CASE CLOSED … what really happened in the 2001 anthrax attacks?

* a selection of posts from the CASE CLOSED blog making the case AGAINST the FBI’s assertions that Dr. Bruce ivins was the anthrax attacker

Posted by DXer on April 30, 2013

GAO, Mueller & Ivins


This CASE CLOSED blog site contains 1272 posts and almost 16,000 comments. Here is a selection of the most important posts raising the questions which thoroughly discredit the FBI’s assertion that Dr. Bruce Ivins was the sole perpetrator of the 2001 anthrax attacks, or even that he was involved in any way … 


Evidence for the Source of the 2001 Attack Anthrax
Martin E. Hugh-Jones1*, Barbara Hatch Rosenberg2, and Stuart Jacobsen3

New Documents Cast Doubt on Federal Anthrax Case
by Mike Wiser, FRONTLINE; Greg Gordon, McClatchy Newspapers; and Stephen Engelberg,ProPublica

Bruce Ivins Maybe Didn’t Send the Anthrax, Government Admits in Court Papers
By Joe Coscarelli Tue., Jul. 19 2011

Frontline, partnering with McClatchy and ProPublica, has done important work in assessing the FBI’s conclusion in Amerithrax.

A detailed analysis of Laurie Garrett’s new book

The unsolved anthrax murder mystery

clinical science, epidemiology, basic science and forensics

Colleague Says Anthrax Numbers Add Up to Unsolved Case
by Gary Matsumoto, Special to ProPublica, April 23, 2010, 11:45 a.m.

Nadler Renews Call for Independent Investigation of Anthrax Attacks
Mar 4, 2010

Widow Of Anthrax Victim Doubts FBI’s Conclusion

Derailing Justice Again
Norman M. Covert (former USAMRIID public affairs officer)

Ivins Minus the Technicolor
Norman M. Covert (former USAMRIID public affairs officer)

Al Qaeda anthrax lab tech says he had been part of Malaysian Armed Forces biological weapons program

Al Qaeda anthrax lab technician tells DXer that he realizes that by addressing these issues he may “jack myself up” but says that the “plan is on the way” — what does he mean when he says the “plan is on the way”?

Atta Was Coordinating With Jdey’s Associate Al-Hazmi, First In Fort Lee, NJ In Late August 2001 And Then In Laurel, MD in September 2001 ; Jdey’s Associate Nawaf Al-Hazmi Had Been At The Planning Meeting At Yazid Sufaat’s Kuala Lumpur Condo With Anthrax Planner Hambali And Anthrax Lab Director Yazid Sufaat And Yet The FBI Never Told The Public That Jdey Had Been Detained Along With Moussaoui In August 2001 (With Biology Textbooks) And Then Released

NSA ORCON: CIA and FBI Dropping the Ball In Anthrax Mailings and 9/11 Involved Same Failure To Track And Intercept Al-Midhar And Nawaf After Meeting At Kuala Lumpur Condo Of Anthrax Lab Tech Sufaat and Anthrax Planner Hambali

In today’s installment of a continuing series, Al Qaeda anthrax lab technician Yazid Sufaat defends his decision to go to Afghanistan to work on his “anthrax project” for Al Qaeda

Anthrax Lab Director Yazid Sufaat Wrote This Letter Of Introduction For Zacarias Moussaoui, Who Made The Cropduster Inquiries

On The Question Whether Yazid Sufaat Was Using Virulent Ames (see NAS Report), We Need One Of These Top-Flight Journalists To Succeed In Getting Substantive, On-The-Record Responses From Yazid

The “Hatfill Theory” was part of the same unstoppable train wreck as the “Ivins Theory.” There was a change of cars (investigators), but it was the same flawed train of reasoning and the investigators never overcame the earlier truncated emphasis of the investigation.

U.S. Senator Grassley … “There are no more excuses for avoiding an independent review and assessment of how the FBI handled its investigation in the anthrax case.””/

Senator Grassley asks the FBI to explain why it retracted a Justice Department filing (in the Stevens case) that Dr. Bruce Ivins lacked access in his lab to the “specialized equipment” needed to dry wet anthrax spores into airborne powder

In a Sept 23, 2011 letter to Senator Grassley, the DOJ says that Dr. Ivins made the dried powder in B5 using the lyophilizer even though the DOJ has proved he was in B3 tending to the rabbits, not B5 (the BL-2 lab), at the time the DOJ alleges he made the dried powder. THAT is the contradiction.

Baltimore Sun/Frontline … if Ivins was not the person who sent the anthrax, then that killer is still on the loose … and we are left with an FBI that not only failed to solve such a huge case, but overstated and maybe lied about what it did accomplish.

Deposition Excerpt of USAMRIID Scientist Stephen Little: Bruce Ivins would not have had skill, equipment, or ability to decontaminate equipment

Deposition Excerpt of Patricia Worsham in Stevens v. United States: Product Could Not Have Been Made At USAMRIID With Equipment She Has Seen At USAMRIID

USAMRIID Scientist Susan Welkos deposition excerpt : No data suggesting Dr. Ivins is guilty

Ayman Zawahiri, Anwar Awlaki, Anthrax, and Amerithrax: The Infiltration Of US Biodefense

Justice Dept. takes on itself in probe of 2001 anthrax attacks
By Jerry Markon,January 27, 2012

Was FBI too quick to judge anthrax suspect the killer?
Greg Gordon | McClatchy Newspapers
last updated: April 21, 2011

Scientist Innocent of Anthrax Mailings, Former Colleague Says
April 23, 2010

Science falls short in anthrax investigation

Nature 454, 917 (21 August 2008) | doi:10.1038/454917a; Published online 20 August 2008
Case not closed
The FBI says it has evidence showing that Bruce Ivins was behind the 2001 anthrax attacks — but with his death, this will not be tested in court. A full enquiry into the case is needed if justice is to be done.

January 24, 2010, 7:33 p.m. ET
The Anthrax Attacks Remain Unsolved, by Edward Jay Epstein

Eric Nadler:
Posted On: March 5, 2010

Anthrax Redux: Did the Feds Nab the Wrong Guy? | Wired Magazine

NPR: FBI Faulted For Overstating Science In Anthrax Case

Serious doubt cast on FBI’s anthrax case against Bruce Ivins – Salon …
Feb 16, 2011 – A scientific panel concludes the Government overstated its genetic evidence against Bruce Ivins.

