CASE CLOSED … what really happened in the 2001 anthrax attacks?

* DXer: Here is an A-Z directory and sample reporting from some of the dozens of excellent reporters who have covered Amerithrax and related issues.

Posted by DXer on October 22, 2013

from DXer … Here is an A-Z directory and sample reporting from some of the dozens of excellent reporters who have covered Amerithrax and related issues.



“FBI Checking Crop-Dusting Planes, Pilots,” Associated Press, April 22, 2004


“GMU Bioterrorism Center Unites Former Foes,” Washingon Post, February 14, 2002

AUGENSTEIN, NEAL – Feb. 10, 2009 – “Lawyer: Evidence against Bruce Ivins ‘Undercut'”



“Newsweek Poll: Bin Laden to Blame For Anthrax,”


Jeffrey Bartholet, “Terrorist Sleeper Cells: A U.S.-Based Al Qaeda ‘Sleeper Cell’ Was Poised to Launch a Post-Sept. 11 Attack on a Major Washington Target; Would-Be Terrorists Went Underground or Fled U.S. Evidence Indicates Al Qaeda Had Russian Help Developing Anthrax; Al-Zawahiri Believed Involved in Bin Laden’s Biological Weapons Program.” Newsweek, December 9, 2001.


Science Magazine – Oct. 11, 2011 – “New Challenge to FBI’s Anthrax Investigation Lends an Ear to Tin”


The New York Times – Feb. 24, 2010 (opinion) – “Haste Leaves Anthrax Case Unconcluded”


“Cropdusters grounded in poison alert: Toxic threat Pesticide planes could be used to spray cities,” Guardian, September 24, 2001

BRENNAN, PHIL   [Phil was a friend of Robert Stevens and had a very notable 6-part series in Newsmax as I recall]

“Alibek Doubts FBI Claims on Hatfill,” Newsmax, October 3, 2002.

BROAD, WILLIAM (with Scott Shane)

The New York Times – Oct. 9, 2011 – “Scientists’ Analysis Disputes F.B.I. Closing of Anthrax Case”


Asia Times – Feb. 25, 2010 – “Doubts cloud closing of anthrax case”


CADWALLADER, BRUCE (with Catherine Candisky)

“Anthrax Probe Story Is Baloney, FBI Says,” Columbus Dispatch, December 21, 2001  [Ed Lake’s theory was first to be debunked; but he persisted for 7 years, denying Hatfill was a suspect and reasoning the FBI suspected this POI]


MSNBC – Apr. 16, 2010 – “Exonerated anthrax suspect: FBI harassed me”

CONNOLLY, CECI (with Steve Fainaru)

Experts Debate Theory Hijacker Was Exposed


Does an Al Qaeda “Anthrax Operative” Own New York Pharmacies?

A detainee assessment released by WikiLeaks identifies a Pakistani pharmacist suspected of ties to terrorism.


Village Voice (blog) – July 19, 2011 – “Bruce Ivins Maybe Didn’t Send Anthrax, Government Admits in Court Papers”


“Warrantless Wiretapping Used In Terrorist Trial,”, December 8, 2008


CNN – Feb. 15, 2011 – “Scientific review reaches no conclusion on source of anthrax”

CULLISON, ALAN (with Andrew Higgins)  [what Mr. Cullison and WSJ colleagues did was some amazing Pulitzer-deserving sh**]

“Computer in Kabul holds chilling memos,” Wall Street Journal, December 31, 2001.



“Al Qaeda-Anthrax Link?,” CBS News, March 23, 2002


“Report Says UBL-Linked Groups Possess ‘Deadly’ Anthrax and Plague Viruses,” Melbourne Age (Internet version), June 4, 2000


“Silicon highlights remaining questions over anthrax investigation,”Nature, Sept. 29, 2008


The Times of Trenton – Feb. 26, 2010 – “Holt: Last word not in on anthrax case”


ECKSTEIN, MEGAN  (Adam Behsudi and the other FNP reporters also did good work but I didn’t have time to grab AB articles)

Frederick News-Post – Feb. 23, 2010 – “FBI report fails to end questions about Ivins’ guilt”

Frederick News-Post – July 19, 2011 – “Justice Department filings poke holes in Ivins’ case”

The Frederick News-Post – Dec. 10, 2010 – “Amerithrax review delayed after FBI releases more docs”

ENGELBERG, STEPHEN   (if you need to be told too often of incredible work done by ProPublica, McClatchy and Frontline, you just aren’t paying attention)
Their work is all the more impressive because they invested the resources to make documents and transcripts and raw interviews available.  Donate to public interest journalism today.

Stephen Engelberg et al., The Macon Telegraph – Oct. 11, 2011 – “Was FBI’s science good enough to ID anthrax killer?”



“For Decades, Mailing Germs Was Routine,” Philadelphia Inquirer, October 2, 2002

FRANTZ, DOUGLAS (with David Rohde)

“2 Pakistanis Linked to Papers on Anthrax Weapons,” New York Times, November 28, 2001
A NATION CHALLENGED: BIOLOGICAL TERROR; 2 Pakistanis Linked to Papers on Anthrax Weapons


The Atlantic – Apr. 16, 2010 – “The Wrong Man”


GANNON, KATHY     [Her book “I is for Infidel” should be put on your list of books to read; she has deep experience in that part of the world; she was there at the Taliban vaccine lab with the photographer taking pictures of the brown slurry harvested June 2001 that Yazid wouldn’t identify for me.]

“Taliban Showed Interest In Anthrax Research Lab. Scientists Say An Official Paid Frequent Visits” in The Boston Globe, November 22, 2001

GARRETT, LAURIE   (at book sales, when I’m in the relevant section people more than once have commented that her past books were very good).  She worked at Newsday previously.

Council on Foreign Relations – Oct. 12, 2011 – “The Anthrax Letters”

NPR (Laurie Garrett interview) – Aug. 26, 2011 – “A look back at 9/11 in ‘I Heard the Sirens Scream'”


Zawahiri’s Plan To Obtain the Ames Anthrax Strain

I switched from words to pictures because people are too busy to read.  A federal undercover did the graphics; I don’t even know photoshop.


