CASE CLOSED … what really happened in the 2001 anthrax attacks?

* DXer’s current Amerithrax hypothesis …

Posted by Lew Weinstein on November 14, 2015

Mueller & Ivins composite

IT WASN’T IVINS !!!

DXer’s current Amerithrax hypothesis …

Pursuant to a lawfully authorized project,   Bruce Harper at Dugway sent John Ezzell virulent Ames that he made into a dried powder for legitimate biodefense testing.  Then USAMRIID DSD Special Pathogens Branch (Ezzell and Henchal) sent out to JHU/APL or UofA or IITRI in Chicago  or Aberdeen or Southern Research Institute (in Frederick).  
 .
But the shipment was diverted/ stolen by perpetrator/s unknown.
 .

To steal a Fed Ex package (even if just from the cold room near a RIID loading dock) is hardly difficult — relative to other challenges.

For example, researchers such as Ivins often would  prepare a package for shipping and then leave it overnight sitting there waiting to go out.

In any event, USAMRIID has not been able yet to produce evidence that the 340 ml. of virulent Ames sent by Bruce Harper on June 27, 2001 was irradiated — or that it was shipped back out from USAMRIID.

Dr. Ezzell was under the supervision of Erik Henchal, I expect.   Dr. Henchal was head of DSD’s Special Pathogens branch.  
.
(Dr. Henchal this past week forbade me from ever asking him about the 340 ml. shipment of Ames and notes he did not take any official documents with him.).  
 .
He is now a chief honcho at the FDA regarding vaccines.

Dr. Henchal then was Deputy  Commander and Commander  during the key two or three years of the Amerithrax investigation.  Ivins thought it was an incredible coverup that only Bacteriology Division was swabbed for spores rather than DSD also.  Dr. Ezzell collected the sample for the FBI.  He had worked as part of the FBI’s HMRU unit testing powders since 1996 alongside some of FBI’s Amerithrax scientists.  Dr. Ezzell or his assistant threw out Ivins’ submitted sample in February 2002.  When I first called Dr. Ezzell in 2009 he straightforwardly said that the FBI was likely wiretapping his phone. 

I think that John Ezzell, in a filmed interview at a public conference,  forthrightly answered all my questions.   I just think I didn’t ask the right questions.  He then had a heart attack during the break after questioning was called short when he showed signs of distress.  I did not know about the other large shipments of virulent Ames from Dugway in August 2000 and June 2001.   Prior to the break in questioning, I had only asked him about a withdrawal of 40 ml. from Ivins Flask 1029 in late August 2000.  I did not know about Bruce Harper’s shipments of a large quantitiy of Ames grown from the same seed stock as Flask 1029 (Flask 1030).

Background sources:

1.  Ivins was ordered by superior not to repeat the report that the powder closest to the mailed anthrax was made by DSD for DARPA  [See #2 below]
Posted by Lew Weinstein on October 25, 2015
https://caseclosedbylewweinstein.wordpress.com/2015/10/25/ivins-was-ordered-by-superior-not-to-repeat-the-report-that-the-powder-closest-to-the-mailed-anthrax-was-made-by-dsd-for-darpa/

2.  Did someone make a powder out of the missing 340 ml. of virulent Ames for DARPA or DTRA research?
Posted by Lew Weinstein on October 25, 2015
https://caseclosedbylewweinstein.wordpress.com/2015/10/25/did-someone-make-a-powder-out-of-the-missing-340-ml-of-virulent-ames-for-darpa-or-dtra-research/

3. Was the sample that Dr. Ivins says he was told was from Iraq — but wasn’t — actually from the dried aerosol project that had been launched at USAMRIID unbeknownst to Dr. Ivins? Who brought it to him? Where did it come from?
Posted by Lew Weinstein on December 14, 2011
https://caseclosedbylewweinstein.wordpress.com/2011/12/14/was-the-sample-that-dr-ivins-says-he-was-told-was-from-iraq-but-wasnt-actually-from-the-dried-aerosol-project-that-had-been-launched-at-usamriid-unbeknownst-to-dr-ivins-who-brought-it-to/

