CASE CLOSED … what really happened in the 2001 anthrax attacks?

* 2014 Straits Times report : Into what weapons did Yazid Sufaat attempt to load anthrax?

Posted by DXer on February 23, 2014



“Old laws useful against terrorism”

IN THE battle against terrorist-scientists, old-fashioned laws still matter. Take the case of Yazid Sufaat, a Malaysian former army captain with a science degree from the United States, and an Al-Qaeda operative.

Terror groups handpick their terrorist-scientists, suggesting the importance of chemical or biological weapons for terrorists.

Yazid was chosen by Hambali, the operations chief for the regional militant group Jemaah Islamiah. The duo travelled to Indonesia some time before 2001 to interview a microbiologist working in a government research facility, said research analyst Idznursham Ismail.

But Hambali did not see leadership potential in the Indonesian, and Yazid was chosen to head the anthrax programme instead. Yazid is believed to have tried to cultivate and load anthrax onto weapons in Afghanistan  …

His home in Kuala Lumpur was allegedly used for meetings of senior Al-Qaeda members, including one to discuss plans to crash planes in the United States on Sept 11, 2001.

He was detained in Malaysia under the Internal Security Act (ISA) in 2001, and held for seven years.

In 2011, the ISA was repealed. Last year, he was charged in Malaysia with promoting acts of terrorism in Syria.

But the Malaysian courts ruled that he cannot be put on trial under the new law, the Security Offences (Special Measures) Act, as it does not cover terrorism activities conducted outside Malaysia.

Yazid was rearrested a week later and accused of being a member of a terrorist group, Tanzim Al-Qaeda Malaysia. …



26 Responses to “* 2014 Straits Times report : Into what weapons did Yazid Sufaat attempt to load anthrax?”

  1. DXer said

    Malaysia lauds US prosecution of Hambali, two Malaysians for terror attacks
    Published 23 Jan 2021, 2:47 am
    Modified 3:42 am

    articles from 2003:

    THE ORLANDO SENTINEL, October 11, 2003

    WASHINGTON — Operatives linked to the al-Qaeda network may have been working to acquire anthrax in Southeast Asia for use in terrorist attacks, a U.S. official said Friday. The official said on condition of anonymity that the U.S. government had signs of an anthrax effort in that region but would not describe them. It was not clear how advanced the work might have been. CBS Evening News first reported Thursday that Riduan Isamuddin, an Indonesian better known as Hambali, a senior operative who was the link between al-Qaeda and its affiliate in Southeast Asia, described to interrogators al-Qaeda’s renewed anthrax work. Hambali was captured Aug. 11 in Thailand.

    By Bill Sanderson

    Al Qaeda may be trying to weaponize anthrax and other bio-weapons – and a key operative of the terror group was trying to set up an anthrax lab in the Far East when he was arrested in Thailand in August, it was reported last night.

    Riduan Isamuddin – who also goes by the nom de guerre “Hambali” – has been singing about al Qaeda’s anthrax efforts, CBS News said.

    He worked on the terror group’s anthrax program in Kandahar, Afghanistan.

    There, Hambali collaborated with another al Qaeda terrorist, Yazid Sufaat, who has a degree in chemistry and lab science from California State University in Sacramento.

    When the United States began bombing Afghanistan in 2001, the men fled to Pakistan, then moved on to southeast Asia.

    Sufaat was arrested in Malaysia in August 2002, and is among 31 Malaysian terror suspects being detained there.

    Hambali is being held in Diego Garcia, a remote, British island in the Indian Ocean that is home to a U.S. air base.

    He was the leader of Jemaah Islamiah, the Al Qaeda affiliate in Southeast Asia behind last year’s discotheque bombing in Bali, Indonesia.

    Hambali has told interrogators the group is in a “very bad” state, Time magazine said this week. But terror experts told the magazine the group is still able to mount a major attack.

  2. DXer said

    “The JI membership perpetrating high casualty attacks against western targets not only driven by Al-Qaeda’s jihadist ideology, but is also engaged in an intimate, mutually beneficial relationship with Al-Qaeda that involves financial and logistical support and shared personnel. In one instance, JI sent a specialized science operative to Afghanistan to develop an anthrax program for Al-Qaeda, a situation that draws into relief a scenario in which JI could be connected to a WMD attack: the freelance, militant wing acting in coordination with, and at the behest of, Al-Qaeda.