NAS Panel Member Nancy D. Connell in new treatise: Amerithrax May Never Be Solved

“Tellingly, it was a target of the 2001 anthrax letters – Democratic Senator Patrick Leahy of Vermont – who told Mueller at a 2008 hearing that he seriously doubted the findings of the FBI’s long and complicated anthrax investigation.”
“FBI’s longtime director faces criticism of bureau again,” Apr 27, 2013

PR’s John Dankowsky interviews Stephen Engleberg, Paul Keim and David Relman … RELMAN: the evidence linking the anthrax material in the letters to the material in the flask in Bruce Ivins’ lab was consistent with an association but was not conclusive or definitive … KEIM: there’s no scientific test that can prove that it came from Fort Detrick, Maryland.

former USAMRIID scientists Jeff Adamovicz and Gerry Andrews … “The scientific evidence clearly shows that the (anthrax) wasn’t produced in our laboratory (USAMRIID).” … ie, IT WASN’T IVINS!!!
Posted by Lew Weinstein on October 8, 2011

Richard Spertzel in WSJ: Bruce Ivins Wasn’t the Anthrax Culprit

Washington Post editorial (10/21/11) calls for independent review of FBI investigation of Dr. Bruce Ivins in 2001 anthrax attacks
Posted by Lew Weinstein on October 22, 2011

NYT editorial, showing no confidence in the FBI’s unraveling case against Dr. Bruce Ivins, calls for an independent review of the FBI’s anthrax investigation to assure that the culprits are not still at large … LMW: it is long past time to hold Director Mueller accountable for the FBI’s investigative failures and for the FBI’s purposeful withholding of documents that are required to be released by FOIA

NY Post editorial: a group of eminent scientists have found that the FBI’s Amerithrax conclusions may be shockingly wrong … (the FBI) clearly can’t be trusted to judge cases that reflect badly on its own conduct’s-amerithrax-conclusions-may-be-shockingly-wrong-the-fbi-clearly-can’t-be-trusted-to-judge-cases-that-r/

an interview with David Relman, vice chair of the NAS review committee, reveals clearly that the science cannot prove that Dr. Bruce Ivins is the sole perpetrator or even involved … and, by the way, it seems Al Qaeda had Ames anthrax

Bioweapons expert Jonathan Tucker noted in his 2010 NATO briefing that skeptics had pointed out numerous holes in the FBI’s “Ivins Theory” (and see 2013 book)

Rutgers professor and Amerithrax expert Dr. Leonard Cole … there remain important gaps in the FBI’s evidence against Dr. Bruce Ivins“there-remain-important-gaps-in-the-evidence-”/

Jeffrey Adamovicz and Gerry Andrews, the people who knew Dr. Ivins and his lab capabilities better than anyone else, make powerful arguments that the FBI has not made its case … and Adamovicz says “he feels morally obligated to continue to pursue the case.”

Army microbiologist Dr. Henry Heine, until now forbidden to speak, says … Ivins is absolutely not the anthrax attacker … it was impossible that the deadly spores had been produced undetected in Dr. Ivins’s laboratory, as the F.B.I. asserts … whoever did this is still running around out there

International anthrax expert Dr. Hugh Martin-Jones challenges the government to test his team’s hypothesis in a lab instead of with “lawyer talk” … “I hope [the findings] will add to the pressure that the investigation be actively reopened.”

Doubts about anthrax story,0,2121592.story#ixzz2Rr65jba8

Daily Journal Online-12 hours ago
After 9/11, there was a lethal (still unsolved) anthrax attack
•Feb 27, 2010 – The Federal Bureau of Investigation’s report on Dr. Bruce Ivins leaves too many loose ends to be taken as a definitive verdict.
Who Mailed the Anthrax Letters? –…/who-mailed-the-anthrax-letters.html

Editorial: Decade after anthrax mail attacks, questions still remain
Published: Tuesday, October 11, 2011, 6:55 AM
By Times of Trenton Editorial Board

Justice Department Filing Casts Doubt on Guilt of Bruce Ivins, Accused in Anthrax Case
by Mike Wiser, PBS Frontline, Greg Gordon, McClatchy Newspapers, and Stephen Engelberg, ProPublica, July 18, 2011, 7:03 p.m.

The Bioterrorist Attacks on America, by Yuril V. Ezepchuk (Director of Biological Sciences, University of Colorado) … hypothesis: the hijacker Ahmed Alhaznawi had been infected with the skin form of anthrax

Posted by Lew Weinstein on September 4, 2012

New leads in anthrax case
Published: Wednesday, October 12th, 2011

Obama Obstructs Oversight of FBI in Anthrax Case
By Cliff Kincaid

ProPublica, McClatchy Newspapers and PBS’ Frontline … the FBI’s case against anthrax suspect rife with questions
Posted by Lew Weinstein on October 11, 2011

Laurie Garrett … the FRONTLINE program has convinced me that Dr. Bruce Ivins is innocent of the 2001 anthrax mailings
Posted by Lew Weinstein on October 13, 2011

Frederick News Post: the FBI’s case against Dr. Bruce Ivins is in tatters … *LMW: we must support Congressman Holt’s call for a re-investigation … we must learn the truth
Posted by Lew Weinstein on February 21, 2011

In Have We “Met the Enemy”?, Science 3 February 2012: Vol. 335 no. 6068 pp. 540-541, Dr. David Relman, who had been vice-chairman of the NAS Committee, explains:

Claire Fraser-Liggett: the genetic analysis of the spores in Ivins’ flask does not indicate Ivins is guilty

an article by Drs. Hugh-Jones, Rosenberg & Jacobsen highlights key unanswered questions in the FBI anthrax investigation … such as where and how were the anthrax spores in the attack letters prepared?

Melanie Ulrich: “Ex-colleague [assistant] questions government’s case against anthrax suspect”
August 08, 2008|By ANDREW SCHOTZ

Congressman Holt: the FBI’s “botched investigation” must be reopened … LMW: please write to your Congressman or woman and urge support for Holt’s Anthrax Commission bill

HOLT, ANTHRAX and JEOPARDY: “He mailed the anthrax-laden letters in Fall 2001. Who is _______?”

