zawahiri was reporting to Atef about anthrax weaponization program codenamed Zabadi. Atef died when a missile landed on his head in November 2001.

      Ali Al-Timimi had a stern warning not to invade Iraq hand-delivered to every member of Congress on October 6, 2002 — the first anniversary of the mailing to Senator Leahy and Senator Daschle. It was in the name of Bin Laden’s sheik. al-Hawali, who had been Ali Al-Timimi’s mentor at university.

      • DXer said

        Significance of Mailing Dates : Camp David Accord and Sadat’s Assassination

        The FBI Counterterrorism Division sent out a warning to law enforcement in August 2001 that Al Qaeda or related groups might attack on an anniversary.

        NLETS MESSAGE (ALL REGIONS)
        8/1/01
        A MESSAGE FROM FBI COUNTERTERRORISM DIVISION, WASHINGTON, D.C

        **

        CONCLUSION: RECIPIENTS ARE BEING NOTIFIED AT THIS TIME BECAUSE THE U.S. INTELLIGENCE COMMUNITY CONSIDERS ANNIVERSARY DATES AS A KEY THREAT INDICATOR. ALTHOUGH LAW ENFORCEMENT AND SECURITY PERSONNEL ARE CAUTIONED NOT TO EXCLUSIVELY RELY ON SUCH DATES TO ‘PREDICT’ ACTS OF TERRORISM, ANNIVERSARY DATES CERTAINLY WARRANT INCREASED ATTENTION IN ROUTINE SECURITY PLANNING.
        RECIPIENTS WHO RECEIVE OR DEVELOP ANY INFORMATION CONCERNING THIS MATTER SHOULD CONTACT THEIR LOCAL FBI OFFICE OR FBI HEADQUARTERS IMMEDIATELY.

        Anthrax was sent on the date of the Camp David Accord and the related Sadat assassination (Armed Forces Day). Expert Michael Scheuer, formerly with the CIA, has said that Al Qaeda does not plan attacks around important dates, so far as the CIA can glean. But take Ayman at his word when he says he at least plans some of his messages around anniversaries, as he and Islambouli did by sending Zawahiri-issued messages in 2004 on the third anniversary of 9/11 and then in 2005 on the third anniversary of the transfer of prisoners to Guantanamo. He said: “These days we are marking three years since the transportation of the first group of Muslim prisoners was sent to the Guantanamo prison.”

        The Vanguards of Conquest did the same thing in the late 1990s. Just as Zawahiri’s thinking on weaponizing anthrax was gaining traction in emails to Atef in the Spring of 1999, the Vanguards invoked an anniversary relating to the signing of the Egyptian-Israeli peace treaty and issued a statement marking its 20th anniversary. The group said at the time it was reiterating its enmity toward the US and Israel to mark the 20th anniversary of the signing of the treaty in March 1979. Signed on March 26, 1979, the Egypt-Israel peace treaty was a direct result of the Camp David Peace Accords, signed in September 1978.

        The first round of letters was sent to ABC, CBS, NBC, the New York Post, and the publisher of the National Enquirer and Sun. Letters were sent to Senators Daschle and Leahy in a second batch, using a much more highly refined product. The mailing dates were of special importance to the man that the CIA in its December 4, 1998 PDB told President Clinton was planning the attack the US using aircraft and other means — Mohammed Islambouli, the brother of Sadat’s assassin. The letters to the news organizations were mailed — coincidentally or not — on September 17 (after 5 p.m.) or September 18 (before 8 a.m.), either the day the Camp David Accord was signed in 1978 or the next day when it was approved by the Israeli knesset. Abdel-Rahman, the blind sheik, in the early 1980s, said: “We reject Camp David and we regret the normalization of relations with Israel. We also reject all the commitments that were made by the traitor Sadat, who deviated from Islam.” He continued: “As long as the Camp David Agreement stands, this conflict between us and the government will continue.”

        At the time of the anthrax mailings, Sadat’s assassination and the Camp David Accord still dominated Zawahiri’s thinking. In Knights Under the Banner of the Prophet, Al-Zawahiri argued in the Fall of 2001 that the Camp David Accord sought to turn Sinai into a disarmed area to serve as a buffer zone between Egypt and Israel. He cites the peace treaty between the two countries, particularly issues related to the armament of the Egyptian Army inside Sinai. He claims that Egypt has restored Sinai formally but it remains in the hands of Israel militarily. Al-Zawahiri cites many examples about the US flagrant support for Israel, including the US pressure on Egypt to sign the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty at a time when Israel publicly declares that it will not sign the treaty because of its special circumstances.

        Despite this, Zawahiri says, the United States sympathizes with Israel and overlooks its actions. This means that the United States has deliberately left the nuclear weapons in the hands of Israel to threaten its Arab neighbors. Al-Zawahiri argues in his book that the western states have considered Israel’s presence in the region a basic guarantee for serving the Western interests.

        The Wall Street Journal explained in August 2002: “Oct. 8 last year was Columbus Day, a public holiday on which mail wasn’t collected from letter boxes. That may mean the letters could have been posted as early as the Saturday before.” Taking into account the fact that there was no mail postmarked with a Trenton postmark on Columbus Day, October 8, the letter to Senator Tom Daschle postmarked October 9 may actually have been mailed October 6. (The FBI, of course, may know the date it was mailed based on information that has not been disclosed.) (Some press reports, however, suggest that they are considering that the mailing may have been at anytime during the October 6-October 9 period). October 6 was the day Anwar Sadat was assassinated for his role in the Camp David Accord. President Sadat was assassinated on the national holiday called “Armed Forces Day.” He was killed during an annual holiday parade which marks the day, October 6, 1973, that Egypt made a critical successful surprise attack on Israel during the 1973 war.