    Similarly, multiple reports document al-Qaeda efforts to procure biological weapons, including anthrax, botulinum toxin, and ricin. In the remnants of the al-Qaeda camp in Derunta, Afghanistan, captured documents revealed plans for a biological processing facility focused on manufacturing anthrax to be supervised by Zawahiri and Mohammed Atef. 12 Zawahiri also funded and recruited scientists to develop an anthrax program in Pakistan and later Indonesia. 13 Under interrogation, the notorious operative “Hambali” of the al-Qaeda affiliated Jemaah Islamiyah declared that al-Qaeda had successfully developed anthrax. This claim was subsequently confirmed by U.S. forces who found traces of high-grade anthrax at al-Qaeda safe houses in Afghanistan. 14 ”

    Next Generation Weapons of Mass Destruction and Weapons of Mass Effects Terrorism Lewis A. Dunn Science Applications International Corporation Andre DeMarce, Rebecca Givner-Forbes, Amanda Grosiak, Matt Kovner, Stephen J. Lukasik, Ned Moran, Thomas Skypek, William Yengst Jennifer L. Perry Defense Threat Reduction Agency Advanced Systems and Concepts Office, January 2008

  3. DXer said

    Organizational Versus Individual Attribution: A Case Study of Jemaah Islamiyah and the Anthrax Plot
    Alexandra Pocek Joosse &H. Brinton Milward
    Pages 237-257 | Received 20 Apr 2013, Accepted 14 Oct 2013, Accepted author version posted online: 18 Dec 2013, Published online:14 Feb 2014

    Recent studies have taken an important first step in examining which terrorist groups, based on their organizational characteristics and the characteristics of the environment in which they operate, are more likely to pursue chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear (CBRN) weapons. This approach, however, assumes that individuals who perpetrate events act on behalf of the organization to which they primarily belong. Using the case of Jemaah Islamiyah’s alleged attempt to develop the pathogenic bacterium Bacillus anthracis, or anthrax, the authors demonstrate the importance of including individual-level variables to the analysis. In particular, the attendance by several key Jemaah Islamiyah members at an Al Qaeda-affiliated training camp is argued to set a chain of events into motion that ended in their involvement in the anthrax cultivation program.

    Comment: Yazid Sufaat was working with Hambali on developing the anthrax program BEFORE he went to Afghanistan.

  4. DXer said

    Does the Hambali lieuteant/successor, who was recently captured, know into what Yazid Sufaat attempted to load anthrax? What is he telling his interrogators?

  5. DXer said

    Ex-ISA detainee gets seven years jail for omitting information on terrorism

    “Yazid, a former ISA detainee who was released in Nov 28, 2008, has an obligation to alert the authorities should he know of any activities that are detrimental to the country’s safety as that was part of the agreement for his release.”

  6. DXer said

    Updated: Tuesday April 14, 2015 MYT 11:06:57 AM
    Protected witnesses for ex-ISA detainee’s trial


    KUALA LUMPUR: The prosecution in the terrorism trial of former Internal Security Act detainee Yazid Sufaat will use the testimony of protected witnesses and sensitive information to prove its case, the High Court heard.

    In his opening statement, deputy public prosecutor Datuk Mohamad Hanafiah Zakaria said he intended to prove that Yazid was the patron and founder of terrorist group Tanzim al-Qaeda Malaysia.

    The prosecution also intended to prove that Yazid had promoted terrorist ideology and attempted to recruit new members through religious classes conducted in his home.

    “To prove this, we will be using verbal testimony by general and protected witnesses, plus documentary evidence involving sensitive information and audio recordings,” said Mohamad Hanafiah.

    Yazid faces two charges of terrorism for being a member of Tanzim al-Qaeda Malaysia and for advancing terrorist ideology in Syria.

    Cafeteria helper Muhammad Hilmi Hasim and religious teacher Halimah Hussein were charged with abetting Yazid.

    Mohamad Hanafiah applied to have Yazid and Hilmi’s case to be heard together, while Halimah’s case will be heard separately as she is still at large.

    Hilmi faces the same two charges.

    Judge Mohd Azman Husin allowed the application and ordered the hearing for Yazid and Hilmi to continue.

    The first witness, Assistant Supt T. Thiagarajah, 51, testified that he was ordered by a superior officer to file a police report against Yazid on Oct 23, 2012, in order to initiate investigations under the Special Offences (Security Measures) Act (Sosma).