Congressman Rush Holt: The FBI repeatedly bungled the anthrax investigation … I have introduced legislation that would create a special committee to investigate the anthrax attacks

Hartford Courant: Anthrax Attacks Still A Mystery After 10 Years …
Posted by Lew Weinstein on October 4, 2011

AP: statements by scientists in Florida court case raise doubts regarding the FBI conclusion that Dr. Bruce Ivins prepared the anthrax used in the 2001 attacks
Posted by Lew Weinstein on May 19, 2011

Washington Post editorial calls for Congressional commission to probe all evidence in the anthrax case
Posted by Lew Weinstein on February 18, 2011

Book author Edward Jay Epstein writes on his blog:

Keith Olbermann interviews investigative reporter Gerald Posner … the FBI anthrax case is severely flawed

Frederick News-Post columnist Barry Kissin – the lynching of Bruce Ivins

selected extracts from the presentation of anthrax vaccine MD Dr. Meryl Nass at the Nov 29, 2010 anthrax seminar

Stephanie Yamkovenko of Frederick Gorilla summarizes elements of the FBI’s non-existent case against Dr. Ivins

Excerpts from “I Heard The Sirens Scream” by by Pulitzer Prize winning author Laurie Garrett

slide presentation at the Nov 29 anthrax letters seminar

Dr. Alan Zelicoff, the head of Saint Louis University’s Institute in Biosecurity, has serious doubts about the government’s official explanation of Amerithrax

Ken Dillon asks … Who Was the Real Anthrax Mailer? … the key people in the anthrax mailings were not Bruce Ivins or Steven Hatfill … instead, they appear to have been Ali al-Timimi and Abderraouf Jdey.…-who-was-the-real-anthrax-mailer-the-key-people-in-the-anthrax-mailings-were-not-bruce-ivins-or-steven-hatfill-his-predecessor-as-the-fbis-target-instead-they-app/

Congressman Mike Pence & Pulitzer prize winning science writer Laurie Garrett agree on Anthrax Mailings.. Pence: “I don’t know who sent it” — I am afraid we may have missed the off-ramp to the truth.” … Garrett: “I get outraged because the FBI completely botched the investigation on the anthrax.”

Doubts Persist About FBI’s Anthrax Investigation 10 Years Later …

4-page summary of analysis
Ayman Zawahiri, Anwar Awlaki, Anthrax, and Amerithrax: The Infiltration Of US Biodefense

8 Responses to “* a selection of posts from the CASE CLOSED blog making the case AGAINST the FBI’s assertions that Dr. Bruce ivins was the anthrax attacker”

  1. DXer said

    At a recent “Hacks and Hackers” presentation I attended, there was wide consensus that no communication was secure absent encryption — and even with encryption there were no guarantees.

    But I was a little bemused that anyone feeling a need for confidential communication would take guidance from a stranger as to what sites to use for encryption of the particular type of media.

    From a computer expert, a good friend, who has lectured to the FBI previously on a computer security, I was sent a free, expensive equipment for ham radio. Ha! I’ll pass.

    It certainly is a fascinating spy story — but where is the “whistleblower” aspect? I am looking forward to a little flesh being put on the bones.

    If Al Qaeda uses US-based operations to attack the US, how would the NSA be doing its job except by taking such technological steps — pursuant to the court process that has long existed.

    As for maintaining strict audit controls to make sure that the only intercepts conducted are authorized, that is simply a matter of having effective internal controls.

    Issues of unauthorized access to computers are routinely addressed in law enforcement agencies.

    Don’t get me wrong. I think it is a fascinating and huge story — a journalistic coup — but am looking forward to hearing more detail. And let’s not make it out to be scandalous when it simply is fascinating.

    Mr. Greenwald lives in Brazil.

    There are close parallels between these revelations and the NSA wiretapping of Al-Timimi’s network — where NSA and the White House cut DOJ out of the loop.

    IMO, Amerithrax was botched from the top down.

    Ali Al-Timimi had been Andrew Card’s former assistant. For Amerithrax to be solved, the public would have understood that Saddam didn’t have access to virulent Ames, Andrew Cards’ former assistant did.

    And, for example, that was because he was negligently granted access to the largest repository in the world maintained by ATCC. The lead FBI scientist, Jason B., was a collection scientist in the bacteriology division.

    Glen, roll up your sleeves and delve into the NSA documents relating to Amerithrax.

    The context of those documents can be understood from the analysis here:

    Edward Snowden: how the spy story of the age leaked out
    The full story behind the scoop and why the whistleblower approached the Guardian

  2. DXer said

    I have long suggested that Adnan El-Shukrijumah aka Jafar the Pilot was the mailer of the Fall 2001 anthrax letters. Here is Dan Abrams reporting on the raid of his residence over a decade ago.

    DAN ABRAMS reporting:

    Well, Lester, I can say that I’ve been relieved that I haven’t been on the air
    very much in the last day. And that’s because there hasn’t been a lot to
    report, fortunately, on the home front security issues. So far, so good around
    the country.

    Now the FBI has put out a worldwide alert for this man, Adnan El-Shukrijumah.
    He’s considered to be about 5’4″ tall, about 132 pounds. Intelligence sources
    tell NBC News he’s a top al-Qaeda operative and could pose an imminent threat to
    US interests or persons worldwide. Now it’s not known if he’s in the country or
    he’s overseas, but he certainly was here after 9/11.

    Now, these exclusive pictures show an FBI raid on his last known US residence in
    Miramar, Florida. Today–now that was–that happened today.

    • DXer said

      Compare the codes used by Adnan El-Shukrijumah in connection with the 2009 NYC bomb subway plot with the code I suggest years ago were used in the Fall 2001 anthrax letters.

      Ross Getman Discusses The Anthrax Codes

      The Code Used In The Anthrax Letters
      By Ross E. Getman

      (Reprinted in full with consent of Author)

      Director of National Intelligence Mike McConnell told a recent
      conference in Washington, D.C.:

      “People often ask me what keeps you up at night; what do you worry about?
      If someone were to have a sophisticated attack on our financial services system,
      let’s just say cyber networks broadly, at the same time that they mailed through
      U.S. mail, FedEx, and UPS the equivalent of letters sprinkled with anthrax
      throughout the country, it would have a devastating impact. If you chose the
      right time, right place, right season, it may have a maybe even more
      overwhelming devastating impact.”

      While by his account in that speech, he starts his day at 4:00 a.m.,
      let’s consider whether Mr. McConnell has made the time to brief the
      President on the code used in the earlier anthrax letters.

      (1) Atta’s “Jenny” Code and the Jennifer Lopez Letter

      The goofy letter sent to the publisher of the National
      Enquirer and Sun tabloids in Florida sought to dissuade Jennifer Lopez
      from a planned marriage. “Wedding” is known Al Qaeda-speak for “event”
      or “attack.” In the Summer of 2001, Mohammed Atta was communicating
      with a terrorist contact in Germany. He used tradecraft code in these
      contacts — he used the code “Two sticks, a dash and a cake with a
      stick down” to convey to his contact the intended date of the 9/11
      attack. In sending these emails to Germany, Atta pretended to be
      writing to an imaginary girlfriend named “Jenny.” Khalid Mohammed
      used a similar code in communicating with Ramzi Binalshibh during the
      period, instructing Binalshibh to send “the skirts” to “Sally”. (The
      9/11 Commission Staff noted that “Sally” was Zacarias Moussaoui.) KSM
      admits that upon the death of military commander Atef, he came to
      supervise the cell planning on attacking the United States with
      weaponized anthrax. In 2003, after the interrogation of regional
      operative Hambali, “extremely virulent” anthrax was found at a house
      in Kandahar that could be readily weaponized. Al Qaeda had it prior to