4. FBI scientist John Ezzell has explained that dried Ames and Sterne spores went to studies for DARPA at Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Labs in Columbia, MD
Posted by Lew Weinstein on October 28, 2015
5.  Who in Dr. Ezzell’s lab threw out Ivins’ February 2002 sample which contained the 4 morphs?
Posted by Lew Weinstein on March 22, 2011
6.  Terry Abshire {Ezzell’s assistant] in a document produced this week under FOIA explains that the genetically matching sample she had in her lab was not submitted in the initial set ; instead, wasn’t her lab provided genetically matching material in August 2000 for DARPA research in which Dr. Ezzell made a dried powder out of the Ames and gave it to the DARPA researchers?
Posted by Lew Weinstein on October 6, 2011
7.  This is an interview of a scientist who had been working on the DARPA research while at USAMRIID; did Joany Jackman leave the remaining Ames from Flask 1029 with Terry Abshire or John Ezzell when she left?
Posted by Lew Weinstein on April 12, 2011
8.  why did the FBI keep evidence of John Ezzell’s dried powder from the NAS?
Posted by Lew Weinstein on March 21, 2011
9.  DXer: John Ezzell forthrightly (to my way of thinking, heroically) answered all my questions relating to the DARPA research in which Flask 1029 (the “murder weapon” to borrow US Attorney Taylor’s term) was used to make a dried powder Ames aerosol.
Posted by Lew Weinstein on December 10, 2010
https://caseclosedbylewweinstein.wordpress.com/2010/12/10/john-ezzell-forthrightly-to-my-way-of-thinking-heroically-answered-all-my-dxers-questions-relating-to-the-darpa-research-in-which-flask-1029-the-“murder-weapon”-to-borrow-us/
10.  When (prior to 9/11) did USAMRIID’s John Ezzell, the FBI’s anthrax expert, send the dried spores to Johns-Hopkins Applied Physics he had made at the request of DARPA? Did those spores show a silicon signature?
Posted by Lew Weinstein on May 14, 2010
11.   were aerosol experiments done with the irradiated dry powder that Dr. Ezzell reports he made at the request of DARPA?
Posted by Lew Weinstein on April 9, 2010
12.   Bruce Ivins thought it was an “incredible coverup” that he was not allowed to swab the Diagnostic Services Division at the same time he swabbed his lab and offices
13.  Was the 340 ml. of Ames anthrax sent on June 27, 2001 from Dugway to USAMRIID for irradiation the anthrax that reportedly went missing?
Posted by Lew Weinstein on October 6, 2015
https://caseclosedbylewweinstein.wordpress.com/2015/10/06/was-the-340-ml-of-ames-anthrax-sent-on-june-27-2001-from-dugway-to-usamriid-for-irradiation-the-anthrax-that-reportedly-went-missing/
14.   In addition to the 340 ml. of virulent Ames shipped to USAMRIID on June 27, 2001, Dugway shipped 175 ml. of Ames anthrax strain in late August 2000.  That was when Dr. Ezzell, the FBI’s scientist at USAMRIID, made a dried powder out of Ames anthrax strain from Ivins’ Flask 1029 for the DARPA JHU-APL mass spec. project.
Posted on October 28, 2015
https://caseclosedbylewweinstein.wordpress.com/2015/10/28/in-addition-to-the-340-ml-of-virulent-ames-shipped-to-usamriid-on-june-27-2001-dugway-shipped-175-ml-of-ames-anthrax-strain-in-late-august-2000-that-was-when-dr-ezzell-the-fbis-scient/
15.  Did someone make a powder out of the missing 340 ml. of virulent Ames for DARPA or DTRA research?
Posted by Lew Weinstein on October 25, 2015
https://caseclosedbylewweinstein.wordpress.com/2015/10/25/did-someone-make-a-powder-out-of-the-missing-340-ml-of-virulent-ames-for-darpa-or-dtra-research/
16.  I have asked Bruce Ivins’ superior by email today to explain the justification for the missing 340 ml. of virulent b. anthracis Ames shipped from Dugway to USAMRIID on June 27, 2001
Posted by Lew Weinstein on October 25, 2015
https://caseclosedbylewweinstein.wordpress.com/2015/10/25/i-have-asked-bruce-ivins-superior-by-email-today-to-explain-the-justification-for-the-missing-340-ml-of-virulent-b-anthracis-ames-shipped-from-dugway-to-usamriid-on-june-27-2001/17.  Radiation Chief Robert J. Hawley was on vacation the week the 340 ml. shipment of virulent Ames came in from Dugway
Posted by Lew Weinstein on October 22, 2015
https://caseclosedbylewweinstein.wordpress.com/2015/10/22/radiation-chief-richard-j-hawley-was-on-vacation-the-week-the-340-ml-shipment-of-virulent-ames-came-in-from-dugway/18.  No documents were produced today indicating that June 27, 2001 shipment of 340 ml. Ames was ever irradiated and shipped out
Posted by Lew Weinstein on October 22, 2015
https://caseclosedbylewweinstein.wordpress.com/2015/10/22/no-documents-were-produced-today-indicating-that-june-27-2001-shipment-of-340-ml-ames-was-ever-irradiated-and-shipped-out/