    The first charge of promoting acts of terrorism under Section 130G(a) of the Penal Code is punishable by up to 30 years prison, while the second charge of being members of Tanzim al-Qaeda under Section 130KA carries a life sentence upon conviction.

    The alleged offences occurred at a house in Ampang between August and October 2012.

    Yazid and Hilmi were the first people to be arrested under Sosma.

    Yazid had been detained under the ISA in 2001 for seven years on suspicion of being involved with the Jemaah Islamiyah militant group.

    The trial continues today.

  7. DXer said

    Newsweek, April 12, 2004

    “Al Qaeda and Anthrax”

    Section: Periscope

    According to documents obtained by NEWSWEEK, Al Qaeda mastermind Khalid Shaikh Mohammed told U.S. investigators after his capture last year that a high-ranking Qaeda lieutenant known as Khallad originally was “selected” to participate in the 9/11 attacks as a “bouncer”–one of the musclemen assigned to corral and subdue passengers on a hijacked plane. Khallad, a one-legged Yemeni also known as Tawfiq bin Attash, attended a January 2000 “summit” meeting in Malaysia at which he allegedly went over plans for 9/11 with two future hijackers, Khalid Almihdhar and Nawaf Alhazmi. After the meeting, Almihdhar and Alhazmi traveled to the United States. But Khallad apparently was unable to get a U.S. visa; instead, authorities say, he went on to mastermind the October 2000 suicide attack on the USS Cole in Yemen. He was finally captured in Karachi, Pakistan, a year ago.

    According to other reports generated during U.S. interrogations of “Hambali,” an Indonesian terrorist leader captured in Thailand last summer, a Malaysian named Yazid Sufaat, who helped organize and host the Kuala Lumpur terror “summit,” traveled to Afghanistan…. Hambali claimed that, after training, Sufaat worked with him “supporting” a Qaeda “anthrax program” in the Afghan city of Kandahar. After 9/11, Hambali says, he again met Sufaat and had discussions about “continuing the anthrax program in Indonesia.” Though U.S. intelligence officials say there is evidence that Al Qaeda was interested in acquiring chemical, biological and atomic weapons, there is little if any proof that the bin Laden network ever acquired weapons of mass destruction other than poisons like cyanide and ricin. A CIA spokesman had no comment on the interrogations of Mohammed and Hambali.

    By Mark Hosenball


    To the contrary, “U.S. intelligence officials” knew that (1) Al Qaeda anthrax scientist Rauf Ahmad had been working with virulent anthrax since 2000, (2) Rauf Ahmad had isolated anthrax spore concentrate in April 2001 in Kabul, and (3) Yazid Sufaat also was working by May 2001 in Kabul with two vaccinated assistants, before shifting the anthrax lab to Kandahar. By May 2001, lots of additional equipment was delivered to the new lab, to include a dryer and centrifuge. Mr. Hosenball’s intelligence source perhaps only had the benefit of information from KSM’s interrogation.

  8. DXer said

    Excerpts from White Paper on IS
    26 NOVEMBER 2014 @ 5:05 PM

    *Ex military officer Yazid Sufaat 50 who had been arrested under the Internal Security Act [and] recruited new members through facebook was arrested by the police in February 2013. …

    *Investigations by the police on 11 suspects who were detained in April this year revealed plans to bomb entertainment outlets in Kuala Lumpur, liquor factories in Selangor and government administration buildings in Putrajaya.

    Comment: Sufaat’s fellow jihadists were targeting eggnog factories? That really tears it.

    • DXer said

      Because of Yazid Sufaat’s involvement in bombing plots pre-dating 911, it is understandable that Malaysian authorities wanted to handle his prosecution and detention. As I recall, he was involved in the murder of innocents in connection with December 2000 church bombings.

      MALAYSIA: A Good Place to Lie Low


      Daniel Klaidman and Melinda Liu


      Newsweek. (Feb. 4, 2002): p32.

      COPYRIGHT 2002 Newsweek LLC. All rights reserved. Any reuse, distribution or alteration without express written permission of the publisher is prohibited. For permission:

      Full Text:

      Byline: Daniel Klaidman and Melinda Liu

      The Gaeda fighter was ragged and underfed, just another prisoner dragged off the battlefield by the Northern Alliance. Searched by his captors, he turned over a small notebook with names and numbers scrawled inside. They didn’t mean much to the men on the front lines, but to U.S. investigators piecing together the September 11 terror trail, one name in the book leapt out. It belonged to an obscure Malaysian businessman named Yazid Sufaat.