        “Death to Pharaoh!” the young Army officer shouted. He and his confederates jumped off the truck shot into the reviewing stand where Sadat had been watching the annual parade. “I killed the Pharaoh, and I do not fear death.” Sadat’s detention of Muhammad Shawqi al-Islambouli had spurred his brother, Khalid, to seize an opportunity presented on short notice to assassinate Anwar Sadat.

        Kamal Habib, founder of Egyptian Islamic Jihad and writer for the IANA quarterly magazine, who spent 10 years in prison in connection with the assassination, told academic Fawaz Gerges: “It was not a well-coordinated operation, and it succeeded by a miracle.”

        A street was named after Khalid Islambouli in Iran, with Iran having been upset at Egypt for granting the Shah safe haven. After leaving Egypt in the mid-1980s, Muhammad Islambouli operated in Pakistan recruiting Egyptian fighters for the war in Afghanistan, and headed a branch of Bin Laden’s Maktab al-Khidmat (‘Bureau of Services’) in Peshawar. Muhammad Islambouli was the subject of the December 4, 1998 Presidential Daily Brief titled “Bin Ladin Preparing to Hijack US Aircraft and Other Attacks” explaining that Bin Laden planned an attack on the US involving airplanes and that the motivation was to free the blind sheik Abdel-Rahman and a dissident Saudi sheik.

        In his Fall 2001 Knights Under the Banner of the Prophet, Zawahiri explained that the US support for Israel (at Egypt’s expense) was well-illustrated by the historic 33-day airlift to Israel after this October 6 attack. He argues that the US support for Israel made the difference between success or failure for Egypt. Al-Zawahiri describes how the United States shipped weapons, ammunition, and tanks to Israel for 33 days, with the goal being to compensate Israel for its war losses and to swiftly upgrade the combat capabilities.

        He explained in his Fall 2001 book: “The animosity to Israel and America in the hearts of islamists is indivisible. It is an animosity that has provided the ‘al-Qa’dia’ and the epic of jihad in Afghanistan with a continuous flow of ‘Arab Afghans.'” Regarding the Egyptian-Israeli peace treaty, Zawahiri adds: “Whoever examines the Egyptian-Israeli peace treaty will realize that it was intended to be a permanent treaty from which Egypt could not break loose. It was concluded in an attempt to establish on the ground, by force and coercion, a situation whereby it would be difficult to change by any government hostile to Israel that comes after Al-Sadat.” The militants were especially angry that Sadat had not fully implemented shariah law.

        Complicating consideration of the issue, on October 5, 2001, the shura member of EIJ and former head of Bin Laden’s farm in the Sudan, Mahjoub, had his bail denied. Mahmoud Mahjoub was second in command of the Vanguards of Conquest. A letter containing nonpathogenic bacteria had been sent in late January 2001 threatening use of mailed anthrax to the immigration minister signing his security certificate. Mahjoub was bin Laden’s farm manager in Sudan. Al-Hawsawi, KSM’s assistant with the anthrax spraydrying documents on his laptop, kept the books.

        The CIA and FBI analysts should have pored over translations of the journal Al-Manar Jadeed published by the Ann Arbor-based Islamic Assembly of North America from 1998 – 2002 by writers based in Cairo. It mainly concerned Egyptian politics and planned the strategy based on all that had gone on before. There was a change in tone between the first piece by Gamal Sultan and the second installment. The first (before his letter to Abdel-Rahman) urged a pluralistic tolerant approach to differing views while the second issue (after his letter to Abdel-Rahman) contained his piece that seems to have resorted to the familiar intransigent neo-Salafist view. Instead, their focus came to center on some semen-stained panties and the rage he expressed after they falsely told him that a colleague, Dr. Heine, had accused him of the mailings.

        In a September 2006 video, in a message on yet another 5-year anniversary of 9/11, Zawahiri explained: “Among the most prominent of these conspirators are the rulers of Egypt, the Arabian Peninsula and Jordan and the traitors in Iraq who shade themselves with the cross of America, the Great Satan…[For these regimes] the slogan ‘death to America, death to Israel’ has gone to be replaced by ‘rule from America and peace with Israel.'” On numerous occasions, Zawahiri has been paying express attention to anniversary dates.

        • DXer said

          The CIA’s December 4, 1998 Presidential Daily Brief: The Ghost Of Sadat’s Assassin Visits the United States to Plan the Attacks Using Aircraft and Other Means

          Former CIA agent Robert Baer in See No Evil first publicly reported that in 1996 KSM was in a cell with Mohammed Islambouli, the younger brother of Khaled al-Islambouli, the militant who assassinated Egyptian President Anwar al-Sadat in 1981. Baer’s source was a local police chief.

          ABC’s Brian Ross has reported that “the FBI tracked Mohammed to Doha, and was within hours of capturing him.” Ross’s source was Jack Cloonan, in the New York Office Bin Laden Squad. Cloonan told Ross that “a specially equipped government executive jet complete with blackout windows, was standing by to transport Mohammed.” As recounted by author Peter Lance in Triple Cross, Cloonan said that “somebody had leaked the information to Khalid Shaikh and he left.” Brian Ross identified the collaborator as none other than the Qatari religious affairs minister. The FBI’s elite Hostage Rescue team found that he had already fled to the Czech Republic. Mohammed’s work at the water department is worth noting given the later plans and research relating to poisoning water supplies.

          A recently disclosed Detainee Asssessment indicates that in 1997, Islambouli was with Ayman Zawahiri for a visit to Yemen.