19.  Dugway used live anthrax in decontamination studies in the late 1990s at the same time it make one-pound quantities of Bacillus subtilis
Posted by Lew Weinstein on October 19, 2015
ttps://caseclosedbylewweinstein.wordpress.com/2015/10/19/dugway-used-live-anthrax-in-decontamination-studies-in-the-late-1990s-at-the-same-time-it-make-one-pound-quantities-of-bacillus-subtilis/comment-page-1/#comment-41292

20.  Dugway anthrax – Will it take Congressional subpoena power to fill in the blanks in the email asking about weaponized anthrax that came to Detrick via FedEx and then was shipped out and some was missing?
Posted by Lew Weinstein on July 29, 2015
https://caseclosedbylewweinstein.wordpress.com/2015/07/29/dugway-anthrax-will-it-take-congressional-subpoena-power-to-fill-in-the-blanks-in-the-email-asking-about-weaponized-anthrax-that-came-to-detrick-and-then-was-shipped-out-and-some-was-missing/

21.  USAMRIID today produced an “Information Paper” explaining production of gamma-irradiation sterilized dried Ames anthrax spores pre-9/11
Posted by Lew Weinstein on July 26, 2014
https://caseclosedbylewweinstein.wordpress.com/2014/07/26/usamriid-today-produced-an-information-paper-explaining-production-of-gamma-irradiation-sterilized-dried-ames-anthrax-spores-pre-911/

22.  did the dry powdered spores prepared at USAMRIID for DARPA contain a Silicon Signature? if so, what was its source?
Posted by Lew Weinstein on April 6, 2010
https://caseclosedbylewweinstein.wordpress.com/2010/04/06/did-the-spores-prepared-at-usamriid-for-darpa-contain-a-silicon-signature-if-so-what-was-its-source/comment-page-1/

23. Who Was The Only Person In [Redacted] Spoke To About The Dried Aerosol Project? Was It Ivins Assistant, The Aerosol Expert Pat F.? It Was Not Ivins Because His Name Would Not Have Been Redacted.
Posted by Lew Weinstein on January 11, 2012
https://caseclosedbylewweinstein.wordpress.com/2012/01/11/who-was-the-only-person-in-redacted-spoke-to-about-the-dried-aerosol-project-was-it-ivins-assistant-the-aerosol-expert-pat-f-it-was-not-ivins-because-his-name-would-not-have-been-redacted/

24. The Dried Aerosol Project At USAMRIID Was to Determine The Breakthrough Point for the Recombinant Protective Antigen Vaccine; Equipment Was Purchased and Preliminary Experiments Were Performed : Dugway Was Considered As Supplier Of Dried Virulent Spores
Posted by Lew Weinstein on January 1, 2012
https://caseclosedbylewweinstein.wordpress.com/2012/01/01/the-dried-aerosol-project-at-usamriid-was-to-determine-the-breakthrough-point-for-the-recombinant-protective-antigen-vaccine-equipment-was-purchased-and-preliminary-experiments-were-performed-dug/

25. Dr. Ivins reports he had not known the FBI anthrax expert made a dried powder out of Ames from RMR 1029 for DARPA until after 9/11; did the FBI scientist and his assistants participate in the dried aerosol project at USAMRIID?
Posted by Lew Weinstein on December 13, 2011
https://caseclosedbylewweinstein.wordpress.com/2011/12/13/dr-ivins-reports-he-had-not-known-the-fbi-anthrax-expert-made-a-dried-powder-out-of-ames-from-rmr-1029-for-darpa-until-after-911-did-the-fbi-scientist-and-his-assistants-participate-in-the-dried/

26. Who did this dried aerosol study at USAMRIID?
Posted by Lew Weinstein on November 27, 2011
https://caseclosedbylewweinstein.wordpress.com/2011/11/27/who-did-this-dried-aerosol-study-at-usamriid/

27. Who worked alone on the dried aerosol project in Building 1412 and what does he or she say about the research? Was virulent Ames ever made into a dried powder in Maryland or Virginia?
Posted by Lew Weinstein on April 23, 2011
https://caseclosedbylewweinstein.wordpress.com/2011/04/23/who-worked-alone-on-the-dried-aerosol-project-in-buildling-1412-and-what-does-he-or-she-say-about-the-research-was-virulent-ames-was-ever-made-into-a-dried-powder-in-maryland-or-virginia/