      Stevens noted at the time it was especially odd given that the
      Sun did not deal with celebrities, which was the subject of the
      sister-paper Globe. Stevens’ fellow photo editor Roz Suss was looking
      over his shoulder: “With that Bob says to me, ‘Hey, I think there’s
      something gold in here. It looks like a Jewish star sticking out of
      the powder.’ I walked up behind him and reached over his shoulder. I
      pulled this little star out of what looked like a mound of powder in
      this letter.” “It looked like something from a Cracker Jacks box,” she
      says. She picked it out of the powder and tossed it in her
      wastebasket. Stevens’ colleague Bobby Bender recalls opening a large
      envelope to Jennifer Lopez, care of the Sun. In it was a cigar tube
      containing a cigar, a small Star of David charm, and somethiing that
      seemed like soap powder. According to an early National Enquirer,
      Stevens held it up to his face and then put it down on the keyboard
      (where traces of anthrax were found). The publisher’s wife was the real
      estate broker who rented to two of the hijackers. Small world, eh?
      KSM’s assistant in supervising the anthrax cell was Hambali, who along
      with two colleagues considered attacking an Israeli restaurant, with a
      Star of David above it, in the Khao San Rd. backpacker area in Bangkok.

      Jennifer Lopez’ fame had withstood a number of underperforming
      movies, to include the movie “The Cell” in the year 2000. In the
      movie, following a trail of bodies, an FBI agent tracks down and
      captures a disturbed serial killer. Before the killer can reveal the
      whereabouts of his next victim (a woman trapped in a cell on the verge
      of drowning), he falls into a coma. Enter FBI psychologist Lopez, who
      uses a radical link to the killer’s brain that could destroy her own
      sanity. “Her mission: Find the cell’s location before time runs out,
      and avoid getting trapped inside the killer’s head.” How apt.

      Mrs. Stevens explained:

      “They get strange letters sometimes, and the consensus seems to be that
      if Robert wasn’t wearing his glasses and if it was something funny, he
      would hold the letters up to his face. They think perhaps that’s how he
      got it. Just bad luck.”

      The CIA knows that wedding is Al-Qaeda-speak for an event. That,
      according to New York Times journalists, is why the CIA got so anxious
      to have the Buffalo boys arrested. Apart from an email about a “big
      feast,” they had started talking about a planned wedding. Interpreting
      such code is not without risk. The CIA kicked down the door in Bahrain
      and dragged him away from the altar to the horror of his bride-to-be.

      What does the J.Lo letter tell us about the sender, or senders?
      J.Lo is what they used to call a “sex bomb” – and the biggest one at
      the time. She had international fame. The vehicle had a “weird” love
      letter, a Star of David, maybe a cigar. Who has “issues” and weird
      obsessions with women, sex (with a cigar being a crude symbol) and
      Jewish symbolism? Atta, for example, had strict instructions in his
      will about what women would be allowed to do at his funeral. Follow
      the anomalies.

      Two of the hijackers had subscriptions to AMI publications, as did
      at least one other Al Qaeda operative in contact with Atta in the
      summer of 2001.

      (2) “School”

      “Greendale” School is the return address of the anthrax letters to
      Senators Daschle and Leahy — two Senators who played key roles in
      both appropriations to Israel and Arab secular regimes and the
      rendering of senior Egyptian Islamic Jihad leaders. In December 2002,
      the Arabic paper London Al-Sharq al-Awsat reported that correspondence
      on Zawahiri’s computer (which was obtained by the Wall Street Journal)
      shows Zawahiri uses “school” as code for Egyptian Islamic Jihad. The
      letter was found on Al Zawahiri’s computer. The letter was designed
      to look innocent. It was dated 3 May 2001 and signed “Dr. Nour,
      Chairman of the Company.” Nour was one of Zawahiri’s aliases. In this
      context, it was Egyptian Islamic Jihad, not Al Qaeda, of which he was

      “We have been trying to go back to our main, previous activities. The
      most important step was the opening of the school. We have made it
      possible for the teachers to find openings for profitable trade.”

      The letter read:

      “To: Unknown
      From: Ayman al-Zawahiri
      Folder: Letters
      Date: May 3, 2001

      The following is a summary of our situation: We are trying to
      return to our previous main activity. The most important step was
      starting the school, the programs of which have been started. We also
      provided the teachers with means of conducting profitable trade as much
      as we could. Matters are all promising, except for the unfriendliness
      of two teachers, despite what we have provided for them. We are
      patient. [This apparently refers to an internal dispute with two
      senior London Egyptian islamists].

      As you know, the situation below in the village [Egypt] has become
      bad for traders [jihadis]. Our Upper Egyptian relatives have left the
      market, and we are suffering from international monopolies. Conflicts
      take place between us for trivial reasons, due to the scarcity of
      resources. We are also dispersed over various cities. However, God had
      mercy on us when the Omar Brothers Company [the Taliban] here opened
      the market for traders and provided them with an opportunity to
      reorganize, may God reward them. Among the benefits of residence here
      is that traders from all over gather in one place under one company,
      which increases familiarity and cooperation among them, particularly
      between us and the Abdullah Contracting Company [bin Laden and his
      associates]. The latest result of this cooperation is … the offer they
      gave. Following is a summary of the offer:

      Encourage commercial activities [jihad] in the village to face
      foreign investors; stimulate publicity; then agree on joint work to
      unify trade in our area. Close relations allowed for an open dialogue
      to solve our problems. Colleagues here believe that this is an
      excellent opportunity to encourage sales in general, and in the village
      in particular. They are keen on the success of the project. They are
      also hopeful that this may be a way out of the bottleneck to transfer
      our activities to the stage of multinationals and joint profit. We are
      negotiating the details with both sides.”

      The full message, decoded, is thought to say:

      “We have been trying to go back to our military activities. The most
      important step was the declaration of unity with al-Qaeda. We have
      made it possible for the mujahideen to find an opening for martyrdom.
      As you know, the situation down in Egypt has become bad for the
      mujahideen: our members in Upper Egypt have abandoned military action,
      and we are suffering from international harassment.”

      But Allah enlightened us with His mercy when Taliban came to power.
      It has opened doors of military action for our mujahideen and provided
      them with an opportunity to re-arrange their forces. One benefit of
      performing jihad here is the congregation in one place of all
      mujahideen who came from everywhere and began working with the Islamic
      Jihad Organization. Acquaintance and cooperation have grown,
      especially between us and al-Qaeda.”