“Biological weapons link to al-Qaida,” Guardian Unlimited, October 16, 2001

GILMORE, JIM (with Gordon, Engelberg and Wiser)

The Miami Herald – Oct. 12, 2011 – “Newly released files cloud FBI’s anthrax finding”

GORDON, GREG (with Engleberg) – Oct. 24, 2011 – “Secret Reports: With Security Spotty, Many Had Access to Anthrax”


“U.S. Says It Found Qaeda Lab Being Built to Produce Anthrax,” New York Times, March 23, 2002

GREENWALD, GLENN (Glenn Greenwald) – Apr. 21, 2010 – “Unlearned lessons from the Steven Hatfill case”

The Sacramento Bee – July 20, 2011 – “Justice Dept backtracks on anthrax claims”

GUGLIOTTA, GUY (with Gary Matsumoto)

“FBI’s Theory On Anthrax Is Doubted, Attacks Not Likely Work Of 1 Person, Experts Say,” Washington Post, October 28, 2002.



The Gazette – Oct. 12, 2011 – “Questions remain 10 years after anthrax mailings”

HERRIDGE, CATHERINE           (The Terror Pixie may find that she ends back with anthrax by pursuing her Awlaki-Al-TImimi-Wade Ammerman leads).

“FBI Focusing on ‘About Four’ Suspects in 2001 Anthrax Attacks,” FoxNews, March 28, 2008 – Mar. 7, 2009 – “FBI’s Evidence in Anthrax Case Leaves Puzzling Scientific Questions”


“Anthrax, ricin detected in Afghan labs,” United Press International, March 25, 2002

HOSENBALL, MARK  (like Isikoff, a heavy hitter on intel matters)

“A Germ Warfare Guru Goes Free”
Why did Malaysia release Al Qaeda’s bioweapons expert?
December 16, 2008

“Interrogation: Al Qaeda and Anthrax,” Newsweek, April 12, 2004


JADRNAK, JACKIE    (why on earth did Bruce send to UNM long before their BL-3 was up and running)?

“UNM Anthrax May Be Twin To Strain in Attacks,” Albuquerque Journal, December 19, 2001


“Hair Samples in Anthrax Case Don’t Match,” The Washington Post, August 14, 2008

The Washington Post – Aug. 1, 2009 – “Lawmaker ‘Skeptical’ of Anthrax Results”


“Is Al Qaeda Making Anthrax?” CBS News, October 9, 2003



“Their Faraway eyes”, Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, July 14, 2002


LENGEL, ALLAN – May 26, 2011 – “Rep. Nadler Criticizes the FBI in Letter to Director Mueller Over Anthrax Probe”


“Anthrax trail on wrong path?” Rocky Mountain News, September 5, 2002

LLOYD, ANTHONY (with Daniel McGrory)

“Poison trail that started in al-Qaeda safe house,” TimesOnline, January 8, 2003

Commission: Al-Qaida made surprising advances on biological weapon

Published, April 1, 2005


MACASKILL, MARK (with Nicholas Rufford)    what does cleric al-Bakri say about the Fall 2001 anthrax mailings?

“Muslim Calls for Bio-Weapon Holy War,” Sunday Times, September 5, 1999

MACKENZIE, DEBORA   (a heavy hitter on science issues)

New Scientist – Feb. 16, 2011 – “Scientists critical of FBI’s anthrax conclusions”

MARKON, JERRY   (a heavy hitter on intel matters)

Jerry Markon, “Government Secrecy May Lead to New Trial In Va. Terrorism Case,” Washington Post, November 21, 2007; Page A08


“Federal advisers say U.S. unprepared for biological attack,” Associated Press, August 27, 2002.

“Lab Suggests Qaeda Planned to Build Arms, Officials Say,” New York Times, September 14, 2002

MULLER, RICHARD  (a physics PhD as I recall)

“Al Qaeda’s Anthrax: Osama bin Laden behind the mail attacks?” Technology Review, April 16, 2002



Ouagrham-Gormley, Sonia Ben
Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists – Nov. 1, 2011 – “Amerithrax review: Lessons for future investigations”


“Who’s Afraid of Aafia Siddiqui?” Boston Magazine, October 2004


PARASCANDOLA, ROCCO   (a true crime guy; a still fascinating lead over a decade later)

“Guilty Plea in Fraud Case But Feds Fear Pakistani’s Purpose for buying Food Mixer,” Newsday , July 15, 2002.



“Does Al Qaeda Have Anthrax? Better Assume So,” National Journal, June 1, 2002.

RAZAK, AIDILA   (the reporter I most would like to have over for dinner; the series she and her colleagues did was Yazid Sufaat was amazing journalism; I don’t have a link to the one explaining Sufaat was a member of a since abandoned Malaysian biological weapons program.  But IMO it is the single most important article that has been done.  A subscription is required for the articles)

Yazid hails 9/11 attackers as ‘marketers of Islam’   (Yazid is actually a very nice guy; he should just be a truth-teller and let Allah sort out his secular concerns).


“Disturbing scenes of death show capability with chemical gas,” CNN, dated August 19, 2002.


SCHACTMAN, NOAH        (this was an important and influential article)

Wired Magazine – Mar. 24, 2011 – “Anthrax Redux: Did the Feds Nab the Wrong Guy?”


“Walker Lindh: Al Qaeda planned more attacks,” CNN, October 3, 2002

SCROGGINS, DEBORAH          (the world’s expert on and author of a  book on Aafia Siddiqui, she is an experienced journalist)

“The Most Wanted Woman in the World,” Vanity Fair, March 2005

SHARAF-AL-DIN, KHALID       (if you don’t understand the reports of the defendants in the trial relating to the Albanian Returnees, then you weren’t going to be informed in profiling the Fall 2001 anthrax mailings).

“Bin-Laden Men Reportedly Possess Biological Weapons,” Al-Sharaq al-Awsat, March 6, 1999 (FBIS/FTS 19990306000273)

SHANE, SCOTT   (influential throughout the course of the investigation; previously at Baltimore Sun; informed and insightful over the range of issues; overworked)

“Hijacker’s lesion deepens mystery,” Baltimore Sun, March 24, 2002

“New methods trace anthrax source by water,” Baltimore Sun, March 12, 2003

“Scientist says he’s anthrax ‘fall guy’,” Baltimore Sun, August 12, 2002,0,326233.story

SHANNON, ELAINE   (the mass spec on the toner is more important than the tracks)

“The Kinko’s Connection,” TIME, December 17, 2001,9171,1001477,00.html

SHERIDAN, MARY BETH    (Wade Ammerman is the FBI Agent who could explain a lot if allowed to speak to GAO)

“Hardball Tactics in an Era of Threats,” Washington Post September 3, 2006

STEIN, JEFF   (AUSA Lieber’s treatment of the polygraph issue illustrates overzealous prosecutorial approach that substitutes rationalization for evidence)

The Washington Post – Feb. 15, 2011 – “Ivins case’s inconvenient issue: his polygraph”



“U.S. Letter Tries To Establish a Doctor’s Links to Terrorists,” New York Times, dated November 6, 2004

TELL, DAVID       (David wrote extremely influential early pieces)

Remember Anthrax?
Despite the evidence, the FBI won’t let go of its “lone American” theory.
APR 29, 2002, VOL. 7, NO. 32

“Who is Syed Athar Abbas,” Weekly Standard, July 17, 2002.