28. The dried aerosol work in Aerobiology did not continue because dried agents are difficult to contain and decontaminate and because dried agents have dual use implications
Posted by Lew Weinstein on April 19, 2011
https://caseclosedbylewweinstein.wordpress.com/2011/04/19/the-dried-aerosol-work-in-aerobiology-did-not-continue-becaused-dried-agents-are-difficult-to-contain-and-decontaminate-and-because-dried-agents-have-duel-use-implications/

29. More on dried aerosol project: Was it Southern Research Institute that was considered for the contract? Who thought he was above the investigation?
Posted by Lew Weinstein on April 19, 2011
https://caseclosedbylewweinstein.wordpress.com/2011/04/19/more-on-dried-aerosol-project-was-it-southern-research-institute-that-was-considered-for-the-contract-who-thought-he-was-above-the-investigation/

30. DXer: John Ezzell forthrightly (to my way of thinking, heroically) answered all my questions relating to the DARPA research in which Flask 1029 (the “murder weapon” to borrow US Attorney Taylor’s term) was used to make a dried powder Ames aerosol.
Posted by Lew Weinstein on December 10, 2010
https://caseclosedbylewweinstein.wordpress.com/2010/12/10/john-ezzell-forthrightly-to-my-way-of-thinking-heroically-answered-all-my-dxers-questions-relating-to-the-darpa-research-in-which-flask-1029-the-“murder-weapon”-to-borrow-us/

31.  Under the Agreement between JHU/APL and USAMRIID’s DSD, USAMRIID was to include work with virulent strains, and not just the Ames from Flask 1029 (Dugway Spores) that had been irradiated. 98 vials of Dugway spores are missing — claimed to have been destroyed the previous year.
Posted on October 27, 2014
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14 Responses to “* DXer’s current Amerithrax hypothesis …”

  1. DXer said

    Are we really here to get on “the same page”? Which story do you want to see written? Because we’re going to write one of them.

    Best regards to Steve Kurkjian who needs to see SPOTLIGHT.

  2. DXer said

    FedEx was commonly used for both incoming and outgoing shipment of virulent anthrax. USAMRIID has the records of the shipment of virulent Ames but has not yet gotten around to producing them under FOIA.

    __________________

    From:
    Sent: Thursday, May 27, 2004 2:01 PM
    To: Ivins, Bruce E Dr USAMRIID
    Subject: Fed Ex Irradiation

    https://mrmc.amedd.army.mil/content/foia_reading_room/Batch56/20040509_batch56(redacted).pdf

    Bruce,

    You had notified me on May 10th that another shipment of spores should be arriving from Du[g]way. Did you receive them? I’m afraid to ask, but did any batch records arrive with them?
    Also, if we are to proceed with scheduling facility audits at Dugway and Battelle, please contact .
    Thanks,

    _____________________
    From: Ivins, Bruce E Dr USAMRIID
    Sent: Thursday, May 27, 2004 2:15 PM
    To: _________
    Subject: RE: Fed Ex Irradiation

    Hi,
    (b) (6)
    (b) (6)

    Yes, we got the spores. Yes, we were faxed batch records. Yes, the spores came by FedEx. No, I haven’t checked them yet to see if they were viable or irradiated or whatever. It would be dreadful if they had cooked them. I hope to check next week to see what they look like.
    – Bruce
    Bruce Ivins

    _____________________

    Sent: Tuesday, May 11, 2004 12:18 PM
    To: ‘Ivins, Bruce E Dr USAMRIID’
    Subject: RE: EA101 Importance: High

    Bruce, I checked the FedEx site this morning. It says your package was delivered at 10:15. Did you recieve this?

    _____________________

    https://mrmc.amedd.army.mil/content/foia_reading_room/Batch12/20000606_FW_%20Shipment.pdf

    From: ______________
    To: Bruce Ivins
    Sent: Monday, June 05, 2000 6:44 PM
    Subject: Fed Ex Irradiation

    Bruce,

    The strains are on their way to you, or at least in FedEx custody. If their dangerous goods person can’t invent some flaw with the paper work or packaging, they will be to you tomorrow.
    The tracking number is ________so you can monitor their progress from the fedex web page.
    The only priority we would have for the strains to be tested would be the Kruger A and B, which are:
    Kruger A = A0435 GT-67
    Kruger B = A0442 GT-87

    Thanks! Let me know that you received everything in good order.

    ciao for now

    https://mrmc.amedd.army.mil/content/foia_reading_room/Batch12/20000606_RE_%20Shipment.pdf

    From: Ivins, Bruce E Dr USAMRIID
    To: __________
    Subject: Shipment
    Date: Tuesday, June 06, 2000 3:02:50 PM

    We just got the strains. Thanks! If we need any more information about strain designations, I’ll write you. ____ is opening the package now in the biocontainment suite. Thanks again. We’re really excited about testing the strains!”

