CASE CLOSED … what really happened in the 2001 anthrax attacks?

* continued withholding of documents by the FBI and National Academy of Sciences (NAS) … hiding mistakes? hiding lies? surely hiding the truth!

Posted by DXer on May 1, 2010


The FBI’s case against Dr. Ivins is bogus: no evidence, no witnesses, an impossible timeline, science that proves innocence instead of guilt. So what really happened? And why? The “fictional” scenario in my novel CASE CLOSED has been judged by many readers, including a highly respected official in the U.S. Intelligence Community, as “quite plausible.”

* buy CASE CLOSED at amazon *


could it possibly be more clear that

only an independent investigation

has any hope of producing the truth?

President Obama … it’s in your hands


extracts from a recent DXer comment …

  • It is now more than two months since the FBI closed Amerithrax, but the gag order remains in effect.
  • When you consider what Dr. Henry Heine has to say, it is obvious as why the FBI (and the FBI’s superiors) would want to keep USAMRIID mouths closed.
  • Megan Eckstein reported in The FNP that Heine said “the whole investigation was filled with lies.”
    • Not mistakes. Lies.
  • Fundamentally, there is the lie that the “FBI science” comes anywhere close to establishing Ivins’ guilt.”
    • But does the FBI science rely on the science at all?
    • They don’t, do they?  Not really.
  • Hasn’t the entire NAS review merely served to delay production of key documents for 2 years?
    • Is there anything under the Federal Advisory Committee Act that exempts the documents produced to the NAS by the FBI from production?  (No).
    • So hasn’t NAS been part of the problem, rather than part of the solution?


109 Responses to “* continued withholding of documents by the FBI and National Academy of Sciences (NAS) … hiding mistakes? hiding lies? surely hiding the truth!”

  1. MSNeuropil said

    I’ve been reading for weeks and WEEKS and I just keep going round and round never quite know where the beginning , middle or the end of all the documents are. I wonder if your site has the ability to get the info in to a message board format…where folks could follow topics easier. It would must less confusing. I am soooo interested in the subject *esp after reading Lew’s book* and want deperately to get a basic timline of the events that occurred after the anthrax letters started…what DR. reports were being reported…what the science could show initiallu and then the final. I want to know WHY DR. Ivins Killed himself when I don’t buy thr theory that he committed sucide. I think it make mucg more sense that terorrist did it . The stated they was planning to do it. They had the access to the agent and a whay to distribute. Can it be set up in a time line chronological.??

    Thanks, MSNeuropil

    • Lew Weinstein said

      I have the same problem you have expressed.

      There have been 440 posts to this blog since it began, leading to over 5400 comments. There are several very different lines of inquiry (the scientific evidence, the FBI’s withholding of evidence, failure of USAMRIID to follow the FOIA, the so far closed nature of the NAS review, different theories of who actually prepared and mailed the anthrax, etc., etc.), most of which which hardly intersect at all.

      The only theme which fits most of the blog content is that the FBI has surely not proven its case against Dr. Ivins, at least in the documents so far released.

      I have made this blog available to all who wish to post comments (excepting only personal insults) but I do not have the time to organize the comments, much as I might like that to be done.

      Most of my writing time these days is devoted to my 4th novel, THE POPE’S CONSPIRACY, a sequel to THE HERETIC, which was my first.


  2. BugMaster said

    When will the NAS release their conclusions?

  3. DXer said

    Where are the dozen or so articles that we were told in August 2008 would be published? The last mention was that PK suggested the delay was due to a desire to have them published in the same publication (that did not require a subscription). (Sounds like Emerging Infectious Diseases). But 2 years later nothing at all has been published. Were some or all of them rejected? Prior to the FBI’s Science Briefing, here were some relevant articles.

    Investigation of Bioterrorism-Related Anthrax, United States, 2001: Epidemiologic Findings,” Emerging Infectious Diseases, October 2002

    “First Case of Bioterrorism-Related Inhalational Anthrax in the United States,” Palm Beach County, Florida, 2001, Emerging Infectious Diseases, October 2002

    “First Case of Bioterrorism-Related Inhalational Anthrax, Florida, 2001: North Carolina Investigation,” Emerging Infectious Diseases, October 2002

    “Opening a Bacillus anthracis–Containing Envelope, Capitol Hill, Washington, D.C.: The Public Health Response,” Emerging Infectious Diseases, October 2002

    “Inhalational Anthrax Outbreak among Postal Workers, Washington, D.C., 2001,” Emerging Infectious Diseases, October 2002

    “Bacillus anthracis Aerosolization Associated with a Contaminated Mail Sorting Machine,” Emerging Infectious Diseases, October 2002

    “Epidemiologic Investigations of Bioterrorism-Related Anthrax, New Jersey, 2001,” Emerging Infectious Diseases, October 2002

    “Surveillance for Anthrax Cases Associated with Contaminated Letters, New Jersey, Delaware, and Pennsylvania, 2001,” Emerging Infectious Diseases, October 2002

    “Bioterrorism-Related Anthrax Surveillance, Connecticut, September–December, 2001,” Emerging Infectious Diseases, October 2002

    “Environmental Sampling for Spores of Bacillus anthracis,” Emerging Infectious Diseases, October 2002

    “Call-Tracking Data and the Public Health Response to Bioterrorism-Related Anthrax,” Emerging Infectious Diseases, October 2002

    “Coordinated Response to Reports of Possible Anthrax Contamination, Idaho, 2001,” Emerging Infectious Diseases, October 2002

    “Bioterrorism-Related Anthrax: International Response by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention,” Emerging Infectious Diseases, October 2002

    Beecher, Douglas J., “Forensic Application of Microbiological Culture Analysis To Identify Mail Intentionally Contaminated with Bacillus anthracis Spores,” Applied and Environmental Microbiology, Aug. 2006, p. 5304-5310

    Bowen, G. J., J. R. Ehleringer, L. Chesson, E. Stange, and C. E. Cerling. 2007. “Stable isotope ratios of tap water in the contiguous USA,” Water Resour. Res. 43:W03419.

    Budowle B, Harmon R., “HIV legal precedent useful for microbial forensics,” Croat Med J. 46(4):514-21 (Aug 2005).

    Budowle, B., M. D. Johnson, C. M. Fraser, T. J. Leighton, R. S. Murch, and R. Chakraborty. 2005. “Genetic analysis and attribution of microbial forensics evidence,” Crit. Rev. Microbiol. 31:233-254.

    Budowle B, Murch R, Chakraborty R., “Microbial forensics: the next forensic challenge,” Int J Legal Med. 119(6):317-30 (Nov 2005).

    Budowle, B., S. E. Schutzer, M. S. Ascher, R. M. Atlas, J. P. Burans, R. Chakraborty, J. J. Dunn, C. M. Fraser, D. R. Franz, T. J. Leighton, S. A. Morse, R. S. Murch, J. Ravel, D. L. Rock, T. R.

    Slezak, S. P. Velsko, A. C. Walsh, and R. A. Walters. “Toward a system of microbial forensics: from sample collection to interpretation of evidence,” Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 71:2209-2213 (2005).

    Budowle, B., S. E. Schutzer, A. Einseln, L. C. Kelley, A. C. Walsh, J. A. L. Smith, B. L. Marrone, J. Robertson, and J. Campos. Building microbial forensics as a response to bioterrorism. Science 301:1852-1853 (2003).

    Cliff, J. B., K. H. Jarman, N. B. Valentine, S. L. Golledge, D. J. Gaspar, D. S. Wunschel, and K. L. Wahl, “Differentiation of spores of Bacillus subtilis grown in different media by elemental characterization using time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry,” Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 71:6524-6530 (2005)

    Horita, J., and A. A. Vass, “Stable-isotope fingerprints of biological agents as forensic tools,” J. Forensic Sci. 48:122-126 (2003)

    Keim et al., “Microbial forensics: DNA fingerprinting of Bacillus anthracis (anthrax),” Analytical Chemistry, 2008 Jul; 80 (13): 4791-9

    Kreuzer-Martin, H. W., L. A. Chesson, M. J. Lott, J. V. Dorigan, and J. R. Ehleringer, “Stable isotope ratios as a tool in microbial forensics. 2. Isotopic variation among different growth media as a tool for sourcing origins of bacterial cells or spores,” J. Forensic Sci. 49:961-967 (2004).

    Kreuzer-Martin, H. W., L. A. Chesson, M. J. Lott, and J. R. Ehleringer, “Stable isotope ratios as a tool in microbial forensics. 3. Effect of culturing on agar-containing growth media,” J. Forensic Sci. 50:1372-1379 (2005).

    Kreuzer-Martin, H. W., M. J. Lott, J. Dorigan, and J. R. Ehleringer, “Microbe forensics: oxygen and hydrogen stable isotope ratios in Bacillus subtilis cells and spores,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 100:815-819 (2003).

    J.B. Petro, and D.A Relman, “Understanding Threats to Scientific Openness, Science, December 12, 2003;302/5652/1898/DC1

    Shoham, Dany & Jacobsen, Stuart “Technical Intelligence in Retrospect: 2001 Anthrax Letters Powder,” International Journal for Intelligence and Counterintelligence, October 2006
    Wahl, K. L., N. B. Valentine, S. C. Wunschel, D. S. Wunschel, K. H. Jarman, and C. E. Petersen. Microorganism analysis and identification by MALDI-TOF-MS. Abstr. Pap. Am. Chem. Soc. 226:U121 (2003).

    Wunschel, D. S., E. A. Hill, J. S. McLean, K. Jarman, Y. A. Gorby, N. Valentine, and K. Wahl. Effects of varied pH, growth rate and temperature using controlled fermentation and batch culture on matrix assisted laser desorption/ionization whole cell protein fingerprints. J. Microbiol. Methods 62:259-271 (2005).

    Wunschel, S. C., K. H. Jarman, C. E. Petersen, N. B. Valentine, K. L. Wahl, D. Schauki, J. Jackman, C. P. Nelson, and E. White. Bacterial analysis by MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry: an inter-laboratory comparison. J. Am. Soc. Mass Spectrom. 16:456-462 (2005).

  4. DXer said

    A slideshow of Infiltration of US Biodefense graphics appears at:

    What I do is hit the full-screen command and then hit the screen when I want to pause it to read any text –and it automatically pauses.

    • DXer said

      Dark Winter

      Ali Al-Timimi worked at George Mason University’s Discovery Hall throughout 2000 and 2002 period. The Mason Gazette in “Mason to Pursue Advanced Biodefense Research” on November 17, 2000 had announced: “The School of Computational Sciences (SCS) and Advanced Biosystems, Inc., a subsidiary of Hadron, Inc., of Alexandria, are pursuing a collaborative program at the Prince William Campus to enhance research and educational objectives in biodefense research. The article noted that the program was funded primarily by a grant awarded to Advanced Biosystems from the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA). As a 2007 GMU PhD thesis “An Assessment of Exploitable Weaknesses in Universities” by Corinne M. Verzoni offices and research located in Discovery Hall, making this an attractive building on the Prince William Campus to target for information and technology.” The 2007 PhD student biodefense student explained: “Discovery Hall currently has BSL 1, 2 and 2+ labs in which students work with attenuated and vaccine strains of Fracella tularemia, anthrax and HIV. GMU will eventually have new biological labs featuring a BSL-3 lab which will have anthrax and tularemia.”

      Instead of starting a center from scratch, GMU chose to join forces with Dr. Alibek and Dr. Bailey’s existing research firm, Hadron Advanced Biosystems Inc. Hadron was already working under contract for the federal government, having received funding from DARPA. Dr. Alibek told the Washington Post that he and Bailey had spent their careers studying an issue that only recently grabbed the country’s attention, after the anthrax mailings the previous fall. Dr. Bailey and Alibek met in 1991, when a delegation of Soviet scientists visited the USAMRIID at Ft. Detrick. Dr. Bailey explained that the purpose of the tour was to show the Soviets that the US was not developing offensive biological weapons. Bailey said he tried to engage Alibek in conversation but Alibek remained aloof. Alibek, for his part, explains that he was suspicious of this American smiling so broadly at him. A year later, Alibek would defect to the US and reveal an illegal biological program in the Soviet Union of a staggering scope. Alibek says that one reason he defected was that he realized that the Soviet intelligence was wrong — that the US research was in fact only defensive.

      Former USAMRIID Deputy Commander and Acting Commander Ames researcher Bailey coinvented, with Ken Alibek, the process to treat cell culture with hydrophobic silicon dioxide so as to permit greater concentration upon drying. He was in Room 156B of GMU’s Discovery Hall at the Center for Biodefense. The patent application was filed March 14, 2001. Rm 154A was Victor Morozov’s room number when he first assumed Timimi’s phone number in 2004 (and before he moved to the newly constructed Bull Run Hall). Morozov was the co-inventor with Dr. Bailey of the related cell culture process under which the silica was removed from the spore surface.

      One ATCC former employee felt so strongly about lax security there the scientist called me out of the blue and said that the public was overlooking the patent repository as a possible source of the Ames strain. ATCC does not deny they had virulent Ames in their patent repository pre 9/11 (as distinguished from their online catalog). The spokesperson emailed me: “As a matter of policy, ATCC does not disclose information on the contents of its patent depository.”

      George Mason University, Department Listings, accessed August 17, 2003, shows that the National Center For Biodefense and Center for Biomedical Genomics had the same mail stop (MS 4ES). The most famed bioweaponeer in the world was not far from this sheik urging violent jihad in an apocalyptic struggle between religions. Dr. Alibek’s office was Rm. 156D in Prince William 2. The groups both shared the same department fax of 993-4288. Dr. Alibek advises me he had seen him several times in the corridors of GMU and was told that he was a religious muslim hard-liner but knew nothing of his activities. At one point, Timimi’s mail drop was MSN 4D7.

      FAX 993-4288 . . . . . . . . MS 4E3

      KEN ALIBEK . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 156D Prince William II . . . . . . . . 3-8545

      Deputy Director
      Charles Bailey . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
      156B Prince William II . . . . . . . . 3-4271

      Partnerships and Education Assistant
      Mary-Margaret Flannery . . . . . . . .
      182B Prince William II . . . . . . . . 3-4263

      Kathryn Crockett . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157 Prince William II . . . . . . . . . 3-4297

      Anne Keleher . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 156A Prince William II . . . . . . . . 3-8396

      Research Assistant Professor

      Monique Van Hoek . . . . . . . . . . . .
      156E Prince William II . . . . . . . . 3-4273

      BIOMEDICAL GENOMICS, CENTER FOR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-2674
      FAX 993-4288 . . . . . . . . MS 4E3


      VIKAS CHANDHOKE . . . . . . . . . .
      181B Prince William II . . . . . . . . 3-2674
      *Christina Largent . . . . . . . . . . . . . 182F Prince William II . . . . . . . . 3-2674

      Assistant Director of Operations

      Tom Huff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
      225D Prince William II . . . . . . . . 3-1255

      George Mason University – Department Listings 12

      Al-Timimi, Ali . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-4294

      DelGiacco, Luca . . . . . . . . . 3-4041

      Dols, Shellia . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-3768

      Fortney, Amanda . . . . . . . . 3-4289

      Gandreti, Vijaya . . . . . . . . . 3-4580

      Gorreta, Francesco . . . . . . . 3-2672

      Schlauch, Karen . . . . . . . . . 3-4269

      Charles Bailey at 3-4271 was the former head of USAMRIID and joined the Center in April 2001. He continued to do research with Ames after 9/11. Dr. Alibek reports that shortly after the mailings, he wrote FBI Director Mueller and offered his services but was advised that they already had assembled a large group. A 2004 report describes research done by Dr. Alibek and his colleagues using Delta Ames obtained from NIH for a research project done for USAMRIID. There were two grants from the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency from 2001. One $3.6 million grant dated to July 2001 and the other was previous to that.

      Ali Al Timimi had the same telephone number that Dr. Victor Morozov of the Center for Biodefense would later have when he joined the faculty and occupied the newly constructed Bull Run Building, which opened in late 2004 (Rm. #362). Dr. Morozov focuses on the development of new bioassay methods for express analysis, high-throughput screening and proteomics. He has recently developed a new electrospray-based technology for mass fabrication of protein microarrays. Dr. Morozov is currently supervising a DOE -funded research project directed at the development of ultra-sensitive express methods for detection of pathogens in which slow diffusion of analytes is replaced by their active transport controlled and powered by external forces (electric, magnetic, gravitational or hydrodynamic). His homepage explains that: “A variety of projects are available for students to participate in 1. Develop methods for active capturing of viruses and cells. 2. AFM imaging of macromolecules, viruses and cells. 3. Develop active immunoassay. 4. Analyze forces operating in the active assay of biomolecules and viral particles. 5. Develop immobilization techniques for antibodies and other biospecific molecules. 6. Study crystallization dynamics and morphology of organic and inorganic crystals in the presence of protein impurities. 7. Develop software to analyze motion of beads. 8. Develop software to analyze patterns in drying droplets. 9. Develop an electrostatic collector for airborne particles.”

      Al-Timimi obtained a doctorate from George Mason University in 2004 in the field of computational biology — a field related to cancer research involving genome sequencing. He successfully defended his thesis 5 weeks after his indictment. Curt Jamison, Timimi’s thesis advisor, coauthor and loyal friend, was in Prince William II (Discovery Hall) Rm. 181A. The staff of Advanced Biosystems was in Rm. 160, 162, 177, 254E and several others. Computational sciences offices were intermixed among the Hadron personnel on the first floor of Prince William II to include 159, 161, 166A, 167, 181 B and 181C. Rm. 156B was Charles Bailey, former commander of the U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases, who was head of the Center for Biodefense. Defense contractor Hadron had announced the appointment of Dr. Bailey as Vice-President of Advanced Biosystems in early April 2001. “Over 13 years, Dr. Bailey had served as a Research Scientist, Deputy Commander for Research, Deputy Commander and Commander at the U.S. Army Medical Research Institute. As a USAMRIID scientist, he designed and supervised the construction of BL-3 containment facilities. His hands-on experience with a wide variety of pathogens is chronicled in 70 published articles. During his 4 years with the Defense Intelligence Agency, he published numerous articles assessing foreign capabilities regarding biological weapons.” When I asked Dr. Bailey to confirm Al-Timimi’s room number relative to his own, his only response was to refer me to University counsel. Counsel then never substantively responded to my inquiry regarding their respective room numbers citing student privacy. Ali’s friend and thesis advisor, Dr. Jamison never responded to an emailed query either. GMU understandably is very nervous about losing the $25 million grant for a new BL-3 regional facility to be located very near our country’s capitol.

      The reports on the study on the effectiveness of the mailed anthrax in the Canadian experiment was reported in private briefings in Spring and Summer of 2001. An insider thus was not dependent on the published report later that Fall. (The date on the formal report is September 10, 2001).

      Dr. Charles Bailey for DIA wrote extensively on the the biothreat posed by other countries (and presumably terrorists). He shared a fax number with Al-Timimi. What came over that fax line in Spring and Summer of 2001? At some point, Dr. Al-Timimi, Dr. Alibek and Dr. Bailey also shared the same maildrop. It certainly would not be surprising that the two directors who headed the DARPA-funded Center for Biodefense — and had received the biggest defense award in history for work with Delta Ames under a contract with USAMRIID — would have been briefed on the threat of mailed anthrax. The 1999 short report by William Patrick to Hatfill at SAIC on the general subject was far less important given that it did not relate to actual experimental findings.

      Plus, it is common sense that while someone might use as a model something they had surreptitiously learned of — they would not use as a model something in a memo that they had commissioned. Thus, it was rather misdirected to focus on the 1999 SAIC report commissioned by Dr. Hatfill rather than the 2001 Canadian report. The Canadian report related to the anthrax threat sent regarding the detention of Vanguards of Conquest #2 Mahjoub in Canada. Mahjoub had worked with al-Hawsawi in Sudan (the fellow with anthrax spraydrying documents on his laptop). The anthrax threat in late January prompted the still-classified PDB in early February 2001 to President Bush on the subject.

      In Fall 2001, the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology (”AFIP”) had detected silicon dioxide (silica) in the attack anthrax — with a characteristic big spike for the silicon. The reason for the silicon dioxide/silica claimed to have been detected by AFIP has never been explained (and it’s been nearly a half decade). No silica was observable on the SEMs images that Dr. Alibek and Dr. Matthew Meselson saw. The Daschle product was “pure spores.” Was silicon dioxide used as part of a microdroplet cell culture process used prior to drying to permit greater concentration? As explained in a later related patent, the silica could be removed from the surface of the spore through repeated centrifugaton or an air chamber.

      Dr. Alibek and Dr. Bailey had filed a patent application in mid-March 2001 involving a microdroplet cell culture technique that used silicon dioxide in a method for concentrating growth of cells. The patent was granted and the application first publicly disclosed in the Spring of 2002. Weren’t the SEMS images and AFIP EDX finding both consistent with use of this process in growing the culture? It’s been suggested informally to me that perhaps the silicon analytical peak was more likely due to silanol from hydrolysis of a silane, used in siliconizing glassware. But didn’t the AFIP in fact also detect oxygen in ratios characteristic of silicon dioxide? Wasn’t the scientist, now deceased, who performed the EDX highly experienced and expert in detecting silica? Hasn’t the AFIP always stood by its report. In its report, AFIP explained: “AFIP experts utilized an energy dispersive X-ray spectrometer (an instrument used to detect the presence of otherwise-unseen chemicals through characteristic wavelengths of X-ray light) to confirm the previously unidentifiable substance as silica.” Perhaps the nuance that was lost — or just never publicly explained for very sound reasons — was that silica was used in the cell culture process and then removed from the spores through a process such as centrifugation.

      Dr. Morozov is co-inventor along with Dr. Bailey for a patent “Cell Culture” that explains how the silicon dioxide can be removed from the surface. Perhaps it is precisely this AFIP finding of silicon dioxide (without silica on the SEMs) that is why the FBI came to suspect Al-Timimi in 2003 (rightly or wrongly, we don’t know). The FBI would have kept these scientific findings secret to protect the integrity of the confidential criminal/national security investigation. There was still a processor and mailer to catch — still a case to prove. After 9/11, intelligence collection takes precedence over arrests. As Ron Kessler explains in the new book, Terrorist Watch, many FBI officials feel that they are damned if they do, and damned if they don’t. Outside observers are constantly second-guessing them about how to proceed rather than trusting that they are in the best position to balance the competing considerations of national security, intelligence gathering, the pursuit of justice, and the safeguarding of civil liberties. Above all, in disclosing the theory of access to know-how, the FBI has needed to protect the due process rights of Al-Timimi while he defended himself on other charges.

      An example from October 2006 of equipment that went missing from GMU’s Discovery Hall was a rotissery hybridization oven belonging to the Center for Biomedical Genomics. “This equipment can be used to manufacture biological agents and genetically modified agents, which could potentially be used as biological weapons,” the Corinne Verzoni explained in her PhD 2007 thesis. “Upon hearing about instances or missing equipment in Discovery Hall, the author contacted campus security who was unaware of instances of missing equipment. Missing equipment should be reported to the equipment liaison. Missing equipment may not be reported to campus security because labs tend to share equipment. Equipment also goes missing because it is not inventoried if it is under $2,000.

      One of her other examples was equally dramatic:

      “A DI system is a de-ionized water system, which removes the ions that are found in normal tap water. The assistant director for operations noticed the DI system in Discovery Hall was using the entire 100 gallons in two days, which is an enormous amount of water for the four DI taps in the whole building. According to the assistant director for operations, it is difficult to calculate the reason for that much water since no leak was found. A large amount of water used over a short period of time for unknown reasons could indicate that the research is being conducted covertly.”

      “A student with legitimate access to Discovery Hall,” she explained, “has easy accessibility to equipment. A student with access to the loading dock could steal equipment on the weekend when campus security is not present in Discovery Hall. A student could also walk out of the entrance with equipment on the weekend without security present.” She concluded: “The events at GMU demonstrate opportunity to create a clandestine lab, the ability to sell items illegally, or the ability to exploit school equipment.” In a late September 2001 interview on NPR on the anthrax threat, Dr. Alibek said: “When we talk and deal with, for example, nuclear weapons, it’s not really difficult to count how much of one or another substance we’ve got in the hands. When you talk about biological agents, in this case it’s absolutely impossible to say whether or not something has been stolen.” A spokesman at the GMU “Office of Media Relations” emailed me in mid-December 2007 noting: “While working toward a doctorate in bioinformatics here at George Mason University, Mr. Al-Timimi had no access to any sensitive or secure materials or matter. If you have any other questions, don’t hesitate to let me know.” When I emailed him questions, he did not know of the answers and then never got back to me.

      William Clark, author of Bracing for Armaggedon (2008) describes the Dark Winter exercise from Summer 2000
      “In what looks like a potential coup, the FBI has worked with Russian police and intelligence agencies to arrange a ‘sting’ operation that netted a senior Al-Qaeda operative as he was attempting to purchase fifty kilograms of plutonium in Russia. This individual had also made inquiries about obtaining certain biological warfare weapons produced some years earlier by Soviet Union laboratories. The United States needs to craft a careful plan about how much of this to make public and how much to keep under wraps. The Russians are already beginning to leak information that many on the U.S. side want kept classified.”

      “The security advisor signals for the TV to be turned off. He sits down, and the President stands up and looks around the table.

      “In view of the potential extreme urgency of the situation, I am setting tonight’s agenda temporarily aside. I talked just a few minutes ago with Secretary of the Health and Human Services, who confirms that we do indeed have smallpox in Oklahoma City. In fact the latest word I have is that there may be cases up in Pennsylvania and in Georgia as well, although these cases have not yet been confirmed to me by the Secretary. *** We are considering this a bioterrorist attack on the United States.”

      Question: Did Ali Al-Timimi know the Dark Winter exercise scenario by reason of being at Discovery Hall of the DARPA-funded Center for Biodefense and sharing a fax and maildrop and water fountain with the leading anthrax scientist and the former deputy commander of USAMRIID?

      Presently, Al-Timimi’s prosecution is on remand while the defense is given an opportunity to discover any documents that existed prior to 9/11 about al-Timimi and to address an issue relating to NSA intercepts after 9/11. In May 2007, Ali’s defense counsel has explained to the federal district court, upon a remand by the appeals court, that Mr. Timimi was interviewed by an FBI agent and a Secret Service agent as early as February 1994 in connection with the first World Trade Center attack. The agents left their business cards which the family kept. Defense counsel Turley further explained that “We have people that were contacted by the FBI and told soon after 9/11 that they believed that Dr. Al-Timimi was either connected to 9/11 or certainly had information about Al Qaeda.” The federal prosecutor, Mr. Kromberg responded: “I’d like to clarify something. Mr. MacMahon (Timimi’s earlier defense counsel) never said that the document that he saw showed that there was electronic surveillance. If there was an interview of Ali Timimi in 1994 and he did not say anything exculpatory about what happened in 2001, it’s hard to imagine how that, how that conceivably could be discoverable in 2003 or 2004.” Kromberg continued: “The same thing with the interview after 9/11. The government never denied that the FBI interviewed Al-Timimi nine days after 9/11. Our position was that there was nothing discoverable about that interview.” The court, for its part, weighed in: “Yes, but I think, I think most prosecutors err on the side of caution on that one, because who determines what is relevant? I mean, again, that’s why we have an adversary system.” According to Al-Timimi’s defense counsel in a court filing, Ali “was described to his brother by the FBI within days of the 9-11 attacks as an immediate suspect in the Al Qaeda conspiracy.”

      At a conference on countering biological terrorism in 1999 sponsored by the Potomac Institute for Policy Studies. Dr. Alibek was introduced by a former colleague of Dr. Bailey:

      “Dr. Llewellyn: This is rather strange because I just met Dr. Alibek today. He was introduced to me by Dr. Charlie Bailey, who now works for SRA. But Charlie and I were associated with the Army Medical Research and Development Command Defense Program for over 20 years.
      Dr. Alibek: Thank you very much for your attention.”

      Isn’t SRA who Al-Timimi worked for 1999 where he had a high security clearance for work for the Navy? See Milton Viorst’s article “The Education of Ali Al-Timimi. Did Dr. Bailey also work there at SRA in 1999? Did they work together? When I emailed Dr. Bailey in December 2007 to confirm Ali had the room right near his at Discovery Hall he politely referred me to counsel and took no questions. Dr. Alibek and Dr. Popov have told me that Ali is not known to have worked on any biodefense project. Dr. Popova told me I should direct any such questions to Dr. Bailey. Dr. Bailey told me I should direct any questions to University counsel. University counsel declined to answer any questions.

      This is one of those uncomfortable questions that Condoleeza Rice in 1999 in writing about bioterrorism the public might have to ask about intelligence matters relating to bioterrorism. Unfortunately, it is easier to ask the question than get any answers from this Administration.

      For those interested in reading relevant background material, I recommend Peter Lance’s XXX which addresses an analogous instance of infiltration and the failure of the CIA, US Army and FBI to properly avoid it, and then upon it being discovered, forthrightly address it.

  5. DXer said

    Dr. Heine video

  6. DXer said

    It seems that both of former CIA official Charles Faddis’ books are well worth reading.

    In addition to WILLFUL NEGLECT, another recent book is titled BEYOND REPAIR in which he writes what David Ignatius describes as a scathing critique of the CIA’s CYA culture.

    At the very least, the two books seem eminently readable (from perusing at Amazon) and represent the account of an experienced insider.

    It was not his job to solve Amerithrax — and I don’t know the materials he had available to him at the time he wrote WILLFUL NEGLECT.

    He certainly would be a fascinating fellow to talk to over lunch and a fascinating interview.

    On his CYA theme, I am not encouraging greater adventurism or risk-taking. I think such adventures invite retaliation and cause anger. Instead, I am urging compliance with FOIA and routing out of conflicts of interest. It would seem that he has led the more exciting life and thus has different life experience to bring to bear.

    My experience for example relates to knowing that the TOW-equipped helicopters subject to a conspiracy to sell to Iraq during the height of the Iraq-Iran war were equipped with quick-release pesticide spraying mechanisms. That was the cover story — that they were being sold for agricultural cropdusting missions. So I’m accustomed to seeing that things can look ridiculous on their face that are not even noticed by the media — and appreciating that only through forcing document production and avoiding conflicts of interest can things be set right.

    • DXer said

      He also coauthored the Operation Hotel California: The Clandestine War Inside Iraq. The book book is billed on the flap as “the most blistering indictment to date by any American counterterrorism officer of the national security blunders vis-a-vis Iraq and Al Qaeda — it carries lessons that will reverberate in Washington and beyond for eyars to come. He criticizes the Bush Administration for not pursuing Al Qaeda in the spring 2001.

  7. DXer said

    The head of the CIA’s weapons of mass destruction unit, until he retired in May of 2008, has written a book that touches on anthrax.

    Willful Neglect: The Dangerous Illusion of Homeland Security (2010) (Hardcover)
    by Charles S. Faddis

    page 135

    “our homeland security effort regarding biological weapons seems to have focused on spending a lot of money and building a lot of facilities without necessarily focusing on why we were doing it, and whether we were improving the situation or making it worse. We have a lot more labs and a lot more people in them, but they may have made us much less safe than were before.”


    “The irony of all this, of course, is that our obsession with the possibility of biological terrorism is based largely on one incident — the 2002 anthrax attacks in the United States. Those attacks, assuming that we can trust the conclusions of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), were perpetrated not by a foreign terrorist organization but by a researcher working in a BSL 4 facility inside the United States. The anthrax used in those attacks came not from a secret terrorist lab hidden in the mountains of Pakistan, but out of a known sample of the backteria grown as part of our own research programs.”

    Note to head of the CIA’s former WMD unit: the Fall 2001 anthrax attacks were in 2001, rather than 2002. Also, didn’t CIA personnel play a key and formal role in Amerithrax? If the Amerithrax Task Force failed to solve Amerithrax, as they did, isn’t the blamely squarely shared by the CIA analysts and its weapons of mass destruction unit?

    • DXer said

      Chuck Faddis writes:

      “Siddiqui, with her scientific background, had Plum Island on a list of targets she was carrying in the summer of 2008 should answer pretty much any question about the level of Al-Qaeda’s interest in biological warfare and our research laboratories. It tells use that not only is Al-Qaeda still working on plans for bio attacks, but also that it has recognized the shortcut to staging such attacks is to obtain the necessary pathogens right here on our soil.

      That Al-Qaeda has had an interest for some time in the development of biological weapons is well-documented. Prior to the U.S. invasion of Afghanistan, Al-Qaeda had actually started two separate programs for the weaponization of anthrax. The first involved a Pakistani veterinarian by the name of Rauf Ahmad. The second involved a Malaysian named Yazid Sufaat who had studied biology at the California State University. How far those programs would have progressed had we not physically entered Afghanistan remains a matter of conjecture.

      The British are so worried about the danger posed by bioresearch facilities on their soil that they are carefully screening all scientists who handle dangerous microorganisms in labs in that country. MI-5 had explicitly cautioned labs in the UK that Islamic terrorists may try to steal deadly viruses from research facilities. MI-5 and the National Counter Terrorism Security Offic have also begun examinations of the physical security of facilities working with pathogens. We might do well pay attention and to consider that we need to take similar efforts here.”

      The former head of the CIA WMD unit says, as of May 2008, says in 2010:

      “We might do well pay attention and to consider that we need to take similar efforts here.”

      Well, that about sums up the anthrax mailings of Fall 2001. 10 years after the fact the former CIA WMD unit head has demonstrated that the CIA was not up to its mission of protecting the United States from Ayman Zawahiri’s plan to infiltrate US biodefense.

      • DXer said

        Btw, Rauf Ahmad, who is reachable by email, was not a veterinarian. He was a food scientist.

      • DXer said

        Chuck Faddis writes:

        “Putting myself in the shoes of a terrorist leader bent on staging a biological attack inside the United States, it seems obvious that the profusion of biological research facilities dedicated to working with organisms of known bioterror utility is like a gift from heaven. I am no longer faced with the task of acquiring and cultivating the organisms abroad and then attempting to move them secretly into the United States. I now have the ability to acquire those agents inside the United States, in immediate proximity to the targets which they then will be employed. My job is much easier than it would be otherwise.”

        “Labs are, of course, ripe for exploitation by terrorist organizations using insiders employed in the facilities. I am not normally fixated on “insider threat” when it comes to terrorism. I think it is usually much more difficult to get someone into a position of trust inside a target than it may see, and I have seen very few examples of terrorists actually managing to acquire the necessary degree of access to facilitate an attack.

        A biological research laboratory in the United States, I think, is a clear exception to this rule. Especially those that are in any way affiliated with U.S. educational institutions and are likely to have large number of foreign undergraduate and graduate students employed in them. While the overwhelming majority of these individuals are going to be diligent, honest, and beyond reproach, a certian number are likely to be from backgrounds that make them susceptible to recruitment by extremist groups. Even if they are not sent here from abroad with the goal of penetrating a lab, the odds that at least a handful of them might come to the attention of a group like Al-Qaeda and be pulled into extremism seem good.”

        Why did James Baker not tell Bruce Ivins that the scientist he was sending to work with virulent Ames with him was not a US citizen and was a former Zawahiri associate? See Ivins 302 interview statement and uploaded correspondence released by the US DOJ.

        Why did the University of Michigan refuse to provide me with any documents relating to the research under FOIA? (The University of Michigan, by the way, is the assignee of the key patent addressed by the article released by the DOJ). The University of Michigan researchers have garned $80 million in investment without a product with $50 million coming from the DC venture firm once headed by Richard Holbrooke, who then became DOS #3 and put in charge of Afghanistan and Pakistan. Is the University of Michigan is negligent per se when it violates a legal standard?

        Why is the former head of the CIA WMD unit 10 years after the fact suggesting that it might be a good idea to scrutinize access to pathogens?

        Is the CIA just playing dumb or are they really as clueless as the FBI and CIA appear?