          The “Presidential Daily Brief” on December 4, 1998 to President Clinton, titled “Bin Ladin Preparing to Hijack US Aircraft and Other Attacks,” states: “1. Reporting [ redacted ] suggests Bin Ladin and his allies are preparing for attacks in the US, including an aircraft hijacking to obtain the release of Shaykh Umar ‘Abd al-Rahman, Ramzi Yousef, and Muhammad Sidiq Awda.'” Awda was al-Hawali’s fellow radical Saudi sheik who was detained from 1994 through 1998. Sheik Abdel-Rahman, Awda and al-Hawali were all expressly the subject of Bin Laden’s 1996 declaration of war against the US. US Sheik Al-Timimi drafted a letter for al-Hawali and had it hand-delivered to members of Congress on the first anniversary of anthrax letters to Senators.

          The December 1998 PDB continued: “One source quoted a senior member of Gama’ at al-Islamiya (IG) saying that, as of October, the IG had completed planning an operation in the US on behalf of bin Ladin, but that the operation was on hold. A senior Bin Ladin operative from Saudi Arabia was to visit IG counterparts in the US soon thereafter to discuss options — perhaps including an aircraft hijacking.” The December 4, 1998 PDB stated: “IG leader Islambouli in late September was planning to hijack a US airliner during the “next couple of weeks” to free ‘Abd al-Rahman and the other prisoners, according to what may be a different source.” Islambouli was the brother of Sadat’s assassin. Islambouli is still at large and is working with Zawahiri. He can be thought of as the leader of those IG members who support Al Qaeda.

          The younger brother of Sadat’s assassin, Mohammed, had gone to Pakistan where he had joined Al Qaeda and run a camp. Islambouli operated in Afghanistan and had good connections in Pakistan. He worked for Maktab al-Khidmat (Bureau of Services) in Peshawar. When the blind sheik visited Peshawar, he would stay at a large house outside of Peshawar with both Islambouli and Ayman. Islambouli had an Algerian passport. He left Peshawar, Pakistan for Afghanistan in Spring 1993 upon a crackdown on foreign fighters. In more recent years he reportedly spent some time living in Algeria.

          In his introduction on an August 2006 tape, Al-Zawahiri said the Egyptian group was led by Mohammed al-Islambouli. It had been his brother Mohammed’s detention that motivated the assassin Khalid Islambouli to seize an opportunity presented to kill Sadat on October 6, 1981. Sadat was killed during the annual Armed Forces parade celebrating Egypt’s successful attack on Israel in 1973. The militants objected to his signing the Camp David Agreement establishing a peace between Israel and Egypt. The assassin was promptly tried, sentenced to death, and executed. The anthrax mailer appears to have chosen the dates of the approval of that agreement and Sadat’s assassination to send the anthrax letters.

          The Al Qaeda spymaster Al-Hakayma appeared on a tape in 2006 claiming that IG had joined formally with Al Qaeda. In front of a grove of palm trees, Al-Hakayma said former members had decided to revive the group and rejected the imprisoned leaders’ adherence to a truce. He vowed loyalty to Sheik Omar Abdel Rahman. This was a controversial announcement because the shura members of the group had denounced violence against innocents and dissolved their military wing.

          The person making the announcement, Al-Hakayma, was the Al Qaeda spymaster, an Egyptian Islamic Group member himself, who had summarized the Amerithrax investigation in a 2002 treatise on US intelligence apparatus. Al-Hakayma says in the interview that a group of hardliners from Al Jamaa Al Islamiya had joined Al Qaeda, “to help our great scholar, His Eminence the unshakable Sheikh Omar Abdel Rahman, languishing in the dungeons of the American prisons.”

        • DXer said

          http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2011/05/05/eveningnews/main20060229.shtml

          CBS News has learned that memos recovered from bin Laden’s lair show the al Qaeda leader was thinking big. The memos reference potential attacks against major American cities – New York, Washington, Chicago and Los Angeles. Sources say the writings suggest striking on important specific dates like July Fourth, September 11th and New Year’s.

          The information is interesting to analysts, because it may suggest a subtle shift in terror planning. Historically, al Qaeda has attacked when it’s ready, not necessarily on holidays and anniversaries.

    • DXer said

      “Leahy Law” and Appropriations to Military and Security Units

      After the assassination of Anwar Sadat, Cairo attorney Montasser al-Zayat first met blind sheik Abdel-Rahman after Montasser had been tortured for 12 hours. He was near a mental breakdown. Abdel-Rahman came over to where he was huddled in a corner of a cell, bent over and whispered: “Rely on God; don’t be defeated.” Mohammed had spoken the words in the Koran. Al- Zayat would become one of Sheik Omar’s most trusted legal advisers and a lawyer on the defense team of El Sayyid Nosair. Nosair was the Egyptian who was Abdel-Rahman’s bodyguard and was tried in New York in 1990 for the murder of Rabbi Meir Kahane. In March 1999, attorney al-Zayat was representing defendants in a massive prosecution of jihadists in Cairo. He told the press that Ayman Zawahiri would use weaponized anthrax against US targets because of the continued extradition pressure and torture faced by Egyptian Islamic Jihad members. Two senior EIJ leaders then on trial were saying the same thing to the press and in confessions.

      The founder of Egyptian Islamic Jihad Kamal Habib (who wrote for the quarterly magazine of the US charity Islamic Assembly of North America) told scholar Fawaz Gerges:

      “The prison years also radicalized al-shabab [young men] and set them on another violent journey. The torture left deep physical and psychological scars on jihadists and fueled their thirst for vengeance. Look at my hands — still spotted with the scars from cigarette burns nineteen years later. For days on end we were brutalized — our faces bloodied, our bodies broken with electrical shocks and other devices. The torturers aimed at breaking our souls and brainwashing us. They wanted to humiliate us and force us to betray the closest members of our cells.
      I spent sleepless nights listening to the screams of young men echoing from torture chambers. A degrading, dehumanizing experience. I cannot convey to you the rage felt by al-shabab who were tortured after Sadat’s assassination.” When Kamal Habib wrote for the jihad-supporting Assirat, Al-Timimi was on the Board of Advisers.