      For months before and after the September 11 attacks, evidence of Sufaat’s involvement with Al Qaeda kept popping up in documents. Last August, when FBI agents raided the Minneapolis apartment of Zacarias Moussaoui, they discovered papers from a Malaysian company called Infocus Tech. Among them were letters of introduction identifying Moussaoui as the outfit’s “marketing consultant” for the United States, Britain and Europe. They were signed “Yazid Sufaat, Managing Director.” Agents soon determined that Moussaoui was a Qaeda operative, and he was later charged as the “missing” 20th hijacker in the September 11 attacks. But Sufaat remained a mystery at that point.

      While the Feds trailed Moussaoui in Minnesota, agents were also scouring New York and Los Angeles for two other Qaeda operatives. Khalid Almihdhar and Nawaf Alhazmi had been red-flagged by the CIA for attending a January 2000 meeting in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, with top associates of Osama bin Laden. Despite the warning, Almihdhar and Alhazmi managed to slip into the United States. When American Airlines Flight 77 crashed into the Pentagon, the two Saudis were at the controls. And soon agents discovered that the Kuala Lumpur meeting had been held in Sufaat’s condominium.

      Who is Yazid Sufaat? U.S. intelligence now believes the former Malaysian Army captain was a member of Jemaah Islamiah, an Islamic extremist group that befriended bin Laden and helped him develop a support network in Malaysia and throughout Southeast Asia. A secret FBI report obtained by NEWSWEEK says that Malaysia, previously underestimated as a bin Laden stronghold, was a “primary operational launchpad for the Sept. 11 attacks.”

      Sufaat’s suspected involvement in the attacks also helped investigators unravel Al Qaeda’s mazelike architecture. Bin Laden reached out to sympathetic and often obscure extremist groups around the Islamic world, where his operatives could fade into the Muslim community–extending Al Qaeda’s global influence and frustrating efforts to foil their plots. Over the last few weeks, Malaysian authorities have arrested 48 suspected Islamic extremists, including Sufaat himself. There have been similar roundups in Singapore and elsewhere in Southeast Asia. U.S. Special Forces are already on the ground as advisers and trainers in the Philippines, where Muslim radicals are believed to have ties to bin Laden. Washington also wants to resume training the Indonesian military, but such aid has been prohibited by Congress because of human-rights issues.

      Investigators believe there may be dozens of bin Laden sympathizers like Sufaat sprinkled across Southeast Asia. Details about his life are still sketchy. Now 37, he studied in the United States, earning a degree in biochemistry. Returning home to Malaysia, he started seemingly legitimate software and trading companies. At the same time, he was leading a double life as a Muslim extremist, working as a midlevel warrior for Jemaah Islamiah, according to Malaysian investigators. But the January 2000 Kuala Lumpur meeting was the first time authorities tagged him as a potential Qaeda supporter. Sources have told NEWSWEEK that Sufaat was ordered to hold the meeting by an Indonesian cleric with ties to Al Qaeda. Immediately afterward, Almihdhar and Alhazmi, the two eventual hijackers, flew to the United States and enrolled in flight school.

      Later that year Sufaat received another guest: Moussaoui, who was also on his way to the United States for flight training. During the visit, Sufaat fixed up Moussaoui with the employment letters later discovered in his apartment. According to FBI sources, Sufaat also agreed to pay Moussaoui $2,500 a month during his stay in the United States, along with a lump sum of $35,000 to get him started.

      “Kuala Lumpur is the perfect place for Arabs to lie low,” says an intelligence source in the region. The city attracts many Arab tourists, and Malaysian law allows Muslims to enter and exit the country without visas. And unlike Somalia, Afghanistan and other backwaters, Malaysia is a modern country, with working phones and Internet access, a stable banking system–and world-class shopping.

      Last December, Malaysian investigators discovered that Sufaat had ordered four tons of ammonium nitrate, a powerful explosive used in truck bombs. He was arrested as he returned home from a mission to the Taliban regime in Afghanistan. Authorities believe Sufaat and his fellow Jemaah Islamiah radicals planned to blow up the U.S. and Israeli embassies in Singapore, and authorities there have detained dozens of the group’s members. That seems to leave Al Qaeda with fewer friends in the world–and perhaps fewer places to hide.