The Hunting of Steven J. Hatfill
Why are so many people eager to believe that this man is the anthrax killer?
SEP 16, 2002, VOL. 8, NO. 01


UNKNOWN, OFFHAND (what can I say, some of the very most important articles were written by unknown;  I was short of “U’s” and am short of time)

“Taliban spokesman caught ‘with anthrax’: Afghan governor,” Nation (Pakistan) January 17, 2007

“Bio-terror strike ‘is inevitable’,” BBC News, November 21, 2005
The world must face the inevitability of a bio-terror attack by al-Qaeda, the head of Interpol has warned.

“Suspect in Pearl’s killing dies after interrogation; report,” AFP via Yahoo! News, November 11, 2007 (” Memon was helping al-Qaeda develop anthrax strains, the newspaper said.”)

“F.B.I. to question suspect in Malaysia,” New York Times, September 18, 2002

“Al Qaeda anthrax lab tech says he had been part of Malaysian Armed Forces biological weapons program”

“Sketches of anthrax bomb found in Pakistani scientist’s office,”, November 28, 2001

“Evidence of Anthrax Labs Near Kandahar,” March 25, 2002, ABCNews

“Bin Laden group ‘has bio-weapons,” BBC News, October 9, 2001

“US says al-Qaeda weapons lab found,” BBC News, March 22, 2002

“No Threat to Canton, Mayor Says Egyptian Man Who Researched City Water System, Parasitic Diseases at Library ‘Just Had Conversations,” Akron Beacon Journal, October 6, 2001

“Terrorist Investigation Heads To Local Library,” Clickondetroit, October 5, 2001

“Al Qaeda: Anthrax Found in Al-Qaeda [Zawahiri’s] Home,” Global Security Newswire, December 10, 2001

“Pakistan: Scientists Questioned About Anthrax Plans,” Global Security News, November 28, 2001

“Word for Word/Jihad Lit: Beware of Hidden Enemies And Their Wolves and Foxes,” New York Times, December 9, 2001



USA Today – Oct. 2, 2011 – “Al Qaeda lab lingers in anthrax story”

USA Today – Aug. 3, 2009 – “Anthrax case not closed: Panel reviews Bruce Ivins, mail probe”


WARRICK, JOBY     ( a personal favorite of mine for his environmental investigative work in an earlier life; we’ll have to forgive him for his article with the CSI pose of the FBI’s lab people).

Suspect and A Setback In Al-Qaeda Anthrax Case
October 31, 2006

“Report Sounds Alarm Over Bioterror: Bipartisan Study Finds Insufficient Laboratory Safeguards, Loose Regulations,” Washington Post, November 30, 2008


(Chertoff interview) “Bio Terror ‘Next Threat’ For US,” SkyNews, October 31, 2008

WILLIAMS, LANCE (with Erin McCormick)              great early reporting

“Did Bin Laden buy bioterror: trial testimony says he did,” San Francisco Chronicle, October 21, 2001.


MSNBC – July 19, 2011 – “Government lawyers backtrack on anthrax case”

WILLMAN, DAVID            Great access to the investigators looking to spin Ivin as a creepy guy who must be guilty.

“U.S. attorney’s office accused of anthrax case leaks,” Los Angeles Times, January 12, 2007

WISER, MIKE  (and Gordon and Engelberg)    (It would take a long time just to gather up all the important work done by this team; I cite only a few of their articles)

The Kansas City Star – Sept. 2, 2011 – “Sen. Grassley asks Justice Department to explain contradictory acts on anthrax”



“Broken Justice,” Frederick Gorilla, January 2012



Nature – Feb. 15, 2011 – “Science falls short in anthrax investigation”


The Baltimore Sun – Oct. 9, 2011 – “Frontline’s ‘Anthrax Files’ takes hard look at FBI role in suicide of Ft. Detrick scientist”–fbi-suicide-fort-detrick-scientist-20111009_1_detrick-scientist-bruce-ivins-fbi-role

14 Responses to “* DXer: Here is an A-Z directory and sample reporting from some of the dozens of excellent reporters who have covered Amerithrax and related issues.”

  1. DXer said

    New regional FBI chief sees threat from sequestration
    He says the agency will ‘do less with less’ when federal cuts slash its budget by $700 million.
    By David Hench

    The FBI’s new special agent in charge of the Boston field office, which covers Maine, led the investigation into the post-Sept. 11 anthrax attacks, was stationed in Yemen after the U.S. Embassy there was bombed in 2008, and helped lead the nation’s counterterrorism efforts out of FBI headquarters in Washington.


    Vincent Lisi, who led the investigation into the post Sept. 11 anthrax attacks, has publicly said that he knows who stole the Isabella Gardner paintings. (The FBI has known for a decade or two that it was done by Carmello Merlino’s crew).

    If the FBI is short of staff in Maine, with Elena Guarente’s permission I could go dig under that concrete slab in Maine behind Robert Guarente’s abandoned farmhouse.

    The FBI likes Connecticut or Philadelphia but it wouldn’t hurt to leave no rock or concrete slab unturned.

    Tony Amore, the museum’s security director, who had cut a path through the grass with his friends, shooed me away and suggested that I stay out of Maine.

    I happily obliged. Elena was working with him, not me. Besides, given his museum was offering the $5 million reward, there was no profit in disregarding the instruction. I left it to him to exhaust leads in Maine — but by then the FBI, with great public fanfare, had moved on to CT and Philly.

    Given the paintings have not been located yet, and given the FBI’s short staffing, I hope at least Tony and Elena roll up their sleeves.

    Sometimes the answer to a long unsolved mystery is right under your nose. Sometimes it leads back to where you started and it turns out you just left a rock unturned.