      In a videotape that circulated in the summer of 2001, Zawahiri said “In Egypt they put a lot of people in jails — some sentenced to be hanged. And in the Egyptian jails, there is a lot of killing and torture. All this happens under the supervision of America. America has a CIA station as well as an FBI office and a huge embassy in Egypt, and it closely follows what happens in that country. Therefore, America is responsible for everything that happens.”

      An August 29, 2001 opinion column on Islamway, the second most read site for english speaking muslims, illustrates that the role of “Leahy Law” was known by educated islamists:

      “There is an intolerable contradiction between America’s professed policy of opposition to state-sponsored terrorism, exemplified by the Leahy Law, and the U.S. Congress’ continuing sponsorship of Israeli violence against Palestinians.” The article cited “References: CIFP 2001. “Limitations on Assistance to Security Forces: ‘The Leahy Law’” 4/9/01 (Washington, DC: Center for International Foreign Policy) Center for International Foreign Policy Accessed 8/28/01.Hocksteader, Lee 2001.

      The next day, in the same publication, there was an article describing the 21-page document released in Ottawa on August 29, 2001, in which the CSIS claimed that Canadian detainee Jaballah had contacts with the Egyptian Islamic Jihad leader Shehata and sought to deport Jaballah. Shehata was in charge of EIJ’s Civilian Branch and in charge of “special operations.” It would be seven more years — not until February 2008 — before the Canadian government for the first time revealed that after coming to Canada in 1996, Jaballah would contact Ayman Zawahiri regularly on Ayman’s Inmarsat satellite phone.

      “They [Senators Daschle and Leahy] represent something to him,” says James Fitzgerald of the FBI Academy’s Behavioral Analysis Unit. “Whatever agenda he’s operating under, these people meant something to him.” To more fully appreciate why Leahy — a human rights advocate and liberal democrat — might have been targeted as a symbol, it is important to know that Senator Leahy has been the head of the Senate Appropriations Subcommittee on Foreign Operations, the panel in charge of aid to Egypt and Israel. In addition to the Senate majority leader, anthrax was mailed to the position symbolic of the 50 billion in appropriations that has been given to Israel since 1947 (and the equally substantial $2 billion annually in aid that has been keeping Mubarak in power in Egypt and the militant islamists out of power).

      Within a couple weeks after September 11, a report in the Washington Post and then throughout the muslim world explained that the President sought a waiver that would allow military assistance to once-shunned nations. The militant islamists who had already been reeling from the extradition of 70 “brothers”, would now be facing much more of the same. President Bush asked Congress for authority to waive all existing restrictions on U.S. military assistance and exports for the next five years to any country where the aid would help the fight against international terrorism. The waiver would include those nations who were currently unable to receive U.S. military aid because of their sponsorship of terrorism (such as Syria and Iran) or because of their nuclear weapons programs (such as Pakistan).

      The options being considered in response to the September 11 attacks in New York and Washington included potential cooperation with virtually every Middle Eastern and South and Central Asian nation near Afghanistan. “Either you are with us or you are with the terrorists” would be the only test for foreign aid. The “Leahy Law” plays a key role in the secret “rendering” of Egyptian Islamic Jihad (Al Qaeda) operatives to countries like Egypt, Jordan, Syria and Algeria where they are allegedly tortured. Richard Clarke, counterterrorism czar during the Clinton Administration, has quoted former Vice-President Gore saying: “Of course it’s a violation of international law, that’s why it’s a covert action. The guy is a terrorist. Go grab his ass.” Although humanitarian in its intent, the Leahy Law permits continued appropriations to military and security units who conduct torture in the event of “extraordinary circumstances.”

      In an interview broadcast on al-Jazeera television on October 7, 2001 (October 6 in the US) — about when the second letter saying “Death to America’” and “Death to Israel” was mailed — Ayman Zawahiri echoed a familiar refrain sounded by Bin Laden: “O people of the U.S., can you ask yourselves a question: Why all this enmity for the United States and Israel? *** Your government supports the corrupt governments in our countries.” (Zawahiri watched the broadcast with Al-Hawsawi, who had the anthrax spraydrying documents on his laptop; Al-Hawsawi worked for Dr. Ayman and KSM as part of the media operation, :”The Clouds.”

      A month after 9/11, late at night, a charter flight from Cairo touched down at the Baku airport. An Egyptian, arrested by the Azerbaijan authorities on suspicions of having played a part in the September 11 attack, was brought on board. His name was kept secret. That same night the plane set off in the opposite direction. Much of the Amerithrax story has happened at night with no witnesses, with the rendering of University of Karachi microbiology student Saeed Mohammed merely one example. At the time Ayman Zawahiri was getting his biological weapons program in full swing, his own brother Mohammed was picked up in the United Arab Emirates. He was secretly rendered to Egyptian security forces and sentenced to death rendered in the 1999 Albanian returnees case.

      Throughout 2001, the Egyptian islamists were wracked by extraditions and renditions. CIA Director Tenet once publicly testified that there had been 70 renditions prior to 9/11. At the same time a Canadian judge was finding that Mahmoud Mahjoub was a member of the Vanguards of Conquest and would be denied bail, Bosnian authorities announced on October 6, 2001 they had handed over three Egyptians to Cairo who had been arrested in July. In Uruguay, a court authorized the extradition to Egypt of a man wanted in Egypt for his alleged role in the 1997 Luxor attack. Ahmed Agiza, the leader of the Vanguards of Conquest (which can be viewed as an offshoot of Jihad), was handed over by Sweden in December 2001.