        • DXer said

          What does the Arms Export Control Act require before a virulent pathogen may be supplied to a researcher located in the United States who was not a US citizen? Was there compliance with the Arms Export Control Act?

        • DXer said

          Chuck Faddis writes:

          “Ironically, as we continue to spend huge sums of money to grow vast numbers of deadly microorganisms on our own soil, we are devoting millions of dollars, not to securing all the new bio labs, but to fielding equipment to tell us when the diseases we have propagated are set loose against us.”

        • DXer said

          Chuck Faddis fails to have the key perspective.

          Inside the beltway, as it was in the case of EIJ head of intelligence Ali Mohammed, it is all about CYA — IMAGINE THE LIABILITY.

          In the meantime, such an approach leads to the existential threat in connection with which there has been utterly meaningless Congressional oversight.

        • DXer said

          Not to worry. The CIA is working to overturn the law as to “deemed exports.”

          Now if only the terrorist always make sure to leave his car key at the scene we’ll be all right.

          US to overhaul restrictions on sensitive material
          Export reform effort could help scientists who collaborate with foreign researchers

          Sharon Weinberger

          Secretary of Defense Robert GatesD. Myles Cullen/DOD.In a move hailed by academics and industry leaders, the Obama administration is proposing sweeping changes to the government’s system for controlling the export of technology and knowledge to foreign nations. The existing system of export controls has grown more restrictive over the past decade and has been accused of stifling academic research and technology development.

          In a speech on 20 April in Washington DC, Secretary of Defense Robert Gates blasted the current export-control system as “a byzantine amalgam of authorities, roles and missions” that covers too many items and yet has failed to protect critical technology.

          The current export-control system does not “deal effectively with those situations that could do us the most harm in the 21st Century — a terrorist group obtaining a critical component for a weapon of mass destruction or a rogue state seeking advanced ballistic-missile parts,” Gates said in his speech.

          “Most importantly,” he added, “the current arrangement fails at the critical task of preventing harmful exports while facilitating useful ones.”

          Last August, US President Barack Obama ordered a broad review of the export-control system, with an eye on reforming and modernizing it. The administration’s proposal, announced by Gates, would centralize the disparate bureaucracies that oversee the export of technology and knowledge related to defence.

          Right now, several federal agencies control various types of exports and maintain different lists of restricted items. The reform, said Gates, would create “a single export-control list, a single licensing agency, a single enforcement-coordination agency and a single information-technology system.”

          The administration’s proposal, said Gates, would focus on controlling only those items that could actually threaten national security if they ended up in the wrong hands. The ideal, he says, would be “a system where higher walls are placed around fewer, more critical items.”

          The export-control system, long a thorn in the side of the US aerospace and defence industry, has also over the past two decades become burdensome for scientists. Of particular concern have been controls over satellites and what are called ‘deemed exports’, which deal with the transfer of controlled information or technical data to non-US citizens, such as foreign graduate students in a university laboratory in the United States.

          The inherent ambiguity in US export-control laws, along with heightened enforcement since Sept. 11, 2001, has made these concerns more acute for academics. Highlighting the problem was the 2008 conviction of John Reece Roth, a physicist at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville, who was charged with violating the Arms Export Control Act (AECA) relating to work he was doing with experimental plasma actuators for use in aircraft.

          Roth shared technical information with graduate students from China and Iran, and he had travelled to China to lecture on his work. He was sentenced last year to four years in a federal prison.

          The proposal outlined by Gates did not directly address the issue of deemed exports. But as a former president of Texas A&M University in College Station, Gates has in the past expressed a personal interest in reforming controls on deemed exports that restrict the work of academics. In a phone interview with reporters following Gates’ speech, James A. Hursch, the acting deputy undersecretary of defense for technology security policy, said that Gates has been personally committed to that issue.

          “He believes the current system, in which a professor would have to rule out or exclude one individual out of his class from part of the learning experience, is a problem and not very workable,” Hursch said.

          The recommendations by Gates “are going to be good for US science and good for US national security”, says Frederick Tarantino, the president of the Universities Space Research Association based in Columbia, Maryland, a nonprofit group representing universities with space research programs.

          The proposed reforms would be implemented in a series of phases, with only the final step — the creation of a single agency and single list — requiring explicit congressional authorization. Congress has thwarted previous reform attempts, and the current proposal will likely face a tough battle in the legislature.

        • DXer said

          Chuck Faddis describes his tour of the physical plant at GMU and bemoans the lack of physical security — but he suggests, not to worry, the new
          BL-3 lab is up and running yet. He nowhere mentions that at GMU is American Type Culture Collection (ATCC) or discusses its facilities. ATCC contains the most diverse biological repository in the world (and manages the Critical Reagent Program which now contains virulent Ames), and the scientist coordinating with 911 imam Anwar Aulaqi and Bin Laden’s sheik had unfettered access to its collection. Indeed, ATCC had co-sponsored his program. Now you want confirmation? Just ask the FBI scientist leading Amerithrax investigation who was the former collections scientist there for the Bacteriology Division.

        • DXer said

          Chuck Faddis writes:

          “Stop Wasting Time

          In February of 2009, the Arabic television network Al Jazeera aired a video of a speech by a Kuwaiti cleric named Abdullah al-Nafisi. Speaking before a crowd in the nation of Bahrain in the Persian Gulf, al-Nafisi discussed plans by Al-Qaeda for an anthrax attack on the United States: “Four pounds of anthrax … in a suitcase … carried by a fighter through tunnels from Mexico into the U.S. are guaranteed to kill 330,000 Americans within a single hour if it is properly spread in population centers there. What a horrifying idea; 9/11 will be small change in comparison. Am I right? There is no need for airplanes, conspiracies, timings, and so on. One person with the courage to carry found pounds of anthrax, will go on to teh White House lawn, and will spread this ‘confetti’ all over them, and then we’ll do these cries of joy. It will turn into a real celebration.”

          Chuck Faddis argues “Stop Wasting Time” when John Peterson at USAMEDD has taken 2 years to produce the emails to and from Dr. Ivins — with the production subject to intentional delay and interference by the FBI scientists and officials. Emails to and from Dr. Ivins — that they still are withholding — are on the subject of his inquiries relating to dried powder Ames at USAMRIID. They should have been made available for inspection in September 2008.

          Mr. Faddis continues:

          “Al-Nafisi is a Kuwaiti dissident, a recruiter for Al-Qaeda, and someone known to have had communication directly with senior Al-Qaeda and Taliban personnel. His speech may or may not represent an insight into current operational planning, but at a minimum, it was intended to encourage his followers and members of Al-Qaeda to undertake new attacks of even larger proportions that those we have seen to date.

          We need to shake ourselves awake and move, as my father used to say, “like we have a purpose in life.”

          Well, Chuck, I have a new purpose in life: It’s to shake you awake and provide you the information that the CIA’s Zawahiri Task Force received in mid-December 2001 about Ayman Zawahiri associates in the United States.

          You can either be part of the problem or part of the solution. Because I assure you the public history has not yet been written and in moving forward Santa knows who is turning out be part of the problem and who is part of the solution.

          To start, review of the 20 pages by the DOJ about the former Zawahiri associate working with virulent Ames alongside Bruce Ivins and tell me this:

          What was the nature of the compliance with the Armed Export Control Act? Was it in the nature of a “deemed export” given a foreign scientist was involved?

  8. DXer said

    Religion News Service

    December 23, 2005 Friday 2:03 PM Eastern Time

    What Makes a Terrorist? Science Explores How Extreme Ideology Impacts Brain

    BYLINE: By AMY ELLIS NUTT; Amy Ellis Nutt is a staff writer for The Star-Ledger of Newark, N.J.


    LENGTH: 2846 words

    Tawfik Hamid stood with 200 other students for afternoon prayers inside a mosque at the University of Cairo.
    It was important for them to stand with their feet touching, as the Quran teaches, so that even in prayer they were prepared for war: “Truly Allah loves those who fight in his cause … as if they were a solid cemented structure.”

    The mosque was the religious home of a burgeoning radical Islamic movement, Al-Gama Al-Islamiyya.

    After prayers that day in 1978, Hamid stepped into the courtyard and saw a slightly older, bearded man who was deep in thought.

    It was Ayman al-Zawahiri, future confidant of Osama bin Laden and an architect of the attacks on the USS Cole, the Pentagon and the World Trade Center.

    “Tawfik is a new member of Al-Gama Al-Islamiyya,” a friend of Hamid’s said, by way of introduction.
    Zawahiri looked at Hamid and spoke: “The future of Islam is dependent on you young Muslims.”

    Hamid, who believed in the Salafi, or literal, reading of the Islamic texts, surged with pride. He felt he had been chosen for a special task, just as it states in the Quran:

    “Slay the idolaters wherever you find them. Arrest them, besiege them, and lie in ambush everywhere for them.”

    What turns an otherwise ordinary human into a terrorist? It is a question that has puzzled the world with a special urgency since the attacks of Sept. 11, 2001.

    Now the scientific community is close to providing some answers.

    Social cognitive neuroscientists are using technologies that normally detect illnesses to better understand the behavior and motivation of terrorists.

    Mathematicians and computer scientists are looking at models like game theory and network analysis to understand the formation of terrorist cells.


    Anger, in other words, created an automatic bias where previously there was none.

    Certainly this was true for Hamid. He grew up in the Garden City section of Cairo with secular parents and Christian friends. Prejudice against non-Muslims emerged dramatically only when he joined Al-Gama Al-Islamiyya in college.

    “You feel you belong to a powerful group,” he said, “and the verses we read and the talks, they were very powerful in stimulating the feelings of anger — that others are your enemy and you must join with other Muslims to fight the infidels.”

    The amygdala is linked to the more recently evolved part of the brain called the prefrontal cortex, located just behind the forehead. It is here that habits of mind — along with sense of self and sense of others — originate.

    Jordan Grafman, chief of the cognitive neuroscience section at the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke in Bethesda, Md., has shown how easy it is to turn off the “socialized” part of the brain in normal subjects.

    Four years ago, Grafman asked volunteers, after they were placed in the doughnut-shaped PET scanner, to imagine three scenes, all involving their mothers being attacked in an elevator. In the first, the subject imagines doing nothing. In the second, the subject fights the attackers, but loses and is physically restrained. In the third, the subject attempts to either injure or kill the men.

    The PET scans revealed that when the subjects imagined the two aggressive scenarios, there was a significant decrease in blood flow to their orbitofrontal cortex, the center of a person’s beliefs and motivations. The empathic part of their brains had been deactivated.

    “The prefrontal cortex helps modulate aggressive tendencies. It controls activities and brain structures that ordinarily would be quite active to provocation,” said Grafman. “There’s no doubt that even if you just fantasize a lot about violent activity, your brain gets better at shutting down the part that holds onto social rules and empathy.”

    This was what energized and eventually frightened Hamid, and it still puzzles him.

    “I felt evil — thinking of killing non-Muslims, of raping their wives — because all of it was justified in the books I was reading. Hatred developed gradually. I became very extremist. I became fanatical.”


    Other programs are focused on automated detection of deceptive intent. In August, Rutgers University’s Center for Computational Biomedicine, Imaging and Modeling, along with scientists at Lockheed Martin, received $3.5 million from the Department of Homeland Security to develop a new kind of lie detector.

    Dimitris Metaxas, director of the Rutgers center, aims to develop a camera-assisted computer program that can analyze a person’s subtle nonverbal cues and correlate them with an intention to deceive. The technique could be used at border crossings, as well as at high-security locations.

    While social cognitive neuroscientists are peering into the militant mind, other researchers have moved further up the terrorist evolutionary scale to understand what happens after recruits join terrorist cells. Before Sept. 11, 2001, this was something Valdis Krebs could not have dreamed he’d be doing.

    An expert in social network analysis, Krebs, who works from his home in Westlake, Ohio, usually spends his days consulting with Fortune 500 companies about how they can improve the flow of information among their personnel.

    That all changed on the morning of 9/11 when Krebs and his wife heard the grinding roar of a westbound jet banking hard and turning back to the east. They both sprinted into the backyard but never saw the plane that eventually went down in a field in Pennsylvania. That day, Krebs heard the words “terrorist network” for the first time.

    Soon he was using his expertise to try to understand exactly what the term meant. He began by combing through newspapers and reading the Web. Every time he stumbled on a new piece of information about the 19 suicide terrorists, he entered it into his computer, processing it through network-analyzing software called InFlow, which he had invented a decade earlier.

    Six weeks after the attacks, Krebs knew that if the federal government had been using InFlow in 2000 and 2001 to track just a few of the 19 hijackers, it might have prevented the attacks.

    His insights draw on social network analysis — a combination of mathematics, computer science and anthropology used mainly to examine business efficiency. The study of complex systems has become an important tool in the war on terrorism only in the past two years because of major advances in computing power.

    Government investigators primarily work top-down, seeking terrorists by obtaining personal details about a vast pool of people to pick out those who might pose a threat.

    Krebs believes this approach to data analysis produces too many false positives. Instead, he uses a bottom-up approach, building knowledge by “snowballing” the data — starting with the most likely members of a terrorist cell and letting each new bit of information lead to a clearer view of the network.

    Just days after the Sept. 11 attacks, Krebs typed three names into his database: Mustafa Ahmed al-Hawsawi, the mission’s paymaster; Mohamed Atta, its ringleader; and Nabil al-Marabh, another financier.

    Using InFlow, Krebs connected the dots. The program weighed the importance and frequency of the links between the terrorists. Strong ties, such as living in the same apartment and communicating frequently, were assigned more importance.

    Krebs eventually made a startling conclusion: “Back in the year 2000 we knew two of those guys, Khalid Almihdhar and Nawaf Alhamzi. The CIA had spotted them at a meeting in Malaysia and they’d been in the U.S. So if you knew that, and you knew they were associated, they’d have been a good pair to start mapping. … In 2001, when someone said we have to find these guys, they couldn’t. If someone had had this map, they could have found them in a day.”

    Kathleen Carley looks at social networks as dynamic relationships that change over time. When two people interact, the network changes, and sometimes small-scale events result in large-scale effects.

    The promise of dynamic network analysis lies in its ability to identify emerging threats, which is why Carley, director of the Center for Computational Analysis of Social and Organizational Systems at Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh, constantly runs network scenarios through her computer.

    Like Krebs, Carley begins each analysis by collecting data from publicly available sources. She uses a text-mining tool called “Auto Map,” which looks through newspapers, documents and Web pages (100,000 a day) to identify relationships.

    Then she runs a series of virtual experiments where she removes each identified member, one by one, and watches what the computer “learns” about how the network will react.

    “We collect data on real-world groups. We set up beginning conditions — who is talking to who and at what time. Then we set up ‘what-if’ scenarios.”

    Last year, Carley ran such a scenario to see what her software would predict if Sheik Ahmed Yassin, the spiritual leader of the Palestinian terrorist group Hamas, were assassinated. Its answer: Abdel Aziz Rantisi would rise to power and temporarily strengthen Hamas.

    Two weeks later, when Israeli missiles killed the sheik, Rantisi took over, briefly revitalizing the militant group.

    “DNA (dynamic network analysis) can’t predict specific actions, but it can tell who is getting stronger,” said Carley. “The ability to use these tools for forecasting about terror has happened just now, this year … (and) it could have predicted Mohamed Atta was a key operative.”

    The “what-if” scenario also is the bread and butter of Bruce Horne, director of “Project Albert” (named after Albert Einstein) at the Marine Corps Warfighting Laboratory in Quantico, Va. The project’s goal is to find a networking tool that can assess an enemy’s next move and offer an offensive maneuver to thwart it.

    “Our tool isn’t for predicting, but to better understand what course of action needs to be taken,” Horne said.

    Hamid, who now practices a nonviolent form of Islam and believes the Koran has been distorted by the jihadis, decided to begin with a simple act.

    Before leaving college, he carried two boxes of books — all espousing jihad — into his yard. He poured gasoline over the pile and set it on fire.

    A healed mind, he felt, could rise only from the ashes of hate. While he watched the blaze, he remembered reading the Bible on his own in high school, and the words that had so moved him.

    “Blessed are the merciful, for they will be shown mercy.

    • DXer said

      Christian Science Monitor (Boston, MA)

      October 17, 2001, Wednesday

      Egypt’s moderate militants talk

      BYLINE: Ilene R. Prusher Staff writer of The Christian Science Monitor


      HIGHLIGHT: Islamist groups say US support of authoritarian regimes only feeds radical tendencies in populace.

      Gamal Sultan’s past is no secret. He used to be involved in Jihad, the same outlawed Islamic militant group whose leading members included Ayman al-Zawahiri, an Egyptian physician who went on to be one of Osama bin Laden’s closest colleagues in al-Qaeda.

      But Mr. Sultan recognized that the use of violence by Jihad – which considers violence a legitimate means of ridding the country of a regime corrupted by Western values – was leading nowhere. And along with other members of Jihad, Sultan left the group to form a political party that could run in national elections.

      The result, in 1997, was Islah (Reform Party), one of two Islamic political parties that asked for the right to run on last November’s ballot. The government responded with a resounding blow-off.

      “We received detailed notice that the reason for refusal was that the party had no new principles to offer the political arena,” says Sultan, sitting on the couch in his home office near Ain Shams University, where students have been holding rallies against the US-led airstrikes in Afghanistan.

      “The idea was to bring together the government and the Islamic groups, because of the constant repression on the part of the government,” says Sultan, “and because of this increasing political oppression, people are becoming more extreme.”

      Islah’s prohibition from participation in Egyptian elections hardly grabbed international headlines. Today, however, the events of Sept. 11 are bringing more attention to the role regimes such as Egypt’s play in keeping a lid on Islamic fundamentalists – a lid sometimes closed so tight that militants seek ever more radical outlets.

      Those who have a hard time summoning sympathy for Sultan’s lack of political freedoms should consider that these Islamist groups are not just frustrated with their own government, which some say is easing back on repressive tactics. They are equally irritated with US support for the Egyptian government, which paves the way – in their eyes – for continued authoritarianism.

      “This is why there is animosity between Islamists and the US, because Islamists see America as the power standing behind the oppressive regimes,” says Sultan, editor of an Islamic political journal called “The New Minaret.”

      According to one school of thought, last month’s attacks on New York and Washington only give firmer ground for President Mubarak to justify his domestic policies. He sympathizes with America, he has said, because he too is fighting terrorism operating under the banner of Islam. But many Middle East observers point out that the most pro-Western regimes have kept democratization to a crawl, fueling extremism by forcing Islamists to go underground. Several of the Sept. 11 plane hijackers came from Egypt and Saudi Arabia.

      “That’s one of the things that drives people to extremism – that they don’t have a voice,” says Sharif Elmusa, director of Middle East Studies at the American University of Cairo. “Then you create an extreme fringe, similar to what we’ve seen in Algeria,” where the government has refused to recognize Islamic gains in elections.

      Sultan spent seven months in prison after the assassination of President Anwar Sadat 20 years ago as part of a series of “very public arrests,” as he calls it; the brevity of his jail time suggests he had little role in Sadat’s murder. But it was during that period in jail – as well as another stint in 1985 for attempting to overthrow the government – that he says he witnessed the toll torture took on other prisoners. “The real creation of terrorism,” he says, “is in the jails.”

      As Sultan sees it, the Egyptian government has grown more oppressive in recent years. Had he been arrested under similar circumstances today, he argues, the cases would have been handed over to a military court and ended in executions.

      Others, however, say that the government has made strides toward improving its relationship with the Islamists since 1997, when militants opened fire on tourists in Luxor, killing 58 people in Egypt’s worst terrorist attack.

      “There are no more random arrests, torture in prisons is not as bad as it used to be, and security officials have started to release people jailed for their political views – about 6,000 of them,” says Montasser el Zayat, a lawyer who represents clients with connections to Islamic groups. He, too, used to be involved in Jihad, and his imprisonment after the Sadat assassination led him to pursue a career defending like-minded prisoners, often held without charges or trial. During late-night office hours, relatives of prisoners – many of them women sheathed in black – wait for hours for one of the few advocates in Egypt who will plead their cases.

      “The doors are still closed in their faces. The government has refused the creation of any party based on religious grounds,” says Mr. Zayat.

  9. DXer said

    The Cairo-based writer for the Ann Arbor charity, Gamal Sultan, is quoted in this article along with Mohammed Atta’s father.

    Father of 9/11 ringleader: Attacks were Jewish conspiracy
    Jerusalem Post, The (Israel) – Friday, September 10, 2004

    CAIRO – Retired lawyer Mohammed al-Amir Atta has had three years to hone the attacking style he’s adopted as a defense against what he maintains are spurious charges his son was the lead September 11 hijacker.

    The attacks were a Jewish conspiracy carried out by the Israeli intelligence service, not a plot by Islamic extremists including his son, the elder Atta declared in an interview with The Associated Press. Moreover, he added, the United States deserved the devastating result because of its anti-Arab policies.


    Atta no longer claims his son is still alive, even though he once said his son had called him the day after the attack from an undisclosed destination.


    In a videotape months after the attacks, al-Qaida chief Osama bin Laden himself described the 33-year-old Atta as being “in charge of the group” that struck America.

    Today, the elder Atta and many Arabs place the blame for terrorism on what they say are the conditions that fuel terrorists’ anger, not on the terrorists themselves. “No nation has done as much evil in the world as America did, and you do not expect God to punish it?” he asked.

    “If a Palestinian flies a plane and strikes the White House and kills [US President George W.] Bush, his wife and his daughters, he will go to heaven,” Atta said. “So will any Muslim who defends his faith.”

    Despite his religious rhetoric, Atta smokes and has decorated his apartment with statues of Buddha, actions few devout Muslims would accept.

    Gamal Sultan , a former leader of Egypt’s Islamic Jihad group and editor of the Cairo-based Islamic weekly Al Manar, said September 11 could be attributed to the grievances built up by American backing for Israel and for despotic Arab regimes.

    “Arabs and Muslims are angry at America because of its unflinching support to the Zionist entity and to their own dictators,” he said, adding the wars on Afghanistan and Iraq launched after September 11 proved that the Americans had not absorbed this lesson.

    Other Arab opinion-makers, though, have said it is Arabs and Muslims who need to draw lessons from terrorism.”

    To the best of my knowledge, not a single reporter has asked IANA writers Gamal Sultan or Kamal Habib, the co-founder of the Egyptian Islamic Jihad, whether they know Tarek Hamouda, the scientist working alongside Bruce Ivins with virulent Ames — a lifelong friend of Khaled Hamid and Tawfiq Hamid.

  10. DXer said

    A reform party launched in 1999 by Attorney Al-Zayat, the lawyer who announced that Ayman Zawahiri was going to use anthrax, and Mamdouh Ismail, assistant to the secretary-general of the Association of Islamic Lawyers. Ismail has defended Islamists on trial on charges of violence and faced charges himself in the Jihad trial of 1981. He was indicted a couple years ago — in 2007, perhaps — for being a conduit between Zawahiri and jihadis in Egypt, Yemen and Iraq. The spymaster who wrote on Amerithrax was allegedly his intermediary.

    A second reform group was led by the writers for the Ann Arbor-based, Michigan charity Islamic Assembly of North America. Gamal Sultan was the Cairo-based editor of the IANA quarterly journal. His fellow writer was Kamal Habib, the founder of Egyptian Islamic Jihad. The two pairs of men both tried to form a reform party but the men faced difficulty when Al-Gama’a Al-slaymia (Egyptian Islamic Group) rejected the idea of a reform party.

    Gamal Sultan and the Egyptian Islamic Jihad founder, fellow IANA writer Kamal Habib, had written the Blind Sheik in Spring 1999 seeking his endorsement that was routed to the sheik through post office employee Abdel-Sattar.

    As for Gamal Sultan’s reaction to the blind sheik’s rejection of the idea, “Despite press reports claiming the rejection of Al-Gama’a Al-slaymia to ongoing efforts by some of its former members to establish a political party, the would-be founders vow to move on.”

    “Press reports last week published statements by an unidentified spokesman for the outlawed Gama’a denying the group’s affiliation to the so-called Islamic Social Party. The group “has nothing to do what so ever with the Islamic Party which some individuals inside Egypt intend to establish soon” said the spokesman. The Gama’a, he said, has not changed its stance regarding partisan activity.”

    So you had a situation where the lead writer for the Ann Arbor-based charity was trying take the Egyptian Islamic Group mainstream.

    If you want to know “who knows who” both Gamal Sultan and Kamal Habib are available to interview and are interesting and articulate interview subjects.

    If you want to know whether the founder of the Egyptian Islamic Jihad knows the Ann Arbor scientist working alongside Bruce Ivins with virulent Ames, Kamal would be one of the best person to ask. As I recall, Kamal graduated top of his class at Cairo University (in 1982, as I recall), majoring in political scientist. In other circumstances, he would have been a leading statesman.

    Attorney Al-Zayat is also very approachable and forthright.

    A farewell to militancy?

    Abdel-Halim Mandour, a prominent Islamist lawyer was part of the effort.

    The editor for the IANA publication explained:

    “The aim of the new party, explained Sultan, is to build on the cease-fire initiative. “We are concerned now with the current dialogue inside the Islamist movement to crystallise the switch from violence to peaceful legal activity,” he said. But now the situation has been complicated after the Gamaa spokesman made his statement, said Sultan. “This could discourage the people whom we are trying to convince of accepting legal activity” he pointed. Alternatively, the would-be founders will have to convince the historic leaders of the importance of accepting the notion of partisan activity. Says Sultan “We don’t want the Gamaa as an organization to join in, but we also don’t want them to oppose it either.”

    According to Sultan, this dialogue is taking place between several figures from the Al-Gama’a and Jihad as well as the now-defunct Takfir Wal-Hegra and Hizbullah groups, the latter a little known Alexandria-based organisation. All of the people participating in the dialogue have renounced violence, Solatan asserts.”

    However, Sultan said the spiritual leader of Al-Gama’a, Sheikh Omar Abdel-Rahman, who is serving a life sentence in the United States, has expressed reservations about their initiative. “He argued that politically the attempt is pointless. But we are not deterred,” Sultan said.”

    In addition to Attorney Mandour and EIJ Habib, they include Salah Hashem, a leading Al-Gama’a figure. Zawahiri was very interested, in correspondence with the blind sheik’s successor Taha, with what Hashem’s views were.

    “Some analysts believe that the switch from violence to peaceful methods should be linked to the success of security forces in stamping out armed attacks by militants. These analysts argue that the cease-fire initiatives were made only after militant groups had been weakened, and staging armed attacks had become difficult, if not impossible. Attempting to form a political party was an alternative.

    But Abdel-Meguid rejects this argument. “I believe the ideological shift of the militant groups preceded the success of security forces in containing violence,” he said. Violence, he explained, “always reaches a dead end; it cannot continue forever.”

    • DXer said

      At the first annual IANA conference in 1993, Gamal Sultan spoke alongside jihad recruiter Bilal Philips (who says he recruited from US Army ranks) and Mohammed Abdul-Rahman from Afghanistan, Mohammad Qutb from Cairo. In 2000, on a trip to Pittsburgh, Gamal Sultan and his colleagues thought Pittsburgh reminded them of Kandahar given its rolling hills. After a visit in 2000, Gamal Sultan said Pittsburgh was known as the “American Kandahar,” given its rolling hills.

      • DXer said

        The government has jailed thousands of militant Is
        June 2007
        Jihad, Reconsidered

        The founder of Islamic Jihad has concluded that violence in the name of God is unacceptable. Could a new movement of nonviolent Islamism emerge from a prison cell southwest of Cairo?
        By Manal el-Jesri

        Sayed Imam El-Sherif wrote a letter to his many friends last month, telling them that they really should find a better way of working out their differences than throwing punches. Doesn’t sound like the stuff national news is made of, does it?

        It is when you remember that El-Sherif is better known by his nom de guerre: Dr. Fadl, the infamous founder of Egyptian Islamic Jihad (Al-Jihad, EIJ). His letter, written from his prison cell southwest of Cairo, called on Islamist and jihadi groups around the world to cease violent operations, bluntly declaring, “We are prohibited [by God] from committing aggression, even if the enemies of Islam do so.”

        It was a radical departure for a hardline ideologue who wrote immediately after the September 11, 2001, attacks on the United States that, “As long as America is an infidel nation, terrorizing it is a duty.”

        Arrested in Yemen in 2001, El-Sherif was transferred to Egypt in 2004 and is serving a life sentence for his role in multiple terror attacks here and abroad.

        The letter has grabbed the attention of Islamists around the world. El-Sherif, 57 and a physician by training, is the most important thinker in the modern history of the violent Islamist movement. The founder of Al-Jihad, he was a combatant in Afghanistan in the 1980s and the best friend of Ayman Al-Zawahiri (now second in command of Al-Qaeda). Hardliners from EIJ led by Al-Zawahiri and El-Sherif merged the organization with Al-Qaeda some time between 1999 and 2000.

        El-Sherif was the primary influence on Al-Qaeda’s jihadist ideology: His book book Al-Omda fi Edad El-Edda (Basic Principles of Preparation for Jihad) is nothing less than the manifesto of jihadist Islam.

        Former EIJ member [and IANA writer] Kamal Habib: “I believe these [Jihad] reviews will eat away at Al-Qaeda’s intellectual ground and will open intellectual debate within it.”

      • DXer said

        The Cairo-based writer for the Ann Arbor charity Islamic Assembly of North America, the co-founder of the Egyptian Islamic Jihad when several cells merged, addressed Ayman Zawahiri in an interview with CNN in early November 2001. Don’t both Ayman’s uncle Mahfouz Azzam and Kamal Habib know the anthrax mailer?

        Ayman Al-Zawahiri: Bin Laden’s Right-Hand Man

        Aired November 3, 2001 – 07:30 ET


        ANNOUNCER: He’s the man who has Osama bin Laden’s ear.


        PETER BERGEN, CNN TERRORISM EXPERT: He’s his closest adviser, has worked with bin Laden for a long time. They’ve known each other since 1987.

        (END VIDEO CLIP)

        ANNOUNCER: A 50-year-old surgeon from Egypt.


        MAHFOUZ AZZAM, AL-ZAWAHIRI’S UNCLE: He’s a genius doctor.

        (END VIDEO CLIP)

        ANNOUNCER: Accused of plotting and planning violence for decades, a man who has declared war on America.

        A profile of a man the U.S. government believes played a key role in the September 11 attacks, Dr. Ayman al-Zawahiri, now on PEOPLE IN THE NEWS.


        MIKE BOETTCHER, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): Ayman al- Zawahiri is usually seen at Osama bin Laden’s side, his ally, his confidant. Like bin Laden, al-Zawahiri has a price on his head. He’s been targeted not just for his role in the September 11 attacks. He’s also been indicted for the bombings of two U.S. embassies in Africa in 1998.

        BERGEN: Ayman al-Zawahiri is effectively bin Laden’s number two.

        BOETTCHER: Like Osama bin Laden, Ayman al-Zawahiri comes from a privileged background. The al-Zawahiri family lives in a well-off suburb of Cairo. One grandfather was a renowned Muslim scholar, his father, a prominent doctor. There is even an Al-Zawahiri Street.

        Mahfouz Azzam is Ayman al-Zawahiri’s uncle. He describes his nephew as a quiet boy who read a lot, was a star student. He says Ayman was always calm, relaxed, and deeply religious. AZZAM: He was known as a good Muslim keen to pray at the mosque and to read and to think and to have his own decisions. He can know what is the right and what is wrong in what he reads.

        BOETTCHER: Ayman al-Zawahiri’s political involvement began during the reign of President Gamal Abdul Nasser in the 1960s.

        (on camera): Al-Zawahiri was a medical student in his teens when he joined Al-Jihad. It was one of the many groups opposing the regime, instead favoring an Islamic state.

        (voice-over): After Nasser’s death, Anwar Sadat took power. First Sadat fought Israel, then, in the late ’70s, he began to make peace with the Jewish state.

        At home, agitation against Sadat increased. Like Ayman al- Zawahiri, Kamal Habib was a Muslim activist. He advocated violence against the Sadat regime.

        KAMAL HABIB, ISLAMIC ACTIVIST (through translator): We thought at the time that the goal to apply the laws of Islam can’t be achieved with ways other than violence.

        BOETTCHER: In October 1981, Anwar Sadat was assassinated by Islamic extremists. The actual assassins were tried and convicted in a military court, but there was a second trial. Al-Zawahiri, along with Kamal Habib and 300 other activists, was rounded up and tried on conspiracy charges.

        Because al-Zawahiri was fluent in English, he became a spokesman when the international media was allowed to interview the group.

        (BEGIN VIDEO CLIP, 1983)

        AYMAN AL-ZAWAHIRI: We want to speak to the whole world. Who are we? Who are we? Why did they bring us here? And what we want to say? About the first question, we are Muslims. We are Muslims who believe in their religion, (UNINTELLIGIBLE) proud feeling, (UNINTELLIGIBLE) and ideology and practice.

        (END VIDEO CLIP)

        BOETTCHER: The court would eventually find that al-Zawahiri did not participate in the assassination plot. Nevertheless, al-Zawahiri harshly condemned Sadat for corruption and for making peace with Israel.

        (BEGIN VIDEO CLIP, 1983)

        AL-ZAWAHIRI: (UNINTELLIGIBLE) prosperity (UNINTELLIGIBLE) declared by the stupid agent Anwar Sadat. (shouts in Arabic)

        UNIDENTIFIED MALES: (shout in Arabic)



        (END VIDEO CLIP)

        BOETTCHER: Al-Zawahiri also told reporters that the detainees had been tortured.

        (BEGIN VIDEO CLIP, 1983)

        AL-ZAWAHIRI: (UNINTELLIGIBLE) they kicked us, they beated us, they whipped us with the electric cable, they shocked us with electricity. They shocked us with electricity, and they used their wild dogs — and they used their wild dogs, and they (UNINTELLIGIBLE) us over the edges of the dogs with our hands tied at the back.

        (END VIDEO CLIP)

        BOETTCHER: Kamal Habib confirms that torture was commonplace, and it was brutal.

        HABIB: The methods of torture are known to everyone. Honestly, I prefer not to talk about it. But back then, it was on a very large scale.

        BOETTCHER: Until he got to prison, al-Zawahiri was, by all accounts, not a leader in his group, which was known as Al-Jihad.

        HABIB : Ayman al-Zawahiri had a minor role. There were many who followed the Jihad organization belief and didn’t contribute in a direct way. And Ayman was one of them.

        BOETTCHER: But journalist Mohammed Salah says the interview with the international media showed that after 14 months in prison, al- Zawahiri was emerging in the top ranks of the militants.

        MOHAMMED SALAH, “AL-HAYAT” NEWSPAPER (through translator): Because of Ayman al-Zawahiri’s charisma, he was able to speak on behalf of his colleagues and express opinions on their behalf.

        BOETTCHER: General Fouad Allam interrogated al-Zawahiri when he was in prison. He says he was struck by the young doctor’s demeanor.

        GEN. FOUAD ALLAM (RET.), EGYPTIAN SECURITY SERVICES (through translator): He was a very normal person. He was very decent, very calm, and above all this, shy.

        BOETTCHER: Others would call this something else, not shyness but a passion for secrecy that would be, along with his leadership skills, one of al-Zawahiri’s hallmarks.

        When we return, Ayman al-Zawahiri takes up the Afghan cause and meets the man who would become America’s public enemy number one.




        BOETTCHER: They came from all over the world to Afghanistan to defend their religion, Islam. After the Soviets invaded Afghanistan in the late ’70s, young Muslims came to make a jihad, a holy war, against communism. Osama bin Laden answered the call. So did Ayman al-Zawahiri.

        He had graduated from medical school in 1974 and was practicing as a surgeon when he made his first trip to Afghanistan in 1979. His uncle says he went there to offer his medical services.

        AZZAM: He went to Afghanistan, to Peshawar, Pakistan. He worked there in the Red Cross hospital.