    My friend says that a NJ mobster was involved — or at least was killed because his friends thought he was involved and could tell them where the paintings were.

    But I’ll have to leave it to him to someday tell the story.

    • DXer said

      Is the hunt for Rembrandt’s stolen ‘Galilee’ almost over?According to the FBI, the Coen brothers-esque heist is reaching its final chapter after over two decades of empty frames in Boston
      BY MATT LEBOVIC October 3, 2013

      “Geoff Kelly, a special agent in the FBI’s Boston field office and art crime team member, told the Times of Israel. “With the announcement in March, we are trying to spread a wider net based on our leads in Connecticut and Philadelphia.”

      The FBI’s wider net includes an unprecedented $5 million reward for information leading to discovery of the stolen works, as well as immunity from the US Attorney’s Office, Kelly said.

      Added Kelly, “It would have been great if someone [came in] and said, ‘I’ve seen one of those paintings, it’s in my basement right now.’” Unfortunately, that hasn’t happened yet.


      The publicity push was a fine idea. But just because one or more paintings was allegedly seen in Philly, and the crew was looking for a buyer among the Philly mob, shouldn’t rule out the possibility that no buyer was found and so the crew needed to retain control. Agent Kelly has never said why he thinks the informant’s report that all but two of the paintings is ruined should not be credited. (I had uploaded the report but we took it down to stay on the subject of the Fall 2001 anthrax mailings.)

      This is especially true if only one or two of the paintings was ever reportedly seen in Philly.

      Put Forrest Fenn in charge of promoting the treasure hunt. He wouldn’t say, upon being contacted: “Stay out of Yellowstone.”

      FF would have invited Robert Guarente’s former son-in-law over for a barbecue and asked him about the events in 1991 and 1992.

      In Amerithrax, former FBI WMD head Vahid Majidi based his rejection of an Al Qaeda theory on the fact that Al Qaeda did not claim responsibility. He apparently expected Rauf Ahmad — who he nowhere even mentions in his September 2013 book — or Yazid Sufaat — who he perhaps didn’t know was a former member of a secret Malaysian biological weapons program — to fess up in interrogation.

      Why would they do that? Sometimes you have to go out and do actual digging.

      Why does Vahid Majidi think Al Qaeda would not decontaminate their labs when planning documents indicate that was what was planned?

      • DXer said

        If you are in Boston this week, check out the Isabella Gardner’s new exhibit on the missing artwork — stolen 23 years ago.

        Boston museum exhibit highlights stolen artwork
        AP / October 23, 2013


        I think as an alternative hypothesis, the FBI should view it more in the nature of a pirate treasure hunt — and assume that anyone who knew where the paintings are is dead. Maybe the person(s) was determined to stubbornly take the secret to his grave — or maybe he was precipitously killed.

        In terms of prioritizing with the looming sequestration, I would make protection of life and limb the priority. It’s the museum’s own fault for not having insurance and adequate security. The museum certainly has done well for itself making lemonade out of lemons. The value of the artwork skyrocketed partly because of the press and notoriety of the theft — and the interest of associates of the Merlino crew in inflating the value of the paintings.

        People are being killed daily in cities across the country. These are just some old (likely moldy) canvases. (I appreciate that Lew, being more cultured, disagrees with me and I respect his opinion).

        But if the FBI doesn’t have as a hypothesis that the paintings are moldy and ruined, they are less likely to be looking in places that are not temperature controlled — where common thugs might have hid them.

        They are less likely to bust up some pavement and bring out the claw digger.

  2. Nitrogen said

    Hey DXer you know the law just a quick question regarding the NSA thing.

    Now that we all know that all of this data has been collected, at tax payer’s expense, during the time leading up to and during the finical meltdown of our economy shouldn’t we now be using this data to zealously prosecute those responsible for the economic terrorism?

    • DXer said

      I think domestically what has come out is that merely metadata was collected of all phone calls — which would be of little use.

      As to contents, I believe there needed to be some sort of connection to a foreign terrorist. For example, my communications — including any and all ham radio communications — are fair game because I interview people like Al Qaeda anthrax lab director Yazid Sufaat. (My logic is that the bad guys are a potentially fruitful source of information as to their activities).

      In a matter relating to the financial crisis, use of such intercepts would not be allowed in US courts under the Fourth Amendment. There is a case involving the NSA wiretapping before the US Supreme Court currently and so new law can be expected to be made. That involved a suspicion of material support for a group designated as terrorist.

      The issue is also relevant to Amerithrax because it is a defense raised by “anthrax weapons suspect” Ali Al-Timimi. As I recall millions were awarded a related charity and perhaps that case is on appeal.

      (Basically, the FBI is damned if they do and damned if they don’t.)

      But I do find the NSA story fascinating. For example, how did they really come upon Elliot Spitzer doing it with his socks on? I knew Elliot from law school and thought he would make a fine president given his understanding things like AIG and his willingness to take on such a giant issue. But then suddenly his prospects were derailed.

      I spend a lot of time reading on matters relating to the 2008 financial crisis and trying to fathom, for investment purposes, what lies in store for a country whose standing is based on a fiat currency. There is a little gold hardcover book at Barnes and Noble on the personal finance section that explains what has happened to past countries and civilizations. Citing even the Yap as an example.

      I couldn’t get interested in Greenspan’s memoir — though I did give it a try. It seemed more like an intermediate economics seminar. And I think God invented astrologers to make economists look good.

      So for now at least I’ve decided that swampland is a good investment.

      I think the NSA wiretapping raises profound and fascinating moral questions. For example, why should we get all excited about wiretapping in violation of state wiretapping by a suspicious spouse given the example set by the USG? Why should we get all excited about the UK media wiretapping if the USG’s excuse is that “everyone does it.” Is that what should determine the morality of individuals and nations?

      I haven’t gotten too excited because paying attention knew it was being done by the book about ECHELON — which the NSA successfully prevented from reaching the USA.

      The book explained that everyone telephone call, fax and email in Europe was intercepted. Again: EVERY telephone call, fax and email was intercepted. Legislators were incensed. Communications were then filtered through large language/country specific computers called DICTIONARIES for key words.

      I once went to a seminar locally by a new guy in town teaching encryption who was giving instruction to people how to use encryption for various media. The speaker, whose presentation was very good, said that “of course nothing is 100% guaranteed.” Indeed. This was just a few weeks before Snowden’s revelations.

      I told the hacker next to me that it was foolish

      (1) to assume that the NSA had not defeated whatever the communication being recommended was.