    -Bruce

  3. DXer said

    It is extremely difficult to sort through these document excerpts and make confident sense of things – the wonderful USAMRMC FOIA Officer needs to produce the irradiation records relating the August 28, 2000 and June 27, 2001 shipments — and outgoing shipment records.

    If the answer is that there are no irradiation records — and no outgoing shipment records — then maybe we will have gotten one step closer to learning the source of the virulent Ames anthrax that was mailed and killed five people.

    I am very appreciative of Mrs. Rogers’ patience and wise counsel over the course of years trying (from afar) to retrieve specific requested documents from so long ago.

    • DXer said

      Where and when did Southern Research Institute first obtain virulent Ames? (The former SRI Prez Voss and usually helpful VP Franz declined to tell me when I asked some years ago). Did the rumored misshipment transfer of Ames involve a shipment from USAMRIID and/or Southern Research Institute? The wonderful and ever-efficient USAMRMC FOIA Officer (who is necessarily dependent on personnel at USAMRIID doing the search for responsive records) has not yet been able to lay its hands on the documents relating to the re-shipment of the 340 ml that arrived on June 28, 2001.

      Did SRI get its virulent Ames from USAMRIID’s Special Pathogens?

      https://caseclosedbylewweinstein.wordpress.com/2015/07/29/dugway-anthrax-will-it-take-congressional-subpoena-power-to-fill-in-the-blanks-in-the-email-asking-about-weaponized-anthrax-that-came-to-detrick-and-then-was-shipped-out-and-some-was-missing/

      Convicted salafist Ali Al-Timimi shared a fax with Ken Alibek and Charles Bailey. The fax number for the Center for Biodefense was 993-4288. His conviction has been shrouded in classified materials dating to the 2000 and 2001 period. There’s something that some people do not want you to know.
      But let me help get people on the same page.

      The Executor Director of the DARPA Center for Biodefense was Ken Alibek. He was 156D Prince William II.

      The Deputy Director was Charles Bailey 156B Prince William II who, as I vaguely recall, long served as head of DTRA biothreat assessment. (I lived in Arlington, VA (Rosslyn) for 15 years very near where John Ezzell would come to report his research.)

      Kathryn Crockett, Ali Al-Timimi’s neighbor who wrote so brilliantly in her thesis about the Amerithrax forensics and microencapsulation, was at 157 Prince William II. (See the ProQuest dissertation database at your local University library).

      Ali Al-Timimi was in the Center for Biomedical Genomics. His phone was 3-4294.

      The groups both shared the same department fax of 993-4288.

      Dr. Charles Bailey for DIA wrote extensively on the the biothreat posed by other countries (and presumably terrorists). He shared a fax number with Al-Timimi. What came over that fax line in Spring and Summer of 2001? Perhaps an EA-101 announcing the imminent transfer of virulent Ames? The requestor fills out Parts 1 and 2 and the transferor fills out parts 3 and 4. (For example, in the case of the 340 ml., notes that Dr. Hawley faxed the EA-101 on June 25, 2001 regarding the planned FedEx shipment on June 27, 2001).

      So it seems that Ali Al-Timimi could have advance notice of any planned transfer of a Select Pathogen if the EA 101 simply was faxed to the heads of the DARPA Center for Biodefense at GMU, where a salafist imam shared a suite with the DARPA researchers. The DARPA researchers shared a multimillion dollar project involved research with virulent Ames at Southern Research Institute in Frederick, MD. The original contact, as I recall it, included DARPA-funded researchers USAMRMC/USAMIID researchers. (see DTIC database).

      Consider this research, for example:

      http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Charles_Bailey2/publication/8885478_Systemic_cytokine_response_in_murine_anthrax/links/5447a8d20cf2f14fb8120cc6.pdf

      “Acknowledgements

      Authors thank ____ for excellent technical assistance, personnel of the Homeland Security Division of Southern Research Institute, Frederick, MD, for carrying out experiments with virulent B. anthracis strain, and Experimental Pathology Laboratories, Herndon, VA, for pathology liver analyses.
      This work was supported in part by grants from the United States Army Medical Research and Materiel Command, and by Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, USA.