        BOETTCHER: Most of his colleagues were still in prison back in Egypt, so Afghanistan was, ironically, a safe place to be for men like al-Zawahiri, says Dia’a Rashwan.

        DIA’A RASHWAN, AL-AHRAM CENTER: It was a paradise and a secure place for this runaway, from their own government. And this — and at the same time, you can make your jihad.

        BOETTCHER: Al-Zawahiri not only tended to the wounded, he also established a base for Egyptians coming to fight and reestablished Al- Jihad. But he let someone else run the group, says reporter Mohammed Salah, while remaining behind the scenes.

        SALAH: It is said that Ayman al-Zawahiri was always away from the spotlight. He didn’t like to be in the picture. He didn’t talk to the media. He didn’t give statements with his name.

        BOETTCHER: But coming to Afghanistan to make a jihad took its toll on Ayman al-Zawahiri and the other men, who came to be known as the Afghan Arabs.

        HABIB: I believe those people who went to Afghanistan started thinking differently than those who stayed in prisons. I believe Afghanistan changed them to what I call the militarization of Islamic thought.

        BOETTCHER: The holy war against the Soviets ended in victory, but there was no place for Ayman al-Zawahiri or many of the Afghan Arabs to go.

        (on camera): Faced with increasing terrorist threat from Islamic groups, the Egyptian government considered the Afghan Arabs too dangerous to allow them to return here.

        AZZAM: If a man practice his religion and it is one of the five pillars in our Islam is jihad, if a man practices his religion, these governments consider him a criminal.

        BOETTCHER: Ayman al-Zawahiri first met Osama bin Laden in Peshawar during the late ’80s. Bin Laden and al-Zawahiri became increasingly close, linked first by their common cause in fighting the Soviets. SALAH: The relationship between Osama bin Laden and Ayman al- Zawahiri was very close, because they started together very early during the uprising of Afghanis. So for sure, there was a lot of collaboration and funding that Osama bin Laden provided to Al-Jihad.

        BOETTCHER: Al-Zawahiri spent much of his time in the next few years traveling in secret, organizing networks, says Salah. He went to Yemen, and in 1995, using an alias, he even visited California on a secret trip to raise money for Al-Jihad.

        Information about the California visit came from this man, Ali Mohammed, a former Egyptian and American Army officer who helped arrange the visit. Mohammed testified about al-Zawahiri’s visit when he pleaded guilty earlier this year in the embassy bombing trial.

        Ayman al-Zawahiri’s group, Al-Jihad, targeted the Egyptian government during the ’90s. It was accused of trying to assassinate the prime minister and the interior minister. Then in 1995, it blew up the Egyptian embassy in Islamabad. According to one Egyptian magazine, Ayman al-Zawahiri used money raised on his U.S. trip to help fund the embassy bombing.

        When PEOPLE IN THE NEWS returns, Ayman al-Zawahiri declares war on the United States.




        BOETTCHER: Ayman al-Zawahiri emerged from the shadows in 1998 as leader of Al-Jihad. He co-signed, along with Osama bin Laden, a fatwa, a declaration that announced the formation of the World Islamic Front for the Jihad Against the Jews and the Crusaders.

        It criticized the U.S. presence in Saudi Arabia, the embargo against Iraq, and Israel’s control of Muslim holy places in Jerusalem. The fatwa said, “The judgment to kill and fight Americans and their allies, whether civilians or military, is an obligation for every Muslim.”

        While some see the goal of an international jihad as bin Laden’s influence on Ayman al-Zawahiri, Peter Bergen thinks that Ayman al- Zawahiri in turn affected Osama bin Laden.

        BERGEN: Ayman al-Zawahiri’s influence on bin Laden has been profound, according to a number of people who know both Zawahiri and bin Laden, he’s influenced his thinking to become more radical, more anti-American, and also more violent.

        BOETTCHER: Some in Egypt believe Ayman al-Zawahiri’s anger at the United States was due to what many Afghan Arabs felt was their betrayal by the CIA, which helped fund the fight against the Soviets in Afghanistan and then abandoned its support as the country slipped into tribal anarchy. But there may have been a more immediate reason for Ayman al- Zawahiri’s anger. After an alleged plot against U.S. interests in Albania was thwarted, a number of Al-Jihad members were rounded up and sent back to Egypt to face trial.

        Then on August 4, “Al-Hayat” newspaper received a fax from Al- Jihad. It said, “We should like to inform the Americans that, in short, their message has been received, and that they should read carefully the reply that will, with God’s help, be written in the language that they understand.”

        Three days later, U.S. embassies in Kenya and Tanzania were attacked by suicide bombers driving trucks.

        BERGEN: The significance of the fax that was sent to the Egyptian newspaper by Ayman al-Zawahiri’s Jihad group is that it indicated the Jihad group knew there was something in the offing. The reason they knew there was something in the offing was because they were intimately involved in the U.S. embassy bombings attack.

        BOETTCHER: Ayman al-Zawahiri and Osama bin Laden would both be indicted, charged with masterminding those attacks.

        BERGEN: The relationship between Islamic Jihad and al-Qaeda is essentially that they’re the same organization. They’ve cooperated for many, many years. The U.S. government says they effectively merged in ’98, but really they merged long before that.

        BOETTCHER: Right before the U.S. struck back with cruise missile attacks on al-Qaeda training camps, al-Zawahiri called a Pakistani journalist, denied that bin Laden was behind the attacks, but warned of more to come.

        “Al-Hayat”‘s Mohammed Salah says it is important to understand Ayman al-Zawahiri’s mindset, which Salah believes was shaped by the Afghan struggle.

        SALAH: For the most part, he does what he believes in. For example, we consider that the bombing of embassies is a terrorist act against the religion and simply against nature. He considers that this act serves the goals he’s after.

        BOETTCHER: To Ayman al-Zawahiri’s uncle, this is an inconceivable view of his nephew. He remembers him as someone dedicated to saving lives, not taking them.

        AZZAM: This is a false accusation. I say to you, he’s a genius doctor. That means that what he knows is to practice as a doctor.

        BOETTCHER: In 1999, Egypt tried the Al-Jihad members who had been extradited from Albania. Ayman al-Zawahiri and one of his brothers, Mohammed, were also tried in absentia and given the death penalty.

        They remained in Afghanistan, where Mohammed Salah says Ayman al- Zawahiri’s expertise was crucial to Osama bin Laden and al-Qaeda. SALAH: Osama bin Laden wasn’t an organized man, meaning he didn’t have an organization. He hasn’t practiced secret operations in his country. He didn’t create a network or participate in weapons training, recruiting individuals. This kind of operation and experience Ayman al-Zawahiri had since he was 16.

        BOETTCHER: U.S. government sources believe that Ayman al- Zawahiri was a key player in the attacks on Washington and New York, one of those who actually planned and oversaw the operation. Mohammed Salah says the attacks certainly have the hallmark of an al-Zawahiri operation.

        SALAH: The protection of secrecy and the recruiting of individuals with a clean history, those who don’t have any violent records, this is very similar to what happened to the attacks in New York and Washington. Most of the people didn’t have any relationship to Afghanistan, nor to any violent groups in their own countries.

        BOETTCHER: Since September 11, Ayman al-Zawahiri has raised his public profile, appearing twice in videos obtained by Arabic television station Al-Jazeera. He even delivers a blistering denunciation of the U.S.


        AL-ZAWAHIRI (through translator): If your government is leading you to another lost battle, where you would lose your towns and your money.

        (END VIDEO CLIP)

        BOETTCHER: To Mohammed Salah, who has interviewed Ayman al- Zawahiri, such a public appearance runs counter to al-Zawahiri’s clandestine nature.

        SALAH: In fact, I believe that the appearance of Ayman al- Zawahiri was the big surprise. I think his appearance was a message, and his words carried another message. His appearance was a message saying that this is an alliance, and Osama bin Laden is not alone. And it is not only al-Qaeda, but there is another organization, so the possible targets for the U.S. do not just stop at one organization.

        BOETTCHER: Mahfouz Azzam thinks he knows the message his nephew intended to deliver.

        AZZAM: He asked the American people that they have to ask their government to think about their policy, its policy, in the Arab and Muslim world. And he was reflecting the millions and millions and millions of the people in the Arab and Muslim world.

        BOETTCHER: Osama bin Laden and Ayman al-Zawahiri have claimed Islam as the basis of their incitements against the U.S., urging all Muslims to embark on a jihad. But the mufti of Egypt, the country’s ranking Muslim cleric, rejects that notion, saying both men misuse Islam. NASR FARID WASSEL, MUFTI OF EGYPT (through translator): We say what has been broadcast by bin Laden and those who are with him does not represent Islam or Muslims. And we disapprove it completely.

        BOETTCHER: Osama bin Laden and Ayman al-Zawahiri are now actively being hunted by coalition forces.

        (on camera): Those who have studied Ayman al-Zawahiri warn not to underestimate him, especially after the bombings of the American embassies in Africa, the attack on the U.S.S. “Cole,” and the events on September 11.

        SALAH: Probably they are working on a hit that we don’t know of. It could be today, it could be tomorrow, or after three years.

        (BEGIN VIDEO CLIP, 1983)

        AL-ZAWAHIRI: We want to speak to the whole world.

        (END VIDEO CLIP)

        BOETTCHER: It has been almost two decades since Ayman al- Zawahiri said he wanted the whole world to hear his message. Now, it seems, the whole world is listening.

        (BEGIN VIDEO CLIP, 1983)

        AL-ZAWAHIRI: We are Muslims. We are Muslims who believe in their religion…

    • DXer said

      “As a community, we are in pain. As a physician, we are in twice the pain,” said Hamid, who is a board member for the Council on American-Islamic Relations.

      In an interview, Hamid added: “We are tired of being labeled because of a few idiots among us who do these things.”

      What’s going on in Britain demonstrates that bad people can be found in health care, just like any other job, Hamid said.

      “We have the crazies amongst us, like any other profession,” Hamid said.

      Muslim doctors here condemn attacks
      About 20 physicians hold news conference at Islamic Foundation of Greater St. Louis.

      SOURCE: Kim Bell

      PUBLICATION: St. Louis Post-Dispatch (MO)
      SECTION: News
      DATE: July 7, 2007
      EDITION: Third Edition
      PAGE: A22

      Trying to avoid a backlash here, a group of Muslim physicians who call St. Louis home felt compelled Friday to condemn the terrorist actions in Britain said to involve doctors and medical students.
      Police overseas are questioning eight people – all thought to be Muslim foreigners who worked for Britain’s National Health Service – in connection with foiled car bombs in London and an attack at Glasgow airport in Scotland.

      In Britain Friday, an Iraqi-born doctor was charged in the Glasgow attack.

      Muslim doctors here say they are trying to be more vocal in denouncing terrorism. They condemned the “crazies” who are “misguided” and did those acts.

      “If we keep quiet, we become kind of a silent supporter of that, although we are not,” said Dr. Ghazala Hayat, a professor of neurology at St. Louis University. “This is actually sickening and shocking to doctors, that this would happen.”

      British media reported Wednesday that a cryptic warning was made months ago to a British cleric by an al-Qaeda chief – “Those who cure you will kill you.”

      On Friday, about 20 Muslim doctors who practice medicine in the St. Louis area gathered for a news conference in the lecture hall at the Islamic Foundation of Greater St. Louis, 517 Weidman Road. The turnout represented about 10 percent of the 200 or so local Muslim doctors.

      “I just hope to appeal to the general public, not to develop into a mob tendency, having received these messages from abroad,” said Dr. Noor Ahmed, a plastic surgeon .

      Ahmed is president of the St. Louis chapter of the Islamic Medical Association of North America. If the public is fearful or distrustful of all Muslim physicians, the terrorists will have won, Ahmed said.

      “The man in that cave will be smiling,” Ahmed added, referring to terrorists in general. “He will have achieved what he wanted to achieve, to create this terror in the general public, a fear that, ‘Here is another Muslim physician coming. Let’s get him.'”

      The local chapter of a Muslim civil liberties group, the Council on American-Islamic Relations, helped coordinate the news conference. Some other council chapters across the country have made similar denouncements, but Friday’s news conference here was not timed as part of a national effort to speak out, organizers say.

      British Muslim communities have taken out newspaper ads condemning the bomb plots.

      Dr. Khaled Hamid, an allergist who has offices in St. Charles and Des Peres, said Muslims have felt a backlash before – and now he hopes being a physician won’t be a “double whammy,” of sorts.

      “As a community, we are in pain. As a physician, we are in twice the pain,” said Hamid, who is a board member for the Council on American-Islamic Relations.

      In an interview, Hamid added: “We are tired of being labeled because of a few idiots among us who do these things.”

      What’s going on in Britain demonstrates that bad people can be found in health care, just like any other job, Hamid said.

      “We have the crazies amongst us, like any other profession,” Hamid said.

      Hamid cited examples of non-Muslim doctors doing harm, including those who helped Nazis conduct medical experiments on Jews, and, he said, a podiatrist who plotted to bomb a mosque in Florida in 2002 in revenge for the Sept. 11, 2001, terrorist attacks.

      • DXer said

        Area Muslims denounce terrorism

        SOURCE: Tim Townsend

        PUBLICATION: St. Louis Post-Dispatch (MO)
        SECTION: Metro
        DATE: August 27, 2007
        EDITION: Third Edition
        PAGE: C5

        The two worlds that some 200 St. Louis Muslims had come to discuss Sunday evening were on display even in the midst of a discussion about how to maintain faith as a Muslim while becoming part of the American fabric and convincing non-Muslim neighbors that Islam itself has nothing to do with terrorism.
        Melissa Matos, executive director of the Council on American-Islamic Relations’ St. Louis chapter urged the crowd to be more vocal in denouncing terrorism. Meanwhile, moms in traditional Muslim head-covering herded young sons carrying baseball gloves, who wanted only to leave the adults to their conversation and go outside the mosque for a traditional game of catch.

        Matos said Muslims needed to communicate better with their neighbors. “Muslims are an integral part of American life and this is our home,” she said. “So why does this misunderstanding exist? It is because extremists are yelling while we are whispering, brothers and sisters, and no one can hear us.”

        The rally at the Daar-ul-Islam mosque in west St. Louis County kicked off the “Muslim Visibility Campaign” being organized by local Muslim leaders. Organizers handed out stickers with the campaign’s logo: an olive-branch-carrying dove in front of an American flag, with the words “Muslims Denounce Terrorism” above and “Terrorism has no religion” below the dove.

        “Be loud,” Matos said. “Islam does not encourage hate or terrorism against civilians. Islam stands for justice and peace, and we must be the ones to carry that message, because no one else will.”

        Imam Minhajuddin Ahmed, the spiritual leader of the mosque, encouraged non-Muslim Americans to befriend their Muslim neighbors and to ask about their faith.

        “I would also ask my Muslim brothers to meet others in the community, participate in community activities,” he said. “Those of us who are practicing have to start engaging.”

        A Council board member, Khaled Hamid, said Muslims who keep to themselves should become more active. “Being a nice neighbor isn’t enough anymore,” he said. “The message is not loud enough until the intended recipient of that message hears it, and this message has not yet been heard.”

        Ali Chaudhry, 55, of Ballwin, said later that he believed the campaign was necessary but challenged by an American media that equates Islam with terrorism. “I know many of my neighbors, but a lot of Muslims are afraid now to mix,” he said.

        Chaudhry said he came to the U.S. 30 years ago from Pakistan and is constantly amazed by what his native-born American friends take for granted.

        “I know what is hunger, what is disease, what is death,” he said. “I tell my friends how much they don’t know about how blessed they are. I would give my life for this country.”

        • DXer said

          For Dr. Khaled Hamid, a private physician who has volunteered for CAIR in the past, the perception of difference expressed in the Pew Poll and other public misconceptions of Islam are the result of willful deception. He said it would be difficult to comprehensively address this ignorance, which is compounded by emotional reactions to issues of war and terrorism, but began with some disputed terms.

          “The phrase holy war has no root in Islamic culture,” Hamid said. “The word infidels has no root in Islamic culture. These two terms actually evolved and appeared for the first time as Christian terminology during the time of the Crusades and even later amongst fighting factions within Christianity itself.”

          “The Qur’an uses a term for Christians and Jews collectively and it’s not ‘the infidels’ or anything that would translate close to that. It’s ‘the people of the book,’ referring to people who believe in divine revelation that came before the Qur’an was revealed to Prophet Mohammad, peace be upon him.”

          Hamid believes that issues of religion are overplayed in the media.

          “All the evils that we either know for a fact or are sometimes led to believe are done by Muslims, are they done because of the way they fulfill the religion or is it done because of something else?” he asked.

          Hamid cites the American occupation of Iraq and the fact that over a million Palestinians remain in refugee camps as examples, underscoring that injustice must be recognized, but that terrorism can never be condoned.

          “Civilians are definitely protected in the Qur’an. Even fighters at war, once they drop their weapon, you are obliged as a Muslim to protect them. ”

          “That’s the part that is very mysterious for most people in the Western world.”

    • DXer said

      The Pittsburgh Tribune-Review in a 2002 article discussed the efforts of writers for Ann Arbor’s IANA to take Egyptian Islamic Group mainstream and draw its members away from secret violent action into open political debate. When they were writing for Assirat in Pittsburgh, Ali Al-Timimi was on the Board. Then that folded and they moved over to write for IANA, which had Al-Timimi as its leading speaker.

      Islamic groups ‘slither’ into Egyptian society

      Buzz up!
      By Betsy Hiel, TRIBUNE-REVIEW
      Sunday, December 1, 2002

      CAIRO, Egypt — Gamal Sultan sits in his home office near Ain Shams University, where students often stage anti-American protests, and rants against U.S. policies in the region.

      “America is a supporter of tyranny and oppression,” Sultan says. Once a member of Egyptian Islamic Jihad, he was imprisoned in the 1980s after the terror group assassinated Egypt’s president, Anwar Sadat.

      In another part of the city, Kamal Habib fingers amber prayer beads and speculates that Arab regimes “feel endangered by the United States and will move closer to the Islamists.” A former deputy emir of Islamic Jihad, he spent more than a decade in prison for helping to plot Sadat’s assassination.

      Sultan and Habib belong to a movement that, for decades, has tried to turn Egypt into an Islamist state. Its bloody battle tore the country apart through the 1990s.

      Both are connected to Pittsburgh, too: They wrote for Assirat Al-Mustaqeem, an Arabic-language magazine embracing radical, anti-U.S. views that was published in the city from 1991 to 2000.

      Sultan traveled to Pittsburgh in 2000 and remembers other Islamists calling it the “Kandahar of America.” The hilly terrain reminded them of the Afghan city that was a base of the now-deposed Taliban regime and Osama bin Laden’s al-Qaida network.

      The clash between mosque and state in many Muslim nations is not just a threat to those regimes, experts here say; it threatens U.S. strategic interests as well. An Islamist victory in a nation like Egypt could enable terrorists to strike America even more easily, especially given the links between foreign radicals and U.S. groups uncovered since the attacks of Sept. 11, 2001.

      “These governments can’t keep America’s interests safe anymore,” says Negad Borai, an Egyptian human-rights lawyer and democracy activist. Worse, the troubled regimes have “exported their problems … these fundamentalist ideas and terrorism, to the West.”

      Authoritarian regimes also have driven their own citizens to the Islamists, Borai and other experts say. Embittered by official corruption, the jailing and torture of dissidents, and grinding poverty in crumbling cities, many people see the activist Islamists as the only option, since moderate opposition groups are generally banned.

      Radicals have fought to establish rule by the Quran and shariah, or Islamic law, since at least the 1920s, when the now-outlawed Muslim Brotherhood formed here. The Brotherhood is considered the father of scores of modern Islamic movements.

      In Egypt — America’s largest Arab ally — the long, deadly fight continues. But the “holy warriors” use different tactics now.

      ‘Defeated on the street’

      In 1981, gunmen of the Islamic Jihad and Islamic Group, or Gama’a Al-Islamiyya, killed Sadat during a military parade, then battled the Egyptian state for nearly two decades. They also targeted minority Coptic Christians, liberals and intellectuals — killing writer Farag Foda in one attack, stabbing Nobel Laureate author Naguib Mafouz in another.

      In 1997, the Islamic Group slaughtered 58 foreigners and six Egyptians in Luxor, a popular tourist site. The attack turned most Egyptians against the movement, radical leaders now acknowledge.


      Sharif El Din, the former security officer, sees another danger from “opportunistic and maneuvering groups” claiming to be reformed moderates.

      The only difference between the radicals, he declares, is the means used to reach their goals. “The Muslim Brotherhood way is to slither into all of the institutions of the society.”

      Meanwhile, imprisoned militants are renouncing violence; eight Islamic Group leaders published books with titles such as “Shedding Light on the Errors of Jihad.” All have denounced bin Laden and the Sept. 11 attacks.

      Former jihadist Gamal Sultan is forming a new political party called Islah (Reform). Although Islah wants Islamic rule, Sultan insists it endorses democracy, free speech, a free press and will lead its followers from “secret and violent activity, to public and open activity.”

      By refusing to grant Islah a license, he warns, Egyptian officials are closing the door on peaceful groups and pushing young Egyptians toward violence: “They become attracted to secret groups, and this is very, very dangerous for the government and the whole world.”

      Yet even as he professes that “political violence is not justifiable,” he quibbles that it is only an “impulsiveness used during particular periods of conflicts. All the parties have used violence.”

      Mona Makram-Ebeid, a former Egyptian parliamentarian and now a professor at American University in Cairo, says she “would give them the benefit of the doubt, but I am not convinced.” Those who claim to renounce violence should “convince us that they really think in a different manner … more democratically, and that they can join in a society that is pluralistic.”


      Sultan, the former Islamic Jihad member, is an example of the new Islamist direction — and of the links between Islamists in Egypt and the United States.

      Besides forming the Islah party, he edits Al Manar al Jadeed, a quarterly Islamist journal. The journal is published in cooperation with the Islamic Assembly of North America in Ann Arbor, Mich., which is connected to a variety of Islamic groups and activities in the United States.

  11. DXer said

    The nice FOIA person suggests I submit a new FOIA request by email rather than quibble about or fault them about a prior response.

    I submitted requestsby email relating to the research at Dugway, USAMRIID, Battelle, Edgewood and Johns-Hopkins.

    It’s a simple email form. Others can submit requests relating to their interest (but please be highly specific.

  12. Old Atlantic said

    Wonder if the top FBI guys are taking CIPRO. Congress should ask them.

  13. DXer said

    I’ve written Tarek Hamouda to ask again for the documents I keep complaining about not having.

    “Dr. Hamouda,

    Before the next round of documents is uploaded by USAMRIID, please help me out here by providing me a copy of the presentations before ASM and ICAAC. The violation of FOIA by the University of Michigan does not stand in the favor of you or Dr. Baker.

    I find both Tarek Hamid and Khaled Hamid both immensely articulate — and they both emphasize humanitarian themes and make valid points notwithstanding their differences. Both knew Ayman Zawahiri well.

    So even though they have entirely different perspectives, there is much to learn from both of them.

    But it is everyone’s interest to forthrightly address the facts about the milieu of Cairo Medical School and the details of your work with Bruce Ivins with virulent Ames and the testing of your decontamination agent using simulants.

    Specifically, I am looking for a copy of your presentation(s) before the ASM and Michael Hayes which should have been produced by the University of Michigan under FOIA.”

  14. DXer said

    Khaled, Hamid, Muslim visibility Campaign, August 19, 2007

    Dr. Hamid writes:

    “The amount of emotional energy most Americans spend worrying about terrorism, sleeper cells, and home-grown fanatics is tremendous. I can only begin to imagine the toll it takes on anyone when he or she feels that their neighbor, their work colleague or classmate is a potential terrorist, just because they believe in God in a different way. This is not a fun way to live. As American citizens we owe it to our own people, the American people, to make every effort to ease their fears as much as we owe it to our fellow Muslims to help restore a neutral if not a bright friendly image to our religion and co-religionists.”

    Dr. Hamid,

    Given your brother and contemporary at Cairo Medical School explains he was personally recruited there by Ayman Zawahiri — and now you won’t talk to him because he cooperates with law enforcement — the way to ease the fears is to persuade your good and lifelong friend Tarek Hamouda to forthrightly detail his research with virulent Ames using the Ames strain supplied by Bruce Ivins and specify all the location of all aerosol tests using simulants (Dugway etc). His company had its decontamination agent tested at the Capitol and garnered $80 million in investment — and they haven’t yet marketed a product. Candor in addressing these issues is not unreasonable to expect — at a minimum, there needs to be compliance with the Freedom of Information Act by the FBI, USAMRIID, LSU, University of Michigan, DARPA, EPA etc.

    And if you could address which of the leaders you knew of the Egyptian Islamic Jihad, Egyptian Islamic Group and Muslim Brotherhood, that would also be appreciated.

    Your brother’s lucidly written INSIDE JIHAD, in which he describes being recruited by Ayman Zawahiri and being in the Islamic Group for 3 years, is a must-read for anyone interested in the field.

    Anwar Aulaqi was a smooth talker too — but his roommate Hal in 2001 at Hajj explains to me that did not at all represent his true views. Talk is cheap — it’s addressing the facts that is persuasive.

    Most of all, it is compliance, for example, with FOIA that is important. Documents discussing the dried powder made at the request of DARPA have been withheld by USAMRIID for over two years and John Peterson will not identify, absent a subpoena, who is responsible for the withholding. In the case of the University of Michigan’s failure to provide the requested documents under FOIA, the party is the University.

    • DXer said

      The reason for the need for such candor is that it was Dr. Ayman Zawahiri whose colleagues announced in April 1999 that he was developing anthrax to use as a weapon against US targets — and a memo from him to Atef explains that he was going to use the cover of universities and charities. His operations were highly compartmentalized. Yazid Sufaat did not even know about my friend Rauf Ahmad. Given your friend, Tarek Hamouda, works at a University, worked with virulent Ames and knew Zawahiri (he was in the department as microbiology professor Heba Zawahiri), it behooves him to forthrightly address these issues so as to allay concerns.

      The announcement of Ayman’s intent was made at the time Heba’s and Ayman’s brother, Muhammad, was rendered and (one can perhaps presume) mistreated.

      Thus, it really has little to do with one’s religion. It has to do with “who knows who.”

      Let’s start with an easy one: Did you know Ayman Zawahiri well like your brother did?

      • DXer said

        Here is Frances Boyle on “Boiling Frogs”

        by Peter B. Collins and Sibel Edmonds
        Featured Writer
        Dandelion Salad
        originally published by Boiling Frogs Post
        2 May, 2010

        Professor Francis Boyle discusses the October 2001 anthrax attack, the technology behind the letter to Senator Daschle, and assesses the case based on his years of expertise with America’s bio-weapons programs, and as an expert who was responsible for drafting the Biological Weapons Anti-Terrorism Act of 1989, which was passed unanimously by both houses of Congress and signed into law by President George H.W. Bush. He discusses possible motivations behind the anthrax attacks, including those held by criminal elements within the US government to foment a police state, and the investigation that never was. Professor Boyle talks about Israel war crimes as crimes against humanity, and more.

        Francis Boyle is a human rights lawyer and professor of law at the University of Illinois. As an internationally recognized expert, Professor Boyle serves as counsel to Bosnia and Herzegovina, and to the Provisional Government of the State of Palestine. He is the author of several books, including The Criminality of Nuclear Deterrence published by Clarity Press. Click here for a more detailed bio.

        • DXer said

          While it’s long, I recommend finding the time to listen to the entire interview. Professor Boyle strikes me as the kind of fellow who, despite the time pressures of a busy professional life and his well-formed political views and interests of his clients, would (1) welcome the opportunity to critically review new information, (2) has information and insights of his own to share. For example, he mentions a 1969 Seymour Hersh book that I’d like to read. Ike, you are widely read in the genre of books and I encourage you to find it and give us a report.

    • DXer said

      Adv – IN PLAIN SIGHT

  15. DXer said

    Who Is to Blame for Terrorism?
    Monday, 03 May 2010 02:14 PM
    By: Tawfik Hamid

  16. DXer said

    Did the FBI seek the personal records of Tarek Hamouda, the former Zawahiri associate who worked with virulent Ames in the BL3 with Bruce Ivins, using Section 215? FISA? Title III?

    Was Dr. Khaled Hamid personally recruited by Ayman Zawahir like his brother Tarek was?

    October 09, 2006

    The ACLU has now withdrawn its suit:

    Citing Improvements to Law, ACLU Withdraws Section 215 Case But Vows to Fight Individual Orders (10/27/2006)


    DETROIT — Citing improvements to the law, the American Civil Liberties Union today withdrew a three-year-old lawsuit over Section 215 of the Patriot Act, but said it is prepared to defend individuals who receive demands for information under the provision.

    Under the original Patriot Act, passed by Congress in October 2001 with virtually no debate, Section 215 radically expanded the FBI’s power to demand records and personal belongings of innocent people in the United States without any judicial oversight. After the ACLU filed its lawsuit and launched a nationwide campaign to reform the Patriot Act and restore checks and balances, Congress revised the law earlier this year to allow people who receive a demand for records to consult with a lawyer and challenge the demand in court.

    “While the reauthorized Patriot Act is far from perfect, we succeeded in stemming the damage from some of the Bush administration’s most reckless policies,” said ACLU Associate Legal Director Ann Beeson. “The ACLU will continue to monitor how the government applies the broad Section 215 power and we will challenge unconstitutional demands on a case-by-case basis.”

    The new Section 215 provision still presents serious constitutional problems. It gags recipients automatically and authorizes broad demands for information, which the ACLU said is a violation of individuals’ free speech rights. Although recipients may now challenge the gag orders, such challenges would be difficult because judges must defer to the FBI’s view that secrecy is necessary. The ACLU said it is prepared to offer legal assistance to businesses, organizations or individuals that receive Section 215 orders.

    Before the ACLU filed the lawsuit, then Attorney General John Ashcroft refused to confirm whether or not the FBI had used Section 215 to demand personal records. Later the Attorney General admitted to using the provision, and last year the Justice Department revealed that it had issued 35 Section 215 orders. By comparison, the Washington Post reported in November 2005 that the FBI issues more than 30,000 demands a year for records under another provision of the Patriot Act that authorizes national security letters.

    The ACLU is continuing its challenge to the national security letter provision in another case, Doe v. Gonzales, in the Southern District of New York. Before recent amendments to the law, the court had ruled that the gag provision of the national security letter statute violated free speech rights protected by the First Amendment, noting that “democracy abhors undue secrecy.” In 2005, the ACLU also successfully challenged a gag order on a national security letter issued to Connecticut librarians for patron records. The FBI withdrew that national security letter altogether in June 2006.

    The national ACLU and the ACLU of Michigan filed the Section 215 case in Detroit in July 2003 on behalf of advocacy and community groups from across the country whose members and clients believed they were the targets of investigations because of their ethnicity, religion or political associations. On October 2, 2006, Judge Denise Page Hood rejected the government’s motion to dismiss the case, noting that Section 215 had harmed the First Amendment rights of the plaintiff organizations. However, Judge Hood said she based her ruling on the original version of the law and did not consider the complaint in the context of the current, reauthorized version of the Patriot Act.

    The case is Muslim Community Association of Ann Arbor v. Ashcroft and was filed on behalf of the Muslim Community Association, American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee, Arab Community Center for Economic and Social Services, Bridge Refugee and Sponsorship Services, Council on American-Islamic Relations and Islamic Center of Portland, Masjed As-Saber.

    For more information on the ACLU’s ongoing challenge to the Patriot Act’s national security letter provision, go to

  17. DXer said

    I didn’t hear back from Tawfiq’s brother, Khaled. Perhaps it is an email he doesn’t check. And so have re-sent to the CAIR- St. Louis page.

    Hi Dr. Hamid!

    I spoke with your brother [“Tawfik”] some months ago and wanted to write about a matter he mentioned.

    After reading your blog and coming to admire your values relating to interfaith tolerance, democracy, violence, civil liberties, I feel comfortable in writing even though the subject is delicate and relates to this recruiting that Ayman Zawahiri and Ali Mohammed did at Cairo Medical in the early 1980s. Tarek’s membership, he reports in INSIDE JIHAD (May 2008) was brief.

    Even though you and your brother articulate different values, there is actually a substantial overlap — reasonableness, fair play, and humanity seems to be a common theme. You were raised well, it would seem.

    I have been following Amerithrax, the investigation into the Fall 2001 anthrax mailings closely. The Department of Justice produced 20 pages about the work Dr. Tarek Hamouda was doing with virulent Ames. I had come to think years ago — from talks with a fellow who grew up down the street from Ayman Zawahiri — that the anthrax mailings were in retaliation for the rendering and torture of senior jihadist leaders. Now the investigation is closed — with the FBI concluding that Bruce Ivins was responsible. But like you, I think the ACLU and those who defend those who cannot defend themselves are champions — even more important than, for example, the Supreme Court.

    And so I wanted to ask — in clarifying all these documents released by DOJ about Dr. Hamouda’s with Bruce Ivins, the late USAMRIID scientist, using virulent Ames — some basic facts.

    Did you and/or he know Ayman Zawahiri? Agiza? Montasser Al-Zayat? Jaballah? (in Toronto or Cairo) Mahjoub? Atef? Islambouli? Essam Marzouk (in British Columbia) Ali Al-Timimi? Bassem Khafagi? Rabih Haddad? Randall (“Ismail”) Royer? Umar Lee? Bilal Philips?

    Thanks so much. I appreciate that the subject is delicate which is why I wanted the very best information. It took me a while to find a non-work email that might reach you.

    Best regards,

    • DXer said

      The page consists mainly of a statement against terrorism and an attorney referral list. If Dr. Hamid is represented in connection with an attorney in these matters, contact by an attorney would be fine, and in fact, recommended. Adopting the standard advice of ACLU and CAIR applicable to FBI questioning, as an attorney myself who often knows already the answer to questions I ask, I would recommend it if answering questions like “Do you know Agiza? Mahjoub” is problematic. (And under the standard advice, one should involve an attorney regardless if the answers are problematic).

      But that is not the engagement on the issues that Dr. Khaled Hamid recommended in his earlier radio interview posted below. And so let’s drop the PR fluff, eh, Dr. H if you are not going to answer basic facts and instead count on public support by not getting to the underlying facts. The unfair burdens imposed on some in the community are caused by those who knew the people working to destroy the United States who won’t cooperate by providing basic information. Anwar Aulaqi’s (see his pronouncements in Fall 2001 denouncing terrorism) are a classic illustration. Here, Khaled, this contemporary of all these Vanguards of Conquest leaders, has been best friends, for a lifetime, with the scientist working with Bruce Ivins with virulent Ames. Khaled’s brother Tawfiq was personally recruited by Ayman Zawahiri. Now that his brother is candidly discussing the subject. Khaled won’t talk to his brother due to his brother’s cooperation with intelligence agencies. (It is Khaled, not Tawfiq, who has remained especially close to the lifelong friend working with Bruce Ivins in BL3 with virulent Ames.)

      Khaled has the right not to answer questions and just engage in public relations — and to be represented by an attorney.

      When the FBI subpoenaed the records of the Michigan Islamic School in Ann Arbor years ago, CAIR brought a civil rights suit. What happened to that litigation?

    • DXer said

      CAIR, represented by ACLU, brought suit after the FBI subpoenaed the Michigan Islamic Academy where Rabih Haddad, founder of Global Relief Foundation taught.

      “Muslim Community Association of Ann Arbor

      42. MCA is a non-profit, membership-based organization that owns and administers a mosque and an Islamic school, the Michigan Islamic Academy, in Ann Arbor, Michigan. Approximately 1000 people attend services at the mosque each Friday; as many as 2500 attend services on religious holidays. MCA employs approximately 20 people and has about 700 registered, dues-paying members.