      (2) it was foolish to trust the new guy in town. As a rule of thumb, they are always undercovers.

      The only sound advice IMO is never do anything you don’t want your mother, your wife, your mistress, and the FBI to know about.

      If you want a better, more accountable government, try FOIA. When it works, it truly does further sunshine in the government.

      For example, returning to Amerithrax, it is time that USAMRIID provide a copy of B01-11, the animal protocol titled “Effect of formaldehyde on the potency stability of a candidate human anthrax vaccine in rabbits.”

      Unlike the STATEMENT OF WORK I’ve uploaded, the protocol should specific the who, what and where of the work.

      Then it will be easier to get people on the same page without the welter of documents that I uploaded as they were provided over the course of months.

      Up until there has been confusion and uncertainty due to not having the most pertinent and authoritative document — and also due to some redactions under (b)(6) that were inappropriate under all the circumstances (and I should have appealed).

      It has always been B01-11 that I needed and I don’t understand why it hasn’t been provided yet.

      Given that I’m from Arlington VA, however, I am confident that there are no secrets — not even about Project Jefferson.

      • DXer said

        NSA chief defends its spying programs
        Oren Dorell, USA TOD

        We see what neither the CIA nor FBI could see” before 9/11, Alexander said. “We help them connect the dots.”


        The NSA chief hails from the same legislative district within this county — from just up the hill.

        NSA analysts reviewing the contents of calls here likely would divide their time between studying

        (1) calls offering a lower interest rate, and
        (2) calls polling how we are going to vote in the upcoming election for county legislator.

        At the end of the day, I want Army Gen. Keith Alexander, director of the National Security Agency — a fan of Gannons Ice Cream — to be able to “connect the dots” and wish the NSA and USG success.

        I think they have failed with Amerithrax — but only judging from the public pronouncement of Vahid Majidi, Ed Montooth, and Rachel Lieber.

        Judging from the comment by Senator Leahy, and from the documents I’ve uploaded, I tend to credit my source who says that no one in the IC believes an Ivins Theory.

        Vahid, Ed and Rachel must not have gotten the memo. Instead, the IC’s investigation has been focused on how they screwed it up so badly.

        Sen. Leahy on anthrax case: ‘It’s not closed’

        By Paul Kane
        Washington Post Staff Writer
        Wednesday, February 16, 2011

      • DXer said

        Here is a report in 1999 in the Washington Post by James Bamford mentioning ECHELON and the upset it caused. The allegations are serious. A report by the European Parliament has gone so far as to say “within Europe all e-mail, telephone and fax communications are routinely intercepted” by the NSA.

        Loud and Clear
        The most secret of secret agencies operates under outdated laws.
        By James Bamford

        Sunday, November 14, 1999; Page B01

        Has the NSA turned from eavesdropping on the communists to eavesdropping on businesses and private citizens in Europe and the United States? The concerns have arisen because of the existence of a sophisticated network linking the NSA and the spy agencies of several other nations. The NSA will not confirm the existence of the project, code-named Echelon.

        The allegations are serious. A report by the European Parliament has gone so far as to say “within Europe all e-mail, telephone and fax communications are routinely intercepted” by the NSA. As one of the few outsiders who have followed the agency for years, I think the concerns are overblown–so far. Based on everything I know about the agency, and countless conversations with current and former NSA personnel, I am certain that the NSA is not overstepping its mandate. But that doesn’t mean it won’t.

        My real concern is that the technologies it is developing behind closed doors, and the methods that have given rise to such fears, have given the agency the ability to extend its eavesdropping network almost without limits. And as the NSA speeds ahead in its development of satellites and computers powerful enough to sift through mountains of intercepted data, the federal laws (now a quarter-century old) that regulate the agency are still at the starting gate. The communications revolution–and all the new electronic devices susceptible to monitoring–came long after the primary legislation governing the NSA.

  3. DXer said

    Government Secrecy May Lead to New Trial In Va. Terrorism Case

    By Jerry Markon
    Washington Post Staff Writer
    Wednesday, November 21, 2007

    A federal judge criticized the government’s secrecy yesterday in the case of a prominent Muslim spiritual leader from Fairfax County who was convicted on terrorism charges, and she threatened to grant a new trial if the government doesn’t share information about the Bush administration’s terrorist surveillance program.

    U.S. District Judge Leonie M. Brinkema in Alexandria said her skepticism in the case of Ali al-Timimi stems from government misinformation in another major terrorism prosecution: that of convicted Sept. 11 conspirator Zacarias Moussaoui. Federal prosecutors recently revealed that the CIA had told Brinkema that the interrogations of enemy combatant witnesses in Moussaoui’s trial had not been audiotaped or videotaped, when they had.

    Timimi, a U.S. citizen who was convicted in 2005 of inciting his Northern Virginia followers to train for violent jihad against the United States and was sentenced to life in prison, is using the government’s now-defunct warrantless surveillance program to challenge his conviction. His attorneys argue that the Islamic scholar was a likely candidate for surveillance and that if he was wiretapped, that would have violated his constitutional rights.


    The government has not said whether Timimi was the subject of a warrantless wiretap, and defense attorneys have offered no evidence that he was. Brinkema did not indicate yesterday whether the defense argument had merit. But she expressed annoyance at secrecy in both the Timimi and Moussaoui cases, indicating that she blamed the intelligence community rather than prosecutors.

    “I am sorry to have to say this, but I have lost a great deal of confidence in the representations made to me by folks in the intelligence world, and I’m responding, frankly, to something that happened not in this case, but in the Moussaoui case,” the judge said. The existence of videotapes or audiotapes of some enemy combatant witnesses was revealed in an Oct. 25 letter prosecutors sent to Brinkema and the 4th Circuit, which was made public Nov. 9.

    George Little, a CIA spokesman, said in a statement yesterday that the agency “recognizes the importance of its obligations to the court. In the Moussaoui case, it was the CIA that found the material and brought the matter to the attention of the Department of Justice.”


    According to Attorney Turley in his briefs, Al-TImimi was an “anthrax weapons suspect.”

    In his new book, Vahid Majidi says that the FBI did not “own” the material gathered by the CIA and so could not produce it or disclose it.

    Don’t worry, Vahid. Maybe Glenn Greenwald will tell us in the continuing NSA wiretapping revelations. Or maybe Yazid Sufaat someday will post details of the strain he was using to Facebook — and get you off the hook.