      See, e.g., “Systemic cytokine response in murine anthrax” Serguei G. Popov 1 *, Taissia G. Popova 1 , Edith Grene 1 , Francis Klotz 1 , Jennifer Cardwell 1 , Chris Bradburne 1 , Yusuf Jama 1 , Matthew Maland 2 , Jay Wells 2 , Aysegul Nalca 2 , Tom Voss 2 , Charles Bailey 3 and Ken Alibek 1,3
      1 Advanced Biosystems Inc., Manassas, VA 20110, USA.
      2 Southern Research Institute, Frederick, MD, USA.
      3 George Mason University Center for Biodefense, Manassas, VA 20110, USA.”

      Systemic pro-inflammatory cytokine release has been previously implicated as a major death-causing factor in anthrax, however, direct data have been absent. We determined the levels … of mice challenged with virulent (Ames) or attenuated (Sterne) strains of Bacillus anthracis. …

      The article notes that “All experiments with Ames strain were carried out in the BSL-3 facility of Southern Research Institute, Frederick, MD. This work was supported in part by grants from the United States Army Medical Research and Materiel Command, and by Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, USA.”

      “Authors thank … personnel of the Homeland Security Division of Southern Research Institute, Frederick, MD, for carrying out experiments with virulent B. anthracis strain ….”

      After agents raided Al-Timimi townhouse on February 26, 2003 — 100 agents came here the same day and minute so I was paying attention that day — I called Dr. Alibek to ask if and where he was using virulent Ames. He was. He said the research was done at the local BL-3 in the area and at the time he declined to identify it to me.

      It turns out it was being done at SRI. Indeed, it had been announced that Southern Research Institute was a subcontractor on the DARPA award to Advanced Biosystems when the grant was made in 2000. The press releases were retrievable through the Wayback Machine.

      PR Newswire
      May 4, 2000, Thursday
      HADRON Subsidiary Awarded $3.3 Million Biodefense Contract by DARPA

      DATELINE: ALEXANDRIA, Va., May 4

      Hadron’s subsidiaries, Avenue Technologies, Inc. and Advanced Biosystems, Inc., will perform the biodefense research programs under this contract. The scientific and medical research will consist of several related programs regarding the development of rapid-acting broad-spectrum protection against biological threat agents. Southern Research Institute, a well known research organization … is a subcontractor on this program.

      At some point, Dr. Al-Timimi, Dr. Alibek and Dr. Bailey also shared the same maildrop. It certainly would not be surprising that the two directors who headed the DARPA-funded Center for Biodefense — and had received the biggest defense award in history for work with Ames under a contract with USAMRIID — would have been briefed on the threat of mailed anthrax. The 1999 short report by William Patrick to Hatfill at SAIC on the general subject was far less important given that it did not relate to actual experimental findings.

      Plus, it is common sense that while someone might use as a model something they had surreptitiously learned of — they would not use as a model something in a memo that they had commissioned. Thus, it was rather misdirected to focus on the 1999 SAIC report commissioned by Dr. Hatfill rather than the 2001 Canadian report. The Canadian report related to the anthrax threat sent regarding the detention of Vanguards of Conquest #2 Mahjoub in Canada. Mahjoub had worked with al-Hawsawi in Sudan (the fellow with anthrax spraydrying documents on his laptop). The anthrax threat in late January prompted the still-classified PDB in early February 2001 to President Bush on the subject. (You might also ask Jeb about the attachment from his early February 2001 ; it is subject to FOIA directed to the Florida State government.) The attachment involved state intelligence officials and the notice about anthrax threat was coincident in timing to the PDB. The PDB is merely a summary by the CIA of intelligence for the benefit of the United States President. It may very well be that lots of intelligence officials know the same information.

      • DXer said

        I believe Aysegul Nalca, Tom Voss, Matthew Maland and Jay Wells did the virulent Ames research reported in the paper in Cell Microbiology, 6, 225, 2004, which the SRI researchers co-authored with the Center for Biodefense and Advanced Biosystems co-authors.

        “Systemic cytokine response in murine anthrax” Serguei G. Popov 1 *, Taissia G. Popova 1 , Edith Grene 1 , Francis Klotz 1 , Jennifer Cardwell 1 , Chris Bradburne 1 , Yusuf Jama 1 , Matthew Maland 2 , Jay Wells 2 , Aysegul Nalca 2 , Tom Voss 2 , Charles Bailey 3 and Ken Alibek 1,3
        1 Advanced Biosystems Inc., Manassas, VA 20110, USA.
        2 Southern Research Institute, Frederick, MD, USA.
        3 George Mason University Center for Biodefense, Manassas, VA 20110, USA.

        Can someone advise as to the origin of SRI’s Ames — to include its origin and the date of acquisition?