      Dr. Jean Rosenfeld, a researcher associated with the UCLA Center for
      the Study of Religion, and an expert on the symbolism of religious
      extremist movements, wrote me: “Greendale’ to me signified a conscious
      choice to use the symbolic color of Islam.” She continued: “The
      franked eagle on the envelope of the anthrax letters was identical to
      the one I caught on a documentary that showed a one-second shot of the
      site where Sadat was assassinated — the huge eagle above the podium
      where he was when he died. That assassination was of great
      significance to Egyptian Jihad and produced the pamphlet by Faraj that
      justifies “fard ‘ayn”/individual duty as the basis of jihadist
      doctrine.” She explained that “AQ is rooted in Egypt and Salafism,
      not Saudi Arabia and Wahhabism. Al-Zawahiri, I believe, is intensely
      nostalgic for the Nile Valley.”

      The CIA factbook explains that the color green — such as used by
      anthrax lab technician Yazid Sufaat in naming his lab “Green Laboratory
      Medicine” , and by the mailer who used the return address “Greendale
      School” — is the traditional color of islam. Green symbolizes islam,
      Mohammed and the holy war. In its section on Saudi Arabia, and the
      “Flag Description:,” the CIA “Factbook” explains that the flag is
      “green with large white Arabic script (that may be translated as There
      is no God but God; Muhammad is the Messenger of God) above a white
      horizontal saber (the tip points to the hoist side); green is the
      traditional color of Islam.”

      “Green is the color of the prophet Mohammed who himself declared
      it his favourite color and who’s cloak and turban were green. Even
      today only his direct successors – the Kaliphs – are allowed to wear a
      green turban. The Holy Banner – the most precious relic of Islam – is
      green with golden embroidery. Mohammed supposedly carried this very
      banner into the holy war which resulted in conquering Mecca. Green is
      also the predominating color in Paradise where it stands for flowery
      fields and eternal oases. Green is the color of the Arabic League and
      many Arabic countries have included green in their national flags as it
      symbolizes the unity of all arabic nations. Green is also the
      life-giving color of all desert peoples.”

      Al Qaeda anthrax lab technician Yazid Sufaat and Zacarias Moussaoui
      used the name Green Laboratory Medicine as the name of the company that
      he used, for example, to buy 4 tons of ammonium nitrate, and that he
      used to cover his anthrax production program. In a Hadith the
      Messenger of Allah explains that the souls of the martyrs are in the
      hearts of green birds that fly wherever they please in Paradise.

      Green dale refers to green “river valley” — Egypt, Cairo, Egyptian
      Islamic Jihad and/or Egyptian Islamic Group. Put it all together and
      you have their new official name (though the American press does not
      use it) — Qaeda al Jihad. For what it is worth, at the Darunta
      complex where jihadis trained, recruits would wear green uniforms,
      except for Friday when they would be washed.

      A similar type of coded talk was used around the same period
      between Atta and Binalshibh as they approached the zero hour of 11
      September. Code phrases included:

      Faculty of Fine Arts/arts = Pentagon
      Faculty of Town Planning = World Trade Center
      Faculty of Law = The Capitol
      politics = White House
      White Meat = Americans
      Terminal = Indonesia
      Market = Malaysia
      Hotel = Philippines
      Village = Egypt

      In the conversations that the blind sheikh’s spokesman, Sattar,
      had with people like Taha, al-Sirri, and the sheikh’s son, Ahmed, they
      used the same language found in emails between Zawahiri and the Yemeni
      cell. If a brother was in the hospital, it meant he was in
      prison. If he had an accident, it meant perhaps that Egyptian
      security services had killed him.

      Given that using the same address helps the second recipient
      receiving the letter to identify it and avoid opening it, the perp
      would have no reason to use the same address unless he was
      communicating something and wanted to draw attention to it.

      On the return address, Greendale School purported to be in
      Franklin Park where fugitive Adnan El-Shukrijumah worshipped along with
      others who now have been indicted. The pilot El Shukrijumah is said to
      be at the level of Mohammed Atta and is thought to have been associated
      with Aafia Siddiqui, an MIT-trained biologist. Mohammed Atta lived 11
      miles away from this mosque across from Franklin Park. Holy Cross
      hospital — where Dr Tsonas treated Flight 93 hijacker Ahmad
      al-Haznawi for a suspicious leg lesion that he and other experts think
      was due to cutaneous anthrax — is only 7 miles from the mosque.
      Al-Haznawi had just come from Kandahar where the “extremely virulent”
      anthrax had been found and where Sufaat’s anthrax lab was located. Is
      it all a coincidence? Possibly. Certainly, it is speculative and the
      relevant information is classified. Sufaat’s two principal assistants,
      a Sudanese man and an Egyptian man, were captured in 2003.

      The coded e-mail Faris wrote back to KSM suggesting that the idea
      of removing bolts from the span of the Brooklyn Bridge was not a
      viable idea was but one of many examples of the simple codes used by
      Al Qaeda operatives. Sometimes it might be Iyman Faris’ reference to
      the weather or Ramzi Binalshibh’s “shirts” for Sally. Sometimes the
      code might be as simple as Adham Hassoun’s “stuff” for the local soccer
      team in places like Bosnia or his references to a young man who wanted
      to go out and get some “fresh air” [go join the jihad]. Sometimes
      it might be a reference to Greendale School or a marriage proposal to
      Jenny such as in the case of the anthrax mailings.

      But putting aside this question of nuptials, impending or annulled,
      the fact remains that the sender of the anthrax letters would have had
      no reason to use the same address on the second letter unless he was
      communicating something. That identical return address, in fact,
      helped authorities locate and intercept the letter to a Senator.

      (3) “In The Hearts Of Green Birds” (Inside Green Birds)

      It was widely published among the militant islamists that
      martyrs go to paradise “in the hearts of green birds.” The stamp used
      in the anthrax mailings was designed by artist Michael Doret. Mr.
      Doret advises me that the color of the eagle is a “teal” or

      In the very interview in which they admitted 9/11, and
      described the codes used for the four targets for the planes, KSM and
      Ramzi Binalshibh admitted to the Jenny code, the code for representing
      the date 9/11, and used the symbolism of the “Green Birds.” Osama
      Bin Laden later invoked the symbolism in his video “The 19 Martyrs”,
      describing a hijacker as “A man of worship who enjoined good and
      forbade evil. His body was on earth but his heart roamed with the
      green birds that perch beneath the Throne of the Most Merciful.”

      9-11 plotter Ramzi Binalshibh a few months earlielr in his
      interview with al-Jazeera, in a lengthy and articulate essay “The
      Nineteen Lions” published by Azzam Publications on December 2002,

      “One of the explanations of the Quranic verse [3:169] in which Allah
      says that the shuhadaa (martyrs) are not dead, is that as well as their
      souls being inside the hearts of green birds, they are alive because
      the shaheed (martyr) gives life to those around him. Indeed evidence of
      this is apparent throughout the Ummah today.”