      Daniel Klaidman and Melinda Liu

      Source Citation (MLA 7th Edition)

      Klaidman, Daniel, and Melinda Liu. “MALAYSIA: A Good Place to Lie Low.” Newsweek 4 Feb. 2002: 32. General OneFile. Web. 29 Nov. 2014.

  9. DXer said


    ISIS a bigger threat than pre-9/11 al Qaeda?, August 11, 2014

  10. DXer said

    Regardless whether Yazid Sufaat prevails in his upcoming trial involving two men who were leaving to go abroad, he is a very lucky man to be so loved by his family. He should do all he can to restore them to the happiness they shared while he was with them. Authorities should consider whether time already served is punishment enough for any behavior to which the Malaysian government objects. In Colorado, for example, a plea is being reached by a young woman who was determined to go to Syria and had set out to leave despite FBI warnings.

    Might Yazid Sufaat be more powerfully deterred and influenced by returning him to a loving and supportive family?

    Should it be so difficult for Yazid Sufaat to embrace the principles of nonviolence and protection of innocents that others find in the same book?

    His daughter tweets:

    Haruki Murakami @haruki_tweets · Aug 9
    “One heart is not connected to another through harmony alone … They are, instead, linked deeply through their wounds.”
    Retweeted by Soraya Yazid

    Haruki Murakami @haruki_tweets · Aug 10
    “Memory is the most important asset of human beings. It’s a kind of fuel; it burns and it warms you.”
    Retweeted by Soraya Yazid

    Haruki Murakami @haruki_tweets · Aug 10
    “I began to draw an invisible boundary between myself and other people. No matter who I was dealing with, I mantained a set distance.”

  11. DXer said

    The loving, steadfast support of Yazid Sufaat’s family provides powerful argument for his release.

  12. DXer said

    Al Qaeda lab lingers in anthrax story
    By Dan Vergano, USA TODAYUpdated 10/2/2011 11:51 AM

    Fears that al Qaeda had some role in the anthrax letter attacks that killed five and terrorized the U.S. 10 years ago surfaced early in the investigation.

    “THIS IS NEXT. TAKE PENACILIN NOW. DEATH TO AMERICA. DEATH TO ISRAEL. ALLAH IS GREAT,” read the anthrax-laden letter sent to NBC newsman Tom Brokaw on Sept 18, 2001, at the start of the attacks. At least five letters were sent in the attacks that autumn, all containing similar words.
    Those messages likely contributed to one of the more curious endeavors of the nine-year “Amerithrax” investigation into the anthrax murders, the retrieval of a suspected terrorist lab, right down to the pipes of the kitchen sink.

    Three samples tested positive for Ames strain anthrax in tests, conducted at the USAMRIID lab. They had been taken from “an unopened medicine dropper package, a sink, and a sink drain hose,” according to a partly-declassified FBI report.
    Subsequent tests at microbiologist Paul Keim’s lab at Northern Arizona University found signs of the Ames strain of anthrax on two of the three samples, according to the same report.


    While it is undoubtedly true that al Qaeda was seeking to establish an offensivebioweapons program in 2001 , Task Force agents were unable to find any link between al Qaeda and the letter attacks in the United States, or even that, at the time of the attacks, any al Qaeda operatives had access to the type and quality of anthrax pathogen used in the 2001 attacks,” says the FBI’s investigative summary of the case.


    If terrorists released Bacillus anthracis over a large city, hundreds of thousands of people could be at risk of the deadly disease anthrax,” reads the summary of an Institute of Medicine report released only Friday. Even after a decade, “many public health authorities and policy experts fear that the nation’s current systems and plans are insufficient to respond to the most challenging scenarios, such as a very large-scale anthrax attack.”


    Is there any reason under FOIPA that Rauf Ahmad’s and Yazid Sufaat’s written statements should not be released?

    GAO Should Obtain A Copy Of Rauf Ahmad’s Signed Written Statement Voluntarily Provided FBI Agent Borelli

    Posted by Lew Weinstein on September 14, 2013

  13. DXer said

    Updated: Tuesday July 1, 2014 MYT 11:47:15 AM
    Of Facebook, selfies, jihad and PAS

  14. DXer said

    I’m still transfixed by the twitter feed of the thoughtful and hardworking daughter of Yazid Sufaat.