      43. Approximately 200 students are enrolled at the Michigan Islamic Academy, which offers classes from pre-K through 11th grade. In addition to offering the standard academic curriculum used in the State of Michigan for public schools, the school offers classes in Arabic language, Quranic recitation and Islamic Studies. The school offers classes in Arabic language, Quranic recitation and Islamic Studies. The mission of the school is to provide students with the basic knowledge required to preserve their Islamic heritage, religion and cultural identity.

      44. MCA has spent a significant amount of time, staff resources, and funds discussing the impact of September 11th and the Patriot Act on the civil rights of Muslims. It sponsored civil rights forums on January 26, 2002; April 14, 2002; October 13, 2002; and March 12, 2003. Each of these forums addressed the impact of the Patriot Act. The MCA has also sponsored numerous rallies and fundraisers related to the Rabih Haddad case; at these events, the Patriot Act was almost always discussed.

      45. Because of the relationship between MCA, its members and leaders, and persons and organizations investigated, questioned, detained, or arrested since September 11th, MCA reasonably believes that the FBI has used or is currently using Section 215 to obtain records or personal belongings about it and its members, students, and constituents.

      46. For example, the MCA, its leadership, and its members have been associated with Rabih Haddad. …”

      See generally

      Was the scientist who thanked Bruce Ivins for supplying him with virulent Ames associated with Rabih Haddad?

    • DXer said

      The ACLU reports that sometime in March 2003 (this was right after after Al-Timimi’s home was searched), “the FBI said that they were not singling me out but rather were interviewing many people in the area to find out whether anyone had learned of conspiracies against the United States.”

      The Plaintiff objected to being questioned absent proof he had done anything wrong.

      He says he would contact the FBI himself if he learned of any conspiracies.

      To the same effect, Khaled Hamid, the close friend of the scientist working alongside Bruce Ivins with virulent Ames, told the radio radio interview: how could he advise on any sleeper cell if he doesn’t know about it? Of course that is a valid point. But the outstanding questions are most basic and relate to whether, for example, Dr. Hamid and Dr. Hamouda knows Ayman Zawahiri given that his brother and Tarek Hamouda’s lifelong friend forthrightly describes his own recruitment by Ayman Zawahiri — and the three were all in medical school while Ayman Zawahiri was actively recruiting there on Fridays.

      American Civil Liberties Union

      Because freedom can’t protect itself.*

      National Security

      Statement of Homam Albaroudi, Member, Muslim Community Association Of Ann Arbor

      July 30, 2003

      Muslim Community Association of Ann Arbor et al. v. John Ashcroft and Robert Mueller: The First Challenge to The USA PATRIOT Act

      DETROIT – As a United States citizen, I decided to join the ACLU lawsuit today because I care about what’s happening to this country and to the Constitution.


      Like the others who have joined in this lawsuit today, my experience with intrusive government questioning and suspicion is direct and personal. And I believe the FBI has no right to investigate me or my fellow Arab and Muslim immigrants if we have done nothing wrong. But because of the secretive nature of the USA PATRIOT Act, I may never know that the government is looking through my medical history, or examining my children’s school records, or asking the library for a list of the books that I’ve borrowed. And my doctors, my children’s schoolteachers, and my local librarian are all prohibited by law from even telling me if the FBI has asked for records relating to my family or me.

      I believe that I have been singled out for FBI attention because of my religion and country of origin, and because of my involvement in rallying local communities and civil right groups to support some of my friends who were imprisoned for minor immigration violations.

      I have joined this lawsuit as a representative of the Muslim Community Association (MCA). In that capacity, I served for two years as a board member in the Michigan Islamic Academy, an MCA affiliate. I am also currently a board member of the Council on American-Islamic Relations of Michigan and a co-founder of Free Rabih Haddad Committee.

      The FBI has contacted me twice in recent years. On the first occasion, which was approximately four years ago, I was on an employment-related consulting assignment in Indiana when the FBI came looking for me at my home in Michigan. When the FBI discovered that I was not at home, they left their cards with my wife, asking that I contact them on my return. I did so, but the agents never followed up after I told them that I did not feel comfortable speaking with them without an attorney present.

      The FBI contacted me again sometime in March of this year. This time, the FBI said that they were not singling me out but rather were interviewing many people in the area to find out whether anyone had learned of conspiracies against the United States. I told them that I would have contacted them myself if I had learned of any such conspiracies.

      However, because of the secrecy of the PATRIOT Act, I know that there is a good chance the FBI is now investigating me in ways that may never come to light. When I applied to become a citizen of this country I was required to study the Constitution and I know that this is not right. I feel I have an obligation to stand up for my country and I am not afraid to point out when my government is in the wrong.

      Because freedom can’t protect itself.

      *I first joined the ACLU in 1977 or so.

      • DXer said

        Mr. Albaroudi had co-founded the Islamic Assembly of North America. IANA’s quarterly publication — which discussed islam, violence, democracy, tactics, Blind Sheik Abdel-Rahman, the detention of Bin Laden’s sheiks etc..

        One of its two lead writers, both based in Cairo, Kamal Habib, was the founder of Egyptian Islamic Jihad and a lifelong friend of Ayman Zawahiri.

        Its lead speaker was Ali Al-Timimi, who shared a suite with leading anthrax scientist Ken Alibek and former deputy USAMRIID Commander Charles Bailey.

        Tarek Hamouda, 1 mile away from the school at the NanoBio lab, worked with virulent Ames with Bruce Ivins as head of a DARPA project.

        So is it true that the FBI was looking to see if there was a conspiracy for no reason? Wouldn’t they be remiss if they didn’t ask such questions?

        Now given that Mr. Albaroudi had ended his association with IANA in 1997, the focus naturally tended to turn to IANA President, Egyptian Bassem Khafagi who remained active. Was Dr. Khafagi close to Tarek Hamouda like Dr. Khaled Hamid is?

        100 agents simultaneously interviewed 150 at the day and minute Al-Timimi’s residence was searched. A spraydrying expert, who mixed with silica, was arrested as a material witness but never questioned. His supervisor consulted on a US Army project called the MICROBIAL VAC which concentrated anthrax by a factor of 10. Its inventor says it could be used to weaponize anthrax on a small scale. Did the scientist use a dual-nozzle spraydryer?

        From CAIR Complaint:

        “54. In 1993, Mr. Albaroudi co-founded the Islamic Assembly of North America (“IANA”), a non-profit organization dedicated to educating the public about Islam. While he was associated with the organization, IANA organized conferences, published religious books, and supplied Qurans to incarcerated Muslims. Mr. Albaroudi served as IANA’s Executive Director from the organization’s founding in 1996 until 1997, when he stepped down from his position and ended his association with IANA because of personal differences with other IANA leaders. The FBI raided IANA’s offices in February 2003, seizing computers and taking photographs of books. The computers contained information about Mr. Albaroudi. FBI agents also questioned IANA associates and ex-employees about Mr. Albaroudi, notwithstanding that his association with IANA ended in 1997.”

        • DXer said

          Because freedom can’t protect itself.

        • DXer said

          At the time of this press release in December 2001, the FBI had already subpoenaed the University of Michigan records relating to the research involving anthrax done by researchers there (which would have encompassed the work Dr. Hamouda did with virulent Ames alongside Bruce Ivins as part of the DARPA project). The FBI already knew that Al-Timimi was the lead speaker for the IANA — having interviewed him the week after 9/11. See 302 at Intelwire and uploaded here.

          Al-Timimi by this time was sharing a suite with the DARPA-funded researchers who co-invented the process of concentrating anthrax with silica in the cultivating medium.

          Did Tarek Hamouda know Rabih Haddad? Rabih Haddad’s attorney arranged for the pro bono representation of the Virginia Paintball defendants. The daughter of the lead Amerithrax prosecutor Daniel Seikaly — who pled the Fifth formally in questions about the hyped Hatfill leaks that derailed the investigation — represented Al-Timimi pro bono. (The lead prosecutor was born Haifa in 1948; his sister-in-law, an activist, says to be born Palestinian is necessarily to be political; he moved over from the CIA in late September 2001).

          The FBI has always had difficulty investigating GRF, agents have told reporters, because of the CIA’s use of GRF to channel jihadists.

          Did Tarek Hamouda know prominent Ann Arbor resident Bassem Khafagi, who also was deported?

          Was Ayman Zawahiri framed?

          December 17, 2001, Monday

          MCA Ann Arbor Members Question Timing of INS Detention of Michigan Pastor

          LENGTH: 289 words

          DATELINE: ANN ARBOR, Mich., Dec. 17, 2001

          BODY: In response to the INS’ detention of a prominent pastor, the Muslim Community Association of Ann Arbor and the Vicinity had the following comment:
          “Pastor Rabih Haddad is a well-known and respected member of the community, with strong ties to his family and community. Friends and colleagues know Pastor Haddad as a compassionate, law-abiding individual with no criminal record who has made significant contributions to the Ann Arbor community as a whole.

          He has been successful in his goal of bringing people together through his participation in numerous community open houses, town hall meetings, interfaith services and presentations at churches, colleges and universities. His message of inclusion has been especially pertinent following the tragic events of September 11th.
          “A true humanitarian, Pastor Haddad’s arrest raises troubling questions. He is the only known Muslim to have been detained a day and a half before one of the holiest holidays in the Muslim year, Eid-ul-Fitr. Over a billion Muslims around the world including the U.S. celebrate this holiday that commemorates the end of the holy month of Ramadan. Taking him away from his wife and four young children during this sacred time is akin to arresting a Christian unjustly on Christmas Eve.

          “The INS has offered no credible basis for its determination that he should be held without bond because he was both a flight risk and a danger to the community. He has been detained since the evening of Friday, December 15 in Monroe County, Michigan, under the jurisdiction of the INS’ Detroit District Office.”

          CONTACT: Muslim Community Association of Ann Arbor, Ann Arbor
          Humam Albaroudi, xxx-276-0694

  18. DXer said

    Was Ayman Zawahiri framed?

    Infiltration of US Biodefense



  19. DXer said

    Former Al-Zawahiri Associate Tawfik Hamid at the Secular Islam Summit

    • DXer said

      Jihad is fueled by Islamism, not Palestine- Dr. Tawfik Hamid

    • DXer said

      Here is a hero of mine — a lifelong friend of the scientist working alongside Bruce Ivins with virulent Ames. When he called Dr. Hamouda before 911 with a question about patents (after being referred by his brother Khaled), Dr. Hamouda reportedly said “It’s all in the marketing.”

      A Former Terrorist Speak Out – Israel/Palestine conflict MUST WATCH

  20. DXer said

    WMD And The Hunt For Moles: Advice from a Times Square T-shirt vendor – “If you see something, say something”

    Raymond Zilinskas, who was researching a history of the Soviet bioweapons program, told The Baltimore Sun a couple years ago that “his sources now say that Soviet intelligence routinely obtained details of work at USAMRIID that went beyond the descriptions in scientific journals.” The Sun quoted him saying: “It was clear there was somebody at Fort Detrick” who worked for Soviet intelligence. Alexander Y. Kouzminov, a biophysicist who says he once worked for the KGB, had first made the claim in a book, Biological Espionage: Special Operations of the Soviet and Russian Foreign Intelligence Services in the West. Initially, Dr. Zilinskas had dismissed the memoir because the Russian had made separate fanciful inferences about the US program being offensive and some specific claims unrelated to infiltration of the US program.

    The Sun article explained that then “another former Soviet scientist told the Sun that his lab routinely received dangerous pathogens and other materials from Western labs through a clandestine channel like the one Kouzminov described.” A second unnamed “U.S. arms control specialist” told the Sun he had independent evidence of a Soviet spy at Fort Detrick.”

    The Baltimore Sun, in the 2006 article, also relied on Serguei Popov, who was “a scientist once based in a Soviet bioweapons lab in Obolensk, south of Moscow.” Dr. Popov “said that by the early 1980s his colleagues had obtained at least two strains of anthrax commonly studied in Detrick and affiliated labs. They included the Ames strain, first identified at Detrick in the early 1980s.” Ames was used for testing U.S. military vaccines and was the strain used in the 2001 anthrax letters that killed five people and infected 23 in the U.S. Dr. Popov is now at George Mason University’s National Center for Biodefense and Infectious Disease in Fairfax, Va.

    “If you wanted ’special materials,’ you had to fill out a request,” he said. “And, essentially, those materials were provided. How and by whom, I can’t say.” One colleague, Popov told the Sun, used this “special materials” program to obtain a strain of Yersinia pestis, a plague bacterium being studied in a Western lab. But he didn’t know whether that particular germ came from Ft. Detrick. Former KGB operative and author Kouzminov says the KGB wanted specific items from Western labs — including Detrick — that were closely held and were willing to pay for the privilege. The Soviets also wanted the aerosol powders U.S. scientists developed for testing during vaccine tests.

    Raymond Zilinskas, the bioweapons expert with the Monterey Institute of International Studies, and two colleagues had written a scathing review of Biological Espionage in Nature, a British scientific journal, but he later told The Sun “that his sources now say that Soviet intelligence routinely obtained details of work at USAMRIID that went beyond the descriptions in scientific journals.”

    Expert William C. Patrick III, a retired Ft Detrick bioweapons expert, and famed Russian bioweaponeer Ken Alibek agree. Patrick’s suspicions arose when he debriefed defector Alibek in the early 1990s. Alibek emigrated to the U.S. upon the dissolution of the Soviet Union in December 1991. Patrick and Alibek both recognized that the Soviet and American programs had moved in a curious lock step during the 1950s and ’60s. “Anything we discovered of any import, they would have discovered and would have in their program in six months,” Patrick told the Sun. After his talks with Alibek ended: “For the next two weeks I tried to think, ‘Who the hell are the spies at Detrick?’”

    Both former Russian bioweaponeers Ken Alibek and Serge Popov worked with Ali Al-Timimi at George Mason University. Dr. Al-Timimi has been convicted of sedition and sentenced to life plus 70 years. Popov and Alibek worked at the Center for Biodefense funded by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (”DARPA”). At one point, Al-Timimi worked not much more than 15 feet (as I look at the floor plans) from both Dr. Alibek and former USAMRIID Deputy Commander Charles Bailey, who has been a prolific author and listed on a number of publications involving the virulent Ames strain.

    Dr. Alibek and Dr. Popov tell me that they never knew Ali to ever have worked on a biodefense project. He had a high security clearance for some work for the government, involving mathematical support work for the Navy, but no one seems able or willing to say what it involved. In the Fall of 2006, the Washington Post reported that when they raided his townhouse in late February 2003, two weeks after the capture of the son of blind sheik Abdel-Rahman, they suspected Al-Timimi of being somehow involved in the anthrax mailings. Mohammed Abdel-Rahman was on Al Qaeda’s 3-man WMD committee and had spoken alongside Ali Al-Timimi at conferences of the Islamic Assembly of North America in 1993 and 1996.

    • DXer said

      Sailing The Good Ship Anthrax

      USAMRIID released some emails by Bruce Ivins discussing the difficulties of planning the Fourth International Conference on Anthrax in Annapolis. The first of the emails was from September 1998, upon his return from the conference at Plymouth. In June 2001, the good ship anthrax sailed in Annapolis, Maryland, the “sailing capital of the world.” The 4th International Conference on Anthrax was held at St. John’s College in historic Annapolis, Maryland, June 10 – 13, 2001. The conference was organized by the US Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases and managed by the American Society for Microbiology. The 74-foot classic wooden schooner was named WOODWIND. Martin Hugh-Jones had convened the conference along with Peter Turnbull, the Porton Down scientist who had led the UK conferences attended by Ayman Zawahiri’s scientist, Rauf Ahmad. Reports of livestock and national park outbreaks were followed by a summary by Dr. Turnbull. Other anthrax notables who spoke included senior USAMRIID scientist Dr. Ezzell, who had one of the first looks at the Daschle product, and Dr. Paul Keim, who would play a key role in the genetic investigation.

      Theresa Koehler from the Houston Medica School gave a talk titled “The Expanding B. anthracis Toolbox” while Timothy Read from The Institute of Genome Research summarized research on The B. Anthracis Genome. Houston Medical School, the UK’s biodefense facility Porton Down, and Pasteur Institute each fielded three presenters. UK scientists presented on the characteristics of the exosporium of “the highly virulent Ames strain.” Researchers from Columbus, Ohio and Biological Defense Research Directorate (BDRD) of the Navy Medical Research Institute in Bethesda, assisted by Porton Down scientists from the UK, demonstrated that inoculated mice survived a challenge with b.anthracis spores. Researchers used b.anthracis containing a plasmid with a mutated lethal factor.” Dr. Phil Hanna from University of Michigan presented, as he had been in the UK at the conference attending with Rauf Ahmad.

      A Kazakhstan Ministry of Health scientist presented on the re-emergence of anthrax in Kazakhstan. Upon the break-up of the Soviet Union the first job offer Ken Alibek fielded was the position of Minister of Health in Kazakhstan. He protested when he realized that his new employerjust wanted to do what the Soviets had been secretly doing in an illegal and massive bioweapons program he had supervised as its First Deputy. After the KGB asked to meet with him, he asked to schedule the meeting in two weeks, so that he might visit his parents, and then found a secret expedited way of coming to the United States.

      Pakistan Rauf Ahmad had been the predator looking for the Ames strain and consulting on weaponization techniques at the UK conference. Did the Amerithrax perp attend this conference or work on any of the research presented? Ali Al-Timimi had a high security clearance for mathematical support work for the Navy. Why? When? What did his work involve? In January 2002, FBI Assistant Director Van Harp told the 40,000 members of the American Society for Microbiology that it was “very likely that one or more of you know this individual.” They very likely did.

  21. DXer said

    Why didn’t University of Michigan researcher James Baker tell Bruce ivins that the researcher he was sending (Khaled Hamid’s lifelong friend) — the head of the DARPA project — was not a US citizen?

  22. DXer said

    If it took the FBI until November 2002 to interview Yazid Sufaat, and until February 2005 to receive the 20 pages from AF about Dr. Hamouda’s visit, one has to wonder whether the FBI even ever interviewed the Cairo Medical School dropout trained to recruit US operatives and make booby-trapped letters (1989-1998) Did the researcher working with virulent Ames with Bruce Ivins and testing at Dugway know Dahab?

    Lance Williams of the San Francisco Chronicle wrote an eye-opening profile of Khalid Dahab, a Cairo Medical School drop-out who recruited US operatives for Al Qaeda. He was trained by Bin Laden’s head of intelligence, former US Army Sergeant Ali Mohammed. Ali Mohammed had recruited him while he was student at Cairo Medical in the early 1980s. The article was based on statements made in a Cairo court proceeding.

    Williams reports that Bin Laden personally congratulated Dahab, an Egyptian- born US Citizen, a Silicon Valley car salesman and member of Zawahri’s Egyptian Islamic Jihad/Vanguards of Conquest, for recruiting Islamist Americans into al Qaeda. The account of Dahab’s confession was first published in the October 10, 2001 edition of the London-based Arabic language newspaper Al-Sharq al-Awsat. Ali Mohamed was also a Silicon Valley resident. Ali Mohamed had traveled to Afghanistan in the mid-1990s to report to bin Laden on the success the two were having in recruiting Americans. Bin Laden told them that recruiting terrorists with American citizenship was a top priority.

    Ali Mohamed has admitted role in planning the 1998 bombing of the U.S. Embassy in Kenya, killing more than 200 people.

    Williams wrote: “Dahab’s confession supports the view of many terrorism experts that Al Qaeda has “sleeper” operatives on station in the United States for future terrorist attacks.” Khaled Duran, an author and terrorism expert who has written about the Silicon Valley cell, said the recruits would be expected to “fade into the woodwork” until the organization needed them, he said. Williams continues: “His story, obtained from accounts of Egyptian court proceedings and interviews with people who knew him, is entwined with that of Mohamed, a former Egyptian military officer and aide to bin Laden who recruited Dahab into al Qaeda, brought him to America and became his handler.”

    Handsome and outgoing, Dahab spoke excellent English. He said he was from a wealthy Alexandria family. His mother was a physician and he was planning a career in medicine.

    “But Dahab told acquaintances he had been radicalized by a tragedy that happened when he was a schoolboy: his father, he claimed, had been among 108 people killed in the 1973 crash of a Cairo-bound Libyan Arab Airlines plane that was shot down by Israeli fighter jets when it strayed over the Sinai Peninsula, which at the time was occupied by Israel. He claimed that his father’s death — and Egypt’s failure to avenge it — had turned him against the Egyptian government and against Israel and the United States, as well. He said he was drawn toward Islamic Jihad, a radical movement that had assassinated President Anwar Sadat in 1981 in an effort to remake Egypt into a fundamentalist Muslim state.”

    Williams reports that it was while a medical student in about 1984, according to his confession, that Dahab met Mohamed, who then was an officer in the Egyptian commando forces and a Jihad operative planning to emigrate to the United States. Dahab came to the United States in 1986, obtaining a student visa by saying he wanted to study medicine. He rented an apartment in Santa Clara, where Ali Mohamed now lived with his American wife. He dropped the name Dahab, calling himself Khaled Mohamed or Ali Mohamed, the same name used by the man who had recruited him. “He sometimes claimed, falsely,” Williams explains, “that he had been a physician in Egypt, said people who met him.”

    “In 1992, Dahab married a junior college student from a tiny town in South Dakota whom he met while lawn-bowling in Santa Clara. His third wife converted to Islam. They had four children, and the marriage helped him win citizenship, acquaintances said. The family settled in a duplex near Santa Clara High School. Dahab struggled to support his family, court records show. He worked as a maintenance man at Kaiser Hospital in Santa Clara, then at National Semiconductor, then as a $30,000-per-year car salesman in San Jose.” In the mid-1990s, despite financial problems, “[h]e was often abroad, traveling extensively in the Middle East, vacationing in Pakistan, telling associates he was starting a chemical business in Egypt.”

    “In 1995, using a fake passport and identity documents, Dahab and Ali Mohammed smuggled Zawahiri into the US from Afghanistan for a covert fund-raising tour. Dahab reports that part of the money financed the bombing of the Egyptian Embassy in Pakistan. Dahab also said that at Mohamed’s direction he had gone to terrorist camps in Afghanistan in 1990 and trained guerrilla fighters to fly hang gliders. He said Islamic Jihad was planning a hand-glider assault to liberate imprisoned Jihad leaders, some of whom had been locked up since the assassination of Sadat.”

    A former friend remembers that Dahab turned up in the parking lot at the Al- Noor Mosque in Santa Clara, driving a station wagon with a hang glider in the back and saying he was bound for Afghanistan. “He said, ‘I am going to take (the aircraft) to Afghanistan and help the mujahedeen — I am going to take it over there and train people to fly it,’ ” the friend said. “People said, ‘Oh, you crazy guy — they thought he was joking.’ ” Jihad later canceled the attack, Dahab said in his confession.”

    Williams continues: “Meanwhile, Dahab said Mohamed gave him military training and taught him how to make letter bombs. Dahab said he had also worked as an al Qaeda communications specialist, aiding terrorists inside Egypt by patching through their calls to other operatives in Afghanistan and the Sudan. This helped the terrorists plan operations while avoiding electronic surveillance by Egyptian security forces who routinely wiretapped calls between Egypt and countries that harbored jihad terrorists.

    Also in the 1990s, Dahab said, he and Mohamed were told to begin recruiting U.S. citizens of Middle Eastern heritage. Dahab said the recruitment project had first been outlined to him by an al Qaeda fighter named Abdel Aziz Moussa al Jamal, who, according to Arabic press accounts, recently surfaced in Islamabad, Pakistan, serving as translator for Taliban envoy Abdul Salam Zaeef. On another visit to Afghanistan, Dahab said, he and Mohamed discussed the project with Zawahiri and bin Laden.” “Dahab told Egyptian authorities he and Mohamed had found 10 recruits, all of them naturalized U.S. citizens who had been born in the Middle East. The account of the confession did not name the recruits or provide other details about them.”

    Williams explains that Dahab was arrested and sent to an Egyptian prison. “By 1998, Dahab was spending more and more time abroad, and he told a family law judge in San Jose that he intended to move his family back to Egypt. In August 1998, while Dahab was in Egypt, al Qaeda mounted suicide attacks on the embassies in East Africa. Within weeks Ali Mohamed was arrested for complicity in the attack. He pled guilty. .

    In October 1998, the Egyptian military moved to crush Islamic Jihad by arresting more than 70 of the organization’s leaders. Dahab decided to flee, and on Oct. 28 booked a flight to the United States. According to Dahab acquaintances, Egyptian security police boarded the plane shortly before takeoff and took him away in handcuffs. Dahab confessed his involvement with al Qaeda and was sentenced to 15 years in prison.”

    Sleepers, the former head of Bin Laden’s intelligence (and a former US Army sergeant) Ali Mohammed testified, “don’t wear the traditional beards and they don’t pray at the mosques.” An Al Qaeda encyclopedia, Military Studies in the Jihad Against the Tyrants, advises sleepers to “have a general appearance that does not indicate Islamic orientation,” and for men not to wear a beard. The book also instructs sleepers not to denounce unjustice faced by the ummah, and not to use common Islamic expressions such as “peace be on you,” nor to go to Islamic locations, such as mosques.

    Consider the example of another “sleeper” or operative, Tarik Hamdi of Herndon, Virginia. ABC News employed him to help secure an interview with bin Laden in early 1998. ABC News transported Hamdi to Afghanistan, unaware that his real purpose in going there was to carry a replacement battery to bin Laden for the satellite telephone he would later use to order the embassy bombings in East Africa. ABC was also unaware that the CIA had planted a listening device in the phone. The successful CIA operation, however, did not serve to prevent the planning of the embassy operation. Ironically, it facilitated it. If we don’t learn from history, we are bound to repeat it.

    • DXer said

      Target Acquired: Al Qaeda’s Spymaster on Amerithrax

      As explained by author Peter Lance in Triple Cross, after the 1998 embassy bombings, a ten-member federal team secretly entered the California residence of Ali Mohamed, Zawahiri’s former head of intelligence.’ They copied Mohamed’s hard drives and removed a series of CD-ROM and floppy disks. A memo titled “Cocktail” appeared to be a draft manual on sleeper cell structure.

      The file on cell structure read in part:

      “Every member knows how to do everything.
      Every member has a legal job as a cover (Student, worker, trade).
      Safety is the main concern, so the contingency plan is very important. Before working on the target you have (to) specify a rally point to meet in case of separation for any reason.
      The communications between the different groups are conducted through the dead drop only.
      Each group does not know anything about the other group, even Majmouat (the word means “the collected” or “the collection”). Al-qeyada does not know how many group(s) under its leadership. Only the group know each other because the members of one group only working with each other.”

      Mohammad Hasan Khalil al-Hakim took on Ali Mohammed’s role. His alias is easier to remember — Abu Jihad al-Masri. Al Masri means the Egyptian. Also known as Al-Hukaymah, he was the author of the description of the Amerithrax investigation in 2002. Born in 1961, Abu Jihad al-Masri joined the Egyptian Islamic Group in 1979. He was arrested in 1981 after Sadat’s assassination. He once was arrested alongside the blind sheik Abdel-Rahman. Hukaymah is reportedly connected to the blind sheikh’s successor Taha, the Islamic Group head who was in close touch in 1999 and 2000 with the NY-based US postal employee Sattar, the blind sheik’s “surrogate.”. Al-Hukaymah dedicated the treatise “[t]o the pious and the hidden who are not known when they come and who are not missed when they disappear — To those whom their God will answer when they pray to Him. To all the eyes that are vigilant late at night to bring victory to this religion.”

      The introduction of the 152-page book starts:

      “The Manhattan raid led to a radical change in the perception of American Security. After the northern half of the continent had been isolated from the rest of the world and its threats by two oceans, it now came from inside. The surprise hit the symbols of American power in its economic and security dimensions.”
      Published at al-Maqreze Center for Historical Studies website ( by the one-time EIJ shura member al-Sibai, the section on the anthrax investigation appears to have been written in 2002.

      “The Anthrax Scandal:
      Over many months, there was an excited search for the person responsible for the worst biological terror attack on American soil. Six letters sent by mail to Leahy, Daschle, Tom Brokaw, Dan Rather, The New York Post and the offices of the National Enquirer in Florida, led to the sickening of 18 people and five deaths. The crime was especially scary because anthrax, which is a complex powder that scatters in the atmosphere, had spilled from the envelopes and spread through parts of the mail system and contaminated a Senate building. One year later, the main post office in Washington had not yet opened.
      The FBI is under great pressure to close this case, and the anthrax criminal is supposed to be alive and free. Two members of the Senate have asked to receive regular reports about this investigation from the FBI, and they have become increasingly impatient.”

      After a lengthy discussion of the focus on Hatfill, the author explains,
      “Until the investigators find material evidence that connects a person to the crime, they are forced to speculate about the motives and methods of the criminal. They are still casting a wide net. Law enforcement sources say they have issued hundreds of subpoenas and they are analyzing thousands of documents in search of new evidence.

      The evidence may be small and unseen – sweat or an odor on an envelope – but that is all that they need in order to attract the dogs.”

      Al-Hukaymah pointed to the Aldrich Ames incident and the FBI’s inability to find the perpetrator of the anthrax mailings as evidence that U.S intelligence can be defeated. Aldrich Ames, head of counterintelligence relating to the Russians, had a different rolex for different days of the week. He drove a new jaguar to work. Aldrich told the CIA that his money came from his wife’s foreign inheritance, and the CIA never required meaningful corroboration. So we should not be that surprised when someone known, to borrow Dr. Alibek’s description to me, as an “Islamic hardliner,” is given access to Center for Biodefense and ATCC facilities, to include a program funded by DARPA’s $13 million during the relevant period. Perhaps the focus should not be on more money for biodefense but on doing a better job at maintaining security. Perhaps focus should be on avoiding proliferation of know-how.

      Al-Hukaymah reportedly was Ayman’s connection to Mamdouh Ismail, an Egyptian defense attorney and a former member of “the Jihad group” who since the 1980’s has represented various Egyptians accused of terrorism offenses in Egypt. Mamdouh Ismail represented al-Nashar, the biochemist who was an expert on polymerization and had a key to the 7/7 bomber’s flat. Ismail was one of several hundred rounded up following the assassination of Anwar al-Sadat in 1981. He served three years. He represented Ayman Zawahiri’s family in connection with the rendition and detention of Ayman’s brother Muhammad in the Spring of 1999. Ismail was arrested on March 29, 2007.

      In 1999, Ismail was refused permission to establish an Islamist political party with the help of fellow lawyer attorney al-Zayyat. After the blind sheik said in March 1999 that an attempt through a political party should not be attempted, Al-Zayat and Mamdouh Ismail deferred and Attorney Ismail has publicly objected to a reconciliation between Cairo and Egyptian Islamic Jihad. The two had worked with EIJ shura member al-Sibai before he took refuge in the UK. Mamdouh Ismail now is accused of complicity in an “Egyptian project” of al-Qaeda, taking his orders from Ayman al-Zawahiri via al-Qaeda propaganda chief al-Hukaymah and the UK-based EIJ publicist Hani al-Sibai. Both al-Hukaymah and Al-Sibai deny the charge. Al Sibai considers himself historian of the movement and published his diaries in Al Hayat in 2004. He is at al-Maqreze Center for Historical Studies website that published the treatise that included the discussion of Amerithrax.

      Al-Hukaymah was apparently killed at the end of last month in a missile strike in late October 2008. Cairo-based IANA writer Kamal Habib says that the man was a member of Egyptian Islamic Jihad that had assassinated Sadat but was part of a second generation, not part of the first generation responsible for the assassination. Abu Jihad al-Masri was said by US authorities to operate in Iran as the head of media and propaganda for al-Qaeda, and “may also be the Chief of External Operations for al Qaeda”.

      Al-Hukaymah appeared in an August 2006 as-Sahab (al-Qaeda) video to announce the merger of al-Qaeda with part of the Egyptian Islamic Group. Ayman al-Zawahiri introduces him. The video claims that al-Hukaymah joined al-Gama’a al-Islamiyya in 1979 and was arrested in connection with the assassination of Egyptian president Anwar Al Sadat in 1981, and subsequently rearrested several times in various countries. Zawahiri claims in that video that Muhammad al-Islambouli (brother of assassin Khalid al-Islambouli) had joined al-Qaeda with al-Hukaymah.

      In addition to the analysis of the American intelligence community, the next month he wrote a short piece entitled Towards A New Strategy in Resisting the Occupier that appeared on a jihadist website. Abu Jihad Al-Masri emphasized the need to consider public opinion in planning operations.

      • DXer said

        Zawahiri’s Booklet On “Covert Operations”

        Mark A. Gabriel, PhD, once taught at Al-Azhar in Egypt. He wrote a very lucid book Journey Into The Mind Of An Islamist Terrorist. He discusses a booklet Zawahiri wrote titled COVERT OPERATIONS which is available online in Arabic. The Nigerian underpants bomber Abdulmutallab wrote his father asking “when is lying allowed to deceive the enemy?”

        If you want to know how Zawahiri views deceit on such issues as battle plans and spying, read his own words online. Gabriel explains:

        “Ayman al-Zawahiri leads a busy terrorist organization, and he must solve practical problems. For example, he may want some Al-Qaeda members to blend in and live in the United States. If these men wore full beards and went to ultraconservative mosques to pray, they they would arouse suspicion and get put on a watch list. Instead, al-Zawahiri would want these operatives to go undercover and blend into society. However, these devout Muslims will not go undercover unless they believe they have permission to do so from the teachings of Islam. As a result, al-Zawahiri wrote a booklet titled COVERT OPERATIONS, which goes deep into Islamic teaching and history to describe how deceit can be a tool in Muslim life.”

        The entire book by al-Zawahiri is posted in the Arabic language website for al-Tawheed Jihad (The Pulpit of Monotheism and Jihad). Zawahiri concluded that “hiding one’s faith and being secretive was allowed especially in time of fear from prosecution of the infidels.” Indeed, his student group in Cairo in the 1970s was known as the “shaven beards.” The founder of one of the cells merged with Ayman’s to form the Egyptian Islamic Jihad then wrote for Al-Timimi’s charity IANA.

        Al-Zawahiri discussed two specific ways Muhammad used deceit in battle: (1) keeping battle plans secret, and (2) spying. The author writes: “Al-Zawahiri specifically gave radicals permission not to pray in the mosque or attend Friday sermons if it would compromise their position.” He noted that Al-Zawahiri sealed his argument with a very important quote from Ibn Taymiyyah (who was quoted by Al-Timimi upon his his indictment). Ever the practical man, Muhammad approved lying in three circumstances (1) during war, (2) to reconcile between two feuding parties, and (3) to a spouse in order to please her.

      • DXer said

        Know Not Just Your Enemy, But Who He Knew

        Given that the documentary evidence establishes Ayman Zawahiri’s central and key role in anthrax planning, the individuals with the closest connection to him are the strongest candidates for co-conspirators in the anthrax mailing. Analysis of who Ayman Zawahiri might have recruited can start with these known associates that Zawahiri had known for a quarter century. Through the 1990s, there was an ongoing debate among these associates over tactics.

        As a general matter, Ayman commanded the loyalty of members of the Vanguards of Conquest, which was an offshoot of Egyptian Islamic Jihad once led by Agiza. Agiza, one of the main EIJ intellectuals, was extradited from Sweden after 9/11. He broke away from Zawahiri due to disagreements in 1993 but Bin Laden helped the Egyptian islamists reconcile their differences in the mid-1990s. Al Zayat argued in his book that the Vanguards of Conquest was not a separate group, and that Egyptian Islamic Jihad and the Vanguards of Conquest were “two names for the same group led by Zawahiri.” Attorney Al Zayat says in his book: “This was clear from the fact that the four accused in the Vanguards of Conquest cases that were tried by a military court were shouting their allegiance to Zawahiri from behind bars.”

        The August 6, 2001 PDB to President Bush explained: “Al-Qaida members — including some who are US citizens — have resided in or traveled to the US for years, and the group apparently maintains a support structure that could aid attacks. Two al-Qa’ida members found guilty in the plot to bomb our Embassies in East Africa were US citizens, and a senior EIJ member lived in California in the mid-1990s.” (The reference was to Ali Mohamed with no mention that he trained US Special Forces on matters relating to jihad at Ft. Bragg and had been Ayman Zawahiri’s head of intelligence).