      Peter Finn of the Washington Post explains the symbolism:

      “Around 7 one evening during Ramadan in 1998, the believers filed down
      a long corridor leading to the prayer room of the Al Muhadjirin mosque
      here, placing their shoes on the dark brown shelves before stepping
      onto a carpet the color of turquoise, a mixture of green for Islam and
      blue for heaven. Among the worshipers was a small group of men who
      clustered around a severe, slight Egyptian named Mohamed Atta. ..

      In the [9/11/2002] interview with al-Jazeera, Binalshibh, said that
      Al-Shehhi, even before he learned of the operation, used to have
      beautiful visions that he flies in the sky with huge green birds and
      crashes into things.”

      A FAQ on Al Qaeda’s website, the Azzam Publications website,
      explained that “In the Hearts of Green Birds” refers to what is
      inside: “The actual Arabic word used in the Hadith is not Qalb
      (heart) but it is Jowf which can mean any of interior, inside, or heart
      (as in center).” There was a video based on the hadith with the title
      “In The Hearts of Green Birds” about foreign mujahideen that had been
      martyred in Bosnia. The audiocasette was created in August 1996 and
      its 3rd edition was released in January 1997. The website
      selling the “In the Hearts of Green Birds” audiocassette was shut down
      after 9/11 because authorities thought it might contain codes and
      instructions to militants. posted an exclusive interview with Ayman al-Zawahiri
      and stressed the importance of cash donations and gas masks and
      chemical-resistant suits. Ibn Khattab, the Arab Chechnyan fighter who
      was Bin Laden’s good friend, had told his public that was
      highly recommended and that only the two charities identified by the
      website should be used to route donations — announcing in 2000 that
      Benevolence International Foundation was one of the charities that
      should be used. The other was the Islamic Assembly of North America
      (“IANA”). Ibu al-Khattab, the late Arab-Afghan commander of foreign
      mujahideen in Chechnya (who in March 2002 was killed by a poison
      letter), expressly endorsed Azzam Publications. had “no bricks and mortar address, but operates a post
      office box in London, and bill[ed] itself as “an independent media
      organisation providing authentic news and information about jihad and
      the Foreign Mujahideen everywhere.” One posting datelined from the
      southern Afghan city of Kandahar and was a message to Muslim youth from
      top terror suspect Bin Laden. A farewell message from Azzam
      Publications .. exhorts “Muslims all over the World (to) render as
      much financial, physical, medical, media and moral support to the
      Taliban as they can.” Azzam also urged those with computer expertise
      to mirror the website so as to keep it up after authorities took it
      down. One can access old websites as they existed on past dates
      through and its wonderful Wayback Machine.

      British and US intelligence sources suspected that some of’s jihad photos and graphics contain messages embedded with a
      technology known as steganography. The code instead perhaps was there
      separately for all to see on the stamps of the lethal missives being

      A man formerly known as Paul Hall, was arrested in Phoenix on a
      federal criminal complaint in March 2007 and agreed to be removed to
      District of Connecticut for further prosecution where there has been
      investigation of Azzam Publications website located on a server there
      He is alleged to have provided classified information to the
      London-based Azzam Publications about a U.S. Navy battle group as it
      traveled from California to the Persian Gulf region in 2001. He
      allegedly “described a recent force protection briefing given aboard
      his ship, voiced enmity toward America, praised Osama bin Laden and the
      mujahedeen [and] praised the October 2000 attack on the USS Cole.”

      Even Zarqawi invoked the imagery in a 60-minute audio message:

      “The martyrs rejoice in the bounty provided by God. Their souls are
      inside the bodies of green birds that fly in heaven.”

      In Fall 2004, the federal authorities indicted the fellow behind
      Azzam Publications selling “Green Birds,” Babar Ahmad, pointing, in
      part, to the “distribution of videotapes and compact discs depicting
      fighters in Bosnia, Chechnya and elsewhere, and the eulogizing of dead
      fighters, for the purpose of recruiting individuals and soliciting
      donations to support the mujahideen in Afghanistan and Chechnya.” Of
      Pakistani descent, Ahmad is a British computer specialist. He is
      associated with KSM, who had anthrax production documents on his laptop
      and admits to having headed the cell (after Atef’s death) planning to
      use weaponized anthrax against the United States. Ahmad is also the
      cousin of Muhammad Naeem Noor Khan, who was arrested mid-2004 in
      Pakistan. Khan’s computers carried detailed surveillance of five
      financial buildings in New York, Newark and Washington and once
      prompted the Department of Homeland Security to elevate the threat
      alert level to orange.

      In an affidavit, an FBI special agent and computer investigative
      specialist, alleged that a New Brunswick, NJ man, Mazen Mokhtar,
      assisted Babar in maintaining the continued operation of the Azzam
      sites, through the use of mirror sites, when the administrators of
      Azzam sites shut down the site down after 9/11. The mirror
      sites, and, allegedly routed people
      trying to access The affidavit alleges that Mr. Mokhtar
      is listed as the administrative contact for the mirror sites. He also
      operated A friend reports: “He said he used to run a
      hosting service four or five years ago that used to resell Web hosting
      services to people. He said he didn’t know those guys (mentioned in
      court papers) and he is not involved in anything like that.” An
      Egyptian-born imam and political activist, he is a supporter of
      Palestinian cause and frequent speaker before groups in Brooklyn and
      the Bronx. He is said to be nice and seems a man of peace.

      Of course, given that the symbolism used in this regard in the
      anthrax mailings had an origin in religious writing, there is no
      direct tie with the website — the tie could be with the hadith. The
      webmaster has said that the FBI allowed it to remain up (while it moved
      from server to server) for another year hoping to get leads on

      Bin Laden was using “Green Birds” in the same way he used the
      repeated phrase “Looming Tower” to hint of what was to come with the
      planes attack on the World Trade Center. He would say:

      “Wherever you are, death will find you,
      even in the looming tower.”

      On October 7, 2001 in a prerecorded tape aired October 7, Bin Laden
      said “The winds of faith have come.” This would be enough to keep
      Director of National Intelligence Mike McConnell up at night — or when
      he does sleep, to keep him dreaming about green birds.

      (4) KSM and Clouds (Al-Sahab)

      In admitting that he had taken over supervising the development
      of anthrax for use against the US, Khalid Mohammed separately noted
      that “I was the Media Operations Director for Al-Sahab or ‘The Clouds,’
      under Dr. Ayman Al-Zawahiri.