        • DXer said

          Dr. Popov says that Maland, Wells, Nalca and Voss did the work with virulent Ames — and notes that it was obtained before 9/11. Serge does not know where SRI got it. Perhaps someone else could clarify. People are either part of the problem or part of the solution. Serge has always been part of the solution.

        • DXer said

          http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1046/j.1462-5822.2003.00358.x/abstract

          Systemic cytokine response in murine anthrax
          • Serguei G. Popov1,*,
          • Taissia G. Popova1,
          • Edith Grene1,
          • Francis Klotz1,
          • Jennifer Cardwell1,
          • Chris Bradburne1,
          • Yusuf Jama1,
          • Matthew Maland2,
          • Jay Wells2,
          • Aysegul Nalca2,
          • Tom Voss2,
          • Charles Bailey3 and
          • Ken Alibek1,3

          Publication History
          • Issue published online: 19 DEC 2003
          • Article first published online: 19 DEC 2003
          • Received 22 July, 2003; revised 24 October, 2003; accepted 27 October, 2003.

          Bacterial strains, mice and challenge experiments

          “encapsulated B. anthracis (Ames strain) [was] obtained from Dr T. Voss (Southern Research Institute, Frederick, MD).”

          “All experiments with Ames strain were carried out in the BSL-3 facility of Southern Research Institute, Frederick, MD.”

        • DXer said

          Southern Research Institute, as I recall, is about 15 minutes from USAMRIID, 1425 Porter St., Frederick.

          Would USAMRIID DSD Special Pathogens have FedExed the Ames, hand-delivered it, dropped it off personally — or had someone pick it up in person?

        • DXer said

          Five Researchers Accidentally
          Exposed To Live Anthrax

          By Paul Elias
          AP Biotechnology Writer
          6-10-4

          http://www.rense.com/general53/res.htm

          SAN FRANCISCO – At least five workers developing an anthrax vaccine at a children’s hospital research lab in Oakland were exposed to the deadly bacterium because of a shipping foul up, officials reported Thursday.

          Officials with the Children’s Hospital Oakland Research Institute said none of the researchers have shown symptoms of infection, but are being treated with antibiotics as a precaution.

          Hospital spokeswoman Bev Mikalonis said the researchers believed they were working with a dead version of the anthrax bacterium, but were instead shipped live anthrax by the Frederick, Md. lab of the Southern Research Institute, which is headquartered in Birmingham, Ala.

          ***

          Southern Research Institute’s Thomas Voss, who is in charge of homeland security and emerging infectious disease, said the nonprofit company is investigating what happened. Voss said it’s still unclear whether the institute did ship live anthrax to Oakland.

          “We aren’t totally sure of the sequence of events,” Voss said.

          The Southern Research Institute was founded in 1942 and has two highly secure “hot labs” that store some of the world’s most deadliest diseases. Labs and researchers from around the country that need data about those nasty diseases but don’t – or can’t – handle them contract with the Southern Research Institute to do that work.

          Voss said the institute’s hot labs in Frederick and Birmingham handle just about every “select agent” listed with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta. The institute is one of 350 entities registered to handle live anthrax with the CDC. It employs 600 people nationwide and has about $75 million in revenue a year, Voss said.

          Voss said that while the institute receives many shipments of live diseases, it rarely ships them out.

          “We receive agents on a routine basis,” Voss said. “But on our end, we ship very infrequently. I can’t even recall shipping live agents.”

          Comment: If we don’t learn from our mistakes, we are bound to repeat them.

        • DXer said

          http://articles.baltimoresun.com/2004-06-11/news/0406110389_1_anthrax-bacteria-southern-research-institute

          Live anthrax accidentally shipped from Frederick to California lab
          Exposed workers undergo treatment
          CDC begins an investigation of lapse
          June 11, 2004
          Scott Shane,SUN NATIONAL STAFF

          The federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention are investigating how a Frederick research institute mistakenly shipped live anthrax bacteria to a California lab where at least five people were exposed to the potentially deadly germs.

          The five vaccine researchers at Children’s Hospital Oakland Research Institute were placed on antibiotics, and none has shown symptoms of infection, said Bev Mikalonis, a hospital spokeswoman.

          Scientists at Southern Research Institute in Frederick intended to send dead anthrax bacteria to their collaborators in Oakland, said Thomas G. Voss, vice president of homeland security and emerging infectious diseases at SRI.

          he killed germs were to be injected into mice to produce antibodies against the disease, one step toward developing an improved vaccine.