    Vahid has overlooked the leaked report that Yazid explained to KSM that he and his two assistants were vaccinated to protect themselves from the virulent anthrax.

    Vahid doesn’t even mention Rauf Ahmad from whom FBI Agent Borelli took a signed statement in February 2002 over tea and cookies.

    It’s true that two CIA agents were in the room but so was the FBI. When the FBI plays hide-the-ball with that statement, don’t let it be said that the statement is not an FBI document.

    GAO Should Obtain A Copy Of Rauf Ahmad’s Signed Written Statement Voluntarily Provided FBI Agent Borelli
    Posted by Lew Weinstein on September 14, 2013

    I found Rauf Ahmad chatty but correspondence would always drop off after he asked for money. Unlike Yazid, Rauf was motivated by money which is why Dr. Ayman didn’t trust him.

  4. DXer said

    “FBI Focusing on ‘About Four’ Suspects in 2001 Anthrax Attacks,” FoxNews, March 28, 2008

    Among the pool of suspects are three scientists — a former deputy commander, a leading anthrax scientist and a microbiologist — linked to the research facility, known as USAMRIID.

    Bailey, Alibek and Ali Al-Timimi fit the description. The Ames researchers shared a suite with the jihad supporter who was coordinating with Anwar Awlaki

    Dr. Alibek in 2003 or so assured me that he did not know Al-Timimi except to know that he was a hardliner.

    Hint: The leading DARPA-funded Ames researchers shouldn’t have shared a suite, maildrop, fax and laboratories (which have computers containing the research of others) with a supporter of jihad making public statements in favor of the destruction of Western Civilization.

    Awlaki and Al-Timimi spoke in England and Canada in July and August 2001, along with a doctor from Syracuse.

    When KSM was detained, 100 agents came here and simultaneously interviewed 150 as part of OPERATION IMMINENT HORIZON.

    But the talent didn’t come from Iraq. Sufaat had been part of a state run biological weapons program. AQ had the talent in-house. Yazid tells me he could work “magic.” (He otherwise pled the Fifth in our exchanges before he was arrested).

    The Terror Pixie may find that she ends back with anthrax by pursuing her Awlaki-Al-TImimi-Wade Ammerman leads

    Anthrax, Al Qaeda and Ayman Zawahiri: The Infiltration of US Biodefense

  5. DXer said

    Audrey Gillian notes that in the Fall 2001 the Egyptians were cooperating. If so, the USG knew of the blind sheik lawyer (and EIJ shura members who were detained) had announced Dr. Ayman Zawahiri’s plan to use anthrax to retaliate for the rendering of senior EIJ leaders.

    But the USG did not know yet that Yazid Sufaat had been a member of a state biological weapons program. After someone told his interrogators in February 2002 of his previous work, Yazid did not cooperate because he had felt betrayed by his country. His wife, Chomel, then was detained for a few months in an attempt to gain leverage — but that didn’t work. FBI Director Mueller traveled to Malaysia to arrange for his extradition but was unsuccessful.

    Note also the reference in Gillian’s article to Ramzi Youssef. A subtilis expert called Ramzi’s apartment right up to the hour of the Blind Sheik’s apartment. But the FBI did not swab all the suspect labs for the genetically matching subtilis, which contaminated the mailed anthrax.

    The FBI thought they already had their man because an FBI agent, Lawrence Alexander, whose experience was undercover drug buys in DC, had determined that Dr. Ivins had no reason to be in the lab in the late September and early October 2001. He apparently was unaware of the experiment Ivins was working on involving killing 52 rabbits. The FBI withheld the notebook (Lab Notebook 4241) and other documents (like contemporaneous email) from Bruce so he couldn’t reconstruct his time using contemporaneous documents from many years earlier.

    Biological weapons link to al-Qaida

    It has emerged that the wife of the editor of the Sun newspaper in Boca Raton, Florida, whose picture editor died after coming into contact with anthrax, rented an apartment to one of the men who hijacked the second aeroplane to fly in the World Trade Centre.

    Gloria Irish, the wife of the Sun’s editor Michael Irish, rented a $900-a-month fifth-floor apartment in the Delray Racquet Club to Hamza al-Ghamdi. She also let out a room at the Hamlet, a gated community, to Marwan al-Shehhi who is believed to have been the ringleader on the same flight.

    Both men left Florida on September 9 for Boston, from where they hijacked the plane.

    Yesterday the connection was being investigated by the FBI but it was being looked on as a “strange coincidence” until further links emerged.

    Suspicions were first raised by the first outbreak in Florida because 11 out of 19 hijackers involved in the September 11 attacks had possible addresses in the Florida area, many within just a few miles of the offices of the Sun and other supermarket tabloid newspapers.

    The principal, though circumstantial, evidence against al-Qaida is the coincidence of timing. The scare in the days after the attacks, and the threats that have been made by Bin Laden and his spokesmen are believed by many officials not to be unconnected.

    Investigators also discovered that Mohamed Atta, the hijackers’ ringleader, and another of his cohorts had taken out subscriptions to the supermarket tabloid, which went on to publish screaming headlines about Bin Laden, including one which said: “Wanted: Dead or Alive” with “alive” scratched out.

    Some of the letters which caused a scare but eventually tested negative were mailed from St Petersburg, Florida

    However, the letters sent to Senator Tom Daschle and the NBC news anchor Tom Brokaw were postmarked Trenton, New Jersey and have tested positive for anthrax.

    New Jersey has figured prominently as a centre for Islamists connected with al-Qaida. Sheikh Omar Abdel-Rahman, who operated out of Jersey City, proved a magnet for young militants across the world, including El Sayyid Nosair, who killed the racist rabbi Meir Kahane; and Ramzi Youssef, who was eventually convicted of the 1993 bombing of the World Trade Centre. Youssef had direct contact with Bin Laden and received funds from the al-Qaida organisation.


    [Comment: The USG did not know that Yazid Sufaat, Al Qaeda’s anthrax lab tech, had been part of a former secret Malaysian biological weapons program]

    He added that the Egyptian government was helping in the investigation.

    “They feel that it’s possible that not many months ago that anthrax – a small quantity of it was handed over in Prague … to Mohamed Atta, a pilots aboard one of the planes that flew into the World Trade Centre,” he said.

    Intelligence sources believe that Bin Laden operatives have been preparing for spectacular terrorist strikes using biological weapons for a number of years. It is believed that viruses causing deadly diseases such as ebola and salmonella were procured in Russia and that anthrax was obtained from North Korea.