      The flagship of American Media, Inc. described the letter sent
      AMI as follows:

      “Bobby Bender came around the corner with this letter in the upturned
      palms of his hands,” said photo assistant Roz Suss, a 13-year Sun

      “It was a business-size sheet of stationery decorated with pink and
      blue clouds around the edges.”

      (5) Allusion to Both Atta and Genomic Sequencing of Ames Strain

      The writing of the text of the letter is also interesting in that
      the “As” and “Ts” are double-lined — to suggest ATTA, the lead

      When the US Centers for Disease Control first identified that the Ames
      strain had been used in the mailng to Florida in October 2001, Dr.
      Paul Keim and his colleagues at The Institute for Genomic Research
      (TIGR) had nearly finished a project to sequence Bacillus anthracis—
      specifically, the chromosome of an anthrax isolate from a laboratory in
      Porton Down, U.K. Ayman had a microbiologist attending Porton
      Down-sponsored conferences at which presentations were made about the
      sequencing of Ames. The Defense Intelligence Agency provided me the
      correspondence between the scientist and Zawahiri. And, sure, enough,
      the letter writer appears to have even double-lined A’s and T’s in the
      letters possibly to simultaneously allude to Atta and the genomic
      sequence. The hazmat courier who delivered anthrax to Dr. Keim’s lab
      emailed me this past week to say that he was interviewed twice — once
      in March 2002 and then in January 2003. It was in January 2003 that
      the FBI had come to be fixated on whether any middle eastern man had
      come to have access to anthrax at the lab. The FBI thus apparently has
      been clued into the code used in the letter years ago.

      As explained at the Porton Down conferences attended by Ayman’s
      operative Abdur Rauf, Keim’s research team eventually discovered 60 new
      ‘markers’ in the Bacillus anthracis genome—DNA sequences that may vary
      from one isolate to another. These include insertions or deletions of
      DNA, and short sequences that are repeated at different lengths in the
      genome known as VNTRs (variable-number tandem repeats). A decade
      earlier, it had been determined that one of three proteins comprising
      anthrax toxin, and the first nucleotide sequence to be reported from B.
      anthracis (by USAMRIID authors no less), had a consensus TATAAT
      sequence located at the putative -10 promoter site. It is all greek to
      me but apparently something with meaning to the person who drafted the
      letter. Perhaps the sender was saying that the bacteria was pathogenic
      unlike what had been sent to the Canadian immigration minister six
      months earlier when a bail hearing was announced for the manager of Bin
      Laden’s farm in Sudan. The man was a shura member of the Egyptian
      Islamic Jihad.

      This and the other coding together may have served to tell the
      world, for example, that Mohammed Atta and the others were going to fly
      to paradise on a green bird and that the anthrax was courtesy of
      Zawahiri’s Vanguards of Conquest. Ayman simultaneously framed the US
      Army and UK biodefense establishment while telling them who did it.
      DNI McConnell, in acknowledging at the recent conference that he
      perceives this threat, seems to be abiding long-honored
      inside-the-beltway code: CYA.

  3. DXer said

    Original ricin suspect was held despite evidence pointing to another man

    TUPELO, Miss. — After keeping Elvis impersonator Paul Kevin Curtis in jail for a week, interrogating him while he was chained to a chair and turning his house upside down, federal authorities had no confession or physical evidence tying him to the ricin-laced letters sent to President Obama and other public officials.

    Investigators already had another man in their sights and, according to an FBI affidavit, were collecting physical evidence against this second suspect. It was beginning to look as if Curtis had been framed.

    First, three days after the arrest, prosecutors asked for a psychiatric evaluation — a request usually made by defense lawyers. That could have extended his stay in federal prison by several months and allowed investigators to continue to question him.

    Then, after a judge denied the request, federal prosecutors filed a motion seeking to postpone a court hearing at which they would be required to reveal the evidence they had against Curtis. That was also turned down.

    “They wanted to keep Mr. Curtis in custody while they built a case,” said Hal Neilson, a former FBI agent who is Curtis’s attorney. “They knew early on he wasn’t the right guy, but they fought to hold on to him anyway.”

    Echoes of anthrax case

    “This was all available for anyone to see,” Curtis said in an interview. “I guess it was easy to frame me. But really, was it enough for them to arrest me? Anyone could have done this.”

    Criminal justice experts say the arrest of Curtis without any physical evidence to tie him to the crime harks back to the investigation of bioweapons expert Steven J. Hatfill, who was falsely accused of the 2001 anthrax-letter attacksthat killed five people. Like Curtis, Hatfill had an unpublished novel that seemed to tie him to the crime.

    With Curtis, however, experts said the FBI’s leap was larger.

    “Hatfill had technical qualifications and a background that also led the FBI to zero in on him, but this guy is an Elvis impersonator with an apparent history of mental instability and a Facebook page with some distinctive and curious language on it,” said Amy E. Smithson, a senior fellow with the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies who studies biological weapons.

    Neilson, Curtis’s attorney, said he understands why the FBI and other federal authorities — including the Capitol Police, the Secret Service and the Department of Homeland Security — focused on his client. But Neilson said they crossed the line when they shackled his hands and feet and arrested him before they searched his home and car.

    “I was the FBI supervisor in this district for years. I’ve run plenty of investigations, and I can tell you this is not the way to run an investigation,” Neilson said. “I would not have arrested him based on stuff that I found off his Facebook page.”

    He said Curtis should have been asked to accompany officials to a federal facility for questioning — without being arrested — while they secured a search warrant and conducted a search.

    Andrew J. Scott, a retired Boca Raton, Fla., police chief and expert court witness on police procedure, said authorities had enough information to detain Curtis while the investigation proceeded, but probably not enough to arrest him.

    “The letters and his mental state would not likely add up to probable cause, which you need to make an arrest,” said Scott, a graduate of the FBI National Academy. “The evidence came from publicly available social-media sites. And the last time I checked, psychological profiling is not an element of probable cause. Without further investigating, it can lead to the kind of fiasco we are seeing here.”

    Criminal justice experts said the political pressure from Washington to solve the ricin case would have been intense, particularly since the president was targeted and it occurred around the same time as the Boston Marathon bombing. Some experts said the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks taught law enforcement officials to do everything possible to prevent attacks, even if it means arresting the wrong person.

    “There would have been unlimited armchair quarterbacking if he was the guy and more letters went out while they continued to investigate him,” said Chris Swecker, who retired as chief of the FBI’s criminal division in 2006. “When the stakes are this high, they have a sense of urgency to move faster.”