    I commonly don’t understand what’s going on in her sometimes cryptic twitter posts (and some are in her native language). But I for one certainly wish her well — wish her contentment and happiness.

    Poitics and piousness may work to separate people.

    But cats and coffee and love of family are a potent force making for a common human experience.

  15. DXer said

    Muklis Yunos is an example of someone who had training in both bomb-making and anthrax.

    Were the two passengers on the missing Malaysian 777 thought to have stolen passports sitting together? Or does film at the airport show them together?

  16. DXer said

    A man named Muklis Yunos, who reportedly received training on use of anthrax as a biological weapon in Afghanistan according to Philippine intelligence reports, was arrested on May 25, 2003, and cooperated with authorities over a bucket of spicy Kentucky Fried Chicken. I have long wondered if Muklis, a bomb-making expert, was the Filipino-looking gentleman who was bragging about his skill in processing anthrax.

    As described in US News, a former reporter from the Kabul Times met a Filipino-looking gentleman carrying papers from Zawahiri and bragging about his ability to manipulate anthrax. The man apparently was Hambali’s lieutenant, Muklis Yunos, who had been Hambali’s right-hand man and was in charge of special operations for the Philippine Moro Islamic Liberation Front (”MILF”). British reporter Philip Smucker, explained that the Afghan reporter working with him spoke fluent Arabic and made regular undercover trips into Afghanistan from Pakistan. He had visited three functioning al Qaeda camps, at grave risk to his life. Smucker explains that his colleague had landed in a Kabul hotel with a Filipino scientist who had a signed letter from al Qaeda’s number two, Dr. Ayman al Zawahiri, authorizing him to help the network develop biological weapons. The man at the hotel had described his own efforts to develop an “anthrax bomb.” Filipino Muklis Yunos was an explosives expert who had participated with Yazid Sufaat in the December 2000 church bombings. Upon his arrest in May 2003, Philippine intelligence said he had received anthrax training in Afghanistan. Perhaps he was who the journalist encountered.

    Alternatively, maybe it was Sufaat, I don’t know. Either way, it is evidence that Sufaat was trying to develop an “anthrax bomb.”

    Thought question: If you can load anthrax into a bomb, can’t you load anthrax into a letter?

    • DXer said

      Does the sourcing include the intelligence report prepared by Senior Supt. Rodolfo Mendoza Jr., former chief of the Philippine National Police intelligence branch?

      “Muklis and Al Ghozi were reportedly classmates at the training facilities of Al Qaida in Afghanistan. ‘They allegedly both know about demolition and anthrax application in biochemical warfare,’ an intelligence report prepared by Senior Supt. Rodolfo Mendoza Jr., former chief of the Philippine National Police intelligence branch, said.”

      Al Ghozi is most wanted man in southeast Asia
      By Our Correspondent
      July 25, 2003

      A report by the Intelligence Service of the Armed Forces of the Philippines (Isafp) says his admission of his involvement in the bombings in Metro Manila on December 30, 2000 that killed 22 civilians, led to the arrest last May of Muklis Yunos, allegedly a bomb expert trained by the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF).

      The December 30, 2000 bombing was supposedly the first major Jamaah Islamiya operation in the Philippines. Muklis and Al Ghozi were reportedly classmates at the training facilities of Al Qaida in Afghanistan. “They allegedly both know about demolition and anthrax application in biochemical warfare,” an intelligence report prepared by Senior Supt. Rodolfo Mendoza Jr., former chief of the Philippine National Police intelligence branch, said.

    • DXer said

      Al Qaeda anthrax lab tech says he had been part of Malaysian Armed Forces biological weapons program
      Posted by Lew Weinstein on March 23, 2012

      Before his recent arrest, Yazid Sufaat declined to tell DXer the strain of the “anthrax spore concentrate” harvested July 4, 2001
      Posted by Lew Weinstein on May 29, 2013

      Al Qaeda anthrax lab technician tells DXer that he realizes that by addressing these issues he may “jack myself up” but says that the “plan is on the way” — what does he mean when he says the “plan is on the way”?
      Posted by Lew Weinstein on May 1, 2012

      DXer says: Adnan El-Shukrijumah is the anthrax mailer … on or about 9/13/2001, he phoned from KSM’s house to tell his mom he was coming to the US
      Posted by Lew Weinstein on June 6, 2013

    • DXer said

      Different but related story by same journalist that discusses Fall 2001 anthrax mailings:

      Keeping deadly bugs out
      This story was first published in The Straits Times on Jan 10, 2014

      Comment: My favorite scrabble player was from Singapore but now has gone back. If she played a weird 4-letter word, you simply didn’t dare challenge it. What a lovely city.