        In a study of 400 terrorists, University of Pennsyvlania professor Marc Sageman concluded that 70 percent of terrorists were recruited outside their native country, having traveled abroad in the hope of improving their livelihood through jobs or education. Separation from their families and a feeling of alienation from their host countries prompBinalshibh and Zubaydah knew only the limited operation they were engaged in. Such adherence to cell security makes piercing a conspiracy and proving it beyond a reasonable doubt very difficult.

        Islamic Group military commander Mustafa Hamza, who reportedly supported a cease-fire, and Islamic Group leader Taha, who supported a return to violence, apparently had a falling out after the Luxor debacle. In 1998, following Taha’s resignation as Islamic Group’s head, Hamza took over as its head. But after Taha was rendered to Egypt while in transit through Syria in 2001, Islamic Group leader Taha’s wife and children lived with Hamza’s family in Mashhad, Iran. Thus, the alleged falling out perhaps had not caused too great a rift. They both remained in contact with the blind sheik and his paralegal Sattar in 1999 at a time there was talk of a need for a second Luxor.

        Zawahiri kept in touch with Mahmoud Jaballah, who had emigrated to Canada in 1996, by satellite phone. EIJ shura member Mahmoud Mahjoub was also in Canada. Mahmoud Mahjoub was second in command of the Vanguards of Conquest, after Agiza (who later was succeeded by Zawahiri) In seeking refugee status in Canada, Mahjoub claimed that the persecution in Egypt was the result of a brief association with a suspected member of the Muslim Brotherhood. Mahjoub said that he was arrested several times while in Egypt and claimed to have experienced torture at the hands of the civilian authorities.

        In June 2000, Zawahiri visited Hambali in Indonesia with al-Qaeda military chief ted many to seek companionship at mosques. Friendship constituted 70 percent of recruitment, kinship 20 percent and discipleship only 10 percent. Social networking continues to be relied upon by the Muslim Brotherhood as a means of recruitment. Who did Ali Mohammed and Ayman Zawahiri meet in their travels? Just as interesting as the question who Ayman Zawahiri knew is who Ali Mohammed, Ayman’s head of intelligence and cell recruitment, knew. He recruited Dahab from Cairo Medical in the early 1980s.

        Zawahiri traveled to Malaysia, Singapore, Yemen, Iraq, Russia, Great Britain and United States. On his computer, authorities found the details of a bank account in St. Louis,Mo. that apparently was used to buy his satellite phone. In March 1995, Zawahiri reportedly met with Taha (who at the time was based in Peshawar, Pakistan), Egyptian Islamic Group leader Mustafa Hamza (who at the time was based in Sudan), and Sudanese leader Turabi. Zawahiri traveled to Sudan and Ethiopia in mid-June. According to his former friend and EIJ’s spiritual advisor, Al-Sharif, Zawahiri was paid $100,000 by Sudanese intelligence to attempt to kill the Egyptian prime minister on a visit he made to Ethiopia. Al-Sharif writes that Zawahiri promised Sudanese intelligence to carry out 10 operations against Egypt.

        Zawahiri went to Russia in 1996 where he was imprisoned for 6 months. (Zawahiri was arrested in Dagestan after he tried to enter Chechnya; the Russians apparently never learned his real identity.) Two men joined the local islamists in urging the release of the three. One was Shehata, who would later serve briefly as head of al Jihad. Shehata was in charge of “special operations.”

        As in life, it’s who you know that is important. What mosques did Zawahiri visit when he came to the United States in 1995?

        In an article that reconstructed his travels of his travels between April 1995 until December 1996, Andrew Higgins and Alan Cullison of the Wall Street Journal described some of the contents of his computer: “visa application for Taiwan; details of a bank account in Guangdong, China; a receipt for a computer modem bought in Dubai; a copy of a Malaysian company’s registration that listed Dr. Zawahiri, under an alias, as a director; and details of an account in a bank in St. Louis, Mo.” The St. Louis bank account related to reimbursement of expenses of the satellite phone used in planning the 1998 embassy attacks. Purchase was made by a charity worker in Columbia, Missouri. (The Saudi dissident in London who was a friend of Bin Laden and the Egyptian London cell members were complicitous in the purchase). The father of Al-Timimi’s friend Royer rented a room to Khalil Ziyad in his St. Louis-area home in 2000.

        “I first discussed my activities in the ceasefire initiatives with Zawahiri on a trip to London in March 1997 that I took with the purpose of delivering some lectures on human rights in Islam in a number of Islamic centers. I was received at the airport by [al-Bari], head of the Magreezy Center for Historical Studies (the Americans are currently attempting to extradite him to be tried for his connections with Osama bin Laden).. As soon as I arrived at Adel [al-Bari’s] house, Zawahiri called me. After he congratulated me on arriving in London safely, he asked me, “Why are you making your brothers angry?” He reproached me mildly for my role in promoting [an earlier] call for ceasefire in 1996 and told me that it had angered many brothers.”

        In 1997, back in Afghanistan, after his imprisonment in Russia, al-Zawahiri and Bin Laden plotted their strategy as to the United States. Bin Laden was able to convince Al-Zawahiri to discontinue the military operations inside Egypt and, instead, focus on the common enemies America and Israel. They had concluded that it was United States’ appropriations that propped up the regimes of Islamic countries such as Saudi Arabia and Egypt that had prevented the islamists from toppling those regimes. In 1996, Bin Laden announced war against America to the extent of its presence in the Middle East region. By the end of 1997, Bin Laden had determined to openly declare war against America and urge that Americans be killed everywhere.

        Bin Laden issued a fatwa on February 23, 1998 announcing the creation of “The World Islamic Front for Jihad against Jews and the Crusaders [Christians].” Along with Bin Laden and al-Zawahiri, it was signed by Taha, the man in charge of the Advisory Council of the Islamic Movement in Egypt. Taha was the blind sheik’s successor in the Egyptian Islamic Group. At the end of July 1998, Taha signed a statement saying he had never signed the fatwa. Al-Zayat, who had remained in touch with Taha until he was detained while transiting Syria, reports that Taha said that he was asked on the phone whether he would sign a statement to support the Iraqi people who were under American air strikes and he agreed. Taha explained that he had agreed to join in the 1998 “Crusaders” statement because he was told it was in opposition to the bombing strikes in Iraq. “He was surprised to discover later that the statement referred to the establishment of a new front, and that it included a very serious fatwa that all Muslims would be required to follow.” Taha emphasized that this all happened without “any clear approval” from the Egyptian Islamic Group “regarding participation in the Front. [The group] found itself a member of a front that they knew nothing about.”

        Attorney al-Zayat notes that when Mabruk, a long-time confidante of Zawahiri and the head of military operations, was captured in Albania in 1998, “[i]n his possession, the authorities found a laptop that had many names of the members of the Egyptian Islamic Jihad. This led to the arrest of more than a hundred members, who were tried in one case.” As a general rule, however, organizational security was very strict. “Any arrest of members is an opportunity for information to be extracted through torture. This is why each member knows only his role. When the members pledge their obedience and loyalty to the leader of the group, they are aware that they are not supposed to ask any questions about things that are not directly related to their role.” For example, Ramzi Binalshibh and Zubaydah knew only the limited operation they were engaged in. Such adherence to cell security makes piercing a conspiracy and proving it beyond a reasonable doubt very difficult.

        Islamic Group military commander Mustafa Hamza, who reportedly supported a cease-fire, and Islamic Group leader Taha, who supported a return to violence, apparently had a falling out after the Luxor debacle. In 1998, following Taha’s resignation as Islamic Group’s head, Hamza took over as its head. But after Taha was rendered to Egypt while in transit through Syria in 2001, Islamic Group leader Taha’s wife and children lived with Hamza’s family in Mashhad, Iran. Thus, the alleged falling out perhaps had not caused too great a rift. They both remained in contact with the blind sheik and his paralegal Sattar in 1999 at a time there was talk of a need for a second Luxor.

        Zawahiri kept in touch with Mahmoud Jaballah, who had emigrated to Canada in 1996, by satellite phone. EIJ shura member Mahmoud Mahjoub was also in Canada. Mahmoud Mahjoub was second in command of the Vanguards of Conquest, after Agiza (who later was succeeded by Zawahiri) In seeking refugee status in Canada, Mahjoub claimed that the persecution in Egypt was the result of a brief association with a suspected member of the Muslim Brotherhood. Mahjoub said that he was arrested several times while in Egypt and claimed to have experienced torture at the hands of the civilian authorities.

        In June 2000, Zawahiri visited Hambali in Indonesia with al-Qaeda military chief Mohammed Atef. Hambali the next year would attempt to reestablish Sufaat’s anthrax lab in Southeast Asia.

        Another friend and colleague of Ayman, Kamal Habib, was playing a prominent role in Egyptian politics. Kamal Habib had graduated from Cairo University in 1979 in political science. Twenty years later, he wrote for the Islamic Assembly of North America (“IANA”) quarterly magazine. The Cairo-based publication Al-Manar Al-Jadeed was sponsored by the Ann Arbor-based charity, Islamic Assembly of North America. The 1999 website announced:
        “IANA has signed a cooperative agreement with the Cairo based publisher and distributor Dar Al-Manar Al-Jadeed. Jointly they will publish in Cairo and distribute around the world the quarterly Al-Manar Al-Jadeed magazine. The magazine is devoted to addressing the religious, social, and civil matters. Six issues of the magazine have already been published. The editor in chief is the well-known writer, Jamal Sultan. We wish the magazine a very prosperous future.”

        Habib was a key founding member of Egyptian Islamic Jihad and spent 1981-1991 in jail for the assassination of Anwar Sadat. Like Abdel-Bari, al-Zayat and Taha, he was critical of Ayman’s tactics, though not his goals. In the late 1970s, the cell ran by the young doctor Zawahiri joined with three other groups to become Egyptian Islamic Jihad (EIJ) under Habib’s leadership. The blind sheik was their spiritual adviser. In a 2002 New Yorker article, Lawrence Wright wrote in “The Man Behind Bin Laden: How an Egyptian doctor became a master of terror,” that “[l]ike Zawahiri, Habib, who had graduated in 1979 from Cairo University’s Faculty for Economics and Political Science, was the kind of driven intellectual who might have been expected to become a leader of the country but turned violently against the status quo.”

        The editor-in-chief of the IANA quarterly journal Al Manar Jadeed was Gamal Sultan, who had also been a member of the Egyptian Islamic Jihad. When Mr. Sultan traveled to Pittsburgh in 2000, Mr. Sultan recalls other islamists remarking it was the Kandahar of the US, given its rolling hills. Kamal Habib and Jamal (Gamal) Sultan also wrote for Assirat Al-Mustaqeem, an Arabic-language magazine embracing radical, anti-U.S. views that was published in Pittsburgh from 1991 to 2000. Mr. Sultan’s brother Mahmoud did also. Unlike Zawahiri, Kamal Habib and Gamal Sultan believe in achieving shariah law through democracy. Computational biologist Al-Timimi was on the Assirat Advisory Board.

        Al-Timimi was sentenced to life plus 70 years for exhorting young men to jihad. A prominent IANA speaker, he shared a fax in the summer of 2001 with former Russian bioweaponeer Ken Alibek and former USAMRIID head and Ames researcher Charles Bailey. Al Timimi met government agents regularly for more than a year before his indictment. The indictment against the paintball defendants alleged that that at an Alexandria, Virginia residence, in the presence of a representative of BIF, the defendants watched videos depicting Mujahadeen engaged in Jihad and discussed a training camp in Bosnia. Al-Timimi had asked the FBI to hold off on the indictment until he received his degree. His defense lawyer says that the FBI searched Al-Timimi’s townhouse “to connect him to the 9/11 attacks or to schemes to unleash a biological or nuclear attack.” Former Russian bioweaponeering program head Ken Alibek told me that he would occasionally see Al-Timimi in the hallways at George Mason, where they both were in the microbiology department. Dr. Alibek was vaguely aware that he was an islamic hardliner but considered him “a numbers guy.” When what his defense counsel claims was an FBI attempt to link him to a planned biological attack failed, defense counsel says that investigators focused on his connections to the men who attended his lectures at the local Falls Church, Va.

        The IANA webmaster Al-Hussayen from Moscow, Idaho complained in a Sept. 8, 2002, phone conversation that “we have to have control over our projects,” saying operators of the Islamway Web site, the Al-Manar magazine and the Alasr Web site were doing whatever they wanted, then sending IANA the bills. At the IANA publication Alasr, he complained, “Khalid Hassan puts in it what he wants, with some of the articles being sensitive causing us some problems at the present time. .. They don’t think, for example, what you might face being here.” Four fatwas justifying suicide attacks — including flying a plane into a tall building — that were posted on the Alasr’s Web site were central to the allegations against Sami Al-Hussayen. Al Qaeda military commander and former Egyptian police sergeant commander Atef, a key anthrax planner, was killed in November 2001. Taha was rendered transiting Syria in 2001. Canadian Khadr was killed. In 2005, Iran reportedly turned Mustafa Hamza over, where he was tried and convicted for assassination and attempted assassination of various high Egyptian government officials. In 2006, Zawahiri’s chief aide al-Hadi was captured. Cairo attorney Mamdouh Ismail, al-Zayat’s co-founder of the Islamic party, was arrested in late March 2007. He allegedly was serving as a conduit with jihadis in Egypt, Yemen and Iraq. In short, it’s not been a good decade for Friends of Ayman. Any compartmentalized cell in which Ayman operated in his anthrax program was tight indeed. Based on the isotope ratios of the anthrax culture, the roots of the Amerithrax likely grew in the United States rather than a faraway place like Egypt, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Indonesia or Malaysia. Although the seeds were planted in Cairo, the tree took root not only in Brooklyn and in many places in the US.

        • DXer said

          Fall 2001 Greenlight of Biological Attack By US-Based Operatives

          In October or November 2001, Al Qaeda’s spokesman al-Kuwaiti wrote a letter to the Administration claiming that they would use their biological weapons if the US did not stop their financial and military support for Israel and the muslim regimes. The letter from Abu ‘Abdullah Al-Kuwaiti outlined the next attack against the Americans and issued a statement to the Americans to let them know of their fighters’ readiness to kill hundreds of thousands with their nuclear and biological arsenal. The letter has been declassified and cleared for release (and was released by West Point Combating Terrorism Center in 2006).

          Your Brother Abu ‘Abdullah Al-Kuwaiti; 1- Announcing publicly the next attack.2- Announcing publicly that we gave some groups the green light to move.3- The groups that are present in America and Europe are above suspicion. 4- We obtain our intelligence information from your government and intelligence agencies.5- The statement/letter should be directed to the American people.A- There is no animosity between us. You involved yourselves in this battle. The war is between us and the Jews. You interfered in our countries and influenced our governments to strike against the Moslems.
          If the American people are ready to die as we are ready to die, then our combat groups along with our military, nuclear, and biological equipment will kill hundreds of thousands of people we don’t wish to fight.
          B- If you are ready to die as we are ready to die, the thousand present here in Afghanistan equals hundreds of thousands of Americans. I am pleased to inform you that the billions you spent fighting us so far have resulted in killing a small number of us. We consider them martyrs and they did not exceed (10) martyrs. We warn you that our war against you has not ended, but its effects will increase. Isn’t it time to end American arrogance and begin listening to your people before you experience more devastating disasters?

          In early October, Abu Graith had appeared on two widely-circulated videos on al Jazeera television to defend the attacks and threaten retaliation for the subsequent US invasion of Afghanistan, saying “Americans should know, the storm of the planes will not stop. There are thousands of the Islamic nation’s youths who are eager to die just as the Americans are eager to live.” Abu Gha’ith, Bin Laden’s spokesman, was from Kuwait and made a similar threat in a videotape released June 2002. In June, he renewed the biochem threat, more broadly, urging that under the koran, it was morally justified to kill up to 4 million Americans, including 1 million children, with biological or chemical weapons. In July 2003, a Kuwaiti minister announced that the Iranian government had offered to extradite Abu Ghaith to Kuwait, but that Kuwait had refused the offer.

  23. DXer said

    The lifelong friend of the Ames researcher Tarek Hamouda who worked alongside the late Bruce Ivins also writes lucidly about the reform writings of Zawahiri’s former mentor, the former head of the Vanguards of Conquest who has criticized Zawahiri’s interpretation of jihad.

    Wednesday, November 19, 2008

    Former Zawahiri Imam denounces Zawahiri and Qaida ideology

    It is interesting to read what one of Zawahiri’s former Imams has said recently about him here.

    This statement was made by a Sayed Imam, founder and first senior religious authority[mufti] of the former terrorist Jihad organization in Egypt, with which Zawahiri had strong association before escaping Egypt to Afghanistan. The statement is part of a book published by the former Egyptian Islamic Jihad leader in a new book as a ‘revision’ of the ideology that he helped establish and teach over 20 years ago.

    In summary, he is accusing Zawahiri of being a dishonorable liar who lost competency even to testify in Islamic court. In Islam, this is as close as you get to Catholic excommunication in.

    An excerpt in Arabic follows:

    أن الظواهرى كذاب، والكذاب فاجر لقول النبى [: «إن الكذب فجور» رواه مسلم، والكذب وشهادة الزور من أكبر الكبائر وهى الفسوق، فالكذاب فاسق فاجر وهذا لا يُقبل قوله فى دين الله تعالى ولا يحل لمسلم أن ينقل عنه شيئًا من علم الدين، لقول الله تعالى: {يأيها الذين آمنوا إن جاءكم فاسق بنبأ فتبينوا…} «الحجرات:٦».

    وقد أردت أن أوضح هذا للناس قبل الرد عليه: وهو أن قوله مردود وإن قال حقًا لكونه ساقط العدالة مردود الرواية والشهادة، فكيف إذا جمع مع هذا قول الباطل والمغالطة فى الأحكام الفقهية التى شحن بها كتابه «التبرئة» لينصر مذهبهم الفاسد فى الإسراف فى القتل بالجملة؟.

    This is my quick translation:

    “Zawahiri is a liar. Liars are wicked people as the Prophet said “Lying is iniquity”- as narrated in the book of Muslim. Lying and perjury are of the major sins [in Islam, i.e., mortal sins, in Christian jargon]. A Liar is iniquitous perverted transgressor, and he who does that has no valid testimony in religion. Other Muslims should not use such a person as a religious resource [i.e., religious authority]”.

    Then the author, Sayer Imam, makes a reference to the relevant Quran verse which follows.

    “O ye who believe! If a wicked person comes to you with any news, ascertain the truth, lest ye harm people unwittingly, and afterwards become full of repentance for what ye
    have done.”

    Chapter 46, verse 6

    The former Jihadist Mufti goes on to state that:
    [Zawahiri] has loaded his book with false arguments and falsification of religious edicts to support their [i.e., the Jihadists] corrupt ideology of excessive and mass murder.

    Too bad it took that ‘Mufti’ 20 years and the lives and blood of thousands to realize that.

    But again, better late than never.



    Very little (that I could find anyway) has be published in English about these ‘revisions by former ideologue of Al-Qaeda and AL-Jihad terrorist group. I will add English language references and links in English as I come across them.

    • Al-Jihad’s Revisions Scare Bin Laden and Al-Zawahiri – Almasri
    • Al-Qaeda: Egypt faked Islamic ‘revision’ – USA Today
    • Audio: Al-Qaeda deputy blasts Annapolis talks – USA Today

    • DXer said

      By far, Dr. Hamid’s most frequent topic of posting is Israel. What is the view of his lifelong friend, the Ames researcher who worked alongside Bruce Ivins with virulent Ames?

      My friend who grew up down the street from Ayman Zawahiri says Zawahiri is a fanatic and my friends says that his connection was with the “old guard.” He offered to get me an interview with the “old guard” in Torah prison. Who is the “old guard”? Al-Sharif? When I suggested Montasser Al-Zayat perhaps worked for Egyptian security (given his ready access to Torah prison), he assured me that I was mistaken — that there was no way that was true.

      • DXer said

        The CIA has known all of this since December 2001. Under the warrantless NSA wiretapping program, they must have logged millions of telephone calls.

      • DXer said

        The “Articles Worth Reading” involve either Israel or the mistreatment of prisoners. Does Dr. Hamid’s lifelong friend and Cairo Medical schoolmate at the time of Sadat’s assassination, the Ames researcher Tarek Hamouda working alongside Bruce Ivins, feel the same way on these issues? Why did Dr. Ivins hire an attorney soon after AF faxed the 20 pages of Dr. Hamouda’s visit to USAMRIID?

        The Holocause won’t protect Israel forever
        ‘No difference to U.S. between outpost, East Jerusalem construction’
        Court Reverses Ruling Dealing With Visa of Muslim Scholar
        The Rape of Tareneh: Prison Abuse of Iran’s Protesters
        What are the origins of Muslim anti-Semitism
        The most moral army in the world. Fact

        • DXer said

          “Leahy Law” and Appropriations to Military and Security Units

          After the assassination of Anwar Sadat, Cairo attorney Montasser al-Zayat first met blind sheik Abdel-Rahman after Montasser had been tortured for 12 hours. He was near a mental breakdown. Abdel-Rahman came over to where he was huddled in a corner of a cell, bent over and whispered: “Rely on God; don’t be defeated.” Mohammed had spoken the words in the Koran. Al- Zayat would become one of Sheik Omar’s most trusted legal advisers and a lawyer on the defense team of El Sayyid Nosair. Nosair was the Egyptian who was Abdel-Rahman’s bodyguard and was tried in New York in 1990 for the murder of Rabbi Meir Kahane. In March 1999, attorney al-Zayat was representing defendants in a massive prosecution of jihadists in Cairo. He told the press that Ayman Zawahiri would use weaponized anthrax against US targets because of the continued extradition pressure and torture faced by Egyptian Islamic Jihad members. Two senior EIJ leaders then on trial were saying the same thing to the press and in confessions.

          The founder of Egyptian Islamic Jihad Kamal Habib (who wrote for the quarterly magazine of the US charity Islamic Assembly of North America) told scholar Fawaz Gerges:

          “The prison years also radicalized al-shabab [young men] and set them on another violent journey. The torture left deep physical and psychological scars on jihadists and fueled their thirst for vengeance. Look at my hands — still spotted with the scars from cigarette burns nineteen years later. For days on end we were brutalized — our faces bloodied, our bodies broken with electrical shocks and other devices. The torturers aimed at breaking our souls and brainwashing us. They wanted to humiliate us and force us to betray the closest members of our cells.

          I spent sleepless nights listening to the screams of young men echoing from torture chambers. A degrading, dehumanizing experience. I cannot convey to you the rage felt by al-shabab who were tortured after Sadat’s assassination.” When Kamal Habib wrote for the jihad-supporting Assirat, Al-Timimi was on the Board of Advisers.

          In a videotape that circulated in the summer of 2001, Zawahiri said “In Egypt they put a lot of people in jails — some sentenced to be hanged. And in the Egyptian jails, there is a lot of killing and torture. All this happens under the supervision of America. America has a CIA station as well as an FBI office and a huge embassy in Egypt, and it closely follows what happens in that country. Therefore, America is responsible for everything that happens.”

          An August 29, 2001 opinion column on Islamway, the second most read site for english speaking muslims, illustrates that the role of “Leahy Law” was known by educated islamists:

          “There is an intolerable contradiction between America’s professed policy of opposition to state-sponsored terrorism, exemplified by the Leahy Law, and the U.S. Congress’ continuing sponsorship of Israeli violence against Palestinians.” The article cited “References: CIFP 2001. “Limitations on Assistance to Security Forces: ‘The Leahy Law’” 4/9/01 (Washington, DC: Center for International Foreign Policy) Center for International Foreign Policy Accessed 8/28/01.Hocksteader, Lee 2001.

          The next day, in the same publication, there was an article describing the 21-page document released in Ottawa on August 29, 2001, in which the CSIS claimed that Canadian detainee Jaballah had contacts with the Egyptian Islamic Jihad leader Shehata and sought to deport Jaballah. Shehata was in charge of EIJ’s Civilian Branch and in charge of “special operations.” It would be seven more years — not until February 2008 — before the Canadian government for the first time revealed that after coming to Canada in 1996, Jaballah would contact Ayman Zawahiri regularly on Ayman’s Inmarsat satellite phone.

          “They [Senators Daschle and Leahy] represent something to him,” says James Fitzgerald of the FBI Academy’s Behavioral Analysis Unit. “Whatever agenda he’s operating under, these people meant something to him.” To more fully appreciate why Leahy — a human rights advocate and liberal democrat — might have been targeted as a symbol, it is important to know that Senator Leahy has been the head of the Senate Appropriations Subcommittee on Foreign Operations, the panel in charge of aid to Egypt and Israel. In addition to the Senate majority leader, anthrax was mailed to the position symbolic of the 50 billion in appropriations that has been given to Israel since 1947 (and the equally substantial $2 billion annually in aid that has been keeping Mubarak in power in Egypt and the militant islamists out of power).

          Within a couple weeks after September 11, a report in the Washington Post and then throughout the muslim world explained that the President sought a waiver that would allow military assistance to once-shunned nations. The militant islamists who had already been reeling from the extradition of 70 “brothers”, would now be facing much more of the same. President Bush asked Congress for authority to waive all existing restrictions on U.S. military assistance and exports for the next five years to any country where the aid would help the fight against international terrorism. The waiver would include those nations who were currently unable to receive U.S. military aid because of their sponsorship of terrorism (such as Syria and Iran) or because of their nuclear weapons programs (such as Pakistan).

          The options being considered in response to the September 11 attacks in New York and Washington included potential cooperation with virtually every Middle Eastern and South and Central Asian nation near Afghanistan. “Either you are with us or you are with the terrorists” would be the only test for foreign aid. The “Leahy Law” plays a key role in the secret “rendering” of Egyptian Islamic Jihad (Al Qaeda) operatives to countries like Egypt, Jordan, Syria and Algeria where they are allegedly tortured. Richard Clarke, counterterrorism czar during the Clinton Administration, has quoted former Vice-President Gore saying: “Of course it’s a violation of international law, that’s why it’s a covert action. The guy is a terrorist. Go grab his ass.”
          Although humanitarian in its intent, the Leahy Law permits continued appropriations to military and security units who conduct torture in the event of “extraordinary circumstances.”

          In an interview broadcast on al-Jazeera television on October 7, 2001 (October 6 in the US) — about when the second letter saying “Death to America’” and “Death to Israel” was mailed — Ayman Zawahiri echoed a familiar refrain sounded by Bin Laden: “O people of the U.S., can you ask yourselves a question: Why all this enmity for the United States and Israel? *** Your government supports the corrupt governments in our countries.”

          A month after 9/11, late at night, a charter flight from Cairo touched down at the Baku airport. An Egyptian, arrested by the Azerbaijan authorities on suspicions of having played a part in the September 11 attack, was brought on board. His name was kept secret. That same night the plane set off in the opposite direction. Much of the Amerithrax story has happened at night with no witnesses, with the rendering of University of Karachi microbiology student Saeed Mohammed merely one example. Zawahiri claims that there is a US intelligence bureau inside the headquarters of the Egyptian State Security Investigation Department that receives daily reports on the number of detainees and those detainees who are released. At the time Ayman Zawahiri was getting his biological weapons program in full swing, his own brother Mohammed was picked up in the United Arab Emirates. He was secretly rendered to Egyptian security forces and sentenced to death rendered in the 1999 Albanian returnees case.

          Throughout 2001, the Egyptian islamists were wracked by extraditions and renditions. CIA Director Tenet once publicly testified that there had been 70 renditions prior to 9/11. At the same time a Canadian judge was finding that Mahmoud Mahjoub was a member of the Vanguards of Conquest and would be denied bail, Bosnian authorities announced on October 6, 2001 they had handed over three Egyptians to Cairo who had been arrested in July. In Uruguay, a court authorized the extradition to Egypt of a man wanted in Egypt for his alleged role in the 1997 Luxor attack. Ahmed Agiza, the leader of the Vanguards of Conquest (which can be viewed as an offshoot of Jihad), was handed over by Sweden in December 2001.

          One islamist, a Hamas supporter, summarized why the anthrax was sent in an ode “To Anthrax” on November 1, 2001: “O, anthrax, despite, your wretchedness, you have sewn horror in the heart of the lady of arrogance, of tyranny, of boastfulness!” In an interview that appeared in the Pakistani paper, Dawn, on November 10, 2001, Bin Laden explained that “The American Congress endorses all government measures, and this proves that [all of] America is responsible for the atrocities perpetrated against Muslims.”

          At a December 2002 conference held by “Accuracy in Media,” former State Department analyst Kenneth Dillon noted that Egyptian Islamic Jihad (EIJ), the key component of al Qaeda under Dr. Ayman Zawahiri, head of al Qaeda’s biowarfare program, likely targeted Senator Leahy because of his role as head of a panel of the Senate Appropriations Committee that had developed the so-called “Leahy Law” in 1998. Dillon explained, “According to the wording of the Leahy Law, the U.S. Government was authorized to ‘render’ suspected foreign nationals to the government of a foreign country, even when there was a possibility that they would be tortured, in ‘exceptional circumstances.’ When the Leahy Law was applied to send EIJ members captured in the Balkans back to Egypt, Zawahiri fiercely denounced the United States. So Leahy was a high-priority target.”

          That aid goes to the core of Al Qaeda’s complaint against the United States. (The portion going to Egypt and Israel constituted, by far, the largest portion of US foreign aid, and most of that is for military and security purposes.) Pakistan is a grudging ally in the “war against terrorism” largely due to the US Aid it now receives in exchange for that cooperation. The press in Pakistan newspapers regularly reported on protests arguing that FBI’s reported 12 agents in Pakistan in 2002 were an affront to its sovereignty. There was a tall man, an Urdu-speaking man, and a woman — all chain-smokers — who along with their colleagues were doing very important work in an unsupportive, even hostile, environment. The US agents — whether CIA or FBI or US Army — caused quite a stir in Pakistan along with the Pakistani security and intelligence officials who accompanied them. In mid-March 2003, Washington waived sanctions imposed in 1999 paving the way for release in economic aid to Pakistan. Billions more would be sent to Egypt, Israel and other countries involved in the “war against terrorism.”

          The commentators who suggest that a supporter of the Salafist-Jihadis would have had no motivation to send weaponized anthrax to Senators Daschle and Leahy as symbolic targets — because they are liberal — are mistaken. The main goal of Dr. Zawahiri is to topple President Mubarak. He views the US aid as the chief obstacle and is indifferent to this country’s labels of conservative and liberal.

          Zawahiri likely was surprised that the plainly worded message of the letters accompanying the anthrax was not deemed clear. Perhaps the talking heads would not have been so quick to infer an opposite meaning if no message had been expressed using words at all. Perhaps the public the sender had relied only on what KSM describes as the language of war — the death delivered by the letters — the pundits would not have been so misdirected. But why was Al Qaeda evasive on the question of responsibility for the anthrax mailings, dismissing the issue with a snicker, and falsely claiming that Al Qaeda did not know anything about anthrax? Simple. Bin Laden denied responsibility for 9/11 until it was beyond reasonable dispute. On September 16, 2001, he said: “The US is pointing the finger at me but I categorically state that I have not done this. I am residing in Afghanistan. I have taken an oath of allegiance (to Taliban leader Mullah Mohammad Omar) which does not allow me to do such things from Afghanistan.” Before that, Ayman had denied the 1998 embassy bombings too. On August 20, 1998, coincidentally on the day of strikes on camps in Afghanistan and Sudan, Ayman al-Zawahiri contacted The News, a Pakistani English-language daily, and said on behalf of Bin Laden that “Bin Laden calls on Moslem Ummah to continue Jihad against Jews and Americans to liberate their holy places. In the meanwhile, he denies any involvement in the Nairobi and Dar es Salaam bombings.” To Ayman, “war is deception.”

          The targeted Senators have another connection pertinent to the Egyptian militants. The United States and other countries exchange evidence for counterterrorism cases under the legal framework of a Mutual Legal Assistance Treaty (”MLAT”). Egypt is signatory of such a treaty that was ratified by the United States Senate in late 2000. For example, when the Fall 2001 rendition of Vanguards of Conquest leader Agizah was criticized, the US explained that it was relying on the MLAT. In the prosecution of Post Office worker Ahmed Abdel Sattar, the MLAT was described. Sattar’s attorney Michael Tigar, at trial in December 2004 explained: “Now, that might be classified, it’s true, but we have now found out and our research has just revealed that on, that the State Department has reported that it intends to use and relies on the mutual legal assistance treaty between the United States and Egypt signed May 3, 1998, in Cairo, and finally ratified by the United States Senate on October 18th, 2000. The State Department issued a press report about this treaty on November 29th, 2001 and I have a copy here.” He explained that “Article IV of the treaty provides that requests under the treaty can be made orally as well as under the formal written procedures required by the treaty, that those requests can include requests for testimony, documents, and even for the transfer to the United States if the treaty conditions are met.

          Vanguards of Conquest spokesman Al-Sirri was a co-defendant in the case against post office worker Sattar. In the late 1990s Sattar and he often spoke in conversations intercepted by the FBI. Al-Sirri’s fellow EIJ cell members in London were subject to process under those treaties at the time of the anthrax mailings. Those London cell members had been responsible for the faxing of the claim of responsibility which stated the motive for the 1998 embassy bombings. A group calling itself the “Islamic Army for the Liberation of the Holy Places” took credit for the bombings listing as among their demands “the release of the Muslims detained in the United State[s] first and foremost Sheikh Omar Abdel Rahman (the spiritual guide of the Gama’a Islamiya) who is jailed in the United States.” As reason for the bombings, in addition to the rendition recent EIJ members to Cairo and the detention of Blind Sheik Abdel-Rahman, the faxes pointed to the detention of dissident Saudi Sheik al-Hawali . Al-Hawali was the mentor of GMU microbiology student Al-Timimi who spoke in London in August 2001 alongside 911 Imam Awlaki (also from Falls Church) and unindicted WTC 1993 conspirator Bilal Philips. Al-Timimi was in contact with Saudi sheik Al-Hawali in 2002 and arranged to hand deliver a message to all members of Congress he had drafted in al-Hawali’s name on the first anniversary of the anthrax mailings to Senator Leahy and Daschle.

        • DXer said

          “Set our brothers free. Bastards”: Continuing Practice of Sending Poisonous Letters as Threats

          Sending poisonous letter bombs is also fairly understood as consistent with Al Qaeda’s modus operandi in that the Al Qaeda operations manual, a version on CD-ROM, had a chapter on “Poisonous Letter.” As with the insertion of biologicals into food, the key is mass panic, not mass casualty.

          The Belgian Prime Minister and the US, British and Saudi Arabian embassies have been sent letters containing hydrazine and an arsenic derivative used in nerve gas in May 2003. This bears on modus operandi. Some argue that islamists would never merely send lethal substances through the mail (though the risk of significant casualty is low) to send a message or warning. One of the ingredients is hard to obtain, suggesting one Health Ministry spokesman to remark that “We’re not dealing with a small-time joker.” A trial of 23 suspected al-Qaeda members was in its third week. “Set our brothers free. Bastards.” Couldn’t be a threat by islamists because they only go for mass casualties — not threats. Right? One of the defendants in that trial allegedly sought hydrazine for use in producing a bomb. A 45- year old Iraqi man was arrested.

          A similar modus operandi was followed in New Zealand with cyanide in early 2002 and early 2003 by a sender purporting to be islamist.

          A December 2004 report on terrorism in the European Union noted that in July 2004, eight letters arrived at several official locations in Brussels that contained an ochre-coloured chemical substance that caused itchy eyes and breathing problems. Tests indicated that the substance was adamsite (phenarsasine). Some of the letters included “a threat letter written in (very poor) English, demanding that two recently convicted Islamic extremists are released within that month.”