      One islamist, a Hamas supporter, summarized why the anthrax was sent in an ode “To Anthrax” on November 1, 2001: “O, anthrax, despite, your wretchedness, you have sewn horror in the heart of the lady of arrogance, of tyranny, of boastfulness!”

      The appropriations go to the core of Al Qaeda’s complaint against the United States. (The portion going to Egypt and Israel constituted, by far, the largest portion of US foreign aid, and most of that is for military and security purposes.) Pakistan is a grudging ally in the “war against terrorism” largely due to the US Aid it now receives in exchange for that cooperation. The press in Pakistan newspapers regularly reported on protests arguing that FBI’s reported 12 agents in Pakistan in 2002 were an affront to its sovereignty. There was a tall man, an Urdu-speaking man, and a woman — all chain-smokers — who along with their colleagues were doing very important work in an unsupportive, even hostile, environment. The US agents — whether CIA or FBI or US Army — caused quite a stir in Pakistan along with the Pakistani security and intelligence officials who accompanied them. In mid-March 2003, Washington waived sanctions imposed in 1999 paving the way for release in economic aid to Pakistan. Billions more would be sent to Egypt, Israel and other countries involved in the “war against terrorism.”

      The commentators who suggest that Al Qaeda would have had no motivation to send weaponized anthrax to Senators Daschle and Leahy as symbolic targets — because they are liberal — are mistaken. The main goal of Dr. Zawahiri is to topple President Mubarak. He views the US aid as the chief obstacle and is indifferent to this country’s labels of conservative and liberal.

      Zawahiri likely was surprised that the plainly worded message of the letters accompanying the anthrax was not deemed clear. Perhaps the talking heads would not have been so quick to infer an opposite meaning if no message had been expressed using words at all. Perhaps the if the sender had relied only on what KSM describes as the language of war — the death delivered by the letters — the pundits would not have been so misdirected. But why was Al Qaeda evasive on the question of responsibility for the anthrax mailings, dismissing the issue with a snicker, and claiming that Al Qaeda did not know anything about anthrax? Simple. Bin Laden denied responsibility for 9/11 until it was beyond reasonable dispute. On September 16, 2001, he said: “The US is pointing the finger at me but I categorically state that I have not done this. I am residing in Afghanistan. I have taken an oath of allegiance (to Taliban leader Mullah Mohammad Omar) which does not allow me to do such things from Afghanistan.” Before that, Ayman had denied the 1998 embassy bombings too. On August 20, 1998, coincidentally on the day of strikes on camps in Afghanistan and Sudan, Ayman al-Zawahiri contacted The News, a Pakistani English-language daily, and said on behalf of Bin Laden that “Bin Laden calls on Moslem Ummah to continue Jihad against Jews and Americans to liberate their holy places. In the meanwhile, he denies any involvement in the Nairobi and Dar es Salaam bombings.” To Ayman, “war is deception.”

      The targeted Senators have another connection pertinent to the Egyptian militants. The United States and other countries exchange evidence for counterterrorism cases under the legal framework of a Mutual Legal Assistance Treaty (”MLAT”). Egypt is signatory of such a treaty that was ratified by the United States Senate in late 2000. For example, when the Fall 2001 rendition of Vanguards of Conquest leader Agizah was criticized, the US explained that it was relying on the MLAT. In the prosecution of Post Office worker Ahmed Abdel Sattar, Sattar’s attorney Michael Tigar, at trial in December 2004 explained: “Now, that might be classified, it’s true, but we have now found out and our research has just revealed that on, that the State Department has reported that it intends to use and relies on the mutual legal assistance treaty between the United States and Egypt signed May 3, 1998, in Cairo, and finally ratified by the United States Senate on October 18th, 2000. The State Department issued a press report about this treaty on November 29th, 2001 and I have a copy here.” He explained that “Article IV of the treaty provides that requests under the treaty can be made orally as well as under the formal written procedures required by the treaty, that those requests can include requests for testimony, documents, and even for the transfer to the United States if the treaty conditions are met.

      Vanguards of Conquest spokesman Al-Sirri was a co-defendant in the case against post office worker Sattar. In the late 1990s Sattar and he often spoke in conversations intercepted by the FBI. Al-Sirri’s fellow EIJ cell members in London were subject to process under those treaties at the time of the anthrax mailings. Those London cell members had faxed the claim of responsibility which stated the motive for the 1998 embassy bombings. A group calling itself the “Islamic Army for the Liberation of the Holy Places” took credit for the bombings listing as among their demands “the release of the Muslims detained in the United State[s] first and foremost Sheikh Omar Abdel Rahman (the spiritual guide of the Gama’a Islamiya) who is jailed in the United States.” As reason for the bombings, in addition to the rendition recent EIJ members to Cairo and the detention of Blind Sheik Abdel-Rahman, the faxes pointed to the detention of dissident Saudi Sheik al-Hawali . Al-Hawali was the mentor of GMU microbiology student Al-Timimi who spoke in London in August 2001 alongside 911 Imam Awlaki (also from Falls Church) and unindicted WTC 1993 conspirator Bilal Philips. Al-Timimi was in contact with Saudi sheik Al-Hawali in 2002 and arranged to hand deliver a message to all members of Congress he had drafted in al-Hawali’s name on the first anniversary of the anthrax mailings to Senator Leahy and Daschle.