          But when the mice were inoculated over the past two weeks, nearly all died, prompting the researchers to perform tests to determine the cause of death.

          When the tests confirmed that the mice had died of anthrax, state and federal health officials were notified and researchers who had contact with the anthrax samples or the mice were placed on the antibiotic Cipro as a precaution, Mikalonis said.

          FBI agents from a bioterrorism unit in San Francisco removed the bacteria from the Oakland facility Wednesday.

          Bill Carter, a spokesman at FBI headquarters in Washington, said bureau personnel were called in only because of their equipment and expertise. No wrongdoing is suspected, and no criminal investigation is planned, he said.

          CDC experts are investigating the incident to determine why the bacteria were not “inactivated” by the standard procedure of immersion in a hot-water bath, Voss said.

          CDC officials could not be reached for comment.

          Voss said that before the anthrax was shipped, the sample was tested for the presence of live bacteria, but none was detected.

          “We’re trying to go through the lab notebooks and make sure we know what was done and how it was done,” Voss said. “We may need to increase the sensitivity level on our testing.”

          Voss said there was no danger to Southern Research personnel because they always use protective equipment in handling anthrax and are vaccinated against the disease.

          The anthrax was shipped in March from Frederick to Oakland, where it was stored in test tubes. Voss said even killed bacteria are transported in plastic tubes enclosed in a sealed container inside a secure shipping box.

          On May 28, the material was injected into 10 mice, all of which were found dead May 31. A second group of 40 mice were inoculated June 4, and all but one were found dead Monday, Mikalonis said.

          Only then did the scientist in charge of the project learn that the mice had died and begin an inquiry, she said.

          Southern Research Institute, founded in 1942 and based in Birmingham, Ala., is a not-for-profit organization that conducts research under contracts with the government and private companies.

          ts infectious disease branch in Frederick employs 70 people, including 20 who work on biodefense and emerging diseases, Voss said.

          The Frederick lab is rated at Biosafety Level 3, the second-highest level of security, Voss said.

          That is sufficient to work with anthrax, which the lab has used for research on vaccines, antibiotics and germ detection methods since 2001, he said.

  4. DXer said

    Given that JE seems like such a straight-shooter, first resort on these issues should be to what he has said.

    Moreover, note that USAMRMC FOIA has redacted the names from the August 2000 and June 2001 shipment records, making analysis problematic.

    That’s not transparency under these circumstances — that’s fogging the windows on an incident that requires greater transparency..

  5. DXer said

    “Since 1997, Dr. Jackman has been an IPA with the Special Pathogens Branch of the U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases. She is involved with the testing of biosensors and their component parts against live biological threat agents as part of the DARPA Biosensor Program.”

    Her work included spent material and microencapsulation with silica.

    “As pointed out, chemical building blocks making up bacteria and viruses can be measured by mass spectrometry. In addition, the broadband mass spectrometer can be used to measure contaminants (spent media, encapsulation materials, and other cofactors of weaponization) that are present in weaponized biological materials.”

    Source:

    Donlon, Mildred and Joany Jackman. “DARPA Integrated Chemical and Biological Detection System.” Johns Hopkins APL Technical Digest, September 1999, v. 20, no. 3, p. 320-325.
    http://techdigest.jhuapl.edu/td/td2003/donlon.pdf

    See bio.

    See also

    Under the Agreement between JHU/APL and USAMRIID’s DSD, USAMRIID was to include work with virulent strains, and not just the Ames from Flask 1029 (Dugway Spores) that had been irradiated. 98 vials of Dugway spores are missing — claimed to have been destroyed the previous year.
    Posted on October 27, 2014
    https://caseclosedbylewweinstein.wordpress.com/2014/10/27/under-the-agreement-between-jhuapl-and-usamriids-dsd-usamriid-was-to-include-work-with-powderized-virulent-strains-and-not-just-the-ames-from-flask-1029-dugway-spores-that-had-been-irradiated/

    The work related to some party’s desire “to extend the study to the analysis of real _________ rather than just simulants.”

  6. DXer said

    “This work did not continue for two reasons, dried agents are difficult to contain and decontaminate and dried agents have [dual] use implications. Ba simulants were not considered by Aerobiology due to the fact that their facility had the capabilty to use virulent agents.”

    • DXer said

      The Dried Aerosol Project At USAMRIID Was to Determine The Breakthrough Point for the Recombinant Protective Antigen Vaccine; Equipment Was Purchased and Preliminary Experiments Were Performed : Dugway Was Considered As Supplier Of Dried Virulent Spores
      Posted by Lew Weinstein on January 1, 2012

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