          Zawahiri feels that in the usual case, the best way to get a lot of people watching is to kill the maximum number of people. But he wouldn’t disagree with the comment by Brian Jenkins that “Terrorism is theater.” Just those 10 grams cost an estimated $6 billion and have been the subject of thousands of news stories and the focus of widespread bioterrorism preparations. They were fully adequate to do the job even within the constraints of small batch production.

          The anthrax sender may not have intended to harm anyone. Stevens’ death was reported late on October 5. Whether the mailer knew of the death might depend on whether the mailing was made Saturday, October 6 — or whether it was made as late as Tuesday, October 9, the day it was postmarked after a long holiday weekend.

          Al Qaeda’s shura or policy-making council is concerned with handling its efforts in such a way as to develop and maintain the Arab hatred of the US and Israel. That requires a delicate balance and choice of suitable targets and methods. For example, as explained by the spokesperson in mid-February, Abu al Bara’a Al-Qarshy, Al Qaeda will not use WMD in a muslim country, particularly the home of Mecca and Medina. Terrorism involves public relations. Zawahiri divines from his religious texts that it is moral to kill American civilians on the grounds that they stood silent as taxpayers while US-bought weapons were used on Palestinians. In 1998, in an interview that appeared in TIME Magazine, Bin Laden himself explained that it was Al Qaeda’s “religious duty” to obtain chemical and biological weapons, but it was up to them how to use them.

          As Dr. Jane A. Alexander of DARPA, who Dr. Tarek Hamouda thanked in connection with his research with Bruce Ivins, once explained at DARPA Tech, 1999:

          “Small scale attacks may be adequate to immobilize national will with panic unless reasonable defenses are available. Terrorists do not need the technological sophistication of a military offensive biological warfare program. A military offensive BW program strives for predictable effect so that military operations can be planned. Terrorists could actually benefit from the variation of the onset and outcome of the illnesses creating added panic in the public.”

          The Ann Arbor NanoBio researchers thanked Dr. Alexander for her support of the DARPA research they were doing involving the Ames strain supplied by USAMRIID’s Bruce Ivins.

          The Al Qaeda shura (policy-making council) may deem that Al Qaeda needs to choose the methods of attack carefully so that they are both are effective and calculated to gain the support of others. (Gassing the Kurds ultimately was a public relations debacle for Saddam once the world stopped looking the other way).

          Suleiman Abu Ghaith claimed that Al Qaeda has the right to murder four million Americans, in a three-part article “In the Shadow of the Lances,” posted in June 2002 on the web-site of the Center for Islamic Research and Studies, Abu Ghaith wrote:

          “The Americans have still not tasted from our hands what we have tasted from theirs. The [number of] killed in the World Trade Center and the Pentagon were no more than fair exchange for the ones killed in the Al-‘Amiriya shelter in Iraq, and are but a tiny part of the exchange for those killed in Palestine, Somalia, Sudan, the Philippines, Bosnia, Kashmir, Chechnya, and Afghanistan.”

          “We have not reached parity with them. We have the right to kill four million Americans – two million of them children – and to exile twice as many and wound and cripple hundreds of thousands. Furthermore, it is our right to fight them with chemical and biological weapons, so as to afflict them with the fatal maladies that have afflicted the Muslims because of the [Americans’] chemical and biological weapons.”

        • DXer said

          The FBI Letter to Membership of the American Society for Microbiology And The September 26, 1998 Presentation About A Biocidal Agent For Which USAMRIID Scientist Bruce Ivins Supplied Virulent Strains

          “TO: Membership of the American Society for Microbiology
          FROM: Van Harp, Assistant Director, Washington Field Office
          Federal Bureau of Investigation
          I would like to appeal to the talented men and women of the American Society for Microbiology to assist the FBI in identifying the person who mailed these letters. It is very likely that one or more of you know this individual. A review of the information-to-date in this matter leads investigators to believe that a single person is most likely responsible for these mailings. This person is experienced working in a laboratory. Based on his or her selection of the Ames strain of Bacillus anthracis one would expect that this individual has or had legitimate access to select biological agents at some time. This person has the technical knowledge and/or expertise to produce a highly refined and deadly product. This person has exhibited a clear, rational thought process and appears to be very organized in the production and mailing of these letters. The perpetrator might be described as “stand-offish” and likely prefers to work in isolation as opposed to a group/team setting. It is possible this person used off-hours in a
          laboratory or may have even established an improvised or concealed facility comprised of sufficient equipment to produce the anthrax.
          It is important to ensure that all relevant information, no matter how insignificant it may seem, is brought to the attention of the investigators in this case. …
          There is also a $2.5 million reward for information leading to the arrest and conviction of the person(s) responsible in this case.”

          In a presentation at the Interscience Conference on Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy (ICAAC) on September 26, 1998, Michael Hayes, a research associate in the U-Michigan Medical School, presented experimental evidence relating to work done by USAMRIID scientist Bruce Ivins establishing BCTP’s ability to destroy anthrax spores both in a culture dish and in mice exposed to anthrax through a skin incision. “In his conference presentation, Hayes described how even low concentrations of BCTP killed more than 90 percent of virulent strains of Bacillus anthracis spores in a culture dish.” Its website explains that the Interscience Conference on Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy is the “[p]remier meeting on infectious diseases and antimicrobial agents, organized by the American Society for Microbiology.” Tarek Hamouda made a similar presentation to the American Society of Microbiologists presentation in Atlanta, Georgia. Neither has responded to emails or provided a copy of their respective presentations.

      • DXer said

        Zawahiri regularly invokes Ibn Taymiyya. Al-Timimi, upon sentencing, invoke Ibn Taymiyya (1263–1328 AD). Dr. Khalid Hamid says that repealing the Al-Taymiyya’s is a waste of time. KH describes Al-Taymiyaa as a brilliant jurist and a scholar that factored in the realities of his own world when he made his Fatwas. What did did Khaled’s lifelong friend and Cairo Medical schoolmate Ames research Tarek Hamouda, working alongside Bruce Ivins in a BL-3 lab, think of Al-Taymiyya? What does he think of Qutb? My friend, who knows all these folks, says Zawahiri is a fanatic — Qutb is the deep thinker.

        Wednesday, April 7, 2010

        Repealing 800 Year-Old Fatwa? Why Even Bother?

        During the last week of March 2010, a group of senior Muslim clerics gathered in a small town in Turkey to discuss an interesting issue: modernization of some old religious rulings (Fatwas) that do not seem to make sense in modern times.

        The major Fatwa in focus this time was an 800 year-old Fatwa, issued by Ibn Taymiyya (1263–1328 AD). That Fatwa is understood by modern-day militants as justifying fighting not only against oppressors and occupiers of Muslim land, but also against other Muslims perceived not to be in line with the militants’ point of view.

        The media blurb about the conference was that it called for ‘repealing the fatwa’. In actuality, the call was a lot milder than that. It just called to try to understand the fatwa in their historic context – 800 years ago, when the Muslims world was at a war with the Mongol Empire army (1206-1368). The edict is apparently used by some fundamental militants to justify religiously sanctioned war against others: Muslims and non-Muslims.

        While the idea behind the conference is not inherently bad, I think such efforts are useless and are a total waste of time and here are my reasons.

        Any idiot that thinks a 13th -century fatwa regulating conduct of war is valid today – in a very different context – will not listen to a conference press release from some modern-day clergies. Ibn Taymiyya is a semi-divine figure for the Wahhabi and Salafi militants, and is also treated as infallible by many traditionalists.

        The idea of repealing one of his Fatwas, or even contextualizing it, is almost blasphemous to them. Traditionalists can see God only through the ancient thinkers eyes. Any attempt to change that mounts to creating a novel and erroneous religion for them. This is a result of intellectual cowardice that many modern clergy have, failing to express any tendency to critically appraise old religious conclusions, regardless of how silly they may be. Their logic frequently is: if it survived the test of times, it must be correct.

        An example of such intellectual cowardice shows in one of the conference participating ‘scholars’ who was already on the defense stating that the original Fatwa (i.e., Ibn Taymiyya’s opinion) was not wrong, and that the militant interpretation of it was rather a result typographical error that lead to the misunderstanding; and that the conference was not reviewing the fatwa in the light of a differing or opposing opinion to Ibn Taymiyya [God forbids!!], but rather authenticating the initial intent of the fatwa using Ibn Taymiyya’s own work.

        The fault is obviously not with Ibn Taymiyya, who was a brilliant jurist and a scholar that factored in the realities of his own world when he made his Fatwas. I do not think he could have imagined that, eight centuries later, someone would consider him so infallible that he is above criticism or review.

        The problems we face as Muslims today are not only because of Ibn Taymiya’s edicts. It is because of the stupid glorification and sainthood we cast on anything in our Islamic history and intellectual products once it is old enough.

        Early scholars are not great because they are now historic. They excelled because they considered their own realities as much as they considered the context of their predecessors’ work. Until we have the intelligence and intellectual courage to openly critique, oppose and even reverse some of the earlier edicts and conclusions when needed, we will continue to be intellectually subservient to the rest of the world.

        Even worse, we frequently are the laughing stock for anyone with some intelligence that looks deep enough in some of our books. Take for example some Fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence) books that still list counting chest wall ribs as a possible way (albeit a minority opinion) in deciding if a hermaphrodite is a male or female, for inheritance purposes.

        Something is wrong with a culture that does not throw in the trash ancient statements like that. We cannot even make the bold decision to stop listing stupid opinions as minority opinion out of respect for earlier scholars? Having been reading about earlier scholars, I am certain they would have been the first to throw away their ridiculous conclusions once they came across facts that proved them wrong. That is why they are scholars. And that is why I admire them despite realizing some of their wrong conclusions.

        Here is another example. Some Salafi and Wahabi ‘scholars’ are still writing books denying that planet Earth moves, and contemplating the labeling for a Muslim who says it does: are they kafir or murtad, and what punishment they deserve for believing that planet Earth rotates!!! One of those ‘scholars’ was the Chairman of the Saudi Religious Edict Council Abdel-Aziz Bin Baz (died 1999), another semi-divine figure to many Salafis. A book of interest is still in print labeled ‘Textual and sensory evidence that the Sun moves and the Earth does not’. In case you want to research it further, the title in Arabic is:

        “الأدلة النقلية و الحسية على جريان الشمس و سكون الأرض”

        How stupid should one be to realize that ‘ancient textual’ and ‘subjective sensory’ evidence have no place in science, medicine or astronomy? For those who can understand Arabic, check the web page to laugh at the good luck that makes that man a religious authority for some Muslims.

        People like Bin Baz could be knowledgeable in other areas, but they are so detached from the World that their conclusions are not trustworthy in any case where interaction with the real world seems needed.

        They feel that their ‘textual knowledge’ of ancient Islamic work should be enough to enable them to make judgment about any and everything ranging from medicine, biology and all the way to physics and astronomy. And seeing how stupid their opinions are on objective physical sciences, one can only imagine the intellectual swamps we get in when they talk about less objective arenas such as politics or social issues.

        Do we even realize how many brilliant young Muslim minds we alienate, and eventually lose, by keeping this sort of mental trash as part of the ‘religious’ culture?

        The real goal should not be repealing a Fatwa, but rather collective effort to change the mindset of current Muslim culture.

        It will take more courage to face the real issues head on. In a generation or two, we may be able to enlighten some of the ignorant idiots, neutralize some of the militants, but more importantly, we would be able to evolve into people of intellect, the kind of people God is addressing in the Quran all the time.
        “Verily, in the creation of the heavens and of the earth, and the succession of night and day: and in the ships that speed through the sea with what is useful to man: and in the waters which God sends down from the sky, giving life thereby to the earth after it had been lifeless, and causing all manner of living creatures to multiply thereon: and in the change of the winds, and the clouds that run their appointed courses between sky and earth: [in all this] there are messages indeed for people who use their reason.” (2:164)
        Links of relevance (some are in Arabic):
        “لا يجوز لجماعة مسلمة إعلان الحرب من تلقاء نفسها”
        Mardin anti-terror conference sparks debate over fatwas
        International Conference on Ibn Taymiyah’s “Mardin Fatwa” held in the Turkish City of Mardin | IslamToday – English
        ابن باز وكروية الأرض
        قضية دوران الارض ما بين التفسير الديني و التفسير العلمي …. نقاش مفتوح – الصفحة 3 – ملتقى المهندسين العرب – أول ملتقى هندسي عربي
        تحريم القول بدوران الكرة الارضية

    • DXer said

      [audio src="" /]

      St. Louis on the Air – Archives

      Islamic Religion
      September 26, 2007
      A discussion about the Islamic faith and how Muslims deal with the misconceptions about it.
      Windows Media
      WMP (56 kbps)
      MP3 (56 kbps)

      Khaled Hamid, M.D., Ph.D
      Physician in Private Practice

      Board Member of the St. Louis Chapter of the Council on American-Islamic Relations
      Member of the ACLU Civil Rights Task Force
      Randa Kuziez
      Treasurer, Muslim Students’ Association National

      Related Information
      Council on American Islamic Relations (CAIR)
      Works to enhance understanding of Islam, encourage dialogue, protect civil liberties, empower American Muslims, and build coalitions that promote justice and mutual understanding.

      CAIR Website

      • DXer said

        Visibility Event

      • DXer said

        This book INSIDE JIHAD was written by Khaled’s brother, “Tawfiq who describes his experience being recruited by Ayman Zawahiri while he and his brother were at Cairo Medical School. Tawfiq tells me that Khaled, interviewed above, won’t speak to him. Both the brothers (who sound the same) sound very reasonable and thus their views serve as the framework for a fascinating dialogue on these issues. “Engaging people is the best thing,” Khaled explains in his radio interview.

        Khaled in his radio interview says he is not aware of any sleeper cells — but he says it is hard to prove a negative. How does he know, he asks, if he doesn’t know about it?

        That, of course, is a very valid point.

        But my question to him is did he and his lifelong friend, who worked with virulent Ames with Bruce Ivins know Zawahiri, Agiza, Ali Mohammed, Dahab, the Islambouli brother, Qamari, Kamal Habib, Gamal Sultan, Essam Marzouk, Jaballah, Mahmoud Mahjoub, Bassem Khafagi, Rabih Haddad etc.

        Engagement is the key. But talking facts — sharing information so we are on the same page — is the way to overcome misperceptions.

        Inside Jihad: Understanding and Confronting Radical Islam (Paperback)
        ~ Tawfik Hamid (Author)

        This review is from: Inside Jihad: Understanding and Confronting Radical Islam (Paperback)

        Inside Jihad by Dr. Tawfik Hamid is a book that must be read in order to truly understand radical Islam and begin the discussion that will lead to the end of Islamic terrisiom. As a former federal agent fighting on the frontlines of the Global War on Terrorism, I believe strongly that this book must get the widest circulation possible. The insight that Dr. Hamid provides based on his recruitment into Jamaa Islamiya and his contact with Ayman Al-Zawahiri, is invaluable. Having served in a career dedicated to combatting terrorism, it is evident that the ideas commuicated by Dr. Hamid in his book Inside Jihad are the key to truly addressing the issue of the senseless murders of thousands of innocents by the Islamists and their culture of hatred. Dr. Hamid outlines the step-by-step process that is used by these terrorist organizations to desensitize and motivate their fellow Muslims into committing the horrible acts of murder that have become all too familiar to us. As outlined by Dr. Hamid, not only do we need to contiue to conduct military and law enforcement actions against these organizations, but we also need to engage in an honest dialogue about Islam. As he states, political correctness needs to be checked at the door, and discussion needs to begin globally on non-Quranic texts and how they can be used to fuel such hatred and violent actions. Please read this book and carry the message by passing it on to others interested in understanding and confronting radical Islam. Dr. Hamid, may God be with you and protect you as you continue your very important work.

        Eye Opening – Highly Recommended, April 3, 2009
        By J. Reckseit – See all my reviews

        This review is from: Inside Jihad: Understanding and Confronting Radical Islam (Paperback)
        Inside Jihad is short – less than 200 pages, and written in what I call “plain English”. It is EYE OPENING.

        Dr. Hamid describes how he was recruited into a Jihad movement while a young medical student in Egypt, how he was encouraged to change from a secular Muslim son of successful, secular parents into a radical Muslim; and how he managed to escape the seduction of Islamism (radical Islam).

        Dr. Hamid sheds light on how fundamentalism has been able to rapidly sweep through Muslim countries in the last 40 years, radical Islam’s success in recruiting more and more Muslims to radicalism and what the West can do to stop the spread of Islamism. In analyzing the spread of Islamism and its goals, he clarifies its true causes as well as a whole list of commonly, but wrongly held notions of its causes. As he says, as in medicine, to treat a patient based on a symptom that you attribute to a wrong disease will not result in a cure. To treat incorrect causes of Islamism will also not result in a cure.

        In explaining the difference between the Koranic verses and the Hadiths and how the latter has been used to radicalize Muslims, Dr. Hamid also gives us an answer to reversing this process.

        There is more worthwhile information, common sense and reality based proposals for combating this danger to the modern world packed into these 200 pages than in everything I have read on radical Islam combined. I highly, highly recommend it.

        essential reading for every American, February 12, 2009
        By Rumi (Denver, CO USA) – See all my reviews

        This review is from: Inside Jihad: Understanding and Confronting Radical Islam (Paperback)
        The so-called “War on Terror” is really a fight against Jihad, an idea as powerfully destructive as the Nazi ideology of last century. How bizarre that even though “Know your enemy” is the first rule of war, not even our government, never mind the press, has been explaining to Americans that Jihad is what the free world is struggling to subdue when we fight Al Qaeda in Iraq and Afghanistan, Hamas and Hezbollah in the Middle East, and Iran, on its way to having nuclear weapons. This book brilliantly explains Jihad. A doctrine that aims for Islam to dominate America and the globe, this dangerous ideology endorses violence, brutality, lying, and extreme suppression of women. Jihad would seem naive, archaic, and irrelevent if it weren’t spreading so insidiously and potently around the globe, and even here in the US. Wake up America! Jihad is seriously at war with us. This is a book all Americans, and especially those in government and the media, must read.

        Deserving of a Nobel Peace Prize, August 1, 2008
        By Ruth Teal (USA) – See all my reviews
        This review is from: Inside Jihad: Understanding and Confronting Radical Islam (Paperback)
        Having read the politically correct, whitewashed and airbrushed versions of Islam by the likes of John Esposito, and then the writings of former Muslims (Ali Sina) who hate the religion for its inherent violence and think it must be abolished completely, I was tremendously impressed at the mind that not only explains the origins of jihad but actually presents a means of reconstructing Islam using its own scripture. If his suggestions were followed this world would be a happy, peaceful place for people of all faiths, not least of which Muslims themselves. However, that’s a big “IF”. It would require a wide reading first of all. Secondly it needs Muslims who would dare to order this book and read it in secret if necessary.

  24. There are good reasons to think that the high-quality anthrax in the letters to the senators was a replica of Soviet treaty-violating technology and was prepared for DARPA so that it could devise countermeasures. See the heading “DARPA’s Experiment” at .

    • DXer said

      Hi Ken! The view of experts is that would be lawful under treaty obligations, notwithstanding the view of political activists who understandably are disturbed by the proliferation of labs.

  25. DXer said

    Hi Dr. Hamid!,

    I spoke with your brother [“Tawfik”] some months ago and wanted to write about a matter he mentioned.

    After reading your blog and coming to admire your values relating to interfaith tolerance, democracy, violence, civil liberties, I feel comfortable in writing even though the subject is delicate and relates to this recruiting that Ayman Zawahiri and Ali Mohammed did at Cairo Medical in the early 1980s. Tarek’s membership, he reports in INSIDE JIHAD (May 2008) was brief.

    Even though you and your brother articulate different values, there is actually a substantial overlap — reasonableness, fair play, and humanity seems to be a common theme. You were raised well, it would seem.

    I have been following Amerithrax, the investigation into the Fall 2001 anthrax mailings closely. The Department of Justice produced 20 pages about the work Dr. Tarek Hamouda was doing with virulent Ames. I had come to think years ago — from talks with a fellow who grew up down the street from Ayman Zawahiri — that the anthrax mailings were in retaliation for the rendering and torture of senior jihadist leaders. Now the investigation is closed — with the FBI concluding that Bruce Ivins was responsible. But like you, I think the ACLU and those who defend those who cannot defend themselves are champions — even more important than, for example, the Supreme Court.

    And so I wanted to ask — in clarifying all these documents released by DOJ about Dr. Hamouda’s with Bruce Ivins, the late USAMRIID scientist, using virulent Ames — some basic facts.

    Did you and/or he know Ayman Zawahiri? Agiza? Montasser Al-Zayat? Jaballah? (in Toronto or Cairo) Mahjoub? Marzouk (in British Columbia) Ali Al-Timimi? Bassem Khafagi? Rabih Haddad? Randall (“Ismail”) Royer? Umar Lee? Bilal Philips?

    Thanks so much. I appreciate that the subject is delicate which is why I wanted the very best information. It took me a while to find a non-work email.

    Best regards,

    • DXer said,com_events/tas – [Cached Version]
      Last Visited: 5/9/2007

      Dr. Khaled Abdel-Hamid, President of the St. Louis Chapter of the Council on American-Islamic Relations

      • DXer said

        Did Dr. Abdel-Hamid work with Randall Royer?

        Islam set direction of area man’s life
        By Karen Branch-Brioso

        WASHINGTON – Randall Royer converted to Islam in St. Louis just after the 1992 Rodney King riots in Los Angeles, with racial tensions high nationwide. When the 19-year-old Caucasian kid from Manchester walked into a mosque on the St. Louis University campus, he felt those tensions subside.

        Today, Royer and a similarly diverse group of 10 other Muslim men – most from his mosque in Falls Church, Va. – are now facing charges together that they conspired to fight with militant Islamic groups abroad.


        Royer told the Post-Dispatch that he had done nothing illegal.

        Being militant or outspoken on Muslim issues has been Royer’s way for most of his life as a convert…

        Later, after arguing for a month over God’s existence at all with a new Muslim friend, he gave in as a bird singing in a Manchester park interrupted their conversation.

        But, clearly, it was not. When Royer left St. Louis to study at American University in Washington, he also did office work on the side with the nation’s largest Muslim civil rights group – the Council on American-Islamic Relations – the first of many stints he’d work there over the years.

        • DXer said

          St. Louis native Randall Royer has been variously described as a communications specialist and a civil rights coordinator. Given Dr. Hamid’s commitment to civil rights and his activism for CAIR, did he work with Mr. Royer? In the indictment of Mr. Royer, the meeting with Ali Al-Timimi is described that was central to the indictment.

          The federal indictment, in U.S. vs. Royer, et al.

          Royer and his 10 codefendants are alleged to have:

          * Supported Lashkar-i-Taiba by actions to “provide for, prepare a means for, and take part in” terrorist adventures in Kashmir, as well as in Chechnya, the Philippines, and elsewhere.

          * Carried out acts “[w]ithin the United States, to unlawfully, knowingly, and intentionally enlist and engage with intent to serve in armed hostility against the United States.”

          * Used false passports, as well as pursuing activities to “transport and receive firearms and ammunition in interstate commerce with reason to believe that such firearms and ammunition would be used to commit a felony.”

          These charges are contained in 41 counts and 71 evidentiary items of information, comprising extensive arms acquisition, military training, and recruitment operations, continuing through travel to and violent acts and training in Kashmir, and including clandestine propaganda for terrorism in Kashmir and terrorist training in Bosnia-Hercegovina, among other illegal activities.

          Among the evidentiary items:

          “50. On or about September 11, 2001, Unindicted Conspirator #1 told YONG KI KWON to gather those who possessed firearms for a meeting.

          “51. On or about September 15, 2001, at a meeting at the house of YONG KI KWON in Fairfax, Virginia, Unindicted Conspirator #1 told RANDALL TODD ROYER, KHWAJA MAHMOOD HASAN, MASOUD AHMAD KHAN, MOHAMMED AATIQUE, HAMMAD ABDUR-RAHEEM, and CALIPH BASHA IBN ABDUR-RAHEEM that the time had come for them to go abroad to join the mujahideen engaged in violent jihad in Kashmir, Chechnya, Afghanistan, or Indonesia…

          “53. On or about September 15, 2001, at a meeting at the house of YONG KI KWON in Fairfax, Virginia, Unindicted Conspirator #1 told the conspirators that American troops were legitimate targets of the jihad in which the conspirators had a duty to engage…

          “95. On or about October 15, 2001, during the meeting, Unindicted Conspirator #1 [ALI AL-TIMIMI] provided historical examples from Islamic history justifying attacks on civilians.

          “96. On or about October 15, 2001, during the meeting, Unindicted Conspirator #1 told his listeners that fighting Americans in Afghanistan was a valid jihad for Muslims.

          “97. On or about October 15, 2001, during the meeting, Unindicted Conspirator #1 [ALI AL-TIMIMI] told his listeners that mujahideen killed while fighting Americans in Afghanistan would die as martyrs, or shaheed.”

          An especially disgusting item appears as number 104: “On or about February 1, 2003, in a message celebrating the crash of the Space Shuttle Columbia, Unindicted Conspirator #1 advised his followers that the United States was the greatest enemy of Muslims.”

    • DXer said

      Muslims in U.S. are wary
      By Tim Townsend


      Since June, area Muslims have become increasingly uncomfortable and even fearful not because of overt attacks or threats against them, but because a sequence of incidents have built upon each other to form an intense, low-grade foreboding.

      Beginning with the monthlong Israel-Hezbollah conflict through Pope Benedict XVI’s inflammatory lecture last month, American Muslims say they feel more uneasy in their own country. Local incidents, including the August screening of a controversial anti-terrorism movie and an FBI raid on the home of a Muslim in Columbia, Mo., have heightened the anxiety, according to dozens of St. Louis Muslims interviewed over the last few weeks.

      “Muslims are feeling like the world is closing in on them,” said Orvin T. Kimbrough, executive director of the Interfaith Partnership of Metropolitan St. Louis. “They feel like they’re being targeted.”

      The specter of World War II Japanese-American internment camps makes its way into many conversations these days.

      “We’re faced with same situation as anyone else in this country as we all move forward in this post-9/11 world,” said Ishmael-Lateef Ahmad, a staffer in Rep. Lacy Clay’s office. “Lumping us all together and treating us all as the enemy for many Muslims that’s a real possibility, and we’re trying to wrap our heads around that.”

      Last month, the quarterly meeting of the eastern Missouri U.S. attorneys’ hate crimes task force focused on the concerns of St. Louis Muslims. The meeting was held at Central Reform Congregation in the Central West End.

      At the meeting, Sheila Musaji, editor of the online magazine “The American Muslim,” decried the frequent transposition of the words “Islam” and “Muslim” in the public debate about terrorism in the U.S.

      “When people consistently use ‘Islam’ instead of ‘Muslim,’ as in ‘Islamic fascist,’ it creates the notion that the religion itself is responsible for creating these criminals,” she said.


      “It’s possible that those who want a tougher stance on terrorism and against Muslims have felt election campaigns might benefit from bringing this issue to the forefront,” said Khaled Hamid, a member of the St. Louis chapter of the Council on American-Islamic Relations.


      Early last month, the Interfaith Partnership of Metropolitan St. Louis narrowly averted a community-wide Muslim boycott when it invited Abraham Foxman, national director of the Anti-Defamation League, to speak at its 20th anniversary dinner.

      In mid-September, the FBI raided the home in Columbia, Mo., of a former engineering professor at the University of Missouri at Columbia. The former professor, Shakir Abdul-Kaf Hamoodi, said the agents were interested in his connection to an Islamic charity in Michigan that was also raided the same day. The search of Hamoodi’s home came three days after a community meeting at which area Muslims raised concerns about racial profiling.

      Also early last month, at a town-hall meeting at Daar-ul-Islam with four FBI agents from the bureau’s St. Louis division, about 100 members of the mosque conveyed a sense of wariness and weariness for more than 2 1/2 hours as they launched question after question about telephone wire taps, hate speech on local radio, airport harassment and computer surveillance at the FBI agents.

      Sheikh Mohammad Nur Abdullah, the mosque’s former imam who opened its doors to the FBI in the weeks and months after Sept. 11, 2001, seemed to speak for many in the crowd when he told the agents that after five years of doing all they could as a community to be helpful to the government in its effort to combat terrorism, St. Louis Muslims were growing increasingly frustrated that they were still being treated as suspects in that same effort.

    • DXer said

      St. Louis Post-Dispatch – July 7, 2007

      Muslim doctors here condemn UK attacks

      Dr. Khaled Hamid, an allergist who has offices in St. Charles and Des Peres, said Muslims have felt a backlash before – and now he hopes being a physician won’t be a “double whammy,” of sorts.

      “As a community, we are in pain. As a physician, we are in twice the pain,” said Hamid, who is a board member for the Council on American-Islamic Relations.

      In an interview, Hamid added: “We are tired of being labeled because of a few idiots among us who do these things.” What’s going on in Britain demonstrates that bad people can be found in health care, just like any other job, Hamid said…..

    • DXer said
      Published on: 7/3/2009

      For Dr. Khaled Hamid, a private physician who has volunteered for CAIR in the past, the perception of difference expressed in the Pew Poll and other public misconceptions of Islam are the result of willful deception. He said it would be difficult to comprehensively address this ignorance, which is compounded by emotional reactions to issues of war and terrorism, but began with some disputed terms.

      “The phrase holy war has no root in Islamic culture,” Hamid said. “The word infidels has no root in Islamic culture. These two terms actually evolved and appeared for the first time as Christian terminology during the time of the Crusades and even later amongst fighting factions within Christianity itself.”

      “The Qur’an uses a term for Christians and Jews collectively and it’s not ‘the infidels’ or anything that would translate close to that. It’s ‘the people of the book,’ referring to people who believe in divine revelation that came before the Qur’an was revealed to Prophet Mohammad, peace be upon him.”

      Hamid believes that issues of religion are overplayed in the media.

      “All the evils that we either know for a fact or are sometimes led to believe are done by Muslims, are they done because of the way they fulfill the religion or is it done because of something else?” he asked.

      Hamid cites the American occupation of Iraq and the fact that over a million Palestinians remain in refugee camps as examples, underscoring that injustice must be recognized, but that terrorism can never be condoned.

      “Civilians are definitely protected in the Qur’an. Even fighters at war, once they drop their weapon, you are obliged as a Muslim to protect them. ”

      “That’s the part that is very mysterious for most people in the Western world.”

    • DXer said

      Khaled Hamid explains the principles of “Islam, Violence and War”:

      • War is permitted under Islamic rules, but only for defensive purposes. War of aggression is not permitted in Islam (2:190).
      • If the non-Muslim warring party stops aggression, Muslims have no choice but to stop (2:192, 4:90, 8:61) even if they think it is not in Muslim’s army interest (8:61 and 8:62).
      • The purpose of war is to resist or stop oppression and to fight aggression (2:190, 2:193, 4:75) not to expand territory or to dominate others (28:83) [note: Exalt in this verse means ‘raise in rank and status, or attain supremacy, Uluwan in Arabic]. War is definitely not a mean to force Islam on non-Muslims (2:256, 2:272 [first sentence], 10:99, 16:82).
      • War with another Muslim community is also permitted (for the same purpose stated of fighting oppression and aggression) if that Muslim community engages in oppressing another community, and does not heed the calls for just and fair resolution (49:9)
      • War is permitted in defense of the right and religious freedoms of non-Muslims well as Muslims suffering from oppression (22:39 and 22:40)
      • Revenge for past hatred and hostilities does not justify war and aggression (5:2, 5:8) and Muslims are instructed and advised by God to forgive (43:89, 15:85)
      War is the last resort: Not only does the Quran forbid wars of aggression, but it also very strongly encourages peaceful means to counter aggression and resolve conflicts before war is resorted to (8:61, 23:96, 41:34).

      • DXer said

        Requirement Under Laws Of Jihad Of Warning Before Use of Biochemical Weapons

        “Fight in the cause of Allah those who fight you, but do not transgress limits; for Allah loveth not transgressors… ,” says the Koran (2:190). Post office employee and blind sheik spokesman Abdel Sattar has explained that Mustafa Hamza, who took over from Taha as Islamic Group leader after the Luxor debacle in which in 58 tourists were murdered, was asked how can you explain killing tourists. Mustafa Hamza answered in every moment and action, the group starts off by consulting with the righteous Olama. No action is initiated without fatwas from our trusted Olama — meaning scholars in the plural. In other words, before carrying out an operation, they get a fatwa. He confirmed that fatwas are important because they are authoritative statements by religious leaders declaring what is and is not Islamically permissible. Sattar had a copy of the book written by former Islamic Group leader Taha justifying the attacks that had been committed, to include Luxor. The book had been uploaded at the website maintained by London-based Vanguards of Conquest publicist Al-Sirri.

        The Koran and hadiths provide extensive guidance on the honorable conduct of warfare. One of the leading non-muslim expert on the subject was Princeton’s Bernard Lewis. For years, Princeton University Middle Eastern history Professor Emeritus Bernard Lewis’ writing on the clash between islam and the west would be translated by the Muslim brotherhood and handed out as pamphlets outside of mosques. After the 1998 “Crusaders” statement by Bin Laden and Zawahiri, Lewis wrote a Foreign Affairs article “License to Kill, Usama Bin Ladin’s Declaration of Jihad.” “Obviously, the West must defend itself by whatever means will be effective. But in devising strategies to fight the terrorists, it would surely be useful to understand the forces that drive them.”

        After 9/11, Lewis admonished the Pentagon Defence Policy Board to consider how much worse the devastation could have been on Sept. 11 if the terrorists had used a weapon of mass destruction —such as Iraq was said to possess. In a September 27, 2001, in an Op Ed in the Wall Street Journal, the 87 year-old historian explained the use of biochemical weapons by Al Qaeda: “the laws of jihad categorically preclude wanton and indiscriminate slaughter. The warriors in the holy war are urged not to harm noncombatants, women and children, ‘unless they attack you first.’ Even such questions as missile and chemical warfare are addressed, the first in relation to mangonels and catapults, the other to the use of poison-tipped arrows and poisoning enemy water supplies. Here the jurists differ– some permit, some restrict, some forbid these forms of warfare. A point on which they insist is the need for a clear declaration of war before beginning hostilities, and for proper warning before resuming hostilities after a truce. As Sheik Omar Abdel-Rahman once said in the context of criticizing Sadat’s peace with Israel: “Believers govern according to God’s laws and do not change or replace a single letter or word of them.”

        In an essay “Islam and Terrorism,” Bilal Philips, a key religious mentor of GMU microbiology grad Ali Al-Timimi, explained the principles of islamic jurisprudence of islamic warfare:
        “Islam opposes any form of indiscriminate violence. The Quran states: “Anyone who has killed another except in retaliation, it is as if he has killed the whole of humankind.” [Quran Surah #32 Verse #5] There are strict rules regulating how war may be conducted. Prophet Muhammad forbade the killing of women, children, and old people and the destruction of Churches and Synagogues or farms. Of course, if women, children or the elderly bear arms they may be killed in self-defense.”
        “Defending Islam and the Muslim community is a primary aspect of the physical jihad which involves taking up arms against an enemy. God states in the Quran “Permission to fight has been given to those who have been attacked because they are wronged. And indeed, Allah is Most Powerful.” [Quran Surah #22 Verse #39] and “Fight in the cause of Allah against those who fight against you, but do not transgress the limits. Indeed Allah does not love transgressors.” [Quran Surah #2 Verse #190].

        As Ali Al Timimi once explained: “Modern warfare did not exist during those times when they wrote those classical books of fiqh.” The old principles therefore must be relied upon to guide the issue in new times.