      • DXer said

        Zawahiri’s View of the “Lies” of the Secular Media

        Zawahiri explained in the Fall of 2001:

        “The killing of Anwar al-Sadat .. was a strong blow to the US-Israeli plan for the region:

        “This proves the lies that are reiterated by Arab secularism that several jihad movements, especially those in the Afghan jihad, are the creation of the United States. One is surprised by the capacity of secular writers to lie. Seeing the overwhelming support in the Muslim world for the Islamic Jihad movements, which dealt painful blows to the United States, they invented this lie, forgetting that Anwar al-Sadat was killed at the hands of fundamentalists in 1981, i.e., at the beginning of the Afghan jihad. These mujahidin participated in the Afghan jihad afterward.”

        Zawahiri summarizes in Knights Under The Banner of the Prophet: “If we add to the foregoing the media siege imposed on the message of the jihad movement as well as the campaign of deception mounted by the government media we should realize the extent of the gap in understanding between the jihad movement and the common people.”

        In his book first published October 7, 2001, Zawahiri says of the media:

        “The Western media and the Arab media are both responsible for demeaning and distorting the image of the Arab Afghans. They portrayed them as half insane maniacs who revolted against America, who trained and financed them before. This was repeated over and over after the comeback of the Arab Afghans in the second half of the 90’s. . . . The aim of the American campaign to defame the Arab Afghans is clear. America is trying to deprive the Arab nation of claiming the championship. It’s as if the Americans are saying to us, ”Those who you think of as heroes are made by me and they are mercenaries who revolted against me when I stopped financing them.”

        Even dating back to the summer of 1993, CBS’ Dan Rather was just one of many who carried reports of the blind sheik being let in the country, with interviewees taking the position that they believed the sheik was being deliberately rewarded by the CIA for his help in the Afghanistan war.

        The best publicly evidence available online of Dr. Al-Timimi’s own views on the subject are his online speeches, “The Negative Portrayal Of Islam In the Media” and “Crusader Complex: Western Perceptions of Islam.” In 1994, Al-Timimi spoke alongside Commander Abu Abdel Aziz ‘Barbaros’ (Bosnia) at the annual IANA conference. Barbaros was the Al Qaeda recruiter who met at BIF offices in Zagreb, Croatia in 1992 to plan strategy relating to jihad directed against the US. Jihadist fighter “Barbaros” speaks pretty directly to the issue in a 1994 interview “Understanding Jihad” in the arab language Assirat, for which Al-Timimi served on the advisory board.

        “THE MEDIA CAMPAIGN (AGAINST JIHAD)
        The main purpose of the International media campaign against Jihad is to paint it with the trait of terrorism and things of that sort. (This is done) to push people away from it. They know that Muslims, if they hold tight to Jihad, will achieve the intended thrust which will make them reach whatever Allah wills. They know quite well that the Muslim zeal to Jihad stems from the belief that Allah is the sole source of victory, He will send His help from the sky and that if the Mujahid dies, his abode shall be the highest Firdaws (Peak of Paradise)…”

        Why did the sender target the New York Post rather than the New York Times? One would expect the New York Times to be targeted if a conservative biodefense insider was responsible. Was the mailer from the New York City region? The New York Post is one of the most pro-Israel papers around. The Post letter was addressed to the “Editor.”

        In an audiotape received by al-Jazeera and published in October 2002, Zawahiri repeated his view of the secular lies being told: “America is clearly lying concerning any news related to Afghanistan.” Bin Laden himself in January 2004 noted “This is in addition to the crusader media campaigns against the Islamic nation.”

  54. Old Atlantic said

    http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/pakistan/1362083/Telegraph-reporter-deported.html

    “Telegraph reporter deported
    12:01AM GMT 10 Nov 2001

    A TELEGRAPH reporter and photographer were ordered to leave Pakistan yesterday.

    Christina Lamb and Justin Sutcliffe were woken at 2am in their hotel rooms in Quetta and arrested. They were shown a document from the Ministry of Interior in Islamabad that described them as “dangerous”.

    The pair were taken to a disused hotel near the railway station in Quetta and held for 12 hours before being driven by the police to the airport, where they boarded a flight to Islamabad.

    A police spokesman said: “Their visas have been cancelled and they have been deported.” The home secretary for Baluchistan province, Azmat Orakzai, said: “She was involved in mysterious activities and she was doing what a professional journalist should usually avoid.”

    He did not elaborate. The pair, who were in Pakistan four weeks ago, had been in the country for just 48 hours on their second visit, when they were ordered out.

    Christina Lamb was investigating ties of Pakistan to 9/11. She was ordered out and Daniel Pearl was killed for investigating Pakistan ties to 9/11. General Ahmed of Pakistan ISI had been ordered to retire just after 9/11 a couple months before this deportation.

    This is evidence of Pakistan involvement in 9/11 just like any sort of witness tampering or obstruction. To be a witness, you don’t have to have been there when the crime was committed. Amber Frey was not present when Scott Peterson killed Laci Peterson, but she was a witness.

  55. Old Atlantic said

    http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/events/asia_nuclear_crisis/world_media/111233.stm

    “Friday, 12 June, 1998, 00:00 GMT 01:00 UK
    Pakistan paper sees sanctions as unjust”


    The Pakistani independent daily newspaper The Nation has described international sanctions against Pakistan as unjust, because it says Pakistan did not initiate the series of nuclear tests in the subcontinent.

    It also said sanctions lacked moral authority, because the main nuclear powers retained their weapons.

    Search Pakistan sanctions unjust to see other statements from Pakistan that the sanctions on it were unjust. The word unjust has specific implications for Muslims, i.e. it justifies attack. Pakistan ISI has such ways of thinking.

    This is in the same year as the Kargil War where Pakistan attacked India with Pakistan army troops claiming they were terrorists. When India won, it offered to return the bodies of Pakistan’s own soldiers and Pakistan refused saying they were terrorists. That was the same Musharraf and Pakistan ISI general as in the coup and as in 9/11. The Pakistan ISI general had to resign after 9/11. Search Pakistan ISI general Mahmud Ahmed resigns. Note various spellings of his name.