    Sources believe that some of the terrorists have been trained to grow lethal biological cultures and have the ability to turn them into weapons in man-made laboratories.

    In spite of finding no firm link between the anthrax and al-Qaida, Vice-President Dick Cheney had already acknowledged that “we have to be suspicious”. He pointed out that terrorist manuals known to have been used by Bin Laden supporters contained instructions for the use of biological weapons.

    He said: “We know that [Bin Laden] has over the years tried to acquire weapons of mass destruction, both biological and chemical weapons. We know that he’s trained people in his camps in Afghanistan. For example, we have copies of the manuals that they’ve actually used to train people with respect to how to deploy and use these kinds of substances.

    “So, you start to piece it altogether. Again, we have not completed the investigation and maybe it’s coincidence, but I must say I’m a sceptic.”

  6. DXer said

    Steve Fainaru and Ceci Connolly wrote up the issue of the lesion of the hijacker from Kandahar, where Sufaat’s anthrax lab was. The hijacker said he had gotten a gash in his leg a few months earlier (the open cut would be prone to infection if exposed to anthrax). The scientist mentioned, Tara O’Toole, is now the top biodefense person at Homeland Security.

    “The hijacker, Ahmed Ibrahim A. Al Haznawi, was examined days after he entered the United States, an indication that the infection — whatever it was — developed before his arrival.

    “After the exchange, the Hopkins team interviewed Tsonas, reviewed his notes, consulted with other experts and wrote the memo. “We wanted to make sure the heads of the intelligence agencies knew the specificity of the diagnosis,” O’Toole said. “I was afraid they didn’t understand that almost nothing causes a black [lesion] in an otherwise healthy young man. Apparently they didn’t know that and that’s upsetting.” ”

    Tara O’Toole, now the undersecretary for biosecurity at Homeland Security Department, says that the FBI did not establish that the anthrax came from USAMRIID but that it was merely the FBI’s “working hypothesis” and a “supposition”
    Posted on October 13, 2011’toole-the-undersecretary-for-biosecurity-at-homeland-security-department-says-that-the-fbi-did-not-establish-that-the-anthrax-came-from-usamriid-but-that-it-was-merely-the-fbis/

    Source: Washington Post, March 29, 2002

    Memo on Florida Case Roils Anthrax Probe

    Experts Debate Theory Hijacker Was Exposed

    By Steve Fainaru and Ceci Connolly, Washington Post Staff Writers

    In January, outside of formal channels, an FBI official asked biodefense experts at Johns Hopkins University to examine a curious lead in the federal government’s investigation into last fall’s anthrax attacks.

    The experts were to evaluate the diagnosis of a Fort Lauderdale, Fla., emergency room physician who had treated one of the Sept. 11 hijackers last June. The physician, Christos Tsonas, initially thought the man had a minor infection, but after the wave of bioterrorist attacks he told the FBI that, in retrospect, he now believed the black lesion on the suspected hijacker’s lower left leg was consistent with the skin form of anthrax.

    The FBI official told the Hopkins experts, Tara O’Toole and Thomas V. Inglesby, he was concerned the FBI had not pursued the Florida case aggressively enough. The two-page memo they prepared is now circulating among senior government officials, and its findings have stirred up debate over their accuracy and the focus of the FBI’s investigation, now in its sixth month.

  7. DXer said

    Peter Brown’s article links an article from the NYT November 10, 2001 archive titled “On The Trail of the Anthrax Killers”:

    He writes:

    Back in November 2001, a New York City Police Department detective named Lucas Miller wrote in the New York Times about the investigation: “Mistakes can be overcome; crime-solving is a long and painstaking process. In the end, it depends a lot on the ability to follow new leads, even as old ones go stale.” [10]

    He specifically mentioned Kathy T Nguyen, a Vietnamese hospital worker at the Manhattan Eye, Ear and Throat Hospital, who was the only New Yorker to succumb to anthrax. She died, aged 61, on Halloween night in 2001.

    “She might have inhaled random airborne spores somewhere in her travels – in fact, the city has started testing the subways regularly for traces of anthrax – but it’s possible she somehow happened on the terrorist’s anthrax stash. Perhaps the terrorist intentionally exposed her to spores as an experiment. It’s a long shot, but reconstructing her last days might lead FBI agents to a killer,” said Miller. “This is typical homicide work. Witnesses and friends have been interviewed. Her phone records and her MetroCard record have been subpoenaed. Video surveillance systems in places she visited will be searched to see if anyone accompanied her.”

    According to Miller, “success in this investigation – as in any investigation – depends on three variables: the perseverance of the investigators, the resources available, and luck.

    “Luck includes the quality of the evidence as well as some cops’ talent for ‘stumbling’ across the perpetrator. As many New Yorkers know, David Berkowitz, the Son of Sam killer, was caught due in part to the discovery of a parking ticket issued to his car near the scene of one of his crimes,” said Miller. “The FBI and local police departments working on these cases are expending resources and manpower not available in ordinary murder cases. But in this crime, as in others they solve, they will still need a good amount of luck.

    By the way, the title for Miller’s submission more than eight years ago is one that resonates today: “On the Trail of the Anthrax Killers.”

    citing and linking
    On the Trail of the Anthrax Killers
    Published: February 20, 2010

  8. DXer said

    Newsweek’s Press Release from 2001 explained: “Al-Zawahiri Believed Involved in Bin Laden’s Biological Weapons Program.”

    Jeffrey Bartholet, “Terrorist Sleeper Cells: A U.S.-Based Al Qaeda ‘Sleeper Cell’ Was Poised to Launch a Post-Sept. 11 Attack on a Major Washington Target; Would-Be Terrorists Went Underground or Fled U.S. Evidence Indicates Al Qaeda Had Russian Help Developing Anthrax; Al-Zawahiri Believed Involved in Bin Laden’s Biological Weapons Program.” Newsweek, December 9, 2001.

    The 911 planning meeting was held in the condo of my former Facebook Friend’s condo, Yazid Sufaat, Al Qaeda’s key anthrax lab tech. He pleads the Fifth on the anthrax mailings and faces a November 2013 court date.