    • DXer said

      The link to the article and the sidebar featured by Lew is here:

      Fighting to outsmart the terrorist scientists
      This story was first published in The Straits Times on Jan 17, 2014

      The timeline, to be more precise, shows his work was done in 2001 rather than the late 1990s.

      In The Second Front, Kenneth J. Conboy explains that Yazid Sufaat took over a room in Omar Hospital (near Kandahar) while waiting in May 2001 for the equipment he had amassed to reach Kandahar.

      Posted by Lew Weinstein on May 9, 2011

      Abdul Rabbani Abu Rahman was the other fellow who KSM tasked to move the crates with biological equipment for Al Qaeda’s anthrax program

      Posted by Lew Weinstein on May 6, 2011

      Mohammed Ahmad Rabbani was one of two who Khalid Mohammed (KSM) used to help Atef and Sufaat moving a roomful of crates purchased in Pakistan to Kandahar for the Al Qaeda anthrax program. KSM’s assistance had been sought by Abu Harith al-Masri.

      Posted by Lew Weinstein on May 6, 2011

    • DXer said

      Militant Claims Work on Anthrax Bomb in Afghanistan

      March 16, 2010

      A suspected Taliban operative in Afghanistan claimed recently that the group was working on a bomb that would disperse anthrax, the London Daily Express reported Sunday (see GSN, Jan. 26).

      “We use anthrax so when a bomb explodes it produces a toxic cloud,” Mullah Doud, a regional commander, said when interviewed last week by a British television news team inside an explosives production site at Tora Bora.

      Extremist groups such as the Taliban and al-Qaeda have not yet demonstrated the capability to weaponize biological agents such as anthrax or smallpox. However, one expert said the threat must be taken seriously.

      “Anthrax is an effective weapon and producing it needs only basic levels of biology and chemistry,” said Paul Wilkinson, a professor at the Center for Terrorism Studies at St. Andrews University in Scotland.

      “There are certainly extreme elements within the Taliban, those loyal to al-Qaeda, who would not think twice about this method. However, there is a wide chasm between producing anthrax and using it effectively in homemade bombs,” Wilkinson asserted.

      “Japanese terrorists had intended to use anthrax on the Tokyo metro in 1995. They experimented with it extensively but in the end opted for the nerve agent sarin. This shows that it is not an easy substance to control,” he added (see GSN, March 12).


      Did Yazid Sufaat envision silicon dioxide protecting anthrax from being destroyed in an explosion? That is what Dr. Alibek has said would be a purpose of using silica. A Japanese study then was done discussing how it served to protect the anthrax from being killed by sunlight. These points were by Gerry Andrews in his deposition. In military experiments, the silica in the slurry caused it to be incorporated. The FBI scientists ignored the finding of the research done by the Air Force lab.

      People like my good and long-time learned friend “Anonymous” may have been misled in their analysis because they were not aware that Yazid Sufaat reports that he had been a member of a secret (long since abandoned) weapons program while in the Malaysian military.

    • DXer said

      State programs have had the know-how since at least the 1950s.

      E61 anthrax bomblet

      Here, seditionist Ali Al-Timimi shared a suite with the leading Russian bioweaponeer, who came to the US and became an Ames anthrax researcher. Dr. Alibkek’s company’s work with virulent Ames, under a multimillion dollar contract, was done in downtown Frederick, Maryland.

    • DXer said

      UK reports that it tested an anthrax bomb in 1942.

      ‘Anthrax bomb’ answers demanded

      “However, a bacterial weapon was only tested once, in 1942, when a 30lb bomb charge with anthrax spore was dropped from a Blenheim aircraft at 5000 feet.
      “There was no residual contamination of the site as it was washed by the incoming tide. No other biological weapons trial was done at Penclawdd and no other species of bacteria were used.”