    Also note role of Ahmed Omar Saeed Sheikh and the killing of Daniel Pearl while investigation ties. Pakistan ordered press out. Also see 9/11 Complete Timeline Pakistan entries.

  56. DXer said

    Egypt’s al-Zawahri likely to succeed bin Laden

    Monday – 5/2/2011, 7:57am ET

    http://www.wtop.com/?nid=931&sid=2366696

  57. Old Atlantic said

    Motive evidence.

    Fallacy: The prosecution first proves the accused did it, then they have to prove the reason they did it was the girl friend. The fallacy person thinks that the prosecution first proved Scott Peterson did it, then they had to prove it was for Amber Frey. The prosecution was allowed to have Amber Frey testify as evidence that Peterson did it. The jury was allowed by the judge to use motive as part of the evidence to determine guilt.

    If the prosecution had to first prove the person did it, and then afterwards had to prove the reason was the girl friend, then motive evidence would be redundant and not worth the effort.

    Pakistan got the money from 9/11. They were under crippling sanctions. They were found holding bin Laden, whom you concede was involved in 9/11, in a million dollar compound in one of their cities. This is sufficient evidence for a jury to conclude that Pakistan was part of the 9/11 conspiracy. A judge would allow a case to go to a jury where a person had the money from the crime and was harboring the fugitive who was known to be part of the crime. And juries would convict.

    • DXer said

      The motive evidence relating to the anthrax mailings — which is the subject of this blog — is the stated intention by Egyptian Islamic Jihadshura members Al-Najjar and Mabruk, and the blind sheik’s lawyer Montasser Al-Zayat — that Dr. Ayman Zawahiri planned on using anthrax against US targets to retaliate for the rendering of Egyptian Islamic Jihad leaders. The point was sharpened by the rendition of his and Heba’s brother Muhammad in the Spring of 1999. Dr. Ayman’s mom and sister cried for a year.

      Bin Laden, Dr. Ayman, KSM etc have explained the motive for 9/11 at length in numerous communications — on television, radio, and in print. KSM similarly explained the motive for 9/11 before the military tribunal.

      • DXer said

        The Anthrax Letters: “Written In Language You Can Understand”

        An October 2007 affidavit in support of a search of the home of Ft. Detrick microbiologist Bruce Ivins states:

        “In that same September 26, 2001 email, Dr. Ivins states “Osama Bin Laden has just decreed death to all Jews and all Americans” — language similar to the text of the anthrax letters postmarked two weeks later warning “DEATH TO AMERICA,” “DEATH TO ISRAEL.”

        Bin Laden had decreed that and Dr. Ivins was accurately describing a well- publicized news event.

        One affidavit reads “Ivins sent an email to a friend [redacted] a few days before the anthrax attacks warning [redacted] that “Bin Laden terrorists for sure have anthrax and sarin gas”… Actually, the email was September 26, 2001 a full week after the first anthrax attack. The FBI omitted Ivins’ phrase “I just heard tonight…” and fails to disclose the media accounts appearing that day to include evening broadcast reports repeating Gertz’ column making that point in the Washington Times.

        Bill Gertz had published a September 26 column that morning reporting that Al Qaeda attempting to acquire sarin and anthrax.

        “Intelligence officials say classified analysis of the types of chemicals and toxins sought by al Qaeda indicate the group probably is trying to produce the nerve agent Sarin, or biological weapons made up of anthrax spores.”

        Just before the 1998 embassy bombings, Zawahiri and his Vanguards of Conquest had said that the rendering of the senior EIJ leaders would be answered in “language you can understand.” Before the military tribunal, in March 2007, KSM talked of the language of war — deaths. “Same language you use, I use. That is why the language of any war in the world is killing.” Here, the lethal letters were plainly worded.

        The letter postmarked September 18, 2001 read:

        “09-11-01
        THIS IS NEXT
        TAKE PENACILIN NOW
        DEATH TO AMERICA
        DEATH TO ISRAEL
        ALLAH IS GREAT.”

        From the streets of Cairo to Tehran to Jakarta, on historic anniversaries (such as Jerusalem Day in Iran, the day the Israeli state was created) protesters have gathered on the streets and shouted “Death to America!” and “Death to Israel!” For the talking heads to profile it as a non-Islamist awkwardly trying to sound muslim is odd. It is in fact the common protest slogan.
        What surer way to avoid giving away clues than to use common short phrases or short sentences using common words. Egyptians such as Islamic Group leader and soft-spoken accountant, Taha — and Egyptian Islamic Jihad #2 Shehata and Shawqi Islambuli, brother of Sadat’s assassin — may very well have watched these protesters shouting these very chants while living in Iran after 9/11.

        The next month, the letter arriving one Friday afternoon at Senator Daschle’s office at Room 509 of the Hart Office Building had garnered little notice. It was routed up to the sixth-floor mailroom. No one opened the letter that afternoon. They were all at a talk on the threat of biochemical attacks sent through the mail. On Monday morning, however, an intern found the innocuous looking letter, postmarked October 9, 2001, at the top of a pile of a stack of mail waiting to be opened. The intern made a slight cut and immediately a small amount of powder spilled out on her skirt, shoes and the floor, as well as an intern standing next to her. She froze. The Capitol Hill officers arriving at the scene opened the letter and read it aloud:

        “09-11-01
        YOU CAN NOT STOP US.
        WE HAVE THIS ANTHRAX.
        YOU DIE NOW.
        ARE YOU AFRAID?
        DEATH TO AMERICA.
        DEATH TO ISRAEL.
        ALLAH IS GREAT.”