        Spokesman al-Kuwaiti was giving a plain warning in the Fall 2001 threat letter — not disclosed until 2006 — that the green light had been given for US -bio attack (1) from folks that were US-based, (2) above suspicion, and (3) with access to US and UK government and intelligence information. “The Truth about the New Crusade: A Ruling on the Killing of Women and Children of the Non-Believers,” Ramzi bin al-Shibh, argues that “the sanctity of women, children, and the elderly is not absolute” and concludes that “in killing Americans who are ordinarily off limits, Muslims should not exceed four million noncombatants, or render more than ten million of them homeless.” Spokesman Abu Ghaith used the same figure in June 2002 in arguing in favor of the moral right to use biological or chemical weapons.

        A book commemorating the September 11 “raid” was published by Majallat al-Ansar and consisted of four essays. It addresses the importance that any attack comply with the laws of Sharia. “Some people see fit to raise the issue of Islamic principles of warfare. They claim that the raid does not observe those principles and that Sharia errors occurred. Some ‘modern’ legal scholars see the raid as a violation of the Sharia.” The book continued: “Everyone knows that the groups in the traditionalist mujahid movement are more committed than anyone else to Sharia in their actions. After all, their actions can cost them their dearest possession after their faith — their souls.” While purporting not to want to get entangled in a discussion of the legal technicalities, the author then addressed at length why the attack on the World Trade Center.

    • DXer said

      Like Khaled Hamid, Umar Lee is another articulate and lucid Salafist blogger from St. Louis. He is a strong supporter of Ali Al-Timimi and Randall Royer, and their good friend. He was quoted in the Washington Post article that said the FBI had come to suspect Dr. Al-Timimi of having been involved in the anthrax attacks.

      Hardball Tactics in An Era of Threats

      Law enforcement officials would eventually trace the rise of the jihad network to two men: Timimi, the lecturer at Dar al-Arqam, and Randall “Ismail” Royer, a public relations professional.

      Neither started out as religious Muslims.

      Five days after the Sept. 11, 2001, hijackings, Royer and several other young Muslims met Timimi at the Fairfax home of a Dar al-Arqam regular, 25-year-old Yong Ki Kwon, and anxiously asked the lecturer’s opinion of the attacks.

      Timimi urged the men to keep their conversation secret. He suggested that a global war between Muslims and non-Muslims was beginning, according to later testimony. He urged the men to “go be with the mujaheddin anywhere in the world,” as Royer would recall. According to three men at the dinner, Timimi urged them to defend the Taliban against an imminent U.S. attack; Timimi and two others denied that.

      Four of the men promptly set out for a Lashkar camp, using Royer’s contacts. The men were hoping to get weapons training, Kwon later testified, to defend their “brothers and sisters in Afghanistan.”

      The young men who once dreamed of bravely fighting distant enemies now had widened their idea of jihad: Some were prepared to fight U.S. soldiers, according to court testimony.

      But their plans soon fell apart. With the Taliban crumbling, Timimi’s followers gave up after a few weeks and left the Pakistani camp. On their way out, two said, they saw Chandia at a Lashkar office.

      Agents Take No Chances

      In late 2002, the FBI’s Washington field office received two similar tips from local Muslims: Timimi was running “an Islamic group known as the Dar al-Arqam” that had “conducted military-style training,” FBI special agent John Wyman would later write in an affidavit.

      Wyman and another agent, Wade Ammerman, pounced on the tips. Searching the Internet, they found a speech by Timimi celebrating the crash of the space shuttle Columbia in 2003, according to the affidavit. The agents also found that Timimi was in contact with Sheikh Safar al-Hawali, a Saudi whose anti-Western speeches in the early 1990s had helped inspire bin Laden.

      The agents reached an alarming conclusion: “Timimi is an Islamist supporter of Bin Laden” who was leading a group “training for jihad,” the agent wrote in the affidavit. The FBI even came to speculate that Timimi, a doctoral candidate pursuing cancer gene research, might have been involved in the anthrax attacks.

      On a frigid day in February 2003, the FBI searched Timimi’s brick townhouse on Meadow Field Court, a cul-de-sac near Fair Oaks Mall in Fairfax. Among the items they were seeking, according to court testimony: material on weapons of mass destruction.”

      The same day they searched his residence 100 agents came here and simultaneously interviewed 150 people.

      Mr. Lee has explained that in the 1990s “the most dynamic part of the salafi movement in the DC-area were the students Sheikh Ali al-Timimi. In the DC area, who in the 1990’s co-founded a very small with a small office in DC for an organization called the Society for the Adherence to the Sunnah. In 1994, cooperation with Al-Timimi’s Society for the Adherence to the Sunnah, Washington, D.C., IANA held its first annual summer camp in English in early July, close to Baltimore, MD. The theme of the camp is, “Living the Shahadah in America.”

      The month before they searched Ali’s townhouse, they questioned Mr. Lee. Police arrested Mr. Lee, an American-born Muslim in St. Louis, in mid-February 2003 on an unrelated charge and questioned him about whether he was planning any attacks against the U.S. government. Bret Darren Lee, whose Muslim name is Umar ben-Livan (and for simplicity he shortens it to “Umar Lee”, said Monday that he was stunned by the questions asked by the FBI agents: “I just looked at them. I didn’t think they’d asked me anything worth responding to.” Mr. Lee said he was sleeping in his apartment about 5 a.m. Sunday when he was woken by loud knocking on his door. But rather than a Muslim neighbor waking him for prayers, it was several police officers with weapons drawn. They put Lee up against a wall and asked whether he had any weapons in the apartment. The National Rifle Association sticker affixed to the apartment’s front door was a cheap version of an alarm system. While he was down at the station house, the FBI agents spent a half-hour questioning his wife about whether he was a terrorist and his thoughts about the Taliban. Author Milton Viorst, the father of a boy who knew Al-Timimi as young teen, wrote: “Dozens of his talks are available on the Internet in text and in audio format. They contain little about Arab concerns with the Arab-Israeli wars, the rivalries between the Arab states, the problems faced by Muslims living in the West, or even the war in Iraq. Rather, they reveal a man who reflects deeply on the Islamic vision of Judgment day, prophecy, the nature of the divine, and fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence) — subjects with which he grappled in Medina and in his private reading.” Al Timimi’s lectures (in English after Arabic opening) include “The Negative Portrayal Of Islam In the Media,” “Signs Before the Day of Judgment,” “Advice to the UK Salafis” and “Crusade Complex: Western Perceptions of Islam.”

    • DXer said

      Ali Al-Timimi’s defense counsel has told the federal district court that his client was an “anthrax weapons suspect.”

      The papers of Bassem Khafagi were found in his residence when it was searched in late February 2003.

      The Council on American-Islamic Relations (CAIR) is headquartered in Washington. CAIR positions itself as an advocate for Muslims’ civil rights and the spokesman for American Muslims. Bassem Khafagi, an Egyptian native and CAIR’s onetime community relations director. Dr. Khafagi pleaded guilty to minor charges in September 2003 for which he was deported. Ann Arbor resident Dr. Khafagi was a founding member and president of the Islamic Assembly of North America (IANA). IANA under Khafagi was in the business of, as prosecutors stated in Idaho court papers, disseminating “radical Islamic ideology, the purpose of which was indoctrination, recruitment of members, and the instigation of acts of violence and terrorism.”[36] Its leading writer was the founder of the Egyptian Islamic Jihad; its leading speaker was Ali Al-Timimi who shared a suite with leading anthrax scientist Ken Alibek and former deputy USAMRIID Commander Charles Bailey.

      For example, IANA websites promoted the views of two Saudi preachers, Salman al-Awdah and Safar al-Hawali, well-known in Islamist circles for having been spiritual advisors to Osama bin Laden. Under Dr. Khafagi’s leadership, IANA hosted a conference at which a senior Al-Qaeda recruiter, Abdelrahman al-Dosari, was a speaker. IANA disseminated publications advocating suicide attacks against the United States, according to federal investigators.

      Also, Khafagi was co-owner of a Sir Speedy printing franchise until 1998 with Rafil Dhafir, who was a former vice president of IANA and a Syracuse-area oncologist convicted in February 2005 of illegally sending money to Iraq during the Saddam Hussein regime as well as defrauding donors by using contributions to his “Help the Needy” charitable fund to avoid taxes and to purchase personal assets for himself. Dhafir was sentenced to twenty-two years in prison.

      Ann Arbor resident Rabih Haddad was arrested in December 2001 on terrorism-related charges and deported from the United States due to his subsequent work as executive director of the Global Relief Foundation, a charity he cofounded[41] which was designated by the U.S. Treasury Department in October 2002 for financing Al-Qaeda and other terrorist organizations.[42]

      Did Khaled Hamid know Bassem Khafagi and Rabih Haddad well given he lived in Michigan and has been active in CAIR.

      Did his childhood and lifelong friend, Tarek Hamouda, who researched virulent Ames alongside Bruce Ivins in a BL-3 laboratory, know Bassem Khafagi and Rabih Haddad well?

      • DXer said

        Ali Al-Timimi’s defense counsel told the federal district court judge that Anwar Aulaqi was central to the allegations against his client. He was a fellow Falls Church imam with Dr. Al-Timimi.

        US-born cleric Awlaki ‘proud’ to have taught al Qaeda operatives
        By BILL ROGGIOApril 27, 2010 4:12 PM

        An American-born Muslim cleric who is a senior member of al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula has admitted to training two terrorists who carried out attacks against the US over the past six months.

        Anwar al Awlaki, an American citizen who is based in Yemen and serves as al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula’s mufti, said he was “proud” to have trained Major Nidal Hasan, the US Army doctor who murdered 13 soldiers at a deployment center at Fort Hood, Texas, and Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab, the Nigerian who failed to detonate a bomb on an airliner over Detroit on Christmas Day.

        “I am proud to have been their teacher,” Awlaki said in a videotape aired today by Al Jazeera.

        Anwar al Awlaki’s long-standing ties to jihad


        Awlaki also served as the spiritual advisor to Sept. 11 hijackers Nawaf al Hazmi and Khalid Almihdhar, while a third hijacker, Hani Hanjour, is known to have attended his sermons. Awlaki’s phone number was found at the home of Ramzi Binalshibh, one of the masterminds and key facilitators of the Sept. 11 attacks.

        In late 2002, Awlaki fled the US and went to Britain, where he is known to have preached at the Masjid at Tawhid mosque in London. While there, he encouraged Muslims to seek martyrdom in the cause of jihad.

        In 2004, Awlaki and his family left London to live in Shabwa province in Yemen. Awlaki again went to work for Zindani, this time by giving lectures at Iman University, a known breeding ground for Islamist terrorists.

        Awlaki has become a prominent cyber-jihadist. Combining his ability to communicate in English with his charisma with young, radical Muslims and his presence on the Web, Awlaki has developed a large following. He gives numerous lectures and speeches via the Internet and teleconferences. US law enforcement agencies and intelligence services consider Awlaki to be a prime recruiter for al Qaeda as well as a provider of the needed religious justifications, or fatwas, for jihadis to carry out attacks.

        Awlaki reemerged as a major jihadist figure in the West in the fall of 2009 after it was discovered that he had been in direct email communication with Major Nidal Hasan before the latter killed 13 US soldiers and civilians at a staging center for troops deploying overseas. While Awlaki had originally denied radicalizing Hasan, his emails, which he provided to Al Jazeera, show that he provided the religious justification for Hasan to conduct the attacks.

        In March 2010, Awlaki released an audiotape praising Hasan and Abdulmutallab’s attacks on the US. He also admitted that he is now at war with the US.

      • DXer said

        CAIR has previously clarified/corrected descriptions of three individuals. The CAIR account can be credited. For example, it is error, the group points out, to say Rabih Haddad was a “CAIR fundraiser.”

        In January 2004, Royer pled guilty to weapons charges. He did not plead guilty to any charge of “terrorism.” Any criminal action to which he pleaded guilty was done when Royer was no longer employed with CAIR and it was certainly not at CAIR’s direction.

        El-Khafagi was never an employee of CAIR and was never convicted on terrorism charges. According to the Associated Press (AP) announcing his plea, federal officials stated that he was charged with bad checks in February and June of 2001. El-Khafagi was an independent contractor for CAIR, effective November 2, 2001. The actions of which he was accused occurred before any relationship with CAIR had commenced and without andy knowledge by CAIR’s of any wrongdoing on his part. Writing bad checks is a criminal offense, not terrorism. Surely if there had been strong evidence of terrorist activities, the Justice Department would have vigorously pursued those avenues and not allowed him to plead guilty to non-terrorism related charges.

        Haddad was never an employee of CAIR, was “deported for overstaying his tourist visa” and was “never charged with a crime.” He was never an employee or associate of CAIR. His only association with CAIR was a speaker at a single CAIR chapter event. He was not a “CAIR fundraiser,” as is sometimes claimed.

    • DXer said

      After Ayman and Atef, among senior Egyptian islamists, which of these contemporaries of Dr. Hamid and Dr. Hamouda from Cairo over a quarter century has greater culpability in the anthrax mailings?

      A. Shehata

      B. Saif Adel

      C. Taha

      D. Hamza

      E. Al-Sirri

      F. Al-Zayat / Mamdouh Ismail

      G. Habib / Sultan

      H. Mahjoub

      I. Jaballah

      J. Islambouli

      K. Dr. Al-Sharif

      L.. None of the above

      M. All of the above.

      N. Some combination of the above.

      O. Who the heck are these people?

      Thirwat Shehata, according to a “Most Wanted” listed posted by the Egyptian State Information website, faces two death sentences in Egypt. According to the information posted by the Egyptian government, Shehata went to Afghanistan in 1995 with Zawahiri and Bin Laden, where he was put in charge of EIJ’s “security committee which provides logistics to the military wing, the special operations, and the individuals involved in terror attacks. He is a key figure in Bin Laden’s organization.” Thirwat Shehata had been one of the ones to go to Russia and get Ayman and Mabruk out of jail. Born in 1960, Shehata briefly took over for Ayman as head of EIJ. He, in another life, was Montasser al Zayat’s law partner. Al-Zayat was the Cairo lawyer who announced Zawahiri’s plan to use anthrax against US targets. Shehata was a member of the 9-member shura council of the Egyptian Islamic Jihad. The Canadian Security Intelligence Service notes that within the ruling council, he was “head of the Security Committee and in charge of collecting intelligence on Egypt’s leading civilian and military figures and on Egyptian interests abroad.” The CSIS has noted that he “also oversaw counter-espionage and organized logistical support for [EIJ] militants and sympathizers in Egypt.” Shehata maintained regular contact with Mahmoud Jaballah in Canada. His wife is Jaballah’s sister. The CSIS alleges that “Jaballah provided Shehata with regular updates on his activities in Canada, as well as financial support.” In December 1997 and throughout 1997, Al Sibai in London relayed information between Shehata and Jaballah. The London islamist al-Sibai assisted in coordinating financial collection efforts to help get Mabruk out of jail in Dagestan. Al Sibai, according to reports, like Shehata, was an EIJ shura member. The Canadian Security Intelligence Service alleges that Shehata left Azerbaijan on or about August 8, 1998. According to some reports, he has been in Iran in recent years.

      The London-based Vanguards of Conquest spokesman Yasir Al-Sirri was alleged by the US to have financed the public relations efforts of the Blind Sheik’s Lynne Stewart and US Postal employee Ahmed Abdel Sattar. In an April 2002 indictment, the United States alleged that the Egyptian Islamic Group has an active membership in the United States, concentrated in the New York City metropolitan area. Al-Sirri certainly might have been acutely affected by the detention of other London EIJ cell members in the late 1990s.

      An equally good guess, however, is Mohammed Islambouli, Sadat’s assassin’s brother: Islambouli was in a cell with KSM planning attacks on the United States using aircraft and other means. Zawahiri recently revealed him to be the leader of the IG members who have joined Al Qaeda. He was head of the blind sheik’s Makhtab Khidmat al-Mujahiden in Peshawar (which had a branch in Brooklyn). The blind sheik stayed with him when he visited Peshawar in 1990. There are the strong pointers to the Sadat assassination. In a December 4, 1998 Presidential Daily Brief to President Clinton, the CIA noted that it was expected that Mohammed Islambouli the brother of Sadat’s assassin, was expected to travel to the United States to meet with other Egyptian Islamic Group members to discuss options regarding planned attacks on the United States. The planned attacks included attacks involving the hijacking of aircraft in an attempt to free the blind sheik Abdel-Rahman and an imprisoned dissident Saudi sheik who was allied with Bin Laden. Islambouli had headed Khidmat Services in Peshawar and an Al Qaeda training camp. Washington Times reporter and author Bill Gertz reports in the book Breakdown that in 1996, KSM was in a cell with Islambouli in Qatar, where they were given safe harbor by a high level minister of religious affairs. Bin Laden visited Doha, Qatar in 1994 and again sometime within the next couple years. The 1994 Qatar trip, according to the Egyptian weekly, Al-Ahram, involved a meeting between Zawahiri, bin Laden, Islambouli and Mustafa Hamza. In the Amerithrax investigation, the FBI should have given priority to establishing who the man expected to be sent by Mohammed Islambouli, met with when he traveled to the United States. According to Egyptian intelligence officials, Islambouli himself reportedly had two Egyptian passports, a Qatari passport and an Algerian passport in the name Mahmoud Youssef.

      But certainly there are other persons of interest. EIJ founder Kamal Habib and former EIJ member Gamal Sultan had the strong connection with the US-based IANA and Ali Al-Timimi. Kamal Habib knew Ayman well and was in the middle of the attempt to have political parties formed in the Spring of 1999.

      Saif Adel was on Tenet’s list of those involved in CBRN. Saif Adel, taking his comments about the December 1996 mailings to newspapers in New York and DC at face value, might not want to be involved in any operation that seemed mere “flirtation.” At the time, he seemed to hint that Egyptian Islamic Group, rather than EIJ, was responsible for the al Hayat letter bombs to newspapers in DC and NYC and people in symbolic positions.

      Taha and Hamza both have a strong Sattar/Blind Sheik connection. Hamza is in Egyptian custody. Hamza became head of the Gama’a al-Islamiya group’s shura council in 1998 after an internal split over responsibility for the Luxor massacre of 1997. Iran reportedly handed him over to Egypt as part of trade for information an an exile group living in Egypt. Mustafa Hamza and Jihad leader Ahmed Salama Mabruk had graduated from the same Cairo University class. (Mabruk was the former EIJ military commander who had been Ayman Zawahiri’s confidante and who had known about Ayman’s plan to weaponize anthrax upon Mabruk’s capture in Baku, Azerbaijan in 1998.) Jailed after Sadat’s assassination, after his release from prison, Hamza went to Afghanistan, from where he paid frequent visits to other countries such as Pakistan, Sudan and Iran.

      Rifa’i Taha Musa (Taha) favored a return to armed operations. Taha sets forth his views in an article published in the May 1997 issue off Nida’ul Islam magazine titled “The Islamic State in Egypt is Approaching.” Taha in early 2001 published a book in which he attempted to justify terrorist attacks that would cause mass casualties. Like Mustafa, he was in close telephone contact with Sattar, who in an indictment announced in April 2002 was described as a “surrogate” for the blind sheik. In her webblog, former blind sheik attorney Lynne Stewart says U.S. Postal employee Sattar came to favor Taha’s view. When the blind sheik’s’ US attorney, radical Lynne Stewart, announced in a press release in mid-June 2000 that Abdel-Rahman was withdrawing his support for the cease-fire, Taha said: “Stopping operations [attacks] is a human decision that can be canceled if a majority of the Gama’a finds this to be in its interest, especially after the sheikh’s latest instructions, in which he withdrew his support for the initiative.” Taha argued that militant groups were never given the opportunity to become political parties. “I have repeatedly said the government will never allow the Islamist trend to play an effective political role through recognised parties.” “It will not let anyone else share in the power game.” He continued: “When the Gama’a announced a halt of armed operations, it did not say it would give up its opposition of the Egyptian government. In my view, the only way for the Islamist movement to achieve victory is for Islamist factions to unite and mobilize the Egyptian people, led by the army, clerics and university professors, in a revolution that should not stop until the regime is overthrown.” In December 1999, the Associated Press reported that Taha threatened in an e-mail published by the Arabic-language newspaper Asharq Al-Awsat “The Egyptian government commits a grave mistake if it believes that the Luxor operation is unrepeatable.” Taha had grown closer to Bin Laden and Zawahiri while in Afghanistan in the 1990s and also had a close connection to the Taliban. In Fall 2001, Ayman had sent him with several others to form Ansar Al-Islam in Kurdish controlled territory of Iraq. He lived for a time in a suburb of Tehran. Taha was rendered to Egypt while in transit through Syria in 2001, at which time Taha’s wife and children lived with Hamza’s family in Mashhad, Iran.

      Al-Zayat / Mamdouh Ismail have an Al-Nashar connection. Al-Zayat explained at the time that the blind sheik’s US attorney Lynne Stewart announced he had withdrawn his support for the cease-fire, Abdel-Rahman’s statement should be viewed merely as a request for the Gama’a to “reevaluate” its decision of maintaining a unilateral cease-fire with the government. He said it was a personal message sent to him via e-mail to be delivered to the Gama’a’s imprisoned leaders. (There is no disputing, however, that his US attorney issued a press release and the blind sheik later instructed that he did not want anyone denying that he had issued the press release). While Zawahiri has suggested that Montasser Al-Zayat has too cozy a relationship with Egyptian security services, explaining his access to imprisoned IG leaders, someone else knowledgeable about the movement assures me that is not true. In his letter, Abdel-Rahman criticized the Egyptian government for maintaining its policy of putting Islamist militants on trial before military courts, conducting mass arrests and imposing death sentences against them. Al-Zayat argued that it was in light of these charges that Abdel-Rahman called on the group’s leaders to “reevaluate the policies of the Gama’a.” Al-Zayyat urged that the Blind Sheik’s position was only that the group assess the “positions that best serve the interests of the group.” Al-Zayyat said that Gama’a leaders imprisoned inside Egypt had responded to Abdel-Rahman’s letter by a letter of their own in which they asked him to clarify his position on the cease-fire in order to clear up the controversy. The blind sheik’s son called Sattar and urged the same so as to smooth things over. In a letter to Abdel-Rahman, the jailed shura members informed him that the government had halted extra-judicial killings, mass arrests and military trials and that it had released some 2,500 militants. Al-Zayat basically was in the role of the great negotiator, announcing his prediction that weaponized anthrax would be used against targets in the US because of the detention of senior Egyptian militants, while at the same time, negotiating the release of many hundreds of those militants. The anthrax appears to have served its purpose while the FBI seemed fixated on panty raids and anthrax smelling bloodhounds.

      Al-Zayat’s partner in attempting to form a political party, fellow islamist attorney Mamdouh Ismail, was arrested in late March 2007 and alleged to be the chief conduit between Ayman Zawahiri and jihadists in Egypt, Iraq and Egypt. The government alleges he took his instructions, in part, from intermediary al-Sibai based in London. Both he and al-Zayat had worked closely with fellow attorney Shehata, head of the EIJ civilian branch in charge of special operations.

      Mahmoud Mahjoub was second in command of the Vanguards of Conquest, after Agiza (who later was succeeded by Zawahiri). Mahjoub worked at the Alternar Almubarakah Agricultural Company as Deputy Director General and Supervisor in the agricultural project at Damazin, Sudan, starting February 1992 until May 1993. A letter confirming the employment was provided by Mamdouh Mahmoud Salim has been described in government documents as a manager of finances for Bin Laden and an intermediary in the group’s efforts to buy arms and material for nuclear weapons. He had met with Bin Laden for about 1-2 hours in interviewing for the job. Bin Laden told him to take a week to study the project. At the end of the week, Mahjoub met with the General Manager of Bin Laden’s company and accepted the position. He reports he met with Bin Laden only on three occasions during his employment. He decided to leave the job because he was offended that people with a lower job title and level of responsibility were being paid more. In the late 1990s, authorities kept Mahjoub under surveillance. In December 1998, he looked over his shoulder three times for no apparent reason before making a call. In January 2000, Mahjoub’s associate asked Mahjoub whether he had any news and Mahjoub said he wanted to talk face to face. His associate asked whether Mahjoub was referring to the civil or the military “Moukhabarat.” Mahjoub replied, “both.”

      Mahjoub had lived with Khadr’s in-laws for 3 weeks when he first arrived in Canada — which was before he met his wife. Both his wife and Jaballah’s wife were close to Khadr’s in-laws, the Elsamnahs. Jaballah said his wife visited them often. When Mahjoub was arrested, he had the telephone and address “Abu Ahmed 289-2361”, the telephone number associated with Jaballah. Mahjoub had initially denied knowing Essam Hafez Marzouk but his address was found in Mahjoub’s belongings and he eventually admitted knowing him. Telephone records reportedly show several calls in 1997 and 1998 between Mahjoub’s home number and Marzouk. Marzouk was involved in the planning of the 1998 embassy bombings. Marzouk was a veteran of the Soviet war in Afghanistan, where had fought alongside bin Laden. Stationery from Marzouk’s British Columbia “U-Enterprises” turned up in Kabul. In 1997 to fight against the Serbs in Kosovo. Marzouk was arrested in Azerbaijan in August 1998 and handed over to Egyptian authorities. Former Silicon Valley car salesman Dahab and former US Army Sergeant Ali Mohammed went to get Marzouk out of jail when he was stopped trying to cross the border into the US. By the time the anthrax planning got underway in earnest, Mahjoub had been detained.

      After coming to Canada in 1996, Mahmoud Jaballah, was in regular contact with al Zawahiri. He would call Zawahiri on the latter’s Inmarsat satellite phone.” Jaballah’s conversations were recorded. He referred to Ayman as “the father.” Jaballah was a communications hub re planning the 1998 embassy bombings.

      In Peshawar, another doctor from University of Cairo Medical School was the leader of Egyptian Islamic Jihad before Zawahiri — although he argues he was merely providing shariah guidance. Al-Sharif became furious at Zawahiri over editing of a book he wrote and they parted company. He settled in Yemen and was detained in Yemen for 3 years after 9/11 before being transferred to a prison in Cairo. Dr. Sharif now condemns terrorism against innocents. Al-Sharif criticizes the hijackers of 9/11 on the grounds that they “betrayed the enemy,” because the visas to the U.S. they received were a kind of contract of protection. The followers of bin Laden entered the United States with his knowledge, and on his orders double-crossed its population, killing and destroying. The Prophet — God’s prayer and peace be upon him — said, ‘On the Day of Judgment, every double-crosser will have a banner up his anus proportionate to his treachery.’ For 7 years now, the FBI and CIA’s focus should have been on figuring out how an associate of one or more of these men gained access to virulent Ames.

  26. DXer said

    Given the importance of knowing your enemy, it is important to walk in his shoes and come to know the man. It’s part of what is known as “Red Teaming.” Tenet in his memoirs said that after 9/11, they set up a small team of analysts — he wanted them not to think just “out of the box.” He wanted them to do their thinking from an entirely different zip code. It was called the “red cell.”

    Al-Zawahiri’s family has its roots in a small town in Saudi Arabia “where the first battle between Prophet Muhammad and the infidels was fought and won by the Prophet.” With 9/11 and the anthrax mailings, he essentially is seeking to recreate the taking of Mecca by a small band. Al-Zawahiri’s great grandfather came to the Nile Delta in the 1860s to a city where there is a mosque that still bears his name. His grandfather on his mother’s side was president of Cairo University and the Egyptian ambassador to Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, and Yemen. His grandfather was known for being pious and nicknamed “the devout ambassador.” Two of Ayman’s sisters are on the faculty at Cairo University Medical School. His sister Heba is a professor of pharmacology who researches antimicrobials. His uncle was the Dean of Cairo’s medical school at one point. His father, who passed away in 1995, was Professor of Pharmacy. Including in-laws, he has 40 doctors of various sorts in his family.

    Born June 1, 1951, he grew up in Cairo’s Al-Ma’adi neighborhood. He graduated cum laude from Cairo University’s medical school in 1974 with an MD degree. He received a master’s degree in surgery in 1978 and was married the next year to Izzat Ahmad Nuwair who had graduated with a degree in philosophy from Cairo University. His wife and children were killed in a bombing raid in Afghanistan and an obituary mourning their loss appeared in Cairo. He has a younger
    brother Hassan, an engineer, and had an older brother Muhammad. (Muhammad was in Al Qaeda until being extradited to Egypt pursuant to a death sentence imposed in the “Albanian returnees” case; Hassan was once extradited but released). Without his family, Zawahiri is a fanatic guided only by his faith and his literal interpretation of a book written many years ago that he memorized as a child.

    Al Qaeda’s spymaster al-Hakaymah wrote “The History of the Jihadist Movements in Egypt.” When asked why Al-Zawahiri started his group, he explained that Al Zawahiri thought of Sayyid Qutb as a coroner who dissects a body with a high degree of professionalism and talent that suits someone who knows it inside out. In his youth, Zawahiri was influenced by Sayyid Qutb, one of the spiritual leaders of Islamic religious groups. After a two year stay in the United States where Qutb gained a contempt for American culture, the secular writer Qutb returned to his religious roots and wrote extensively supporting violence against Christians and Jews, and even muslim leaders deemed infidel. The introduction of Milestones linked at IANA’s Islamway website states: “I have written Milestones for this vanguard, which I consider to be a waiting reality about to be materialized.” Zawahiri traces the origin of the modern islamist movement to the hanging of Qutb in 1966. (It was Sayyid Qutb’s brother, Muhammad, who supervised the research of the masters thesis of Saudi dissident sheik Safar Al-Hawali.

    Ayman and his young colleagues would go to the Al-Kikhya mosque in Abidin area in Cairo and read books from the Salafist library at the mosque, such as books by Ibn Taymiyah, whose religious rulings greatly influenced him. The group felt ashamed by Egypt’s defeat in the 1967 war with Israel and attributed the defeat to Egypt’s failure to follow Shariah rule.

    George Mason University microbiology grad student Al-Timimi years later would invoke both Sayyid Qutb and Ibn Taymiyah in an eloquent speech upon his indictment for sedition. Mohammad Qutb spoke alongside GMU microbiology graduate Al-Timimi at the 1993 conference along with the blind sheik’s son Mohammad Abdel-Rahman (from Afghanistan). Former EIJ member and current Cairo activist Gamal Sultan was also a speaker. Al-Hawali was Al-Timimi’s religious mentor at university.

    In 1968, Zawahiri’s group in high school brought together Nabil al-Bura’i, Ismail Tantawi, Sayyid Imam and others. They were all in the last year of high school in the Cairo suburb of Maadi. Sayyid Imam, who issued revisions in November 2007, was thought to be more charismatic than Ayman, who tended to be shy.

    Zawahiri later would form a military wing under the guidance of Al-Qamari, an Egyptian army officer. Zawahiri formed his first cell from students at Maadi High school and other schools. By 1974, the year he graduated from medical school, it had 40 members. Ayman deemed infiltrating the military the most effective and least costly means of seizing power. Known for their extreme secrecy, the group avoided growing beards like most Islamists and were thus known as “the shaven beards.” Ayman’s friend Kamal Habib, who later would contribute to the quarterly journal of the Ann Arbor-based Islamic Assembly of North America, explained to CNN through a translator: “We thought at the time that the goal to apply the laws of Islam can’t be achieved with ways other than violence.” It would remain Zawahiri’s tactic to recruit members of the Egyptian army because of their training and expertise. After graduating medical school in 1974, he served three years as a surgeon in the Egyptian Army, at a base outside Cairo, before establishing a clinic at the same duplex he shared with his parents. He got his masters in surgery in 1978 based on book learning, according to his mentor Sayyid Imam. At a Saudi clinic, Sayyid Imam reports that he needed to cover for Ayman’s lack of clinical experience.

    During the 1975-1979 period, radical but not revolutionary study groups spread quickly through the Cairo, Ayn Shams and al-Azhar universities and elsewhere. Al-Jihad began as such a student organization. The student groups were one of the main targets of Sadat’s crackdown in 1979. Hundreds were arrested and their campus groups dissolved. The revolutionary ideas of Qutb influenced these student groups, which were known as jam’iyat. Courses of study in Egyptian universities are narrow, preventing many from acquiring a liberal education as they acquired technical skills. Thus, many fundamentalists are highly educated in technical fields but do not have a broader educational background. Life as a student in Egypt is hard and job prospects are poor. In the late 1970s, an estimated 85% of al-Jihad’s members were students.

    At Cairo Medical School, while a postgraduate, Ayman spoke fervently to members of Islamic Group, which operated openly within the school and had great influence among the students. A former student there, Tawfiq Hamid, explains that Jamaah Islamiyah, then approved by both the Egyptian government and the university, was not classified as a terrorist organization until a few years later. The group “built a small prayer room in our medical school that later developed into a mosque with an associated library.” He reports that “The mosque was behind the physiology and biochemistry departments, and members of Jamaah came there daily before science classes to lecture us on Islam. They warned us about the punishments awaiting us after death if we did not follow Islam strictly and were effective in advancing Islamism among many of the students, including me. He continued: “Our fear of being punished after death was exacerbated by our work in the cadaver room, where we dissected dead bodies. Seeing death regularly during anatomy and physiology courses made us feel that the life of this world was meaningless compared to ‘real’ life after death.”

    One of Dr. Hamid’s medical schoolmates and childhood friends was Tarek Hamouda, who Bruce Ivins supplied virulent Ames for a DARPA project on nanoemulsions. Dr. Hamouda was in the same class as Dr. Hamid’s older brother, and they graduated in December 1982. But Hamouda as a child would go with both Hamid brothers to the comic store when he visited Khartoum, Sudan, where his mother was an accounting professor. The older brother, Khaled Hamid, an MD in St. Louis who has an interfaith column in the St. Louis Dispatch, will now not talk with his brother given his consultation with US government agencies. Dr. Khaled Hamid has lived in Michigan and Toronto and British Columbia. When Dr. “Tawfik” Hamid called Dr. Hamouda once from abroad to ask him about patents (before 911), Dr. Hamouda said it was all in the marketing. The first name “Tawfik” is an alias used for security reasons — but this man has the courage to state the truth and urge nonviolence.

    Dr. Hamid met Zawahiri, “Dr. Ayman” as he was known, at an afternoon prayer session. He was one of the fiercest speakers he had ever heard. Ayman fervently condemned the West for the freedom of its women. Ayman, Dr. Hamid explains, was exceptionally bright, one of the top postgraduate students in the medical school. When they met him, Zawahiri greeted him warmly through his coke bottle glasses.

    Dr. Hamid explains that one of Ayman’s achievements was to personalize jihad—that is, to have transformed it from a responsibility of the Umma, the Islamic collective, to an individual duty of Muslims. Within several months of meeting Dr. Ayman, he was invited to travel to Afghanistan to join other young Muslims in training for jihad. It was fairly common, he said, to be recruited after the end of Friday prayers. Dr. Hamid explains: “We viewed both the Soviets and the Americans as enemies.”
    “The Soviets were considered infidels because they did not believe in the existence of God, while the Americans did not follow Islam. Although we planned to fight the Soviets first, our ultimate objective was to destroy the United States—the greatest symbol of the infidel’s freedom. ” Prophet Mohammed served as their role model. The harshest edicts of the koranic verses were to be followed and criticism of those verses was punishable by death. Dr. Hamid explains: “I passed through three psychological stages to reach this level of comfort with death: hatred of non-Muslims or dissenting Muslims, suppression of my conscience, and acceptance of violence in the service of Allah.”

    In 1979, while working at a Muslim Brotherhood clinic, Al-Zawahiri was asked if he wanted to go to Afghanistan and he jumped at the opportunity. Even then, Afghanistan represented a possible secure base from which to wage jihad. He would later write: “It is as if 100 years were added to my life when I came to Afghanistan.” He spent 4 months in Peshawar, Pakistan.