    NEW YORK, Dec. 9 /PRNewswire/ — A U.S.-based cell of the Al Qaeda terror
    network nearly launched an attack on a major target in Washington, D.C. after
    September 11, Newsweek has learned. Intelligence sources say a Qaeda “sleeper
    cell” in the U.S. was poised to launch the attack — perhaps against the
    Capitol Building. The sources believe that the FBI, in its sweep against visa
    violators and other illegals of Mideast backgrounds, picked up members of a
    “support cell” tasked with providing logistics help to the people actually
    carrying out the mission. Intelligence sources say the would-be terrorists
    then went underground or fled the country. Investigators have not yet been
    able to identify the plotters from among the hundreds of people caught in the
    FBI dragnet; they’re not even sure they are still in custody, according to a
    Newsweek Special Report in the December 17 issue of Newsweek (on newsstands
    Monday, December 10), written by Senior Writer Jeffrey Bartholet and reported
    by Newsweek Correspondents in Afghanistan, Washington and the Middle East.
    (Photo: )
    The war in Afghanistan has produced a hodgepodge of disturbing
    intelligence that investigators are still trying to sift and analyze. Perhaps
    the most alarming evidence gathered so far concerns Al Qaeda efforts to
    develop biological weapons. According to intelligence sources, U.S.
    operatives in Afghanistan have collected information that one or more Russian
    scientists were working inside Afghanistan with Al Qaeda operatives. …
    While intelligence sources say they believe any such
    stockpiles were destroyed in U.S. bombing raids, it is not known how much, if
    any, of the anthrax ever made it out of Afghanistan.
    And the infamous Dr. Ayman Al-Zawahiri, bin Laden’s closest lieutenant and
    considered the brains behind Al Qaeda, may have been directly involved in the
    biological program. Al-Zawahiri, may have been hit by U.S. bombs last week,
    according to unconfirmed British intelligence reports. Northern Alliance
    soldiers raided his house in Kabul on November 13 and a senior American
    intelligence official tells Newsweek that it resembled the lair of a mad
    scientist. Soldiers found grenades, blasting caps, electronic components and
    “various solid and liquid substances,” including white crystals and extremely
    fine, silvery powders in jars and plastic bags, and mysterious liquids in
    shampoo bottles labeled “special medicine.” American intelligence later
    collected samples from Northern Alliance colleagues and conducted chemical and
    biological tests. One of the samples turned up a “positive indicator” for
    Bacillus Anthracis, or anthrax. All of the samples are being retested, the
    source tells Newsweek.
    The Kabul house of a Pakistani nuclear scientist, Sultan Bashiruddin
    Mahmood, contained sheaves of disturbing documents. These include the results
    of a massive Internet search on anthrax vaccines, and a report entitled:
    “Bacteria: What You Need to Know.” According to intelligence sources,
    investigators also found a New York Times article on Plum Island, the U.S.
    Department of Agriculture’s animal disease center. The Plum Island center does
    research to help guard the United States “against catastrophic economic losses
    caused by foreign animal disease agents accidentally or deliberately
    introduced into the U.S.,” its Web site explains.
    Some key terrorist fugitives appear to have had a hand in both the bombing
    of the USS Cole in Yemen and the September 11 attacks. Investigators are
    particularly interested in a meeting that took place in Malaysia on January 5,
    2000. The list of attendees included Tawfiq bin Atash (a.k.a. Khallad) and
    Fahad al-Quso, both of whom helped plan the Cole attack. Also present were
    Khalid Almihdhar and Nawaf Alhazmi, two of the September 11 hijackers, and
    Ramzi Binalshibh (a.k.a. Ramzi Omar), who may have been the phantom “20th
    hijacker” who couldn’t get the U.S. prior to Sept. 11 because of visa
    problems. Newsweek has learned that when Almihdhar and Alhazmi left Malaysia,
    they flew directly to Los Angeles, where they quickly enrolled in a San Diego
    flight school. That leads investigators to believe that at least some of the
    planning for September 11 took place at the Malaysia meeting.

  9. DXer said

    Dean Boyd, a Justice Department spokesman, tells WTOP:

    “The recent inventory issues at USAMRIID highlight the difficulties confronted by the FBI in their efforts to trace the evidentiary material back to its source at USAMRIID, and reinforce our conclusion that samples of anthrax could easily have been removed from the facility undetected.”

    Neal Augenstein, “Lawyer: Evidence against Bruce Ivins ‘undercut’ ”

    Tuesday – 2/10/2009, 12:33pm ET
    Neal Augenstein,

    FREDERICK, Md. – The lawyer for the scientist dubbed the FBI’s sole suspect in the deadly anthrax mailings in 2001 says Fort Detrick’s acknowledgement of inventory control problems “seriously undermines the assertions that he was the source of the anthrax.”

    On Monday, the Army said it suspended much of the research at its biological weapons defense laboratory in Frederick while it makes sure it has accounted for all of its dangerous germs and poisons.

    In an interview with WTOP, Bruce Ivins’ Attorney Thomas DeGonia says he’s surprised it took Fort Detrick so long to re-inventory its biological materials in light of the scrutiny drawn by the investigation into the anthrax mailings that killed five people and sickened 17 others in 2001.

    Ivins killed himself in July 2008 after learning he would be charged in the attacks.

    “These types of strict inventory controls that you would expect for these types of materials just wasn’t in place at the time, or if it was in place, wasn’t being followed by anyone,” DeGonia says.

    The FBI and Justice Department have relied upon scientific evidence to link the deadly anthrax strain to Ivins’ lab, at the U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases (USAMRIID).

    DeGonia, who has accused the government of leaking selected portions of its evidence against Ivins in an attempt to sway public opinion, says the Fort Detrick inventory problems further reveals a weak case against the researcher who at one point had been enlisted to help in the anthrax investigation.

    “You haven’t seen the FBI come forward with any better evidence than they initially made, and some of the best evidence they had has been undercut.”

    Dean Boyd, a Justice Department spokesman, tells WTOP:

    “The recent inventory issues at USAMRIID highlight the difficulties confronted by the FBI in their efforts to trace the evidentiary material back to its source at USAMRIID, and reinforce our conclusion that samples of anthrax could easily have been removed from the facility undetected.”

    “Unfortunately in the court of public opinion, I think he’s still going to be labeled that way,” DeGonia says. “I think as information comes out, such as this that really shows the holes in the allegations against him, and the scientific community begins to vindicate him, it’ll be a slow process for him to regain the standing he once had in the scientific community as a result of these allegations.”

    The suspension of all research except critical ongoing animal research and animal care at Fort Detrick started Friday, and the counting of thousands of vials could take up to three months.

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