        Among the piles of papers of documents relating to anthrax in a house associated with a Pakistan charity was a drawing of a jet shooting down a balloon. (There were 10 copies each as if a seminar or brainstorming session was being conducted). The words “YOU ARE DEAD, BANG.” Thus, although some pundits argued that “YOU DIE NOW” in the anthrax letters does not sound like a militant islamist, the physical evidence relating to Al Qaeda’s anthrax planning suggests otherwise. Indeed, “WE HAVE THIS ANTHRAX” was starkly threatening, just like Atta’s “We have some planes” to the passengers of AA Flight 11 over the intercom.

        Mohammed Islambouli, brother of Sadat’s assassin, may be the final key that unlocks the Amerithrax mystery. Islambouli was part of a cell with KSM. KSM took over from the Al Qaeda military head Atef as head of the anthrax weaponization operation. The Al Qaeda spymaster, Egyptian al-Hakaymah, wrote about Amerithrax. He announced that Islambouli was leading those Egyptian Islamic Group members who have joined Al Qaeda to seek the release of their leader blind sheik Abdel-Rahman. Islambouli was expected to send someone to the US to plan the next attack, as described in the December 4, 1998 Presidential Daily Brief to President Clinton that warned of a planned attack involving airplanes and other means. The 9/11 Commission Report contains a copy of the declassified December 1998 PDB which discusses Islambouli.

  58. Old Atlantic said

    Common plan or method evidence. Pakistan attacked India in the Kargil War claiming their own army were terrorists. This is common plan or method evidence that Pakistan conducts military attacks on other countries and claims it was done by terrorists.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kargil_War

    • Old Atlantic said

      Evidence of al Qaeda doing or planning or training for poisoning or anthrax would be and is evidence in the case of their involvement in the anthrax attacks in the US in autumn 2001.

  59. DXer said

    The documentary evidence shows that the 16 key pages were not obtained by the FBI until February 2005. If I were Plaintiff’s counsel in the Stevens matter, I would have made that the focus of inquiry at depositions.

    https://caseclosedbylewweinstein.wordpress.com/2010/03/13/dxer-reports-that-ivins-hosted-one-egyptian-visitor-in-the-b3-who-was-the-lifelong-friend-of-a-former-egyptian-islamic-jihad-member-a-schoolmate-recruited-by-ayman-zawahiri/

    https://caseclosedbylewweinstein.wordpress.com/2010/03/01/from-dxer-documents-related-to-university-of-michigan/

    https://caseclosedbylewweinstein.wordpress.com/2010/05/25/newly-released-ivins-emails-show-that-no-record-was-kept-of-transfers-to-former-zawahiri-associate-because-it-was-done-at-usamriid/

    https://caseclosedbylewweinstein.wordpress.com/2010/05/07/the-lifelong-friends-of-dr-tarek-hamouda-supplied-virulent-ames-by-bruce-ivins-actively-denounce-their-former-medical-school-associate-ayman-zawahiri-as-a-fanatic-one-serving-as-president-of-ca/

  60. Pakistan was under crippling sanctions before 9/11. It had the motive to support 9/11.

    http://www.nytimes.com/2001/09/07/opinion/07iht-edmansoor_ed3_.html


    Pakistan:Leaving U.S. Sanctions in Place Would Be Grave
    By Mansoor Ijaz, R. James Woolsey and James A. Abrahamson
    Published: FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 7, 2001

    NEW YORK: The Bush administration is preparing to lift punitive sanctions imposed on India for its nuclear program. But clearing this hurdle to bolster political, economic and military ties with India while maintaining even sterner sanctions on Pakistan would be seen throughout the Middle East as discrimination of the first order. Islamabad would be pushed in dangerous directions, particularly toward increased reliance on its nuclear and missile programs.

    Further crippling a weak Pakistan, perhaps to the point of state failure, would invite its myriad problems to spill over into other countries. Islamic militancy, arms and drug trafficking and religiously motivated sectarian violence could have devastating consequences for India’s economic prospects and cause trouble in important Islamic oil-producing countries. Risks to U.S. forces and interests in the Middle East would be a virtual certainty.

    • DXer said

      There is zero evidence Pakistan in any way supported 9/11 or the anthrax mailings.

      • DXer said

        For example, as for Al Qaea’s anthrax program, the Pakistan government scientist attending conferences sponsored by Porton Down with Bruce Ivins was grousing about how little Dr. Ayman was paying him.

      • Old Atlantic said

        “Rule 401 Definition of “Relevant Evidence”

        “Relevant evidence” means evidence having any tendency to make the existence of any fact that is of consequence to the determination of the action more probable or less probable than it would be without the evidence.”

        Yes there is evidence. The above is evidence of motive, which is evidence. Obama being found in the compound is evidence they were harboring him. Harboring a fugitive together with benefiting is evidence of complicity.

        (Try to cite sources in the future instead of just posting opinion.)

      • Old Atlantic said

        What specific evidence ties bin Laden personally to 9/11
        or the anthrax attacks?

        • DXer said

          As for 9/11, see the 9/11 Commission Report and the 750+ Detainee Assessments online.

          As for Al Qaeda’s anthrax program headed by Atef and Dr. Ayman, see the Detainee Assessment excerpts that have been uploaded.

        • Old Atlantic said

          Where in the report do they cite a specific witness’s testimony, DNA or video tape that bin Laden ordered it himself?

  61. DXer said

    Ayman Zawahiri, Anwar Awlaki, Anthrax, and Amerithrax: The Infiltration Of US Biodefense

    Posted by Lew Weinstein on April 12, 2011

    https://caseclosedbylewweinstein.wordpress.com/2011/04/12/ayman-zawahiri-anwar-awlaki-anthrax-and-amerithrax-the-infiltration-of-us-biodefense/

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