    • DXer said

      Nazi Germany Was Planned Target : Creation of Anthrax Bomb Told
      January 07, 1987| From Times Wire Services

      STANFORD — Britain and the United States developed and began to manufacture deadly anthrax bombs for use against Germany in World War II, but never decided to use them, according to a new report by a Stanford University historian.

      Prof. Barton J. Bernstein declared in an interview and in an article in the Bulletin of Atomic Scientists published Monday that an American plant, “probably in Vigo County” near Terre Haute, Ind., was scheduled to make about 50,000 bombs monthly by the summer of 1944, and 250,000 by that year’s end.

      In documents examined by Bernstein, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill was advised that 1,000 projectiles, each of 500 pounds and containing 106 four-pound anthrax bombs, could destroy life in a 25-square-mile area. Potential targets included Berlin, Hamburg, Frankfurt, Aaachen and Wilhelmshafen.

      American production of the bombs fell too far behind schedule to make available enough of the anthrax weapons in 1944, Bernstein said, and by 1945 “Germany was near surrender.”

      Geneva Convention

      Use of the bombs would have violated the Geneva Convention, signed in 1925 by the United States and Britain. But in mid-1944, outraged and furious by the German V-1 bombings of Britain, “Churchill might well have seriously considered retaliating with anthrax bombing,” Bernstein noted.

      The British also devised a plan in 1945 to drop the bombs on six German cities “but I can’t tell if that was a contingency plan or something that would be used,” Bernstein said. “Churchill’s advisers knew when they devised the plan that the bombs wouldn’t be ready.”

      “My guess is he (Churchill) wouldn’t have used them because F.D.R. (President Franklin D. Roosevelt) would have vetoed it,” Bernstein said. “F.D.R. was troubled by gas warfare and probably would not have allowed the anthrax bombs to be used because of moral reasons. It’s less certain about how Churchill felt, although we know he favored the use of gas.”

      U.S. Construction

      Bernstein said the British contracted for anthrax bomb plants in the United States because such plants in Britain would be vulnerable to bombing and therefore a greater threat to the local population.

      “It is impossible to know how many bombs were made (after the initial order was filled) because the American records were either destroyed, lost or classified,” Barton said. “But it’s likely that other bombs were made, and I would love to know what the U.S. did with them.”

      Bernstein is a member of Stanford’s Center for International Security and Arms Control. His article is part of a larger research project entitled “Deterrent, Morality and Awful Weapons in World War II.”



      Many of those who consulted on anthrax bombs in the 1950s have passed away. Even those who are deceased had passed on what they knew to their financial benefactors.

      As William Patrick and Ken Alibek have always said, access by an individual to know-how of a state is a real risk.

      Here, Ali Al-Timimi shared a suite with the leading DARPA-funded Ames researchers who co-invented a patent in Spring 2001 to grow anthrax in silica, thus concentrating it.

      The silicon signature should have sounded alarm bells but a Red Team, whose membership has been kept from the public, decided the FBI should not pursue the red hot forensics lead.

    • DXer said

      Why didn’t the FBI submit the anthrax testing from 2002 and 2003 — rather than just the FBI’s testing in 2004 and 2005?

      Pentagon: Afghan lab may have produced anthrax

      March 26, 2002 Posted: 0817 GMT

      WASHINGTON (CNN) — Pentagon officials confirmed Monday that U.S. troops found a laboratory near the former Taliban stronghold of Kandahar that could have been used in the production of anthrax.

      Gen. Richard Myers, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, said the troops found some but not all of the equipment needed in the production of the potentially deadly bacteria. He said it looked as if someone had tried to destroy some of the equipment.

      “There were no large quantities of anthrax you could see,” Myers said. “They’ll do the usual swabs and bring those back for analysis.”

      He said the troops did not find any of the precursor chemicals needed in the laboratory manufacturing of anthrax.

      Myers would not speculate on whether the lab was still under construction.

      Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld said investigators have found traces of anthrax on swabs taken at some sites in Afghanistan.

      “The caveat to that is, that they are such minute amounts that the anthrax could be naturally occurring,” Rumsfeld said.

      Rumsfeld and Myers said the equipment could have been used for other purposes but there were indications it was being used for the production of anthrax.

      “We have so much evidence in writing of the desire to develop capabilities, chemical and biological capabilities, that the fact that it’s dual-use is like saying a pistol is dual-use,” Rumsfeld said. “It can shoot at a target or it can shoot at a person.”

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