    Three hundred al-Jihad activists were arrested after Sadat’s assassination. Almost all of those arrested were between the ages of 20 and 28. Most were medical, law or pharmacy students at either the Universities of Asyut or al-Minya. Of those prosecuted for Sadat’s assassination, five were sentenced to life, twelve were given long prison terms and two were acquitted, including the blind sheik, who had purported to authorize the assassination on the basis of Islamic doctrine. According to Professor Fawwaz Gerges, who conducted extensive interviews with Mr. Habib, IANA writer Kamal Habib played a key operational role in the assassination of Anwar Sadat.

    Zawahiri was imprisoned for a few years after Sadat’s assassination in 1981 and allegedly tortured. Attorney Al-Zayat maintains that after his arrest in connection with the murder of President Sadat, Al-Zawahiri was tortured by the Egyptian police, and disclosed where his close riend and ally Al-Qamari was hiding. Zawahiri has burned with bitterness over the humiliation ever since. In the long run, torture merely tends to lead to more terrorism. “They don’t seem to understand the cult of pain they’re creating,” al-Zayat has said. After being released from prison in 1984, he went to Saudi Arabia in 1986, returning to Pakistan by the next year.

    One co-defendant who said of him: “While in prison, I used to meet him in court during the trial sessions. He is a very calm person and polite and has more of a strategic thought than being an intellectual or the owner of jurisprudence interpretations or even a student in search of knowledge.” Attorney al-Zayyat, who was in prison for three years along with Ayman, had a similar view. Even back then, Zawahiri placed great weight on the religious authority of the blind sheikh, Abdel-Rahman.

    A powerful 5 minute excerpt from the PBS/Frontline, “Looking for Answers” shows Zawahiri delivering an impassioned speech (in English) from jail. His statement sheds light on the motive underlying the anthrax mailings (and the reason the two dates of mailing were chosen). The choice of targets related to US appropriations to Egypt and Israel, the extradition or “rendering” of Egyptian Islamic Jihad members pursuant to the “Leahy Law,” retaliation for the detention and alleged mistreatment of the Blind Sheikh and others, and what Ayman views as “lies” about these issues in the media. The two mailing dates were (1) the signing of the agreement between Egypt and Israel and (2) the assassination of Sadat for signing the agreement. The choice of mailing dates was not surprising when one realizes that the subject of the December 4, 1998 Presidential Daily Brief to President Clinton was Islambouli, the brother of Sadat’s assassin. The PDB described the plan to attack the US using aircraft and other means. Islambouli was part of a cell with Khalid Mohammed who not only led the “planes operation,” but would come to lead the effort to attack the US with weaponized anthrax upon Atef’s death in November 2001.

    Al-Zayyat writes of Ayman:
    “I visited him in the Ibn al-Nafees hospital, where he was working in Jeddah. He looked very sorrowful. The scars left on his body from indescribable torture he suffered caused him no more pain, but his heart still ached from it.”
    “The torture he suffered was not proportionate to his comparatively minor role in the assassination of Sadat. The authorities were particularly harsh with him not because of his deeds, but because of his connections. They discovered after arresting him that he was in contact with a number of officers from the Egyptian Armed Forces. These included the martyr ‘Esam al-Qamari, an Armed Forces officer. Qamari fled from the army when, in March 1981, the authorities discovered his Islamist orientations.

    Al-Zayyat continues:
    “Despite all that he had suffered physically, what was really painful to Zawahiri was that, under the pain of torture, he was forced to testify against his fellow members in the case against ‘Esam al-Qamari and other officers. Zawahiri was taken from the Tora prison to the Higher Military Court to give testimony against other jihadi members from the army. Under these conditions, he admitted that they formed a movement inside the army to topple the regime and institute an Islamic government.”

    After he was arrested on October 15, 1981, Zawahiri informed the authorities of Qamari’s whereabouts. He had taken a refuge in a small mosque where he used to pray and meet Zawahiri and other members of the group. It was this painful memory which was at the root of Zawahiri’s suffering, and which prompted him to leave Egypt for Saudi Arabia. He stayed there until he left for Afghanistan in 1987. During the three years following his arrival in Afghanistan, his leadership among jihadi Islamists became more prominent, as he worked to regroup the disoriented group members.

    Zawahiri left Egypt in late 1985 after he filed a lawsuit and obtained a stay of a decision of the minister of interior banning his travel. He spent a year working at a medical clinic in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Al-Zawahiri started the Islamic Jihad Bureau in 1987. He published a monthly magazine called “al-Fath” [conquest]. When Bin Laden’s spiritual leader Azzam was assassinated, al-Zawahiri assumed the role. In Afghanistan and later Sudan, Zawahiri would control Bin Laden by surrounding him with members of the Egyptian Islamic Jihad group. As a result, Bin Laden’s financial support flowed to Egyptian Islamic Jihad but not the Egyptian Islamic Group.

    Zawahiri opposes democracy because then people could choose their own religion rather than adhere to the religious beliefs he was taught as a young boy before he reached the Age of Reason. He thinks democracy must be overcome through violence. He knows best based on words written many years before — words he learned by rote memory. Although soft-spoken and outwardly calm, he is a fanatic. The humiliation he felt upon betraying his former mentor al-Qamari still rages within him. He is not constrained by what most would view as ethical limits. Beware the quiet, deep thinker who thinks he knows best, particularly after you’ve killed his wife and child. In Bitter Harvest, he was very critical of the Muslim Brotherhood for its growing accommodation of secular rulers, though he softened his views somewhat in Prophets under the Banner. Zawahiri’s friend, IANA magazine writer Kamal Habib, says that, in contrast to Zawahiri, he has renounced violence and embraced democracy as a pragmatic means of establishing sharia law.

    In the mid-1990s, Al-Zawahiri sought to coordinate the activities of the various Islamic terrorist movements to carry out sabotage activities against the United States. A series of meetings included representatives of Hamas and Hezbollah. In a meeting held in Khartoum in April 1995, one direction Al-Zawahiri charted was to develop the effectiveness of the Islamic networks in London and New York, especially Brooklyn, where he visited the Blind Sheik’s Services Organization.

    Zawahiri visited the US in 1995 and visited mosques with Ali Mohammed and San Jose physician Ali Zaki. Apparently, however, it was the planned visit by a representative from Saudi Arabia sent by Mohammed Islambouli several years later that more recently that may had lay groundwork for the planned attacks using aircraft and other means. The planned visit was the subject of the CIA’s December 4, 1998 Presidential Daily Brief to President Clinton.

    Islambouli, brother of Sadat’s assassin, was in a cell with KSM, who upon Atef’s death assumed leadership of the cell planning to attack the US with weaponized anthrax. Islambouli was head of the blind sheik’s Services Organization in Peshawar. In addition to his numerous videotaped messages and his October 2001 book “Knights Under the Banner of the Prophet,” Zawahiri in 2003 wrote “Loyalty to Islam and Disavowal to Its Enemies.” Perhaps the best measure of a man’s anger and intention to seek revenge is his own words.

    Zawahiri announced in 2007 that Islambouli was head of the Islamic Group members who had joined Al Qaeda. Islambouli may know the identity of the mailer even though KSM does not.

    • DXer said

      Virulent Ames researcher Tarek Hamouda’s lifelong friend, Khaled Hamid, denounces Zawahiri in emphatic and eloquent terms:

      “Zawahiri: The Idiot-in-Command – or is it ‘second in-Command’

      Ayman Zawahiri and his [i]lk have been a spot of shame for Muslims for many years. [T]heir poison spreads far and wide: from killing innocent peoples, to tarnishing Islam with fanatic statements, to undermining any glimpse of hope in peaceful reconciliation in many hot spots in the worlds. That criminal, his boss – Bin Laden – and the half-brained few thousands of their followers represent the worst in mankind, not only in Muslims.

      They, like all fundamentalist, never fail to prove the hateful and exclusive nature of their distorted beliefs. Their sense of being the official spokesmen for God leads them to utter stupidities and lies without blinking, insult others with no sense of shame, and do most evil things with clear conscience, thinking that God speaks in their words, and executes by their hands. In other words, they behave as if they are God incarnate.

      The latest ‘pearl’ of the idiot in hiding was to stage a racial attack on our President-Elect Barack Obama. According to recorded voice message from Zawahiri, the new administration that has yet to take office, has proven a failure and a disappointment to the Zawahiri (not that disappointing Zawahiri is a bad thing in my opinion).

      Addressing Obama, the Qaida terrorist no.2 said:

      “And in you [Obama] and in Colin Powell, Rice and your likes, the words of Malcolm X (may Allah have mercy on him) concerning “House Negroes” are confirmed.”
      The Arabic text actually translates as “house slaves” not “House Negroes”.

      If you care to read the rest of the rant you can find it here in English, and some of it here in Arabic.
      Zawahiri tries to pander to “honorable black Americans” conveniently ignoring that Obama was elected with the approval of over 93% of honorable Black Americans, approval of almost 90% of Muslim Americans and approval of the majority of all Americans, regardless or their race.
      But like fundamentalist from all religions: Zawahiri knows what is best of us. At least he thinks so.
      Yet, his vast knowledge of what is good for Mankind did not extend to cover what the Quran enjoins Muslims to do in arguments and negotiations.

      وَلَا تُجَادِلُوا أَهْلَ الْكِتَابِ إِلَّا بِالَّتِي هِيَ أَحْسَنُ إِلَّا الَّذِينَ ظَلَمُوا مِنْهُمْ وَقُولُوا آمَنَّا بِالَّذِي أُنزِلَ إِلَيْنَا وَأُنزِلَ إِلَيْكُمْ وَإِلَهُنَا وَإِلَهُكُمْ وَاحِدٌ وَنَحْنُ لَهُ مُسْلِمُونَ
      “And do not argue with the followers of earlier revelation otherwise than in a most kindly manner – unless it be such of them as are bent on evildoing ‘and are therefore not accessible to friendly argument’ – and say: ‘We believe in that which has been bestowed from on high upon us, as well as that which has been bestowed from on high upon you: for our God and your God is one and the same, and it is unto Him that We [all] surrender ourselves.'”
      Chapter 29, verse 46

      He also conveniently ignores the verse ordering Muslims to repel the evil by paying back with deed of good nature
      وَلَا تَسْتَوِي الْحَسَنَةُ وَلَا السَّيِّئَةُ ادْفَعْ بِالَّتِي هِيَ أَحْسَنُ فَإِذَا الَّذِي بَيْنَكَ وَبَيْنَهُ عَدَاوَةٌ كَأَنَّهُ وَلِيٌّ حَمِيمٌ

      “But [since] good and evil cannot be equal, repel thou [evil] with something that is better – and lo! he between whom and thyself was enmity [may then become] as though he had [always] been close [unto thee], a true friend!”

      Chapter 41, verse 34
      And if he ignored the Quran, then I do not expect him to remember the Prophet’s manners in dealing with his contemporary leaders and People of the Book (Christian and Jews) in general. He does not even remember that Islam – from the day of its inception – was very clear that ethnicity, lineages, and skin color have no place in a decent argument, and should definitely not be used as a mean to insult anyone.

      If there is still any brain-dead Muslims anywhere who saw any redeemable value in criminals like Zawahiri, Bin Laden and their gang: please wake up. These so-called Muslims betrayed us and betrayed Islam before they betrayed anybody else.

      • DXer said

        It was a Cairo Medical School alum who took Zawahiri on a tour of the United States.

        In 1995, Ayman came once again to the United States where he was accompanied by US Army Sergeant Ali Mohammed on his travels to California, then Brooklyn, then the Washington, D.C. area. Who did he visit in Washington, D.C.? Zawahiri traveled to the US in 1991 and 1995 under an alias (though the dates are disputed). Zawahiri sometimes was accompanied by two brothers, a New Jersey pharmacist and a California doctor, Ali Zaki (a fellow Cairo Medical alum who denied knowing who Zawahiri was). They were joined by a former US Army sergeant and key Al Qaeda operative, Ali Mohammed. In Santa Clara, Ayman reportedly stated at the home of Ali Mohammed, even though Mohammed had recently been subpoenaed to testify about what he knew about Bin Laden’s activities. Dr. Zaki says he was a good friend of Ali Mohammed and that it was widely known that Ali Mohammed was a liaison between the islamists in Afghanistan and the CIA. In one of his trips, he also reportedly went to Texas. One of the most important starting points of the FBI’s Amerithrax investigation should have been to trace the contacts that al-Zawahiri made on his last trip to the United States. He met with supporters associated with the Maktab Khidmat al-Mujahidin (the Al-Mujahidin services office) in the US.

        The troubles of Cairo Medical School graduate (’71), San Jose physician Ali Zaki, over taking Ayman Zawahiri and Bin Laden’s head of intelligence around the US in 1995 had just about faded from memory. In January 2000, a new problem then reared its head. In 1999, he had prescribed $164,000 in prescriptions for Viagara, a syringe of a drug for renal insufficiency and a vial for hypogonadism. (Bin Laden suffered from renal insufficiency.) The California Board governing physicians found that Dr. Zaki violated regulations because no patient was named and he had kept no records. The drugs were ordered ostensibly for a fictitious business MedChem. When an investigator went to check out the listing it was the address at 550 Bevans Drive it turned out to have been a recently closed deli called Landmark Gourmet Delicatessen. Owned by Hasan Ibrahim, the business had been evicted. According to the decision, the drugs reportedly were for resale abroad. If they were intended for Afghanistan, someone must have expected a lot of action with some virgins. Elzahabi in the September 2009 interview with journalist Colin Freeze was confident that God would find the time to provide him with the 72 virgins to which he felt he was entitled for keeping quiet about the 3 individuals whose picture he was shown. Perhaps erectile dysfunction was common there because of the cold, harsh conditions and the stress in that line of work. One of the allegations in the January 21, 2000 “Accusation” alleged that “On or about June 15, 1999, respondent ordered 100 bottles of Viagara, 30 tablets per bottle, at 100 milligram strength.” Cost: $164,000. Memories: Priceless. The public reprimand issued in August 2001 and is available online at the State agency’s website.

      • DXer said

        Did the Ames researcher working alongside Bruce Ivins know Ayman Zawahiri? Khaled Hamid’s brother was personally recruited by Ayman while Khaled, “Tawfiq” and Tarek were at Cairo Medical together.

  27. Old Atlantic said

    Excellent points. Lew found and posted the emails in 2001 where Ivins was contracting for new runs from Dugway to replace the RMR-1029. These emails continue into 2002 as Lew and Dxer have posted. Some of these should be part of the new Dxer book, and probably are already. I found the linked new book hard to read because I couldn’t figure out how to increase the size of the pages to proof read it.

    • Old Atlantic said

      This is in regards to anonymous below. I hadn’t realized I was posting at the top instead of reply.

    • DXer said

      To view the 440 pages full screen, you go to this link and then click the words “Full Screen” at the upper right.

      I’d be glad to include any pages from the record people like. I added a lot of emails, FBI docs etc in the 4/29 draft (as distinguished from the 4/28 draft). Indeed, if Ed gives me a letter to Santa at the North Pole, I’ll include that to illustrate his argument that it is 99% certain that a First Grader wrote the anthrax letters.

  28. DXer said

    Khaled Hamid’s brother is articulate like his brother. His book INSIDE JIHAD (2008) describes he was recruited by Ayman Zawahiri but then withdrew when he was asked to bury a security officer near the mosque. When I asked if he knew Tarek Hamouda, who worked alongside Bruce Ivins using virulent Ames in a BL-3 lab at USAMRIID, he said that when they were children he would visit from Khartoum , where his mother was an accounting professor. “Tawfiq,” his brother (Khaled), and Dr. Hamouda would go to a comic store.

    Given Ayman Zawahiri was actively recruiting, as was Ali Mohammed, who would be Egyptian Islamic Jihad’s chief of intelligence, questions that occur to me to ask relate to whether Dr. Hamouda knew Ayman Zawahiri, Heba Zawahiri, Ali Mohammed, Vanguards of Conquest Agiza, attorney Montasser Al-Zayat, Mamdouh Ismail, Kamal Habib, Gamal Sultan, Bassem Khafagi, Rabih Haddad, Ali Al-Timimi, St. Louis Randall Todd (“Ismail”) Royer, head of the Virginia Paintball defendants Royer, etc.

    But while Dr. Hamid considers responding, let’s consider his eloquent articulation of his beliefs in the St. Louis Dispatch.

    • DXer said

      When Muslims become Christians | Civil Religion | STLtoday
      When Muslims become Christians. By Khaled Hamid. Special to the Post-Dispatch. Email This … Khaled Hamid, 48, is an American Muslim. He was born in Egypt but has …

      “Why do Muslims vote Democrat?” By Khaled Hamid. Special to the Post-Dispatch. Email This … Khaled Hamid, 48, is an American Muslim. He was born in Egypt but has …

      Trying to find my Muslim voice | Civil Religion | STLtoday
      Trying to find my Muslim voice. By Khaled Hamid. Special to the Post-Dispatch. Email This … Khaled Hamid, 48, is an American Muslim. He was born in Egypt but has …

      Mother’s Day and parents in Islam | Civil Religion | STLtoday
      Mother’s Day and parents in Islam. By Khaled Hamid. Special to the Post-Dispatch. Email This … Khaled Hamid, 48, is an American Muslim. He was born in Egypt but has …

      Do not insult Allah; He is your God too. | Civil Religion …
      Khaled Hamid April 28, 2008 at 7:58 UTC. Thanks HS for your comment. I am, though, not … Khaled Hamid, 48, is an American Muslim. He was born in Egypt but has …

      • 2008 May | Civil Religion | STLtoday
      By Khaled Hamid. Special to the Post-Dispatch. A major and an unusual event took place earlier today uniting people from ALL major religions of the world. …

      • 2008 April | Civil Religion | STLtoday
      By Khaled Hamid. Special to the Post-Dispatch. The icon of evangelical fundamentalist … By Khaled Hamid. Special to the Post-Dispatch. I woke up early Friday …

      • Volunteerism | Civil Religion | STLtoday
      News | Business | Sports | Entertainment | Life & Style | Multimedia | Interact | Jobs … By Khaled Hamid. Special to the Post-Dispatch. Many of us probably spent Sunday of the …

      • Religious education | Civil Religion | STLtoday
      By Khaled Hamid. Special to the Post-Dispatch. My Muslim friend: A … By Khaled Hamid. Special to the Post-Dispatch. The icon of evangelical fundamentalist …

      • American Muslims | Civil Religion | STLtoday
      By Khaled Hamid. Special to the Post-Dispatch. Many of us probably spent Sunday of the … By Khaled Hamid. Special to the Post-Dispatch. A reader (Centrist) commented on my first …

      • 2008 April | Civil Religion | STLtoday
      By Khaled Hamid. Special to the Post-Dispatch. This posting started as a response to good … By Khaled Hamid. Special to the Post-Dispatch. A reader (Centrist) …
      • elections | Civil Religion | STLtoday
      News | Business | Sports | Entertainment | Life & Style | Multimedia … By Khaled Hamid. Special to the Post-Dispatch. A reader (Centrist) commented on my first …

      • Muslims | Civil Religion | STLtoday
      By Khaled Hamid. Special to the Post-Dispatch. It is obvious to Muslims familiar with the Quran that the death penalty for apostasy is not rooted in the Quran. …

      • Islamic dress code | Civil Religion | STLtoday
      By Khaled Hamid. Special to the Post-Dispatch. This title reflects the first of 2 good questions posed by one of the readers (who named his/her …

      • motherhood | Civil Religion | STLtoday
      I am sure our approach would make Anna Jarvis spin in her grave, as Khaled Hamid pointed out in his post. Our sales team discussed how we might present these flowers. …

      • STLtoday – News – St. Louis City / County
      Maysa Albarcha, holding her daughter Sara, shops last month with her sister-in … Khaled Hamid, 42, an allergist from west St. Louis County and father of two teenage boys. …
      • religious freedom | Civil Religion | STLtoday
      By Khaled Hamid. Special to the Post-Dispatch. This title reflects the first of 2 good questions posed by one of the readers (who named his/her …

      • DXer said

        The Army’s top anthrax expert, Arthur Friedlander, was thanked by Tarek Hamouda, for providing technical assistance.

        AF writes in Microbiology this month about shedding “invisibility cloak.”

        New measure to treat anthrax infection
        ANI, May 2, 2010, 02.23pm IST

        “According to a new study, anthrax-causing bacteria can be engineered to shed their invisibility cloaks, which will make it easier for the immune system to eradicate it.

        The study has been published in Microbiology.

        The work could lead to new measures to treat anthrax infection in the event of a biological warfare attack.”

        AF, or someone using his telephone number, faxed 20 pages to the FBI about Dr. Hamouda’s visit to USAMRIID that he had obtained from Bruce Ivins that he had been given by Bruce. Then Dr. Ivins got an attorney. Why didn’t Dr. Ivins provide the documents himself back in October 2001?

        • DXer said

          04.11.2008 2:34 am
          “Why would Muslims want to live in America? Why would not Muslim live in Saudi Arabia or some other Muslim country?”
          By: Khaled Hamid
          Special to the Post-Dispatch

          • Assimilation deserves some comment. Every time I here it in this context it reminds me of the ‘Borg hives’ on Star Trek [4]. The goal was “assimilating all species by incorporating their knowledge and technology into one Borg super collective”. None of us would ever desire to be part of that super powerful society for a simple reason: individuals lost their uniqueness, that is ‘the quality of being one of a kind’, i.e., different in some ways. Assimilation that does not retain the individuals identity is not only evil; it is doomed to failure in the long run.

        • DXer said

          I find it appalling that native Arabic speakers have not made enough effort to communicate their own intellectual product to Westerners (to combat the malignant generalizations) nor even to other Muslims that do not speak Arabic. But I do understand that their most urgent battle is not the cultural image battle with the West, but the actual battle on the ground for the hearts and souls of their own people against forces that is dragging them to the dark ages, politically and religiously.

          I became acutely aware of this problem as I recently delved more into Arabic language reading about modern religious thinking and literature in the Arab world. It is truly annoying that it is 100 time easier to find extreme conservative books and religious literature translated from Urdu into English and Arabic, than to find modern Arabic thinkers translated into English.

          The largest collection of Arabic religious text translated into English is done under the auspices of Salafi institutions of the Saudi government. And when Saudi government is carrying the torch of translation from Arabic, the kind of books and ideology translated does not really represent the Arabic mainstream culture.

          I cannot blame the Saudi government for using their resources to translate and spread the ideology they support, but I still feel sad that the more enlightened and modern religious thinkers and even non-religious Arab writers are invisible to the world, Western and Eastern.

          Every now and then, a friend in the Arab world emails me a link to an article they like, and recently I came across a good one that I wanted to share by Alaa Al-Aswany. I could only share it with Arabic speakers in my circles. but I feel it is truly representative of more than the opinion of its one author, and could be expressing the views of a lot of people that live in Egypt and other parts of the Arab and Muslim world.

          I wanted so much to share it that I translated it into English, and I hope it will give you some insight into the thought process of many Egyptians and Arabs.

          My effort is not going put a dent in the problem of Western/Eastern perception gap caused by the West’s cultural blindness to mainstream Arabic and non-Arabic moderate cultural and religious thought process, but I am not delusional enough to think I can solve that problem.

          The article (or rather its translation in English) will appear in a post following this. I do not agree with some of the historic analysis the author applied particularly his turning a blind eye to the oppression and government control problems Egyptians faced before Sadat and at the time of Nasser (1952 – 1970), but I agree with the overall spirit of the article.

          The author, Alaa Al-Aswani is one of the most famed modern novel writers in Arabic. He is also a political activist and has recently had an op-ed published in the NYT by the title Why the Muslim World Can’t Hear Obama (and his NYT profile is here). He is not a religious scholar or a cleric, but it is the thoughts that count, not the official titles.

          I hope you would enjoy it.

        • DXer said

          Significance of Mailing Dates : Camp David Accord and Sadat’s Assassination

          The FBI Counterterrorism Division sent out a warning to law enforcement in August 2001 that Al Qaeda or related groups might attack on an anniversary date



          Anthrax was sent on the date of the Camp David Accord and the related Sadat assassination (Armed Forces Day). Expert Michael Scheuer, formerly with the CIA, has said that Al Qaeda does not plan attacks around important dates, so far as the CIA can glean. But take Ayman at his word when he says he at least plans some of his messages around anniversaries, as he and Islambouli did by sending Zawahiri-issued messages in 2004 on the third anniversary of 9/11 and then in 2005 on the third anniversary of the transfer of prisoners to Guantanamo. He said: “These days we are marking three years since the transportation of the first group of Muslim prisoners was sent to the Guantanamo prison.”

          The Vanguards of Conquest did the same thing in the late 1990s. Just as Zawahiri’s thinking on weaponizing anthrax was gaining traction in emails to Atef in the Spring of 1999, the Vanguards invoked an anniversary relating to the signing of the Egyptian-Israeli peace treaty and issued a statement marking its 20th anniversary. The group said at the time it was reiterating its enmity toward the US and Israel to mark the 20th anniversary of the signing of the treaty in March 1979. Signed on March 26, 1979, the Egypt-Israel peace treaty was a direct result of the Camp David Peace Accords, signed in September 1978.

          The first round of letters was sent to ABC, CBS, NBC, the New York Post, and the publisher of the National Enquirer and Sun. Letters were sent to Senators Daschle and Leahy in a second batch, using a much more highly refined product. The mailing dates were of special importance to the man that the CIA in its December 4, 1998 PDB told President Clinton was planning the attack the US using aircraft and other means — Mohammed Islambouli, the brother of Sadat’s assassin. The letters to the news organizations were mailed — coincidentally or not — on September 17 or September 18, either the day the Camp David Accord was signed in 1978 or the next day when it was approved by the Israeli knesset. Abdel-Rahman, the blind sheik, in the early 1980s, said: “We reject Camp David and we regret the normalization of relations with Israel. We also reject all the commitments that were made by the traitor Sadat, who deviated from Islam.” He continued: “As long as the Camp David Agreement stands, this conflict between us and the government will continue.”

          At the time of the anthrax mailings, Sadat’s assassination and the Camp David Accord still dominated Zawahiri’s thinking. In
          Knights Under the Banner of the Prophet, Al-Zawahiri argued in the Fall of 2001 that the Camp David Accord sought to turn Sinai into a disarmed area to serve as a buffer zone between Egypt and Israel. He cites the peace treaty between the two countries, particularly issues related to the armament of the Egyptian Army inside Sinai. He claims that Egypt has restored Sinai formally but it remains in the hands of Israel militarily. Al-Zawahiri cites many examples about the US flagrant support for Israel, including the US pressure on Egypt to sign the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty at a time when Israel publicly declares that it will not sign the treaty because of its special circumstances.

          Despite this, Zawahiri says, the United States sympathizes with Israel and overlooks its actions. This means that the United States has deliberately left the nuclear weapons in the hands of Israel to threaten its Arab neighbors. Al-Zawahiri argues in his book that the western states have considered Israel’s presence in the region a basic guarantee for serving the Western interests.

          The Wall Street Journal explained in August 2002: “Oct. 8 last year was Columbus Day, a public holiday on which mail wasn’t collected from letter boxes. That may mean the letters could have been posted as early as the Saturday before.” Taking into account the fact that there was no mail postmarked with a Trenton postmark on Columbus Day, October 8, the letter to Senator Tom Daschle postmarked October 9 may actually have been mailed October 6. (The FBI, of course, may know the date it was mailed
          based on information that has not been disclosed.) (Some press reports, however, suggest that they are considering that the mailing may have been at anytime during the October 6-October 9 period). October 6 was the day Anwar Sadat was assassinated for his role in the Camp David Accord. President Sadat was assassinated on the national holiday called “Armed Forces Day.” He was killed during an annual holiday parade which marks the day, October 6, 1973, that Egypt made a critical successful surprise attack on Israel during the 1973 war.

          “Death to Pharaoh!” the young Army officer shouted. He and his confederates jumped off the truck shot into the reviewing stand where Sadat had been watching the annual parade. “I killed the Pharaoh, and I do not fear death.” Sadat’s detention of Muhammad Shawqi al-Islambouli had spurred his brother, Khalid, to seize an opportunity presented on short notice to assassinate Anwar Sadat.

          Kamal Habib, founder of Egyptian Islamic Jihad and writer for the IANA quarterly magazine, who spent 10 years in prison in connection with the assassination, told academic Fawaz Gerges: “It was not a well-coordinated operation, and it succeeded by a miracle.”

          A street was named after Khalid Islambouli in Iran, with Iran having been upset at Egypt for granting the Shah safe haven. After leaving Egypt in the mid-1980s, Muhammad Islambouli operated in Pakistan recruiting Egyptian fighters for the war in Afghanistan, and headed a branch of Bin Laden’s Maktab al-Khidmat (‘Bureau of
          Services’) in Peshawar. Muhammad Islambouli was the subject of the December 4, 1998 Presidential Daily Brief titled “Bin Ladin Preparing to Hijack US Aircraft and Other Attacks” explaining that Bin Laden planned an attack on the US involving airplanes and that the motivation was to free the blind sheik Abdel-Rahman and a dissident Saudi sheik.

          US Postal employee Ahmed Sattar, in a 1999 interview, said of Sadat’s assassination: “I felt good. It was a shock to me at first because I never expected the pharaoh to be assassinated in front of his army. Sure, the pharaoh, yes. And but really, after absorbing the shock, I said, “Well, that was well done.”

          In his Fall 2001 Knights Under the Banner of the Prophet, Zawahiri explained that the US support for Israel (at Egypt’s expense) was well-illustrated by the historic 33-day airlift to Israel after this October 6 attack. He argues that the US support for Israel made the difference between success or failure for Egypt. Al-Zawahiri describes how the United States shipped weapons, ammunition, and tanks to Israel for 33 days, with the goal being to compensate Israel for its war losses and to swiftly upgrade the combat capabilities.

          He explained in his Fall 2001 book: “The animosity to Israel and America in the hearts of islamists is indivisible. It is an animosity that has provided the ‘al-Qa’dia’ and the epic of jihad in Afghanistan with a continuous flow of ‘Arab Afghans.'” Regarding the Egyptian-Israeli peace treaty, Zawahiri adds: “Whoever examines the Egyptian-Israeli peace treaty will realize that it was intended to be a permanent treaty from
          which Egypt could not break loose. It was concluded in an attempt to establish on the ground, by force and coercion, a situation whereby it would be difficult to change by any government hostile to Israel that comes after Al-Sadat.” The militants were especially angry that Sadat had not fully implemented shariah law.

          Complicating consideration of the issue somewhere, on October 5, 2001, the shura member of EIJ and former head of Bin Laden’s farm in the Sudan, Mahjoub, had his bail denied on October 5. Mahmoud Mahjoub was second in command of the Vanguards of Conquest. A letter containing nonpathogenic bacteria had been sent in late January 2001 threatening use of mailed anthrax to the immigration minister signing his security certificate. Mahjoub was bin Laden’s farm manager in Sudan. Al-Hawsawi, KSM’s assistant with the anthrax spraydrying documents on his laptop, kept the books.

          The CIA and FBI analysts should have pored over translations of the journal Al-Manar Jadeed published by the Ann Arbor-based Islamic Assembly of North America from 1998 – 2002 by writers based in Cairo. It mainly concerned Egyptian politics and planned the strategy based on all that had gone on before. There was a change in tone between the first piece by Gamal Sultan and the second installment. The first (before his letter to Abdel-Rahman) urged a pluralistic tolerant approach to differing views while the second issue (after his letter to Abdel-Rahman) contained his piece that seems to have resorted to the familiar intransigent neo-Salafist view. Analysts should pay special heed to the terms dar al-harb (abode of war), dar al-salam (bode of peace) and dar al-’ahd (abode of the treaty). The religious doctrines were applied to the relationships between Islamic and non-Islamic countries. What the liberal and leftist antiwar activists who have rallied to support IANA defendants do not realize is that the central belief of these Salafists is that Israel must be destroyed and there can be no peace with Israel. The Camp David Accords are central to the beef they have with the US. The neo-Salafists are not at all peace-loving. It’s just that the public relations debacle of the reckless invasion of Iraq played right into Bin Laden’s hands.

          The 2005 bombing in Egypt at a Sinai resort was on July 23, which is Revolution Day, a national holiday in Egypt celebrating the Egyptian revolution. It commemorates the 1952 overthrow of King Farouk’s monarchy, led by Gamal Abdel Nassar. Perhaps a holiday weekend was chosen in order to maximize the number of casualties. The bombing last year at Taba resort in Egypt was on October 7.

          Similarly, in a September 2006 video, in a message on yet another 5-year anniversary of 9/11, Zawahiri explained: “Among the most prominent of these conspirators are the rulers of Egypt, the Arabian Peninsula and Jordan and the traitors in Iraq who shade themselves with the cross of America, the Great Satan…[For these regimes] the slogan ‘death to America, death to Israel’ has gone to be replaced by ‘rule from America and peace with Israel.'”

  29. Anonymous said

    Ed Lake’s latest deliberate attempts to muddy the waters in his relentless, obsessive campaign to prove Dr Bruce Ivins is a mass murderer. Lake writes on his website:

    According to the “Reference Material Receipt Record” for flask RMR-1029, it originally contained 30 trillion spores. It was stated at the August 18, 2008 Roundtable discussion that those spores were the result of 13 production runs done at Dugway Proving Grounds and 22 production runs done at Ft. Detrick, which produced 164 liters of spore production, which was then concentrated down to about one liter.

    According to The New York Times, the Leahy letter contained .871 grams of spores, or roughly 871 billion spores. If you assume that there was originally 1 gram of spores in the letter before some of the material was lost in transit, and if you assume the Daschle letter contained the same amount, with the five media letter powders being roughly 10 per spores and 90 percent debris, that produces a rough figure of somewhat less than 3 trillion spores total. For the sake of this discussion, let’s say the seven anthrax letters contained 3 trillion spores total or one tenth of flask RMR-1029’s original quantity.

    How could it have taken so many production runs to create the contents of flask RMR-1029 while Ivins could create a tenth of it all by himself in a few days working alone? That’s what some people (including scientists) do not understand.

    The answer seems to be in the reason the spores were created. The spores in flask RMR-1029 were created to be “seed” spores for use by Ivins when he needed to inoculate flasks of media in order to produce “production” spores for vaccine testing. Because they were “seed” spores, they needed to be extraordinarily pure. No contamination. No mutations (or so Ivins thought). And as close to 100% viable as possible. That’s difficult to do if you grow Bacillus anthracis bacteria in large quantities. Any contamination would ruin the entire batch. A stray mutation could ruin the entire batch. So, you do many smaller runs and test each run to make sure it contains no contamination and no mutations. Any batch which contains contamination or mutations gets tossed out.

    Lake correctly points out the massive resources that were required to make the 30g of spores contained in the original RMR-1029 flask. No less than 13 production runs in Dugway’s large scale fermentor and 22 smaller flask runs at Detrick for a total of 164 liters of preparation.

    Lake understandably realizes this means Dr Henry Heine is precisely correct – it would have taken more than a year of continuous work to make such a quantity of spores at Detrick.

    To get round this, Lake’s twisted mind invents some new facts. Lake fabricates an entirely new narrative.

    It is well known and documented FACT that the RMR-1029 flask’s sole purpose was to provide spores for DIRECT use in animal challenge vaccine studies m(not as a seed for making spores that would then be used. The records clearly show that the aliquots removed were used DIRECTLY for wet aerosol nebulization. The emails from Bruce Ivins state, in very clear, plain and unambiguous English that Ivins needed to contract Dugway to provide enough spores for these DIRECT animal challenges – since he calculated it would take more than a year of continuous work for him to make enough at Detrick.

    Instead, Lake fabricates that it was used as a seed source for Bruce Ivins to use some super-secret method of making spores for animal studies – an imaginary and fabricated method that yielded 100-1000 more spores per run than the one used to create RMR-1029. Of course, this is not the case at all. RMR-1029 was for DIRECT animal challenges.

    Lake apparently has fabricated this narrative in a desperate attempt to find a way out of the impossibility readily apparent to anyone that has looked at the FACTS – namely that 165 liters of production runs (mostly performed at Dugway in their production scale fermenter).

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