    Ayman Zawahiri, Anwar Awlaki, Anthrax, and Amerithrax: The Infiltration Of US Biodefense

  4. DXer said

    Evidence for the Source of the 2001 Attack Anthrax
    Martin E. Hugh-Jones1*, Barbara Hatch Rosenberg2, and Stuart Jacobsen3

  5. DXer said

    These links are only roughly representative. There are many more that were not included. I intended to add one or so from each different author — when many of these eminent scientists and commentators have addressed the issue on multiple occasions.

    See, e.g.,

    Scientific Case Still Open On 2001 Anthrax Attacks

    October 28, 2011 1:00 PM

  6. DXer said

    With respect to the pending prosecution of Al Qaeda anthrax lab tech Yazid Sufaat, defense counsel has said “We need time to study the affidavits handed over by the respondent today.”
    May 6 For Hearing Of Application To Strike Out Accusations Against Yazid, Two Others [Published Bernama – Apr 22 2013]

    Here is an earlier behind-the-scenes photo of Yazid Sufaat’s legal team brainstorming strategy. Has defense counsel been able to review the affidavits so as to be in a position to want to comment?

  7. DXer said

    P.S. Al Qaeda’s Anthrax Lab Director Yazid Sufaat Does Not Deny Al Qaeda’s Responsibility For the Fall 2001 Anthrax Mailings

    The FBI closed the Amerithrax investigation into the Fall 2001 anthrax mailings in February 2010. USAMRIID scientist Dr. Bruce Ivins committed suicide in late July 2008. The FBI blamed Ivins. The dominant view among those who followed the Fall 2001 anthrax mailings, as illustrated by the hyperlinks above, is that the case was never solved.

    * Frontline, partnering with McClatchy and ProPublica, invested resources and manpower rarely seen in modern journalism. Frontline found that the FBI’s conclusions in the Amerithrax investigation were seriously flawed. Even lawyers in the civil division of the Department of Justice contradicted the claims of the prosecutors about the availability of equipment that the DOJ speculated had been used.

    * The New York Times and Washington Post repeatedly editorialized that the case should be reopened. Former public relations officer Norman Covert of USAMRIID wrote eloquently in the defense of Ivins. Present and former USAMRIID scientists Jeffrey Adamovicz , Gerald Andrews, Patricia Worsham, Susan Welkos and Stephen Little addressed the factual and scientific issues under oath in civil depositions. I uploaded the deposition excerpts.

    * In Congress, Rep. Holt introduced legislation that would form a commission along the lines of the 911 Commission to review the matter. Take heed: Holt beat IBM’s super computer at Jeopardy. Rep. Holt was joined by Congressman Nadler and Senator Grassley. Even Senator Leahy, one of the recipients of a letter containing anthrax, angrily told FBI Director Mueller that he wasn’t buying what the FBI was selling.

    * Pulitzer Prize winner Laurie Garrett, who has deep experience covering health issues, wrote an e-book about the NAS findings and the 911 hijackers. True crime maven Edward Jay Epstein summarized the issues well in a book this year on unsolved crimes.

    * David Relman, the Vice-Chairman of the National Academies of Science panel that reviewed the science relied upon in Amerithrax, wrote an important article in SCIENCE, “Have We Met The Enemy?” He emphasized the findings in Afghanistan at the Al Qaeda anthrax labs.

    * Opposition to the FBI’s Ivins Theory cuts across the political spectrum — from Cliff Kincaid from the right to Justin Raimondo of the left. Bloggers like Emptywheel and Glenn Greenwald rolled up their sleeves and made meaty hyperlinked contributions. Alan Zelicoff, the head of Saint Louis University’s Institute in Biosecurity, and Richard Spertzel, a former inspector in Iraq, bore down on the sophisticated nature of the small particles mailed. Lawrence Livermore scientists worked hard on resolving the disputed technical issues.

    * Pro-Med co-founders Martin Hugh-Jones and Barbara Rosenberg joined Stuart Jacobsen in arguing the technical issues in oft-cited 2011 and 2012 journal articles. In the same journal, Yuril V. Ezepchuk, the Director of Biological Sciences, University of Colorado, named names.

    * USMRC FOIA Officer Sandra Rogers worked tirelessly over many months responding to countless FOIA requests. The documents are uploaded at the USAMRIID FOIA Room. Thousands of Dr. Ivins’ emails are uploaded.

    * Journalists like Stephanie Yamkovenko of Frederick Gorilla summarized elements of the FBI’s non-existent case against Dr. Ivins. Where does an 800-lb gorilla sits when it comes to historic truth: wherever it wants.

    * Attorney Barry Kissin, anthrax vaccine researcher Meryl Nass, filmmaker Eric Nadler and broadcast journalist Keith Olberman all bring a wonderfully spirited point of view.

    * FBI expert Claire Fraser-Liggett reasons that the science does not prove that Ivins was guilty. She observes that the FBI used the science in a misleading way. Indeed, FBI expert Patricia Worsham emphasized that it is because of scientific considerations that one knows Ivins was innocent.

    * Former USAMRIID scientist Henry Heine crunched the numbers. Former State Department counterintelligence bloodhound Ken Dillon picked up the scent of Al Qaeda operatives in the United States. UCLA’s Michael Intrilligator helped organize a conference in Washington DC that probed the issues. Rutgers professor Leonard Cole was joined by co-author Nancy Connell in noting that Amerithrax may never be solved. Dr. Connell is an NAS panel member.

    * Lew Weinstein’s blog “Case Closed: what really happened in the 2001 anthrax attacks … a search for the truth” uploads hundreds of key documents. Under the screen name “DXer” I emphasize that FBI investigators and DOJ prosecutors have a difficult job. They often are damned if they do and damned if they don’t. Hindsight is 20/20. All I know for sure is that those who disagree with the FBI’s “Ivins Theory” are in good company.

    The motto of the FBI is “Fidelity, Bravery and Integrity.” The key to Integrity is reassessing the evidence such as was done in dropping the charges against Paul Curtis in the ricin investigation. In Amerithrax, Bruce Ivins was never even arrested. The filmed presentations of Ivins’ defense counsel Paul Kemp are on YouTube. The evidence that the DOJ offered in press conferences and press releases does not withstand scrutiny.

    P.S. I have communicated by Facebook email and chat with the former Al Qaeda lab director Yazid Sufaat. He did not deny Al Qaeda’s responsibility for the Fall 2001 anthrax mailings. Instead the Sacramento State alum pled the Fifth Amendment. Years earlier, he had been a member of a secret Malaysian biological defense program. He since has been arrested in Malaysia for terrorism. That case is pending. Defense counsel are reviewing the affidavits provided by the prosecutors last week.

    Ross Getman, an attorney licensed in Washington D.C. and New York State, is a blogger who has long followed Amerithrax.

    Ayman Zawahiri, Anwar Awlaki, Anthrax, and Amerithrax: The Infiltration Of US Biodefense

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