* about FOIA
Posted by Lew Weinstein on August 5, 2009
Freedom of Information Act (FOIA)
- signed into law by President Lyndon B. Johnson on September 6, 1966 (Public Law 89-554, 80 Stat. 383; Amended 1996, 2002, 2007).
- The act allows for the full or partial disclosure of previously unreleased information and documents controlled by the U.S. Government.
- The Act defines agency records subject to disclosure, outlines mandatory disclosure procedures and grants nine exemptions to the statute.
- The act explicitly applies only to federal government agencies.
NOTE: there are also FOIA for some state governments
- Along with making public and accessible all bureaucratic and technical procedures for applying for documents from that agency, agencies are also subject to penalties for hindering the process of a petition for information.
In 1976, Exemption 3 of the FOIA was amended so that several exemptions were specified:
1) information relating to national defense,
- 2) related solely to internal personnel rules and practices,
- 3) related to accusing a person of a crime,
- 4) related to information where disclosure would constitute a breach of privacy,
- 5) related to investigatory records where the information would harm the proceedings,
- 6) related to information which would lead to financial speculation or endanger the stability of any financial institution, and
- 7) related to the agency’s participation in legal proceedings.
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